lua pele pompeii

Vesubio mont

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua lohe mākou a pau e pili ana i ka pōʻino Pompeii a ua hana ʻia nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me nā palapala e pili ana. Nui nā mea i ʻōlelo ʻia e pili ana lua pele pompeii ʻaʻole i ʻike nui ʻia e kona inoa a me nā hiʻohiʻona maoli. ʻO ka mauna ʻo Vesuvius a i ʻole ka lua pele ʻo Vesuvius. Loaʻa iā ia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona kūʻokoʻa i kumu i kēia pōʻino mōʻaukala. ʻO kekahi o kāna pele i hoʻokumu i kahi hanana mōʻaukala koʻikoʻi.

No kēia kumu, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i ka lua pele Pompeii, kona ʻano a me nā koho.

lua pele pompeii

lua pele pompeii

ʻIke maikaʻi ʻia ʻo Mount Vesuvius, ʻo ka lua pele i loaʻa kekahi o nā pōʻino kūlohelohe nui loa i hana ʻia e ka lua pele i ka hoʻomanaʻo ola. ʻOiai i kēia lā, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā lua pele weliweli loa ma ka honua a ʻo ia wale nō ka lua pele ikaika ma ka ʻāina ʻEulopa.

Aia ia ma ka ʻāina ʻo Campania ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o Italia, ma ka hikina o ke kai o Naples, ma kahi o 9 mau kilomita mai ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Naples. ʻO Vesuvius kona inoa ma Italia, akā ʻike ʻia ʻo Vesaevus, Vesevus, Vesbius a me Vesuve. No ka mea, ua hana ʻia ʻo ia me nā papa pele, lehu, pumice, a me nā mea pyroclastic ʻē aʻe, a no ka hoʻopuka ʻana i nā pele pahū, ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he stratovolcano a i ʻole stratovolcano. Ma muli o ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o kāna cone waena i ka lua, aia ia i ka ʻano o ka mauna Soma.

Aia ka mauna Vesuvius he cone 1.281 mika ke kiʻekiʻe, ʻike ʻia ʻo "Great Cone", kahi i hoʻopuni nui ʻia e ka lihi o ka lua piko o ka mauna ʻo Soma, aia ma kahi o 1.132 mika ke kiʻekiʻe. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia lāua ʻelua e ke awāwa ʻo Atrio di Cavallo. Hoʻololi ke kiʻekiʻe o ka cone i ka manawa ma muli o nā lua pele. Aia ma kona piko he lua lua ma mua o 300 mika ka hohonu.

Ua helu ʻia ʻo Mount Vesuvius kekahi o nā lua pele weliweli loa ma ka honua. ʻO kona lua pele ʻo ia ka lua pele hui a i ʻole stratovolcano type. No ka mea, ʻike ʻia ke kihi waena o kēia lua pele i loko o ka lua pele, ʻo ia ke ʻano Soma. Manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā lua pele weliweli loa ma ka honua, ʻo ka cone ma kahi o 1.281 mika ke kiʻekiʻe. Kapa ʻia kēia cone ʻo ka cone nui. Ua puni ia e ka lihi o ka lua piko o Monte Somma. Aia ka mauna ma 1132 mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai.

Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mauna ʻo Vesuvius a me ka mauna Soma e ke awāwa ʻo Atrio di Cavallo. Ua loli ke kiʻekiʻe o ka cone i ka mōʻaukala, ma muli o ka pele i hiki mai. ʻO ka piko o kēia mau lua pele he lua pele me ka hohonu ma mua o 300 mika.

Ka hoʻokumu a me ke kumu

lua pele pompeii a me ka mōʻaukala

Aia ka lua pele ma luna pono o ka ʻāpana hoʻohaʻahaʻa ma waena o nā papa Eurasia a me ʻApelika. ʻO kēia mau papa tectonic, ke hoʻohaʻahaʻa nei ka lua o ka pā ma lalo o ka pā Eurasian ma kahi o 3,2 kenimika i kēlā me kēia makahiki, kahi i alakaʻi ai i ka hoʻokumu ʻana o nā mauna Soma ma kahi mua.

