ʻO ke kaumaha ʻo Guadalquivir

Ka muliwai Guadalquivir

La ʻO ke kaumaha ʻo Guadalquivir, ʻike ʻia hoʻi ʻo ka Baetic Depression, he ulia pōpilikia ma ka hema o Sepania. He pāpū ʻekolu kēia me ka lōʻihi o 330 mau kilomita. He 200 kilomika kona laula a haiki i kona hele hikina. Holo ka puʻu ma ka lihi o ka Plateau Castilian a wehe i ka Moana ʻAkelanika, kahi e kahe ai ka muliwai ʻo Guadalquivir.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou i nā hiʻohiʻona āpau, ka ʻāina a me ka hoʻomaha o ke kaumaha ʻo Guadalquivir.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

Guadalquivir depression kuaaina

Aia ka Guadalquivir Depression ma Andalusia, Sepania, a ʻo ia ka ʻāpana hema loa o ka ʻāina, aia ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o ka Peninsula Iberian. ʻO kāna mau ʻāpana geological a me morphological me kona mau mea āpau (topography, topography, flora, fauna, etc.) Holo lākou ma nā panalāʻau ʻelima o Jaén, Córdoba, Cádiz, Huelva a me Seville. Aia i loko he wahi i pale ʻia, a ʻo ia ka Doñana National Park.

ʻO ke kino nui o ka muliwai e kahe ana ma kēia pāpū ʻo Guadalquivir. I kona ʻāpana hope, ʻike ʻia nā ʻauwai o ka inoa hoʻokahi, i hoʻopiha ʻia e ka hana a ka muliwai i nā kahe a me nā au o ka Moana ʻAkelanika.

Ua palena ʻia ka puʻuwai e ka Sierra de Bética i ka ʻākau, ka Moana ʻAkelanika i ka hema, ʻo Sierra de Penibética ma ka hikina a me ka hikina hema, a me ka Sierra Morena e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia mai ka pāpū i ke komohana. ʻOi aku ma mua o 600 mau mauna alpine e hoʻokaʻawale i ka puʻuwai Guadalquivir mai ke kahakai Mediterranean.

ʻO ka ʻāpana Penibético ka mea i waho loa i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka ʻāpana o loko a i ʻole Subbético. Aia ʻo Sierra Nevada, ʻo ia hoʻi nā mauna, ʻo Pico Veleta, ma 3392 mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai, a ʻo Mulhacén, ma 3478 mau mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai, ʻo ia nā lae kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka Peninsula holoʻokoʻa.

Ke kumu o ke kaumaha o Guadalquivir

ke kaumaha o guadalquivir

Ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻo Guadalquivir Depression i puka mai i ka Miocene. Ua hoʻomaka ʻia mai kahi ʻauwaha i hoʻomaka me ka pōloli ʻana o nā sediment moana o ka Tertiary i hanaia e na nee mauna. Hōʻike kēia i ke kumu e hōʻike ai kēia pāpū i nā reliefs, nona nā ʻano i hōʻike i nā undulations palupalu.

Eia kekahi, ʻo ka hoʻokumu ʻana o ke kaumaha e hui pū me nā ʻāpana o ka Sierra Subbética, e hōʻike ana he hana hoʻokiʻekiʻe. ʻO ia hoʻi, i loko o ka Guadalquivir depression i hāʻule ai kahi moat, hana i kahi kahawai, kahi kahawai, kahi i kamaʻilio ai ka Moana ʻAkelanika a me ke Kai Mediterranean. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole i hoʻomaka ka waiho ʻana o ke awāwa ʻo Guadalquivir a hiki i ka hopena o ka Tertiary. Ua paniia keia ma kona aoao akau, e alakaʻi ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ka hāʻawi hou ʻana i nā wai i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i ka wahi.

No laila, ʻo kēia mau deformations, ʻaʻole i hiki a hiki i ka Pliocene, hoʻokahe i ka wai kai mai ke kaumaha. Ua hana ka mauna Betic ulu i kahakai hou kahi i puka mai ai ka waha o ka Guadalquivir. Hāʻawi ʻia i ka noho mau ʻana o ka wai kahawai, ʻike ka ʻāina i ka hopena i ka ʻino mau. Ua hoʻopau kēia kaʻina hana i ka hoʻopiha kula kiʻekiʻe i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, e hāʻawi ana i kahi wahi haʻahaʻa loa i nā mea kanu.

Ma ka hopena, ʻike ʻia nā marshes ma ka ʻaoʻao hope loa o ke kaumaha ʻo Guadalquivir. ʻO ke kahe pinepine ʻana o ka muliwai e hiki ai ke waiho i nā waihona aluvial i ka wā ua, kahi e huki ʻia ai nā mea e hana i nā ʻāina a me nā pāpū me nā ʻōpala honua. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau mea he palupalu, ʻoiai hiki ke loli ko lākou paʻakikī, e like me ka ʻike ʻia e nā ʻokoʻa topographical o ka ʻāina.

