Ke aniau mauna kiʻekiʻe

Everest

El aniau mauna kiʻekiʻe Hoʻohālikelike ʻia e ka hoʻoilo anuanu me kahi lōʻihi lōʻihi, kahi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ai nā mahana sub-zero e hoʻokau i kēlā me kēia mea e makemake e piʻi a noho paha i laila. ʻOluʻolu a pōkole hoʻi nā kauwela, no laila ʻaʻole he kau wela, ma ka liʻiliʻi ʻaʻole e like me kā mākou e noho nei ma kahi haʻahaʻa e ʻike ai.

Akā he aha nā ʻano o kēia aniau? ʻO wai a i ʻole i hiki ke ola me kēia mau ʻano? E kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i kēia a me nā mea hou aʻe ma lalo.

Nā ʻano o ke aniau mauna kiʻekiʻe

Mauna

ʻIke ʻia ke aniau mauna kiʻekiʻe ma kahi kiʻekiʻe ma luna o 1200m. He oscillation mehana kona, ʻo ia hoʻi, kahi ʻokoʻa ma waena o ke ana wela a me ka palena iki o 10,5ºC. He ʻano ʻokoʻa kona kūlana anilā mai ke aniau o ia wahi, no ka mea ke kulu nei ke ana wela me ke kiʻekiʻe. Ma muli o kēia, maikaʻi ʻole ka gradient thermal, mai 0,5ºC a 1ºC i kēlā me kēia 100 mika. ʻO ke kumu o kēia ma ka pali ka makani, ʻo ia hoʻi, ma kahi o ka nui e pā ai ka makani, ka ʻūlū a me nā ua i hua ʻia e ka piʻi ʻana o ke kolamu o ke ea i ka hui ʻana i ka mauna, i ʻike ʻia me nā ua orographic. mahuahua. Ma ka ʻaoʻao lee hiki iā lākou ke hoʻonui, akā ʻaʻole ka nui, no ka mea, ua maloʻo ka lewa i ka iho ʻana a piʻi ka piʻi o ka lewa. No kēia kumu ua kapa ʻia ʻo Foëhn Wind a i ʻole Föehn Effect, a ma Sepania hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa iā ia ma ka Iberian Peninsula, kikoʻī ʻia i ka Pyrenees, Central System a ma nā pae mauna ʻo Balicic.

Eia hou, pono e hoʻohui ʻia ma nā mauna kiʻekiʻe, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka insolation ma mua o nā wahi haʻahaʻa. Akā, ʻoiai ke ʻano o ka noho ʻana o ka makani, ka nui o ka ea a me nā mua e pili ana i ke aniau o ia wahi. Rainfall ʻaneʻi ʻili loa lākou i ke ʻano o ka ua i ka wā o ka puna a me ke kauwela, a me ke ʻano o ka hau i ka hāʻule a me ka hoʻoilo.

ʻO wai e noho ana ma nā mauna kiʻekiʻe?

ʻOiai he mea kupaianaha ia, nui nā holoholona a me nā mea kanu e noho nei i nā kuahiwi.

Flora

ʻO Fagus sylvatica

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka flora i hale hana hale, a i ʻole nā ​​aniau i kāhea ʻia ma mua, a ʻo ia ka ʻokoʻa o ka mahana a me ka wela ma nā kiʻekiʻe like ʻole a i ʻole nā ​​"papahele" e ʻike ai i kēlā me kēia o lākou i kahi ʻano mea kanu e noho ana i nā pali o nā kuahiwi. Akā ʻaʻole kēia he manaʻo he "papahele" kūʻokoʻa lākou, ʻoiai ke keʻakeʻa maoli nei lākou i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe.

Aia he ʻelua ʻano cliseries:

  • Kiʻekiʻena: nā kumu ma muli o nā ʻano like ʻole o ke ana wela e pili ana i ke kiʻekiʻe.
  • Latitude: aia ma muli o nā ʻano like ʻole o ka mahana e pili ana i ka mamao ma kahi o ka laina kūlike.

No ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā mea kanu o nā kuahiwi e hoʻohana ʻia ka cliserie kiʻekiʻe, kahi e ʻike ʻia ai 5 mau ʻāpana a i ʻole nā ​​papahele.

  • Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo: i nā wahi kiʻekiʻe loa, e ʻike mākou i nā mea kanu liʻiliʻi, i mālama mau ʻia kokoke i ka honua, e like me nā laikini a me nā limu. Ma nā wahi milder hiki i nā mauʻu ke ulu, hana i nā mauʻu.
  • Conifers: nui nā conifers i hoʻopili i ka noho ʻana i ke aniau mauna kiʻekiʻe, me nā mahana ma lalo o ka ʻole. Ma Sepania ʻike mākou, no ka laʻana, Spanish fir a me nā pine ʻeleʻele.
  • 'Ōpala: e iho iki aʻe ana he mau junipers a me nā junipers kā mākou, ʻo ia nā conifers e pono ai nā mahana wela kiʻekiʻe aʻe.
  • Leafy: Ma kēia ʻāpana o ke kuahiwi hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā lāʻau deciduous he nui e ulu ana, e like me ka beech, ʻoka a i ʻole ka chestnut, akā ʻo kekahi mau ʻōmaʻomaʻo mau, e like me nā holm oak, i hoʻopili ʻia e noho i nā wahi kahi i lawa ka ua. Hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā lāʻau paina, akā kahi wale nō i nalowale.
  • Nā mea kanu e pono ai nā mahana wela kiʻekiʻe: ma ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o ke kuahiwi, ulu nā cork, nā lāʻau carob, nā paina Aleppo, ulu nā holm.

? aaoa

ʻO Sarrio ma ka Picos de Europa

Inā he mea kanu, aia kekahi mau holoholona, ​​ʻoiai ʻaʻole nui ka papa. Akā, ua hānau ʻia lākou a pau i pakele, ka mea i hiki ke hoʻololi i ke anilā nui loa i kahi ʻano ʻē. Ma Sepania ʻike mākou i kekahi mau mea e noho nei me ka pilikia ʻole i nā kuahiwi kiʻekiʻe. ʻO kahi laʻana, i waena o nā amphibians, ʻike mākou i ka pyrenean newt aiʻole rana vermilion. Aia kekahi nahesa i kekahi manawa, e like me ka asp viper, ma ke ala he wai ʻawahia, no laila no ka palekana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻopā ʻana i kekahi nahesa inā ʻaʻole ʻoe e ʻike i kāu mea e hana nei.

Aia nā holoholona wela mehana, e like me ka ʻO Sarrio hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike ma ke kiʻi ma luna. Hoʻololi kēia holoholona nani i kona ʻahu i ka hoʻoilo e hiki ai ke kū i nā mahana haʻahaʻa. A ʻoiai he mau koʻokoʻo kekahi, e like me ka pā hau, ʻike ʻoe. Makemake nā manu weevil alpine aiʻole ptarmigan Noho lākou i ka makahiki āpau i nā kuahiwi kiʻekiʻe, e hānai nei i nā mea āpau a lākou e loaʻa ai, mai nā ʻelima liʻiliʻi a nā ʻanoʻano.

ʻO ke aniau mauna kiʻekiʻe kekahi ʻano hoihoi loa, mai manaʻo ʻoe?

 


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.