muliwai lena

muliwai lena

El muliwai lena ʻo ia ka lōʻihi loa ma Rusia a ʻo kekahi o ka lōʻihi loa ma ka honua, me ka lōʻihi o 4.400 mau kilomita. Aia ke kumu o ka Lena ma nā mauna ʻo Baikal, kahi e kahe ai ka muliwai ma ka ʻākau a hiki i ke Kai Laptev a me ka Moana Arctic.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā hiʻohiʻona, nā tributaries, koʻikoʻi, nā pua a me nā holoholona o ka muliwai Lena.

Lena River Backdrop

kahe kahawai lena

Loaʻa iā ia kahi delta o nā ʻāpana nui ʻoi aku ia ma mua o 100 mau kilomita i loko o ke Kai Laptev a kokoke i 400 kilomita ka laula. Ma muli o kona nui, he mea koʻikoʻi ka muliwai Lena no Rūsia, ʻoiai e hoʻokuʻu ana i ka hapalima o kona ʻāina. ʻOi aku kēia ma mua o ʻelua miliona kilomika kilomika.

Paʻa ka Lena Delta no ʻehiku mahina o ka makahiki. I ka mahina o Mei, hoʻololi ka ʻāina i ʻāina pulu. Eia kekahi, i ka hiki ʻana mai o ka pūnāwai, hiki i nā kahawai ke kahe nui.

ʻO ia kekahi o nā kahawai nui ʻekolu o Siberia (e pili ana i ka Ob a me ka Yenisei) e kahe ana i ka Moana Arctic. ʻO Lena ka hikina loa. He mea koʻikoʻi ke kuleana o ka muliwai Lena, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka poʻe e noho ana ma ka muliwai lōʻihi.

Ma na wahi e kahe ana keia mau wai ma ka aina haahaa. hāʻawi ʻia nā hua nui o nā mea kanu e like me nā kukama, ʻuala, palaoa a bale paha. Hoʻohana nui ʻia kēia mau huahana no nā hana ʻoihana.

He hana no hoi ka hanai holoholona a me ka hanai holoholona ma keia mau wahi. He ākea ka ʻāina a puni ka muliwai a kūpono i ka ʻai ʻana. Eia kekahi, he waiwai nui kēia mau ʻāina ma ke ʻano o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā minerala, me ke gula a me nā daimana.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā minerale ʻē aʻe e like me ka hao a me ka lanahu a puni ka muliwai, a he mea koʻikoʻi ia o ka hoʻokele waiwai o Rūsia no ka mea he ʻāpana nui lākou o ka hana kila.

I kēia manawa, ʻo ka hapa nui o ka muliwai Lena e hoʻokele ʻia. ʻAe kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo i ka lawe ʻana i nā waiwai e like me nā minerala, ʻili a meaʻai paha. Hoʻopili kēia halihali i nā wahi hana me nā wahi like ʻole o ka hoʻohana ʻana, me ke koena o ka honua. Hoʻohana ʻia kahi hapa liʻiliʻi o ka muliwai Lena no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻoihana hydroelectric. ʻOiai ʻoi aku ka nui o kona hiki ma mua o ka mea i kūkulu ʻia.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

muliwai delta

Ma muli o kona hoʻonui nui ʻana, he nui ke ʻano o ka Lena a ʻokoʻa i kekahi manawa e like me ka wahi e holo ai. Ka mua, e loli mau ana ka mahana o ka muliwai. He mea koʻikoʻi ka ʻāina e holo ai i nā mea kanu e puka mai ana ma kona ala.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ke awāwa waena o ka muliwai he pā ākea me ka mauʻu. Ma nā wahi i waikahe ʻia, nui nā ʻauwai. Ke ulu nei nā ʻohana lāʻau e like me ka birch a me ka willow i kēia mau wahi. Ma kahi e hui ai ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o ka muliwai ma ka ʻākau, loaʻa iā ia nā mea kanu maʻamau o nā biomes tundra. He nui ka moss a me ka lichen algae e ulu ana maanei.

No na holoholona, neʻe mau nā manu mai ka muliwai ʻo Lena i ia wahi ma hope o ka hoʻoilo. I kēlā manawa, ʻo ka pahuhopu o kēia mau holoholona ʻo ia ka hoʻohua hou ʻana, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma nā ʻāina pulu, i ʻoi aku ka momona.

