Nānā i ka meteorology

nā mīkini ana meteorology

I mea e ʻike ai i ke kūlana meteorological o nā ʻāpana āpau o ka honua, pono ka nānā ʻana i kā mākou honua. Mahalo i nā mea he nui mea kani nānā hiki iā mākou ke ʻike a wānana hoʻi i nā kūlana meteorological o ʻaneʻane kēlā me kēia kihi o ka honua honua.

I mea e ʻike ai i ka mokuʻāina o ka meteorology, ana ʻia nā ana i loko o nā kaukani meteorological station i kau ʻia ma ka ʻāina wale nō, akā i ke kai, ma nā kiʻekiʻe like ʻole o ka lewa. ʻoiai ma nā ukali mai kahi ākea. Pehea e hana ai i nā hāmeʻa e nānā ana i ka honua a me nā kūlana meteorological? Pehea lākou i nā mea nui i ka wānana i ke anilā?

Nānā i ka meteorology

pono ka nānā ʻana i ka meteorology

ʻO nā ana ʻana o nā lauwili meteorological like ʻole e like me kaomi, makani, ʻūlū, ua, mahana, etc. Aia lākou i nā kūlana paʻa a puni ka honua holoʻokoʻa. Aia lākou ma nā wahi ma ka ʻāina, e like me nā pāpū, nā mauna, nā awāwa, nā kūlanakauhale, a me nā ala i huli ʻia e nā moku a me nā mokulele, e hoʻohana pono ana i ka loaʻa o nā mea meteorological āpau o lākou.

ʻO ka hoʻohana i hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia i ka ʻike i hāʻawi ʻia e kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻike āpau he ʻokoʻa loa ia: mai ka moʻolelo manawa wale i nā wahi kikoʻī, a i ka elaboration o nā wānana meteorological. I kēlā me kēia hihia, kikowaena o ka meteorological kikowaena i ka ʻike e nā wahi, hana iā ia, kaohi i kona maikaʻi, a hāʻawi i nā mea hoʻohana e pono ai e hoʻopaʻa i ka lewa.

Ke hana ʻia kahi kamaʻilio i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka hopena o ka nānā meteorological, ua kapa ʻia ia he hōʻike meteorological. Penei, kapa ʻia ka nūhou «ka ʻāpana«. Hiki ke hōʻike ʻia ka hopena o ka nānā meteorological ʻelua ma ka waha a me nā hiʻohiʻona. ʻO ka maʻamau, hoʻohana ʻia kahi palapala ʻāina o kahi e nānā ʻia a me nā ʻano meteorological i ʻike ʻia a hōʻike ʻia ko lākou evolution iā ia.

Me ka hoʻonohonoho o nā lauwili meteorological i aʻo ʻia, hiki ke kūkulu ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona e kōkua i kā lākou wānana. No ia mea, hoʻokumu ʻia i nā lauana o ka hana a me ka lawena o kēia mau hoʻololi meteorological i ke alo o nā kūlana kaiapuni a pehea e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻololi i ka manawa ke kālailai ʻia. Pono loa ka wānana ʻana i ke anilā i ke ola o kēlā me kēia lā e hiki ai ke ʻike i ke ʻano o ke aniau i nā lā e hiki mai ana a e hana e like me ke anilā.

Hoʻohana nā hiʻohiʻona wānana i nā ʻikepili i loaʻa ma hope o nā makahiki he nui o nā moʻolelo i hiki ke hana i nā ʻano e hana i ke aniau o kahi āpana. E like me kou ʻike, ʻaʻohe like ke anilā me ke anilā. Kuhikuhi ka Meteorology ke kūlana o nā loli meteorological i kekahi manawa. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ke aniau ke ʻano o kēia mau loli i loko o nā makahiki. ʻO kahi laʻana, polar kahi aniau, ke hoʻololi ʻia nā hoʻololi e like me ka mahana, ka ua ma ke ʻano o ka hau, ka makani, a pēlā aku. Hoʻokumu lākou i kahi ani anuanu, kahi e mau ai ka mahana ma lalo o nā kekelē degere.

Nā mīkini nānā meteoro

ana nā loli i nā loli

ʻO ke kumu, ke kumu o nā nānā meteorological āpau e waiho i nā mea meteorological i hoʻohana ʻia e lawe i nā ana. Hōʻuluʻulu kēia papa i kekahi o nā mea kani i hoʻohana nui ʻia.

ʻO kahi hoʻonohonoho meteorological kahi mau o kēia mau mea kani, ʻoiai inā piha loa ia. No nā ana o ka meteorological variable e hoʻokō pono ʻia, pono e hoʻokō ʻia e like me nā pae hoʻohālikelike i hoʻokumu ʻia e ʻo ka World Meteorological Organization. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau pae hoʻohālikelike i ka wahi kūpono, ka hoʻonohonoho a me nā kūlana o ke kaiapuni e hiki ai ke hoʻopili i nā hāmeʻa ana a hoʻololi i nā hopena i loaʻa.

