Nā mauna ʻo Carpathian

Nā mauna ʻo Carpathian

I nā ʻatikala ʻē aʻe a mākou e kamaʻilio nei Nā mauna ʻo Appalachian, Las Nā Kuahiwi Pōhaku a me ka ka himalayas. Eia mākou e nānā ai nā kuahiwi Carpathian. ʻO ia ka pae mauna ʻoi loa ma ʻEulopa. Loaʻa iā ia kahi ʻāpana o 162.000 kilomika kilomika a piha i nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona maikaʻi. I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau āu e ʻike ai e pili ana i kēia pae mauna o kēlā ʻano hanohano.

Makemake ʻoe e aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā mauna Carpathian? E heluhelu mau.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

Hiking i nā kuahiwi Carpathian

Hoʻomaka kēia pae mauna mai kahi puʻu ma Austria a hoʻonui ʻia no Slowakia, Hungary ʻākau, komohana hema o Ukraine, hema hema Czech Republic a me Serbia Komohana. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ma waena o nā ʻāina he nui, ka mālama ʻana o kona wahi kūlohelohe, nā mea ulu a me nā holoholona a me nā hoʻohana like ʻole, pono e kaʻana like ʻia ma waena o kēia mau ʻāina.

He ʻano hui kā ka Carpathians. Manaʻo ʻia he hoʻolōʻihi ʻia o nā Alps. ʻAe lākou i nā lagoons ʻano me kēia mau kuahiwi a hōʻike ʻia e ke ʻano o ka genesis a me ke ʻano. He like like pū kekahi me ke ʻano o ke aniau. Ke ʻano o ke aniau he kuleana no ka ola o kekahi flora a me nā holoholona a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka lepo me nā ʻano kūikawā.

I ka hopena, pili nā kuahiwi Carpathian i nā pae mauna i kapa ʻia ʻo Balkans. Ma nā kuahiwi hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kahi ʻāina me nā pine nui ma nā ʻāina kiʻekiʻe a me nā piko a me nā kuahiwi i hui pū ʻia. ʻO ke kumu o kēia mau makahiki o kēia mau kuahiwi he mea hou loa, inā ʻaʻole e paʻa loa nā piko.

I ka Carpathians aia kekahi mau awāwa hau e hōʻike ʻia e nā ʻaihue glacial a me nā hoʻokumu e like me moraines a me nā ipu hohonu. Na Glacial erosion ke kuleana no ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka ʻāina a me ka hana hoʻomau o na agena hulihonua.

ʻO ka hapalua o ka ʻāina o ka Carpathians Aia ia i kahi kiʻekiʻe ma lalo o 1.000 mau mika, no laila ʻaʻole hiki ke noʻonoʻo ʻia he mauna kiʻekiʻe. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, aia nā piko kiʻekiʻe i kahi kiʻekiʻe ʻaʻole i ʻoi aku ma mua o 2.700 mika. ʻO kēia kekahi o nā kumu i kiʻekiʻe ai ka nui o nā flora a me nā ʻano puaʻa.

ʻO nā meaola a me ke aniau

ʻO ka nani o nā kuahiwi Carpathian

Ma ke kaulike i ka ʻāina āpau, uhi ʻia ka hapa nui e nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona. Hoʻokumu ʻia kāna topograf i nā ʻāpana pohaku a me nā luaipele i kaumaha, wāwahi a oki ʻole.

Aia ke ʻano biodiversity i ka emi ʻana o ka ua i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā makahiki a me nā loli o ka mahana. Ma ka mōʻaukala, aia kekahi mau glaciations like ʻole i hana i nā mea kanu kū hoʻokahi. Nui a hewahewa nā hana e hoʻopili ʻia i ke ola o nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona. No laila, ua lawe ʻia kekahi mau noiʻi hopena e pili ana i ke kaiapuni i kēia mau kaiaolaola ma muli o nā hana hoʻokele waiwai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā mea olaola i loaʻa i nā ʻāpana haʻahaʻa ʻoiai ʻo ia kahi e ʻoi aku ai ka wela a me ka momona o nā mea kanu. Ke piʻi nei mākou i ke kiʻekiʻe, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka oxygen e loaʻa a pēlā nō ke kaomi o ka lewa. ʻAʻole hiki i nā lāʻau ke hoʻonui a hana i nā ululāʻau.