Ma keʻano maoli, ʻoi aku ka ʻoi aku o ka mauna Soma ma mua o ka mauna ʻo Vesuvius. Aia ma kahi o 300.000 mau makahiki o nā pōhaku kahiko loa o ka lua pele. Ua hiolo ka piko o ka mauna Soma i ka pele 25.000 makahiki aku nei. e hoʻomaka ana e hana i ka caldera, akā ʻaʻole i hoʻomaka ka cone o Vesuvius e hana a hiki i 17.000 makahiki aku nei, ma ka waena. Ua ʻike ʻia ka Cone Nui ma kona holoʻokoʻa i ka makahiki AD 79, ma hope o kahi maʻi nui. Eia nō naʻe, ma muli o ka neʻe ʻana o nā papa tectonic, ua loaʻa ka wahi i nā pele pahū mau a ua nui ka hana seismic ma ia wahi.

ʻO ka lua pele ka hopena o ka pelemaka i hiki i ka ʻili ke hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka sediment mai ka papa ʻApelika i lalo i nā wela kiʻekiʻe a hiki i ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana a hoʻokuʻu ʻia i luna a hiki i ka wā e haki ai kekahi hapa o ka ʻōpala.

Pele pele Pompeii

lua pele vesuvius

He moʻolelo lōʻihi ko Vesuvius o ka pele. ʻO nā lā kahiko loa i ʻike ʻia mai 6940 BC. C. Mai ia manawa, ʻoi aku ma mua o 50 mau pele i hōʻoia ʻia, a ʻo kekahi mau mea hou aku, me nā lā maopopo ʻole. ʻElua pele ikaika loa, 5960 C. a me 3580 B.C. C., ua lilo ka lua pele nui loa ma ʻEulopa. I ka lua o ka millennium BC ua kapa ʻia ʻo "Avellino Eruption", kekahi o nā pele nui loa i ka prehistory.

Akā, ʻaʻohe kānalua ua hiki mai ka pele ikaika loa i ka makahiki 79 AD ma muli o ka ikaika a me kona hopena. C. Aia i 62 d. C. Ua ʻike nā kamaʻāina e pili ana i ke olai ikaika, akā hiki ke ʻōlelo ʻia ua maʻa lākou i ke olai ma ia wahi. Ua manaʻo ʻia ma kahi lā ma waena o ʻOkakopa 24 a me 28, 1979, Ua hū ka mauna ʻo Vesuvius ma kahi kiʻekiʻe o 32-33 km a hoʻokuke ikaika i ke ao pōhaku., kinoea lua pele, lehu, pauda pumice, pele a me na mea e ae ma ka 1,5 tona no kekona.

Ua ʻike ʻo Pliny the Younger, he mokuʻāina Roma kahiko, i ka hanana ma ke kūlanakauhale kokoke ʻo Misenam (ma kahi o 30 mau kilomita mai ka lua pele) a hoʻopaʻa iā ia i kāna leka, kahi i hāʻawi i ka ʻike nui. Wahi a ia, he ōlaʻi a he kai eʻe ma mua o ka pele. Ua piʻi mai kahi ao lehu nui, e kahe ana i nā wahi a puni no 19 a 25 mau hola, e kanu ana i nā kūlanakauhale o Pompeii a me Herculaneum a pepehi i nā tausani. Ua haʻalele ka poʻe i pakele i ke kūlanakauhale no ka manawa pau ʻole, a ua poina ʻia a hiki i ka ʻimi ʻana o ka archeology i ka hoihoi iā ia, ʻoi aku hoʻi ma Pompeii.

Ma hope o kekahi mau makahiki, ua hoʻokuʻu hou ka lua pele i kāna mau mea i loko, ʻo ka mea nui loa i hana ʻia i ka makahiki 1631, a ua nui ka pōʻino o ia wahi. ʻO ka mea hope loa i hana ʻia ma Malaki 18, 1944, e pili ana i kekahi mau wahi. Ua manaʻo ʻia ua hoʻopau ka lua pele i hoʻomaka i ka makahiki 1631.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, nui ka lua pele ʻo Pompeii e hāʻawi i ka moʻolelo a me nā pele. ʻO ia kāna mau hanana a hiki i nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me nā palapala palapala i hana ʻia e hiki ai ke hōʻike i ka lehulehu i nā mea āpau. Manaʻo wau e hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka lua pele Pompeii a me kona ʻano me kēia ʻike.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.