mauna kea

ka lua pele kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka honua

ʻIke mākou ma kā mākou honua he nui nā ʻano lua pele me nā ʻano kū hoʻokahi a ʻoi paha ka mea e kahaha ai iā mākou ma mua o hoʻokahi. ʻO kekahi o lākou ka mauna kea. ʻO ia ka piko kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka mokuʻāina ʻo Hawaii a he luapele ia, inā i lawe ʻia mai kona kumu ma ke ʻano he wahi hoʻomaka, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka luaipele kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka honua. Inā helu mākou ia mai kēia wahi, ʻoi aku ma mua o ka mauna ʻo Everest.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa ana mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku iā ʻoe i nā ʻano, ke kumu a me nā pele o ka lua pele ʻo Mauna Kea.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

pele pele

ʻO ka inoa o Mauna Kea no ka ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi a no ka mauna keʻokeʻo. ʻO ia kekahi o nā lua pele kahiko e kū nei i kēia mokupuni. ʻO ia ka hā o ka lua o nā makahiki a ua manaʻo ʻia he lua pele kapu ia e nā ʻōiwi o Hawaiʻi. He luaipele ia ma hea hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa kahi biodiversity nui a me nā kaiaolaola i haku ʻia o nā flora a me nā wahi noho o nā holoholona, no laila he waiwai a moʻomeheu nui kona. Ua manaʻo ʻia ia he puʻuhonua no ka nui o nā lāhui kūloko a ʻaʻole ia he mea nui ma Hawaii wale nō, akā ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

ʻO kekahi o nā hoihoi e kū ai ka lua pele ʻo Mauna Kea no ka mea he kiʻekiʻena kona kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka mauna ʻo Everest. Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka luaipele kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka honua ke helu ʻia ke kiʻekiʻe mai kona kumu.

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ia me he lua pele hiamoe. Aia ia ma ka ʻaoʻao komohana o ka mokupuni aia ma ka waena o ka Moana Pākīpika. ʻO ka hapa nui o kona nui i lalo o ka wai, ʻo ia ke kumu i kapa pinepine ʻia ai ʻo Mount Everest ka kiʻekiʻe loa. Mai ka lalo a i ka piko o ke kai, ʻoi aku ia ma mua o 9.000 mau mika ke kiʻekiʻe, akā maopopo ʻole ka helu kikoʻī. Ua koho ʻia ke kiʻekiʻe ma waena o 9.330 a me 9.966 mau mika, a ʻoi aku paha ma mua o 10.000 mika. Wahi a ka United States Geological Survey, aia ia 4.205 mau mika ma luna o ka pae kai. ʻO kona leo ma kahi o 3.200 cubic kilomita.

He lua pele ʻano pale me ka piko o ka mauna i uhi ʻia i ka hau. ʻAe, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ʻo Hawaii kahi e pili ana i ke anuanu, he pale hau ko Mauna Kea, a i nā mahina hoʻoilo, hoʻopaʻa ia i ka hau (ʻo ia ka inoa). Hana kēia mau hiʻohiʻona i wahi kaulana no ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā haʻuki e like me ka heʻe ʻana a me ka holo hau ʻana. Ma muli o ke kiʻekiʻe, ka ʻāina, ka ea maʻemaʻe a me ka mamao mai nā kūlanakauhale nui, ua hoʻokau ʻia nā teleskopā a me nā hale kiaʻi.

Mauna Kea

mauna kea

Ke kamaʻilio nei mākou e pili ana i kahi lua pele hiamoe e hiki ke ala i kēlā me kēia manawa. A aneane hiki i nā luaipele hana ʻole ke ala aʻe i kēlā me kēia manawa a komo hou i kahi pōʻaiapuni o nā pele.

Kuhi ʻia ʻo Mauna Kea ma kahi o 1 miliona mau makahiki. ʻOiai he luaipele pale ia, ua hana ʻaneʻane ia e ka hōʻiliʻili ʻia ʻana o kekahi mau papa o ka pele pele nui, e ninini ana i nā ʻaoʻao āpau, e hana ana i nā pali mālie a me nā ʻano ākea. Eia nō naʻe, viscous loa ka pele ma kēia hihia a hana ʻia kahi pali kiʻekiʻe. ʻO kahi kikoʻī, ua ʻōlelo ʻia aia ma kahi mokuʻāina kākoʻo no ka mea ua komo ia i kahi pae o ka loli, a ua hoʻēmi ʻia kāna hana eruptive ma mua o 400 mau makahiki i hala. Eia nō naʻe, e like me kekahi lua pele e hiamoe ana, hiki ke ala i kēlā me kēia manawa.