'äina

nahenahe

E like me ka mea ma mua, ʻO ke kaumaha o Guadalquivir he 30 mau kilomita ka lōʻihi a he 200 mau kilomita ka laula, a liʻiliʻi i kou hele hikina. Eia kekahi, me ke kiʻekiʻe o 150 mika, ʻike ʻia ka liʻiliʻi o nā hōʻoluʻolu a puni ka pāpū a aneane ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia nā mauna ma nā puʻu kokoke i Chiclana, Jerez, Montilla a me Carmona. ʻO nā limestones a i ʻole nā ​​molasses he paʻakikī hoʻi.

Eia naʻe, ʻAʻole ia ka ʻāina palahalaha e hoʻomalu ana i ka Guadalquivir Depression, akā ʻo nā puʻu mālie. Aia nā awāwa waiwai i hoʻopuni ʻia e nā ʻāina o nā ʻano nui like ʻole, ʻoiai ʻo ke kānāwai maʻamau, ʻo ka hele ʻana aku ma ka Guadalquivir, ʻoi aku ka nui o ke awāwa, a palahalaha ka ʻāina komohana a loaʻa nā puʻu. Eia kekahi, ua māhele ʻia ka Guadalquivir Depression i ʻehā mau ʻāpana. Loaʻa i kēlā me kēia me kāna mau hiʻohiʻona morphological a me geological.

Marshes a me kahakai o ka Guadalquivir depression

ʻO nā ʻōpuʻu ma luna o ka ʻāina, e uhi ana i 2.000 kilomika kuea, akā, e emi ana ka wai kai i loko o ia wahi ma nā kahawai a me nā kahawai.

No kona ʻāpana, he ikaika loa ke kahakai, me nā ʻāpana i hōʻike ʻia e nā pua kahakai a me nā kaula dune, i hoʻopili pono ʻia e nā au o ka Moana ʻAkelanika. Eia kekahi, He palupalu a momona nā mea honua, e like me ka ʻiliʻili, ka lepo, ke one, a me ka pālolo.

ʻO kēia hoʻonohonoho topographic e hana i kahi hapa nui o ke awāwa o ke kaumaha ʻo Guadalquivir i kūpono no ka mahiʻai. Loaʻa nā mea kanu mea kanu, nā cereals, nā lāʻau ʻoliva a me nā kumu hua. No laila, he mea koʻikoʻi kēia ʻāpana o Sepania i ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka ʻāina no ka mea ʻo ka hapa nui o kāna meaʻai mai laila mai.

Pono e hoʻomaopopo i ke kaumaha o ka Guadalquivir ʻAʻole hiki ke wehewehe piha ʻia he pāpū kahi e nui ai nā pāpū, no ka mea, he hōʻuluʻulu kēia. ʻOiai he ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole i nui ke kiʻekiʻe o nā reliefs, aia kekahi mau puʻu a me nā mauna e hōʻike ana i ka hele ʻana o ka manawa. I nā manawa ʻē aʻe, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka wai ma Guadalquivir a, i ka wā e hoʻopau ai i ka ʻāina, ʻeli ʻo ia e hana i nā ʻāina a me nā awāwa.

Hoʻohālikelike me ke kaumaha o Ebro

He awawa ka Ebro depression ma ka hikina akau o Sepania. ʻO ka muliwai ʻo Ebro ma kēlā ʻaoʻao. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ke kaumaha o ka Guadalquivir i ke koʻikoʻi a me ke ʻano, a pololei hoʻi, no ka mea, kaʻana like lākou i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui, ʻoiai ʻo ka mea koʻikoʻi wale nō ke ʻōlelo ʻia.

Ma waho aʻe o ka nui, ʻO nā puʻu ʻelua he ʻano triangular, uhi ʻia me ka sediment tertiary a me ka hoʻoheheʻe paʻakikī e ka wai kahawai. Hoʻohui pū ʻia i kēia papa inoa pōkole o nā mea like nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa o nā puʻuwai, ko lākou pili ʻana i ka poʻe Sepania, ʻaʻole e haʻi i ko lākou ʻike kahiko.

Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike pū ʻia nā puʻuwai o ka Guadalquivir a me ka Ebro i nā ʻokoʻa nui a me ka qualitative. Ma muli o ka manawa a me ka kikoʻī, ʻaʻole kūpono lākou ma ʻaneʻi, no laila ʻekolu wale nō i manaʻo ʻia he nui: ka makahiki honua, ke ʻano o ka hoʻopiha a me ka topography o ke awāwa.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ke kaumaha Guadalquivir a me kāna mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.