No ka paʻakikī o ka ʻikepili, pono i ka pā o kahi hoʻonohonoho meteorological i kahi pahu kiaʻi, kahi ʻano keʻokeʻo lāʻau keʻokeʻo aia ma 1.5 m mai ka honua, aia i loko nā thermometers, ka hygrometer a me ka evaporimeter. Eia hou, i nā manawa he nui, loaʻa nā kikowaena hale kiaʻi wā. Ana ʻia nā hāmeʻa e like me nā thermometers, anemometers a me nā wana makani ma luna o ia mea, e haʻi mai ai iā mākou e pili ana i nā kūlana meteorological ma nā kiʻekiʻe like ʻole.

Nānā i nā satelite meteorological

hoʻohana ʻia nā satelite meteorological e nānā i ke aniau

E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua a me ke kanalua ʻole, ʻo nā satellite nānā ka mea paʻakikī loa, akā ʻo nā mea e hāʻawi i nā hopena maikaʻi. ʻO ke kūlana i noho ai nā ukali, ma ka pōʻaiapuni a puni ka Honua, e ʻae iā lākou e ʻike i kahi ʻike nui, ākea ākea a ākea hoʻi ma mua o kēlā me kēia meahana i kau ʻia ma ka honua.

Loaʻa i nā Satellite hoʻokuʻu ʻia a hōʻike ʻia e ka Honua. Noʻu ka mea mua a no ka Lā ka lua, akā hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻili o ka honua a i ka lewa ma mua o ka hiki ʻana i ka ukali. Lawe nā satelite i kekahi mau alapine o kēia pāhawewe, o ka ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa e kaukaʻi ʻia i nā kūlana o ka lewa, e hana hou i ka ʻikepili a wehewehe i nā kiʻi e loaʻa i nā kahua kahua, kahi e unuhi ʻia ai.

Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā satelite Meteorological e like me ka orbit a lākou e noho ai a e like me kā lākou mau ʻano:

Nā ukali ʻo Geostationary

hoʻopaʻa paʻa ʻia nā satellite geostationary

Ke hoʻohuli nei kēia mau ukali i ka manawa like a ka Honua e hana ai, no laila ke ʻike wale nei lākou i kahi kiko paʻa i kau ʻia ma ka equator o ka Honua. ʻO ka maʻamau, ʻo kēia mau ukali Aia ma kahi mamao loa mai ka Honua (ma kahi o 40.000 km).

ʻO nā mea maikaʻi i hāʻawi ʻia e kēia mau ukali, ʻo kahi mamao loa, ākea loa kā lākou kahua o ka ʻike, e like me ka nui o ka maka o ka honua. Eia hou, hāʻawi lākou i ka ʻike i kahi ala mau e pili ana i kahi kikoʻī āu e makemake ai e nānā a ʻae i ka evolution meteorological i kēlā wahi.

Nā ukali polar

kokoke loa nā satellite polar

ʻO nā satelite Polar nā mea e kaʻanalike kokoke loa ma mua o nā mea i hala (ma waena o 100 a 200 km kiʻekiʻe) no laila hāʻawi lākou iā mākou i kahi ʻike kokoke loa o ko mākou honua. ʻO ka mea hemahema, ʻoiai hāʻawi ia iā mākou i nā kiʻi me ke kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe a me ka akāka, hiki iā lākou ke nānā i kahi liʻiliʻi.

Loaʻa i kahi satelite meteorological i nā pono kūpono e hopu i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā waiwai like ʻole o ka Honua Honua, akā ʻo ka mea nui ia e kiʻi i nā radiation electromagnetic infrared a ʻike ʻia. Mai kēia ʻike, hana ʻia ʻelua ʻano o nā kiʻi ukali, i kapa ʻia ʻo ka pae o nā pae i kūlike lākou. Inā kau ʻia nā kiʻi i loaʻa ʻia ma hope o kekahi, i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he kaʻina, hiki iā mākou ke mahalo i nā neʻe ʻana o nā ao, e like me ke ʻano o ke kanaka e hōʻike nei iā mākou ma ke kīwī i kēlā me kēia lā.

Nā ʻano o nā nānā ʻana

Aia i ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia e nā ʻano ʻelua o nā satelite meteorological, hiki iā mākou ke hana i nā palapala nānā me nā ʻano o nā kiʻi i hōʻiliʻili ʻia e nā satellite: ʻO ka mua, aia nā kiʻi i ʻike ʻia i nā mea i ʻike ʻia a, ʻo ka lua, nā mea i loko o ka infrared.

Nā kiʻi i ʻike ʻia (VIS)

ʻo nā kiʻi o nā mea ʻike ʻia i ke ao wale nō

ʻO nā kiʻi i ʻike ʻia he kiʻi i like loa me ka mea a mākou e ʻike ai inā aia mākou ma ka ukali, ʻoiai, e like me ka maka, e hopu ka satellite i ka pā o ka lā ma hope o ka nānā ʻana i nā ao, ka ʻāina a me ke kai, kaukaʻi ʻia i ka ʻāpana.