ʻO kona kumu he wahi wela ia ma Hawaii, kahi me ka hana lua pele kiʻekiʻe. Pāheʻe ka papa Pākīpika i kēia kihi, kahi e piʻi ai ka magma o ka haku mele basaltic, luku i ka pāpaʻa kai a ʻike ʻia me he pele lā i ka pele. Ma kēia ʻano, ua hoʻomaka ʻo Mauna Kea ma ke ʻano he luaipele ma lalo o ka wai, a hiki i ka uhi ʻana o nā ʻā pele pele pākahi a hāʻawi i ke ʻano o kēia manawa. ʻO ka hapa nui o kāna hanana i kūkulu ʻia i ka Pleistocene.

Ua hoʻomaka nā hana ma hope o ka pale ma mua o 60,000 mau makahiki i hala; a i 300,000 mau makahiki, a ma hope a laila ua hoʻomaka e hoʻokahe i ka basal alkaline.

Hū ʻo Mauna Kea

mauna kea lua pele

ʻO ka manawa hope loa i hū ai ʻo Mauna Kea he 4.500-4.600 mau makahiki i hala. Hana nui ia i ka pale pale ma kahi o 500.000 mau makahiki i hala aku nei, a ma hope o ka hōʻea ʻana i ka pale pale hope, ua ʻoi aku ka mālie o ka hana a lilo i lua pele hiamoe.

Aia kekahi mau hihia i hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻia o nā pele i ka mōʻaukala; ʻo ia paha, ma kahi o ʻeono, nā mea āpau i hana ʻia ma mua o ka Common Era. Ma kahi o 4.000-6.000 mau makahiki i hala aku nei, ua puka paha he 7 mau ea a hōʻike i kekahi o nā pele hou loa. ʻO ka hanana hope loa i hana i kekahi mau ʻeke cinder a me nā puka ʻākau ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻākau a me ka hema i kekahi manawa i ka Holocene.

ʻO Geology

ʻO Mauna Kea kekahi o nā lua pele wela ʻelima i haku i ka Big Island of Hawaii a ʻo ia ka mokupuni nui a ʻōpio hoʻi i ka Emperor Hawaiʻi Seamount Chain. I kona piko, ʻaʻole ka lua pele ʻo Mauna Kea i kahi caldera i ʻike maka ʻia, akā kahi moʻo o nā cones i haku ʻia me ka pōhaku lehu a me ka pumice. Hiki ke noʻonoʻo ʻia aia kekahi lua pele ma luna o ka mauna, i uhi ʻia e ka sediment mai ka pele lua pele ma hope.

ʻO ka lua pele ʻo Mauna Kea ma mua o 3,200 kilomika kilomika a nui loa kona nui a, me ka lua pele e pili ana ʻo Mauna Loa, ua hana ia i kahi kaumaha i loko o ka pōʻai kai 6 mile ka hohonu. Ke hoʻomau nei ka paheʻe ʻana o ka lua pele a kaomi lalo ma lalo o kahi mea ma lalo o 0,2 mm o ka makahiki.

ʻO Mauna Kea ka luaipele wale nō ma Hawaii me ka glaciation ikaika, e like me ka alelo glacial a me ka glaciation. Aia paha nā waihona glacial like ma Mauna Loa, akā ua uhi ʻia kēia mau waihona e nā kahe pele ma hope. ʻOiai ʻo Hawaii i loko o ka tropic, kahi kulu 1 kekelē i ka mahana ma mua o nā makahiki hau ua lawa ka mālama ʻana i ka hau ma ka piko o ke kuahiwi i ke kauwela a pau, a pēlā e hana ai i ka pale hau. ʻEkolu mau glaciations i nā makahiki 180.000 i hala iho nei, i kapa ʻia Pohakuloa.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka lua pele ʻo Mauna Kea a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.