Lua Pele

mauna pele ahi

ʻO ka huaʻōlelo iho mai ka lua pele ʻo Roman, a laila ʻōlelo ʻo Vulcanus. He ʻano maoli ʻo ia mai nā moʻolelo Helene i lawe ʻia e ko Roma. Ua pili ʻo Lava i ka hao wela i lele i waho o nā hana i hana ʻia e Hephaestus, ke Akua o ke ahi a me nā metala ma nā kaʻao Helene. ʻO ka mea i hiki ʻole i ka poʻe kahiko ke hoʻomaopopo no ke kumu e ola ai lākou, kahi mai ka pele mai, a he aha ka mea e hoʻomaha hou ai iā lākou, ʻaʻole ia ma ka honua wale nō.

No ke aha mai nā luaipele?

i loko o nā papa o ka honua honua kāna kumu nui magma

Nā papa like ʻole o ka honua Honua

Lua Pele (like me nā ʻōlaʻi) pili pili loa i ka hanana kūloko o ko mākou honua. He kikowaena ko ka Honua ma kahi mokuʻāina paʻa e like me nā ana seismic me kahi radius o 1220 km. ʻO ka papa waho o ka nucleus kahi ʻāpana semi-solid i hiki i kahi radius a i 3400km. Mai laila mai ka ʻahuʻula, kahi e loaʻa ai ka pele. Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻelua mau ʻāpana, ka ʻahu o lalo, e hele ana mai 700km a i ka 2885km, a ʻo ka mea luna, mai 700km a i ka pā, me ka mānoanoa o 50km.

ʻOiai ʻaʻole paha ia i ka hiʻona, ka ʻili o hana ʻia ko mākou honua i nā pā nui kāhea tectonic a i ʻole lithospheric. ʻO ke kumu o ka ʻaʻohe paʻa o ka pāpaʻa. Lana nā papa ma luna o ka kapa basalt, kahi a ka pele e hele mai ai, a kapa ʻia kēia hanana, he ʻauheʻe ʻainapuniʻole.

nā papa tekona like ʻole

Nā papa ʻokoʻa e ola nei, a me ke kuhikuhi o ke kaomi a lākou i loaʻa ai (Source: Wikipedia)

ʻO kēia ʻano ʻauheʻe, loaʻa nā māwae, a ʻike nui ʻia i ka pae kai. ʻO nā pae nui o nā luaipele e hele i lalo o ka moana, ʻo lākou nā kualono waena moana. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau pae kuahiwi nunui e nā lua pele nui like ʻole. Ma kēia mau māwae, he mau kaukani mile ka lōʻihi, ke piʻi nei nei nā mea mai ka ʻahu. Ke paheʻe nei kēia mea i loko o ʻelua mau laina longitudinal, a ke hana mau nei i ka ʻāpana honua. Aia nā wahi kahi i hakahaka ai nā papa tectonic ma nā wahi o ka ʻāina nui, ʻaʻole i ka moana, a ma laila mākou i hoʻomaka ai nā luaipele. I nā wahi ʻoliki loa o ka honua, kahi e hui ai nā pā tectonic.

Pehea ke kumu o nā lua pele?

ʻO ka ʻāpala, e luku mau ʻia i nā ʻāpana subduction i kapa ʻia. E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, ʻaʻole i "kāpili" ʻia nā papa tectonic. ʻO ka manaʻo o kēia aia nā wahi i loko e poho ai kekahi mau papa ma lalo o nā mea ʻē aʻe a hui pū me ka ʻahu. ʻO kēia mau ʻāpana hui o nā pā i nā kaomi nui, i loaʻa iā lākou i ke kūmau seismic nui, e hopena ana i nā ōlaʻi a me nā luaipele.

ʻO San Andreas hewa, Kaleponi

San Andreas Fault, Kaleponi, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa

ʻO nā kualono lūlū nā wahi paʻa loa. Exceptionally, kekahi o kēia mau lua pele ʻino i loaʻa ma lalo o ka moana, hiki ke piʻi aʻe ma luna o ka ʻilikai. Hoʻokumu lākou i nā mokupuni o nā hana lua pele nui, e like me ka laʻana o ka hihia ʻo Iceland. ʻO nā wahi paʻa ʻole nā ​​wahi e holo ai kekahi pā ma luna o kekahi, a i ʻole ke ʻānai ʻaoʻao i kekahi i kekahi, e like me ka hewa kaulana o San Andrés ma United States. Hoʻomaopopo loa ʻia kēia me ka maka ʻōlohelohe, ma muli o ka discontinuities hohonu e hōʻike ai i ka honua. Ma muli o ka hana seismic nui, wānana nā ʻepekema i kahi ōlaʻi nui i kēlā wahi, i kapa inoa ʻia Mea nui.

