Ke au ʻo Humboldt

Kahakai o Kile me nā kahawai ʻo Humboldt

ʻO ke aniau o ʻAmelika Hema he ʻokoʻa loa ia ma muli o ke kūlana ʻāina, ka lewa a me nā kumu kai. I ka hihia kikoʻī o Chile a me Peru, pono ka mea moana ma muli o ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻĀina ʻo Humboldt.

Akā, He aha kona kumu a he aha nā hopena i loaʻa i ke aniau? E kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i kēia āpau a me nā mea hou aʻe i kēia kūikawā.

He aha ke kahawai ʻo Humboldt?

Ka mahana o ka moana Pākīpika

ʻO kēia au, i ʻike ʻia ma ke au o Peru, ʻO ia kahi kai kai i kū i ka piʻina o nā wai hohonu a, no laila, anuanu loa, i kū mai ma kahakai komohana o ʻAmelika Hema.. Ua wehewehe ʻia e ka mea kūlohelohe Kelemania ʻo Alexander von Humboldt i kāna hana "Huakaʻi i nā wahi equinoctial o nā New Continents" i paʻi ʻia ma 1807.

ʻO ia ke kahawai wai anuanu nui loa i ka honua, a ʻo kekahi hoʻi o nā hopena i ʻike nui ʻia i ke aniau, i kēia hihia, nā kahakai o Chile a me Peru ma muli o nā hopena i hui ʻia o ka neʻe ʻana o ka pōʻai honua a me ka ikaika centrifugal o nā wai kai ma ke kai kūʻē kaulike.

I ka puka ʻana mai ka hohonu o ke kahakai, he haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa kona mau wai, ma kahi o 4ºC, a kahe ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau ma ke kahakai komohana o ʻAmelika Hema, kūlike i ke kapakai a hiki i ka latitu o ka ʻekelika. . No kēia kumu, ka mahana o kēia mau wai ma waena o 5 a 10ºC haʻahaʻa ma mua o kona, e noʻonoʻo nei i kona wahi a me kahi kokoke i ka equator.

Waonahele Atacama

Nui ka momona o nā wai anuanu: kikoʻī, loaʻa nā pae kiʻekiʻe o nā nitrates a me nā phosphates mai ke kai, kahi e hiki ai i ka phytoplankton ke hānai, a laila, hiki ke hanau wikiwiki a lilo i ʻāpana o ka papaʻai o ka zooplankton, kahi e hānai ai nā holoholona nui a me nā kānaka pū kekahi.

Inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ke aniau, ʻoiai he mānoanoa a me ka wao akua, mahalo i ke au o Humboldt ʻo kekahi mau mea kanu paʻa loa, e like me ka cacti ma ka wao akua ʻo Sonoran, hiki ke ola ma muli o ka nui o ka noe a me nā noe i hoʻoluhi ʻia ma kahakai.

Eia nō naʻe, i kekahi manawa ʻaʻole puka mai ke au, a lawe ka makani ʻākau i ka wai mehana i ka hema. Ke hiki mai kēia, kahi wai mehana, i ʻike ʻia e ka inoa ʻo El Niño, i pani i ka piʻi ʻana o nā mahana ma kahi o 10ºC, ke kuhi nei ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi o ka flora a me nā holoholona kai, a me kahi hoʻoweliweli no ke ola o kēlā mau holoholona terrestrial e hānai ana iā ia, e like me nā manu.

Nā hopena ma ke aniau

Kahakai ʻo Peru

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, he wela ka ʻāina o nā kahakai o ʻAmelika Hema, wao akua. Ma muli o ka latitude, he tropical a subtropical paha ia, akā no ka mea aia ma waena o 5 a 10ºC mau wai ma lalo o kā lākou. anuanu ka lewa.

No laila, ma kahi he wahi o nā ulu ulu ulu a me nā mahana mahana, i nā wahi e pili ana i kēia au ʻike mākou i nā wao kai kahawai anuanu, e like me ka Atacama, nona ka mahana mai -25ºC a 50ºC, a ʻo ia hoʻi kahi maloʻo loa o ka Honua. ʻOiai kokoke i ka equator, ʻuʻuku ka ua a he mau mea kanu a holoholona wale nō ke ola.

