Nā ʻāpana aniau ma ka Honua

Kiʻi o nā wahi kai o ka Honua.

ʻO ke kiʻi kahi i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā ʻāpana o ke anilā, me ke keʻokeʻo kahi o ka hau, polū ka ʻāpana subpolar, lilac ka ʻāpana tundra, ʻōmaʻomaʻo ka ʻona temperate, melemele ka ʻāpana subtropical, a pink ka ʻāpana tropical.

Pōmaikaʻi mākou i ka noho ʻana i kahi honua kahi nui o nā ʻano ola like ʻole. ʻO nā holoholona a me nā mea kanu e noho like i ke ala kūpono ʻoi loa: kōkua i kekahi i kekahi, kōkua kekahi i kekahi - ʻoiai kokoke me ka ʻike ʻole - i hiki i nā mea āpau, ma ke ʻano he ʻano, ke hoʻomau i ke ola.

ʻAe mākou i kēia ʻano nui loa i ka Honua iho. Ma ke ʻano he geoid, ʻaʻole hiki i nā kukuna o ka lā ke kau like i ka ʻilikai holoʻokoʻa, no laila kū hoʻokahi nā hoʻolālā hoʻololi i kēlā me kēia mea ola. No ke aha mai? No ke aha mai Aia nā ʻāpana aniani o ka Honua i ko lākou ʻano ponoʻī.

Ka hopena o nā kukuna o ka lā ma ka Honua

Lā a me ka honua

Ma mua o ka neʻe ʻana i ke kumuhana ma ka lima, e wehewehe mua i ka hopena o nā kukuna o ka lā ma kā mākou honua, a pehea e hiki ai.

Honua honua

He honua pōhaku ka Honua ʻo ia, e like me kā mākou e ʻike nei, i ka neʻe mau. Akā ʻaʻole like mau ia, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻike ʻia nā ʻano ʻehā:

Hoʻololi

I kēlā me kēia lā (a i ʻole ke kikoʻī, i kēlā me kēia 23 mau hola a me 56 mau minuke) ka pōʻai ka Honua i kāna axis, ma ke ʻaoʻao Komohana-Hikina. ʻO ia ka mea a mākou e ʻike nui ai, no ka mea, ʻokoʻa loa ka ʻokoʻa mai ke ao a i ka pō.

Unuhi

I kēlā me kēia lā 365, 5 mau hola a me 57 mau minuke, hele ka pōʻaiapuni a puni ka Lā hoʻokahi kipi. Eia nō naʻe, i loko o ia manawa aia he 4 mau lā e lilo i mea kūikawā loa:

  • 21 Malaki: ʻo ia ka equinox waipuna i ka hemisphere ʻākau, a ʻo ka equinox hāʻule i ka hemisphere hema.
  • 22 o Iune: ʻO ia ka solstice kauwela ma ka hemisphere ʻākau, a ʻo ka solstice hoʻoilo i ka hemisphere hema. I kēia lā e hiki aku ka Honua i kona mamao loa mai ka lā, ʻo ia ke kumu i ʻike ʻia ai he aphelion.
  • Kepakemapa 23: ʻo ia ka equinox fallal i ka hemisphere ʻākau, a ʻo ka equinox waipuna i ka hemisphere hema.
  • ʻOkakopa 22th: ʻo ia ka solstice hoʻoilo ma ka hemisphere ʻākau, a ʻo ka solstice kauwela ma ka hemisphere hema. I kēia lā e hiki aku ka Honua i kahi kokoke loa i ka hōkū aliʻi, ʻo ia ke kumu i kapa ʻia ai ʻo perihelion.

Kūpono

ʻO ka Honua a mākou e noho nei kahi ellipsoid me kahi ʻano kūlike ʻole i hana ʻia e ka ʻumeume gravitational o ka mōʻī hōkū, ka mahina a, ʻoiai naʻe i kahi liʻiliʻi, nā panakēkē. ʻO kēia ke kumu lele mālie i kāna axis, ʻaneʻane ʻike ʻole ʻia, i ka neʻe ʻana o ka unuhi i kapa ʻia ʻo »precession o nā equinoxes». Ma muli o lākou, hoʻololi ke kūlana o ka pou lani i nā kenekulia.

Nutation

He neʻe i hope a i waho o ke koʻi o ka Honua. ʻOiai ʻaʻole ia he spherical, ʻo ka hoʻokalakupua o ka Moon ma ka puʻupuʻu kaulike ke kumu o kēia neʻe.

Pehea e piʻi ai nā kukuna lā i ka Honua?

ʻOiai ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka honua a pōpō hoʻi a noʻonoʻo i nā neʻe ʻana i loko o nā lā a me nā mahina, ʻAʻole hiki i nā kukuna lā nā wahi āpau o ka hona me ka ikaika like. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka mamao o ka wahi mai ka mōʻī hōkū, a ʻo kou kokoke loa i nā koʻi o ka Honua, ka liʻiliʻi o ka ikaika o nā kukuna. Kaukaʻi ʻia ia, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā wahi kaiāulu like ʻole.

