He aha ka hanana El Niño?

Kiʻi o ka Moana Pākīpika

Moana Pākīpika

Ma ka honua kahi i uhi ʻia ʻo 75% o kona ʻili e ka wai, he mea nui ka moana i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ke aniau o ka honua holoʻokoʻa, mai nā kia a hiki i nā tropika. A ma laila ia, i loko o nā wai kai o ka Hikina Pakipika, kahi e kū ai kahi hanana climatic e hoʻomaka ʻia e ka wahi ʻana, akā ʻo nā hopena ka hopena ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa. ʻO El Niño.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e wehewehe mākou he aha ia a pehea e pili ai i ke aniau o ka honua i hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka moana a me ka hopena o lākou i nā ʻāpana āpau o kā mākou honua.

He aha ka hanana El Niño?

Ka mahana o ka moana Pākīpika

ʻO El Niño He hanana ia e pili ana i ka hoʻomehana ʻana o ka wai o ka ʻĀpana equatorial hikina, ka pōʻaiapuni, e kū ana i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu a ʻewalu mau makahiki paha a hala nā mahina 8-10. ʻO ia ka pae mehana o ke ʻano huliau o ka Pākīpika equatorial i kapa ʻia ʻo El Niño-Southern Oscillation, ENSO no kāna acronym ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania. He hanana ia e kumu ai i nā pohō he nui a koʻikoʻi ʻole i ka wahi intertropical a me ka equatorial, ma muli o ka ua nui.

Ua hāʻawi aku nā lawaiʻa Peruvian i kēlā inoa e pili ana i ka pēpē ʻo Iesū, a i kēlā me kēia makahiki e ʻike ʻia ana ke kai mehana no Kalikimaka ʻAʻole ia a hiki i ka 1960 ʻike ʻia ʻaʻole ia kahi hanana kūloko o Peru, akā ʻo ia maoli nō he hopena ma loko o ka Pākīpika tropika a ma ʻō aku hoʻi.

ʻAʻole maopopo i ka ulu ʻana o ka hanana, akā hoʻopili ka meteorologist ʻo Jacob Bjerknes (1897-1975) i nā kiʻekiʻe o ke kai me nā makani nāwaliwali mai ka hikina a me nā ua nui e pili pū ana me lākou.

Ma hope mai ua ʻike ʻia kekahi meteorologist ʻo Abraham Levy ka mea ka wai kai, anuanu i ka wā o ke kau a me ka hoʻoilo, hoʻomehana a ma muli o ka hopena, piʻi ka wela o ka ea. Hele nā ​​kai wai mahana ma lalo o ke kai, mai Australia a Peru.

Pehea e ʻike ʻia ai ka hanana?

ʻOiai he hopena kona e hiki ai ke luku, he mea nui ia i nā ʻōnaehana e ʻike ai i ka manawa. No laila, hiki ke hana i nā hana kūpono e hōʻalo i ka nui o ka make i hiki. No ia mea, hoʻohana ʻia nā ukali, lana nā buoy a lana ʻia ke kai e ʻike ai i ke ʻano o ka papakū o ke kai i loko o ka ʻaoʻao equatorial. Eia hou, ua ʻimi ʻia ka makani no ka mea, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, hiki i kahi loli i ka makani ke lilo i hōʻailona e pili ana ka hanana El Niño.

He aha ka hopena i loaʻa i ke aniau?

ʻO ka wai, kekahi o nā hopena o El Niño

ʻO El Niño, kahi hanana e hana nei no nā makahiki he mau kaukani, he mana nui i ke aniau o ka honua. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, i kēia lā hiki ke hoʻololi i nā kūlana aniau o kahi wahi i nui, no ka ulu ʻana o ka heluna kanaka, ke lilo nei i mea wikiwiki e hiki i nā ʻāina i hoʻopilikia ʻia ke hana i nā hana kūpono e hiki ai ke kū i nā hopena. A ʻo ia kēlā, ma hope o kona ulu ʻana, hoʻololi i nā mahana a me nā lauana o ka ua a me ka makani i ka honua.

E ʻike kākou i nā hopena:

  • Ka Hoʻolāleʻa: nā moʻolelo pāmahana, nā loli i ka lewa lewa, ke ʻano o nā maʻi paʻakikī e hoʻopau (e like me cholera), nalo o nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona.
  • Ma ʻAmelika Hema.
  • Hikina Hema Asia: hana haʻahaʻa ʻana o ke ao, nā maloʻo nui a me ka emi ʻana o ka mahana o ka moana.

Eia nō naʻe, he mea nui e hoʻomaopopo i kēlā ʻaʻohe lua ʻo El Niño like. ʻO kēia ka manaʻo ʻaʻole e hoʻopili hou ʻia nā wahi i hoʻopili ʻia i ka manawa hope loa. E loaʻa iā lākou kahi kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe, ʻae, akā ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike maopopo.

Ka pilina ma waena o El Niño a me ka huliau

Hoʻololi ke aniau o ka ʻāina

ʻOiai ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia ka hopena o ka hopena o ka huliau ma ka hanana El Niño, kuhikuhi kekahi mau ʻepekema i ka aʻo paʻi ʻia i loko o ka puke pai ʻo Nature i ka makahiki 2014 e piʻi pinepine ana ka pinepine o nā hanana, a me kona ikaika, ke piʻi aʻe ka mahana o ka honua i ka mahana. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole noʻonoʻo ka Intergovernmental Panel ma ka Huliau Huli (IPCC) i kēia loulou i hōʻoia ʻia, no ke aha?

ʻO ia ka pane ke kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i ka hoʻololi i ke aniau e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i ke ʻano o ke aniau, ʻoiai ʻo ka El Niño hanana he loli kūlohelohe. Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi mau meteorologist ʻē aʻe, e like me Jorge Carrasco, ka mea e ʻaelike me ke aʻo ʻana i loko o kahi honua mehana, e māhuahua ai ka ikaika a me ka pinepine o El Niño.

E like me kā mākou i ʻike ai, ʻo El Niño kahi hanana i hiki ke loaʻa i nā hopena he nui a koʻikoʻi i nā wahi like ʻole o ka honua. No ko mākou palekana ponoʻī, he mea nui e hōʻemi i nā kinoea hoʻomehana honua e pale ai i ka piʻi ʻana o ka mahana, no ka mea inā ʻaʻole mākou, me ka hopena o ka hopena o ke aniau, pono mākou e pale iā mākou iho i kahi hanana El Niño ikaika loa


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.