Pili ka ʻōlinolino o ke kiʻi i nā kumu ʻekolu: ka ikaika o ka pā ʻana o ka lā, ke kihi o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka lā a me ke aniani o ke kino i nānā ʻia. ʻO ke aniani moemoeā (a i ʻole albedo) o ka ʻōnaehana Honua-ʻĀina he 30%, akā, e like me kā mākou i ʻike ai ma ka mokuna i hala, hiki i ka hau a me kekahi mau ao ke hoʻomālamalama i ka nui o ka mālamalama, i mea ma kahi kiʻi ukali i ʻike ʻia e ʻikea ai lākou ma mua o ka laʻana, ke kai.

ʻOiai he mau aniani maikaʻi nā ao, ʻo kā lākou albedo kaukaʻi i ka mānoanoa a me ke ʻano o nā ʻāpana. ʻO kahi cirrus, no ka laʻana, he ao lahilahi i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā aniani hau, ʻaʻohe aniani e hōʻike i ka pā ʻana o ka lā, no laila paʻakikī e ʻike iā ia i kahi kiʻi i ʻike ʻia (aneane aniani lākou).

Kiʻi infrared (IR)

ana nā kiʻi infrared i ka wela i hoʻouka ʻia e nā kino

ʻO ka ikaika o ka pāhawewe infrared i hoʻopuka ʻia e kahi kino e pili pololei i kāna ana wela. Pēlā, kahi ao kiʻekiʻe a anuanu hoʻi, e like me kahi cirrus, e ʻālohilohi loa i kēlā ʻano kiʻi. ʻO ka wao akua i ke awakea, inā ʻaʻohe ao ma luna ona, e hōʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he wahi pouli loa i ke kiʻi, ma muli o kona kiʻekiʻe wela. Hiki ke hoʻonui ʻia nā kiʻi infrared i ke kala e pili ana i ka mahana o ka wela o ia wahi, no laila e kōkua ana i ka ʻike ʻana i nā wahi anuanu loa, kūlike i nā poʻo ʻōpili i hoʻomohala ʻia.

Nā kiʻi infrared hana paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo i nā ao haʻahaʻa a me nā noeMa muli o ka like o ko lākou mahana me ka papa o kahi o lākou, hiki ke huikau me ia.

Hoʻohana ʻia nā kiʻi infrared i ka pō, no ka mea ʻaʻohe kukui no nā satelite e kiʻi i nā kiʻi i hiki ke kiʻi ʻia. Pono ʻoe e noʻonoʻo inā he lā a pō paha ia, hoʻokuʻu nā kino i ka wela a, ke kaukaʻi ʻia i ko lākou mahana, keʻokeʻo a ʻeleʻele hoʻi lākou. No laila, hoʻohana ʻia ʻelua ʻano o ka nānā ʻana i mea e hoʻohālikelike maikaʻi ai i ka ʻike a hoʻopau iā ia i ka maximum.

Me kēia ʻike, e ʻike hou aʻe ʻoe e pili ana i ka meteorology a me ke koʻikoʻi o kāna nānā ʻana no ka hana ʻana i nā hiʻohiʻona e kōkua i ka wānana o ka wā.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   E ʻelemakule ia

    ʻAʻole, ʻaʻole i kapa ʻia ka nūhou i ka ʻāpana no ka mea hāʻawi ia i ka ʻike meteorological (kahi a kekahi e kapa ʻole ai i ka ʻāpana, akā ke anilā).
    Ua kapa ʻia ka nūpepa ka ʻāpana, a emi iki a liʻiliʻi hoʻi, no ka mea ua loaʻa mai ka lekiō aupuni o Sepania ka hana a me ka maʻamau o ka hāʻawi ʻana, no ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka hōʻike kaua kūhelu, no ke kaua kūloko kaulana o 1936/1939, ka mea ua hoʻolele ʻia i kēlā me kēia lā mai ke keʻena nui o Generalissimo Franco.
    "E hāmau, e hāʻawi ana lākou i ka hōʻike!" ʻO ia ke ala ala aʻe ma hope o ka hoʻolaha maʻamau o ka wehewehe, ʻo ka mea nona ka mana i loko o ka hale i hāʻawi aku, i hiki ai i ka hāmau ke hoʻolohe i nā nūhou kaua nui a pau.
    Ua hala ke kaua, ua hōʻea ke kīwī (1956), ua mau ke ʻano maʻamau, ʻoiaʻiʻo nō, o ke kāhea ʻana i ka nūhou "ka ʻāpana"
    I nā lā kahiko o Mariano Medina, ʻaʻohe mea i ʻōlelo ʻo ia "ke kāne o ka ʻāpana", akā ʻo ke kāne o ka manawa.