Nā ʻāpana o ka lua pele

Nā ʻāpana o ka lua pele

Ka ʻokoʻa o nā ʻāpana o ka lua pele

  • Keena Magmatic: Kūlike ia i ka ʻāpana o loko o ka iwi honua, kahi i loaʻa ai ka magma. ʻO kēia kahi e kūkulu ai ka magma ma lalo o ke kaomi ma mua o ka piʻi ʻana i luna. Aia ia ma waena o 1 a me 10 mau kilomita ka hohonu.
  • Kapuahi: ʻO ke kahawai e puka aʻe ai ka magma i loko o nā pele, ʻo ka pele. Ma hope o ka pele, ua hoʻopili ʻia ia me nā pōhaku anuanu, ʻo ia hoʻi, me ka solidification o ka magma ma mua.
  • Cone lua pele: ʻO ia ke kuhi cone truncated e kū aʻe a puni ka lua pele. Hoʻokumu ʻia ia e ka hōʻiliʻili o nā mea i hana ʻia a hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā pele.
  • Cone lua pele lua: Ke hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi chimney kōkua kōkua e puka ai ka magma.
  • Crater: ʻO ia ka lua e puka ai ka magma i ka ʻili o ka honua. Aia i ka lua pele, kona ʻaoʻao a me nā kinona e ʻokoʻa loa. Hiki ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia e like me kahi funnel i hoʻohuli ʻia a i ʻole cone, a ana ʻia mai kekahi mau mika i nā kilomita.
  • Nā Domes: ʻO kēia ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana o ka pele viscous mai loko mai o ka magma, ke hoʻomaʻalili ʻia ma luna o ka waha pele i hiki ke hoʻopili iā ia.
  • ʻO Geyser: Ua like lākou me nā lua pele liʻiliʻi, akā i hana ʻia i ka mahu wai e hoʻolapalapa ana. Kūlike loa i nā wahi e like me Iceland.
  • Nā Skunks: ʻO nā fumaroles anuanu e hāʻawi i ke kalapona kalapona.
  • ʻO Fumaroles: Ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o nā ʻenekini mai ka pele ma nā lua pele.
  • Hāhā: Kūlike ia i ka lae nāwaliwali o ka pahu honua kahi e hiki ai i ka magma ke piʻi aʻe mai ke keʻena a hiki i luna.
  • Solfataras: Hoʻouna ʻia nā mahu o ka wai me hydrogen sulfide.
  • ʻAno Lua Pele

ʻO ka mahana, ke ʻano o nā mea, ka viscosity a me nā mea i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i ka magma, hana pū nā mea āpau i ke ʻano o ka pele, ka luaipele. Me ka nui o nā huahana huikau e pili pū me ia, hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokaʻawale i kēia mau ʻano:

Lua Pohaku Strombolian

Pele lua pele

Pōhaku ʻo Paricutín, Mexico

Hoʻomaka ia ke loaʻa kahi kuapo o nā mea e hū ana. Hoʻokumu lākou i kahi cone stratified o ka pele wai a me nā mea paʻa. He loli ʻo Lava, hoʻopuka ia i nā kinoea ikaika a kolohe hoʻi, me nā wana o nā pōkā, nā lapilli a me nā slags. Ma muli o ka hoʻokuʻu maʻalahi ʻia nā ʻenekini, ʻaʻole ia e hua ka lehu a ʻehu paha. Āhea kahe ka pele a puni nā kihi o ka lua pele, iho i lalo i nā pali a me nā awāwa, me ka noho ʻole i ka hoʻonui, i hana ʻia ma nā luaipele ʻano Hawaiʻi.

Lua Pele Hawaii

Lua pele Hawaii

ʻO Kilauea, ka lua pele kaulana loa o nā ʻano Hawaiʻi

E like me ka Strombolian, wai ka pele. ʻAʻole ia he hoʻokuʻu hoʻokuʻu pahū. I kēia hihia, ke kahe ka pele ma luna o nā kaʻe o ka lua pele, iho maʻalahi lākou i nā pali o ka luaipele noho i nā wahi nui a huakaʻi i kahi mamao. He pali mālie ko kēia lua pele o kēia ʻano, a ke puhi ʻia aku kekahi mau koena pele e ka makani a hana lākou i nā ʻāpana crystalline.