E pili ana i ke aniau, ua ʻoi aku ka mana o ka ʻaoʻao komohana mai ka ʻAkelanika, me ka ua nui kiʻekiʻe o ka ua, ua nui ka mana o ka ʻaoʻao hikina. ʻO ka ʻāpana hikina ka liʻiliʻi o ka ua a me ka wai o ka wai ma loko o ka hale. ʻOi aku kaʻoi aku o ke kiʻekiʻe o ke ana wela a ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hoʻololi o ka mahana ma waena o nā kau o ka makahiki.

ʻO kekahi o nā ʻokoʻa i ʻike ʻia ma kēia mau mauna e pili ana i ka ua ʻo ka mauna Tatra ka ua nui ma luna o ka ua (ma waena o 1700 mm) a me ka ʻāpana o Romania ka liʻiliʻi (me nā waiwai o 1200 mm). No kēia kumu, hiki ke ʻike ʻia i ka emi ʻana o ka ua ma kahi gradient e holo ana mai ka ʻākau komohana a i ka hikina hema. ʻO ka ʻāpana e loaʻa ai ka ua liʻiliʻi ʻo ka Bucegi Mountains.

Nā hana a ke kanaka ma nā kuahiwi Carpathian

Ala waiū ma luna o nā kuahiwi Carpathian

ʻO nā kūlana anilā i ʻike ʻia ma luna ka mea e kū hoʻokahi ai nā mea kanu ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā ʻōnaehana mauna ʻē aʻe. I nā carpathians ʻaʻohe mau kāʻei hau mau a mau aniani paha ma muli o ke kiʻekiʻe o kona mau piko a me nā kuahiwi kiʻekiʻe. ʻAʻole like me nā Alps kahi o kēia mau aniani.

Ua loaʻa i nā hana a nā kānaka nā hopena like ʻole i ke aniau e like me ke kū ʻana o nā kinoea hoʻomehana honua i hoʻomehana ʻia i kēia mau wahi. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā ʻāpana alpine āpau i kēia manawa, no laila ʻoi aku ka nui o ka palupalu. ʻOi aku ka pōʻino o nā hopena o ke kaiapuni ma mua inā ʻaʻole lākou i māhele ʻia.

Ke hoʻokumu nei ke kanaka me kāna mau ʻoihana hoʻokele waiwai i kahi ʻano hoʻololi loli liʻiliʻi e aʻo nei a me ka kākau ʻana. ʻOiai ʻaʻohe nui o ka ʻike e pili ana i nā loli i ka mahele o nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona i nā kiʻekiʻe like ʻole, ke ʻike ʻia nei lākou.

ʻIke mākou i nā hui kanu 82 a ʻoi aku ma mua o 17 subassociations i hōʻino ʻia e nā hana a ke kanaka.

holoholo paʻa

Nā ʻāina ʻāina ʻo Carpathian

ʻO ka makemake nui e ulu i nā hana a ke kanaka i kēia mau wahi e pono ai ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka mākaʻikaʻi hoʻomau. Ma kēia ala e hoʻemi ana mākou i nā hopena i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka Carpathians. Manaʻo ʻia ka huakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi he ala ia e hoʻomohala ai i nā hana huakaʻi like ʻole me ka mahalo i ke kaiapuni a me ka mālama wā lōʻihi o nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe, moʻomeheu a me ka nohona kanaka.

Me kēia kahi ala e hoʻohana ai i kēia mau kumuwaiwai āpau i ke kaulike a me ke kaulike. ʻAʻole hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa i nā kuahiwi o nā ʻano a me ka waiwai kūikawā a ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke ʻoliʻoli iā lākou i ke ʻano kuleana.

E like me nā ʻano kūlohelohe āpau o kēia honua, pono mākou e aʻo e hoʻolauna i nā waiwai mālama i loko o ke kaiāulu i hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻomau i ka hauʻoli i nā wahi kūlohelohe e like me nā kuahiwi Carpathian.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i kēia kūlohelohe.

 


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.