Eia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona:

  • Nā kanu: Ricinus komunis, Shizopetalon tenuifolium, Senecio myriophyllus, Copiapoa
  • Animales: liona kai, ʻalopeke, nahesa lōʻihi lōʻihi, ʻenuhe, pule mantis, moʻo huikoa

Hoʻololi paha ka huliau i ka Humboldt i kēia manawa?

Mahana terrestrial

Minamina ʻae. ʻO ke anuanu a me nā wai alkaline ke kiʻekiʻe o ka oxygen, mahalo i hiki i nā holoholona ke noho i loko o lākou, akā ʻO ka wai i aneane deoxygenated loaʻa kahi maʻamau e laha i ka piʻi ʻana o ka mahana, no laila ua pono i kekahi e hele i kahi ʻē; Eia nō naʻe, ua makemake ʻia kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe, e like me ka heleuma o Peruvian, a ua hiki ke hoʻohua ma ke ʻano i kēia lā ua nui lākou i nā moku lawaiʻa.

ʻO ka wai ʻo Peruvian a me Chile ke hoʻowahāwahā nei lākou ma muli o ka hoʻomehana honua. A ma muli o kēia kaʻina hana, hiki i ke aniau o nā kapakai o ʻAmelika Hema ke hoʻololi i kekahi lā, e hoʻoweliweli ana i ke kaiaola.

Eia hou, ua hoʻonui ʻia ka hanana El Niño a aia kekahi mau loea e ʻōlelo nei, i ka hoʻomehana ʻana o ka Honua, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka haunaele e lilo ai ia, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ia e hoʻopili wale i ke aniau e hana ana i nā maloʻo nui a me nā kahe wai, akā i nā mea kanu hoʻi. A ʻo kahi hopena, e lilo ke kumu kūʻai o ka meaʻai i mea pipiʻi e like me ka paʻakikī e hana.

I kēia manawa, ʻo ka El Niño ʻoi loa ka hewa ma 1997, akā ʻo ka 2016 like ʻane like. Me nā wai mehana, e hele a ikaika loa nā phenomena meteorological e like me ka makani ʻino a i ʻole nā ​​puahiohio.

Maopopo iā ʻoe ke au o Humboldt?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

30 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   lore ia

    mahalo no ke kōkua iā ESTEBAN

  2.   maylly ia

    Mahalo nui no kou kōkua ʻana mai iaʻu me kaʻu haʻawina home a ua hāʻawi mai koʻu kumu iaʻu i 20

  3.   juana ia

    ua kōkua nui ia iaʻu

  4.   marcos ia

    ʻO kaʻu e makemake ai, ʻo kāu flora a me kāu holoholona mai ke kahawai haʻahaʻa

    1.    ʻoihana ia

      Makemake wau e ʻike he aha kāna hana

      1.    ʻO Monica sanchez ia

        Aloha Jenni.
        Hoʻolahalaha nā kahe kai i ka wela ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, a i ka hihia o Humboldt's, he wai anuanu kēia e pili pono i ke aniau e kū nei ma kahakai o Peru a me Chile, e hoʻopaʻa inoa ai nā mahana i lalo o ka mea e hoʻopā ai ma muli o ke kūlana me ka pili o ka equator.

        Eia hou, mahalo i ke au o Humboldt, hiki i nā holoholona kai he nui ke noho ma laila ma kahakai o Peru a me Chile, no ka mea lawe mai i nā mea momona he nui. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, hāʻawi ia ma mua o 10% o ka iʻa iʻa o ka honua.
        A aloha.

        1.    florence gonzales ia

          Mahalo nui loa iā ʻoe ʻo Monica sanchez no ke kōkua ʻana iā mākou i nā haʻawina home

          1.    newademus ia

            Aloha Miss Florencia, makemake wau e ʻike ma hea i hala ʻo Humboldt i kēia manawa. Kali wau i kaʻu pane E ʻoluʻolu e kōkua iaʻu
            Mahalo


  5.   ʻo esther crow diaz ia

    mahalo no ke kōkua ... hoihoi loa

  6.   Andrea Araceli Salas Ayala ia

    he aha kahi o ke au haʻahaʻa

  7.   Jeff ia

    Mahalo no ka ʻikepili, a mālama i kēlā mau ʻōlelo hōʻino ...