Nā wahi aniau

Hoʻoholo ʻia ke anilā e nā palena papaha meteorological e like me ka mahana, ka wela, kaomi, ka makani, a me ka ua. Inā mākou e noʻonoʻo i ka mahana wale nō, loaʻa nā wahi i wehewehe ʻia e like me nā ʻōnaehana hoʻonohonoho ʻokoʻa. ʻO kahi laʻana, i ka ʻōnaehana Köppen ʻike ʻia nā ʻeono pae ʻāina i ka wela i kēlā me kēia kau.

ʻĀpana Tropical

Ululāʻau tropika

Loaʻa kēia mau wahi i aniau aniau, i loaʻa i loko o ka wahi intertropical mai 25º latitu ʻākau a 25 to latitu hema. Aia ke ana wela ma luna mau o 18ºC. ʻAʻole ia he manaʻo ʻaʻole hiki i nā hau ke hana, no ka mea, piʻi lākou i nā mauna kiʻekiʻe a i kekahi manawa i nā wao akua; eia naʻe, kiʻekiʻe ke anawaena mahana.

Kēia aniau Loaʻa ia i ke kihi o ka hanana o ka pāhawewe ʻana o ka lā e kū nei i kēia mau wahi. Hiki lākou i aneane pili, ʻo ia ke kumu o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka mahana a kiʻekiʻe loa nā ʻano o ka diurnal. Hoʻohui ʻia, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ka equator kahi e hui ai nā makani anuanu o kekahi hemisphere me nā makani mehana o kekahi, kahi e hoʻopuka ai i kahi kaomi haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i kapa ʻia ʻo ka intergopical convergence zone, no laila e ua mau ana no ka hapa nui o ka manawa. o ka makahiki.

ʻĀpana Subtropical

Tenerife

Tenerife (Canary Islands, Sepania)

Loaʻa i kēia mau wahi kahi aniau subtropical, i loaʻa ma nā wahi kokoke i nā Tropics of Cancer a me Capricorn, ma nā wahi e like me New Orleans, Hong Kong, Seville, Sao Paulo, Montevideo, a i ʻole nā ​​Canary Islands (Sepania).

ʻAʻole e hiolo ka mahana mahana ma lalo o 18ºC, a ʻo ka mahana mahana o ka mahina anuanu o ka makahiki ma waena o 18 a me 6ºC. Hiki i kekahi mau hau hau ke hana, akā ʻaʻole kēia ka maʻa mau.

ʻĀpana wela

Puig Meia, Mallorca.

ʻO Puig Major, ma Mallorca.

Loaʻa i kēia wahi kahi aniau akahai, i loaʻa ma nā wahi kiʻekiʻe kahi i ʻoi aku ke anuanu o nā mahana ma mua o nā wahi haʻahaʻa ma ka latitu like. Aia ke ana wela ma luna o 10ºC i nā mahina mahanahana, a ma waena o -3º a me 18ºC i nā mahina anuanu..

ʻEhā mau kau i wehewehe pono ʻia: ka puna me nā mahana e hoʻonui i ka hala ʻana o nā lā, ke kauwela me nā mahana kiʻekiʻe loa, ke kauwela me nā mahana e hoʻēmi i ka hala ʻana o nā lā, a me ka hoʻoilo kahi e hiki ai i ka hau.

Kahi Subpolar

Siberia

Siberia

Loaʻa i kēia wahi kahi ʻano subpolar, i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano subarctic a i ʻole subpolar. Loaʻa ia ma waena o ka latitu 50º a 70º, e like me ka nui o Siberia, ka ʻĀkau o Kina, ka hapa nui o Kanada, a i ʻole ma ka nui o Hokkaido (Iapana).

Hiki i nā mahana ke hāʻule i -40ºC a i ke kauwela, kahi kau o 1 a 3 mau mahina, ʻoi aku ma mua o 30ºC.. ʻO ka mahana ke ana mahana o 10ºC.

ʻĀpana Tundra

ʻO ka bear polar i alaska

ʻO ka bea Polar ma ʻĀkelika.

Loaʻa i kēia wahi ke aniau tundra a i ʻole ke aniau alpine. ʻIke ʻia ia ma Siberia, Alaska, ma ka ʻākau o Kanada, ma Greenland hema, ke kapakai Arctic o ʻEulopa, ka wēlau hema o Chile a me ʻAtenekia, a ma kekahi mau ʻāpana o ka ʻākau o Antarctica.

Inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā mahana, ka awelika o ka hoʻoilo hoʻoilo he -15ºC, a i ka wā o nā kauwela pōkole hiki iā lākou ke ʻokoʻa mai 0 a 15ºC.

ʻĀpana huʻihuʻi

ʻO Arctic

ʻO Arctic

Loaʻa kēia wahi i kahi aniau glacial, a aia ma ka Arctic a me ka Antarctica. Anuanu loa ke aniau i kēia mau wahi, keu ma Antarctica kahi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ai kahi mahana o -93,2ºC ʻoiai hiki mai nā kukuna o ka lā me ka ikaika liʻiliʻi.

A me kēia ua pau mākou. Lana ko mākou manaʻo he mea hoihoi ia iā ʻoe. 🙂


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.