ʻAtikala pili:
ʻO nā mea āpau āu e ʻike ai e pili ana i ka lua pele ʻo Kilauea

Lua pele Vulcanian

Ka luaipele ʻano Vulcan

Lua pele Vulcanian

ʻO ka inoa e hele mai ana mai ka lua pele Vulcanus, me nā pali kūpikipiki loa. ʻike ʻia e ka hoʻokuʻu nui ʻana o nā kinoea. ʻAʻole wai loa ka pele i hoʻokuʻu ʻia a hoʻohui koke. I kēia ʻano pele, ikaika loa nā pele a pulverize i ka pele. Hoʻopuka ia i kahi lehu he nui, a ke kīloi ʻia i ka lewa e hele pū me nā mea ʻāpana ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka magma i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i waho, ʻo ka pele, paʻa paʻa, akā ʻo nā kinoea i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e haki a nahae ka papa o ia. Hana ʻino loa ia a kaulike ʻole ia.

Peleano Volcano

hakakā lua pele mont pelé

Mont Pelée, mokupuni ʻo Martinique, Palani

I kēia ʻano lua pele, pele loa ka pele mai kāna pele a hoʻohui koke ʻia. Hoʻopuni loa ia i ka lua pele, e hana ana i kahi ʻano python a i ʻole ka nila. ʻO kēia ke kumu a kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o nā kinoea hiki ʻole ke pakele, ke hoʻoholomua i kahi pohā nui hāpai i ka python a wāwahi paha i ka piko o ka puʻu.

Loaʻa kahi laʻana o ka lua pele Peleano i ka pele nui i kū i luna Mei 8, 1902 ma mauna Pelée. ʻO ka ikaika kupaianaha o nā kinoea i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i kahi mahana wela, i hui pū ʻia me ka lehu, i wāwahi ʻia i nā paia o ka lua pele ke hāʻawi ʻia i ka ʻume. Ua loli ia i ke kulanakauhale o St. Pierre, ma ka mokupuni Palani ʻo Martinique, me kahi koena make o 29.933 mau mea i hōʻeha ʻia ma muli o ke ao ahi e kū mai ana.

Lua Pohaku Phreatomagmatic

Surtsey ʻAilana ʻIlia

Surtsey ʻAilana, ʻIolani. Ke ala aʻe nei mai kahi pele phreatic. Na Erling Ólafsson kiʻi

Loaʻa nā luaipani Phreatomagmatic i ka wai pāpaʻu, i kapa ʻia nā wai pāpaʻu e ka International Hydrographic Organization. Hāʻawi lākou i kahi loko i loko o kā lākou lua pele a i kekahi manawa hana ʻia nā atoll, nā moku koʻa kai. Hoʻohui ʻia ka ikehu ponoʻī o ka lua pele ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka mahu wai i wela koke, e hana ana ʻōhū ikaika kipi. ʻAʻole lākou e hōʻike mau i nā hoʻokuʻu pele a i ʻole nā ​​extrusions pōhaku.

Lua pele Pliniano

Mokupuni Canary lua pele ʻo Teide

Teide, Nā Mokupuni Canary, Sepania

I kēia ʻano lua pele, ʻokoʻa i ka luaʻi pele lua ʻole. ikaika loa ke kaomi o nā kinoea, ke hoʻohua nei i nā pele. Hoʻohui pū kekahi i nā ao ahi, ke anuanu, hana i ka ua lehu. Hiki iā lākou ke kanu i nā kūlanakauhale.

Hoʻohui ʻia, ʻike ʻia ia e ka hoʻololi o nā pele pyroclastic me nā pele o nā pele pele. Hāʻawi kēia i ka uhi o nā papa, kahi e hoʻopuka ai i kēia mau lua pele nui loa. ʻO kahi laʻana maikaʻi o kēia, loaʻa iā mākou ma Teide.

I kēia manawa ua ʻike mākou i ke ʻano o ka lua pele, e hoʻomaopopo ʻia ʻaʻole lākou ma ka honua wale nō. ʻO kēia hanana kekahi o nā mea i like pū ka honua honua me nā paneta ʻē aʻe i ka ʻōnaehana lā a ma ke ao holoʻokoʻa. No nā mea a pau i loaʻa i loko o kēlā lā i hoʻokahi lā ma lalo o ke kaomi e pahu. Ma hea mākou e nānā ai, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā mea like, me ka honua, a me mākou pū kekahi. A ʻo ia nō "he lua pele kā mākou āpau i loko: mālama mākou i nā mea he nui i kekahi lā, lawe mākou iā lākou āpau i ka manawa hoʻokahi", Benjamin Griss.

Maopopo iā ʻoe he aha ka lua pele ʻeleu he aha?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.