  8.   Carlos Alonso ia

    Makemake au e ʻike i kahi o kēia au haʻahaʻa

  9.   Ariana ia

    he aha kahi o ke au haʻahaʻa

  10.   gianela ia

    Makemake wau e ʻike pehea e hoʻomohala ʻole ai kekahi mea i ka moresssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss

  11.   Kalikimaka ia

    hana maikaʻi

  12.   ʻO Tony Manrique ia

    maikaʻi loa mahalo iā ʻoukou āpau

  13.   ʻO Victor Guzman lāua ʻo Jossy C ia

    gracias

    1.    ʻO Monica sanchez ia

      Iā ʻoe 🙂

  14.   karen paucar ia

    Makemake wau e hana inā loaʻa nā waikahe 🙂

    1.    ʻO Monica sanchez ia

      Aloha Karen.
      Inā loaʻa kahi kahawai, e mālie a noho mamao i nā pou, nā kumu lāʻau a me nā mea like paha, no ka mea hiki iā lākou ke hāʻule. Paipai ʻia hoʻi ʻaʻole e hoʻohana i ke kaʻa, a i ʻole hele wāwae ma waena o nā wahi i hālana ʻia.
      Pono ʻoe e hāhai mau i nā ʻōkuhi o ka Protection Civila, mākaʻi a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe. Inā koʻikoʻi ka wai kahe, pono ʻoe e hele i kahi mamao loa a hiki i ka wā e hoʻomaha ai ke kūlana.
      Aloha 🙂

  15.   Alejandra anela ia

    Miss, hiki iā ia ke hōʻike i ke koena o nā kapakai hikina o ʻAmelika a me ʻApelika Eurasia. pili i kēlā mau mea hou ,. e ʻoluʻolu, mahalo ..

  16.   kāmela ia

    ʻo nā wahi hea ka pilikia nui

    1.    ʻO Monica sanchez ia

      Aloha Camila.
      ʻO ka wahi i hoʻopilikia loa ʻia ke kahakai komohana holoʻokoʻa o ʻAmelika Hema, nā Kuahiwi Andes. ʻO nā ʻāina i hoʻopilikia ʻia ʻo Peru, Bolivia, Chile.
      A aloha.

  17.   Sergio ia

    I ke awakea maikaʻi, ke hana nei wau i kahi hana ma nā kai kai o Peru a me ko lākou mana i ka CLIMATE, makemake wau i nā puke kūmole bibliographic a i ʻole nā ​​ʻike pili uila. Ua ʻimi au i ka waihona puke o SM, ka mea agrarian akā ʻaʻole hiki iaʻu ke loaʻa, ma hea wau e loaʻa ai kēia ʻike? Mahalo ma mua loa.

  18.   one one ia

    he aha ka wahi
    n o ke kahawai haʻahaʻa

    1.    ʻO Monica sanchez ia

      Aloha Sandy.
      Ma ka Moana Pākīpika, kokoke i Chile a me Peru.
      A aloha.

  19.   newademus ia

    No ke aha e hala ai ka Humboldt i kēia manawa ma Ms. Ms.

  20.   sthefany ia

    Aloha, makemake wau e ʻike i nā ʻōpua i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke alo o ke kai Peru.

  21.   Felix ia

    Maikaʻi, ua kōkua nui kēia ʻike e pili ana i ke au o Peru i kēia manawa, a he ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia manawa ke ʻike ʻia nei nā pōpilikia ma Peru me kēia loli hou o El Niño, ʻoi aku ma mua o nā ua nui (ʻo ia ka mea e ulu ai nā huaycos) e hoʻonui ai i ka mahana.

  22.   ʻO Citlally ia

    Pehea nā ʻale kai e like me kēia i makemake ai i ke ola kanaka? Lana lana ka manaʻo ʻo menayuden kaʻu keiki kāne. Mahalo