ʻO nā swans, geese, sandpipers a plovers nā manu i loaʻa maʻamau i nā kīʻaha hydrographic. ʻOiai ʻo salmon, sturgeon a me cisco nā iʻa i loaʻa i ka muliwai. He mea koʻikoʻi kēia mau iʻa iā Rūsia, akā he mea koʻikoʻi nō hoʻi lākou i ka muliwai Lena.

Ma kahi o 40 mau ʻano e noho ana ma ka muliwai. E hōʻike ana i ke ʻano o ka plankton, ma kahi o 100 mau ʻano like ʻole i hoʻopaʻa ʻia.

Nā kūlanakauhale e hele ai

ala o ka lena

Aia ka muliwai Lena ma ka mauna Baikal ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o ka Central Siberian Plateau. I kēia manawa, ʻOi aku ka muliwai ma mua o 1500 mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai. ʻO 7 km wale nō ke kumu o ka wai ma ke komohana o Lake Baikal.

Kahe ka muliwai Lena i ka hikina akau, kahi e kahe ai na muliwai (Kirenga, Vitim a me Olyokma) i kona wahi moe. Ke hele nei ma Yakutsk, kahe ka Lena i ka ʻākau ma nā wahi haʻahaʻa, kahi e hui ai i ka muliwai ʻo Aldan.

Ke hōʻea ʻo Lena i kahi e kū ai ka puʻu ʻo Verkhoyansk, hoʻololi ʻo ia i ke ala i ka hikina hikina. Ma laila e hui pū ai me ka muliwai Willow, a lilo i kahawai nui loa o ka Lena. Ma kona ala ʻākau, hiki ʻo ia i ke Kai Laptev, kahi ʻāpana o ka Moana Arctic.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao hope o ka Lena hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i kahi delta nui e holo ana ma mua o 100 mau kilomita i ke Kai Laptev. Eia kekahi, aia ma kahi o 400 kilomita ka laula. ʻO ka Lena Estuary ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o kahi tundra hau e mālama nei i kēia mau kūlana no kahi o ʻehiku mahina o ka makahiki.

Mālama ʻia kahi hapa nui o ka delta e like me ka Lena Delta Wildlife Sanctuary. Hōʻike ka delta i kahi ʻāina i kūkulu ʻia ma kahi e kahe ai ka muliwai. Ma ka hihia o Lena, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i loko o nā mokupuni pālahalaha. Ma waena o lākou, kū i waho ʻo Chychas Aryta, Petrushka, Sagastyr a me Samakh Ary Diyete, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi o ka papa inoa.

ʻO ka haumia o ka muliwai Lena

Ma muli o kona hoʻonui nui ʻana, hiki ke noʻonoʻo ʻia ka muliwai ʻo Lena ʻo ia kekahi o nā kumu wai maʻemaʻe o ka honua. Ua loaʻa i ke kahe ʻana o kēia mau wai i nā pilikia nui ma kona ala kūlohelohe., no ka mea, ʻaʻole keakea ʻia ke awāwa o ka muliwai e nā hale he nui, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā pā a i ʻole nā ​​loko.

ʻO kēia mau hiʻohiʻona ka mea i ʻokoʻa loa ka muliwai Lena ma mua o ka nui o nā muliwai ʻē aʻe o ka honua, a ua hoʻohana nui ʻia lākou ma muli o ko lākou pono hydroelectric āpau. Eia naʻe, e like me ka mea maʻamau i kēia mau lā, hoʻoweliweli pū ʻia ka Lena e ka hana kanaka.

Aia nā hopohopo koʻikoʻi e pili ana i kahi ʻaila ʻaila e hoʻohaumia iā Lena. Ma muli o ka nui o nā moku e lawe ana i ka aila makamae ma ka muliwai a hiki i ka Moana Arctic.

ʻO kekahi o nā mea hana maikaʻi loa o Rūsia ʻo ia ka koho ʻana i nā wahi he nui o ka muliwai i mau wahi pale. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo nā mea hoʻoweliweli nui loa e kū nei, ʻo ia ka lawaiʻa nui ʻana, ka ʻai ʻole ʻana, ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka ululāʻau ma nā wahi kokoke e hoʻomohala i ka mahiʻai, a me ka ʻohi ʻole ʻana i ka wai no ka hoʻoulu ʻana.

ʻO kekahi o nā hopohopo hou e pili ana i nā ahi ahi i hoʻopilikia i nā wahi nui o ka Arctic mai Iune 2019. Hōʻike kekahi mau kiʻi ukali i ke ahi a puni ka muliwai Lena. He hopena maikaʻi ʻole ka carbon dioxide i ke kaiapuni.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka muliwai Lena a me kona mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.