Pehea ka hana ʻana o ka ʻala o ka lepo pulu

ʻala o ka petrichor

Ke hāʻule ka ua ma luna o ka ʻāina maloʻo ma hope o ka wā lōʻihi, hoʻopuka ʻia kahi ʻala ʻokoʻa. ʻIke pinepine ʻia kēia ʻala ʻo "ʻala lepo lepo" a i ʻole "ʻala ua" ma ka ʻōlelo o kēlā me kēia lā. ʻO Petrichor ka huaʻōlelo i haku ʻia e wehewehe i kēia ʻala. ʻAʻole ʻike ka poʻe he nui ke ala o ka lepo pulu.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala no ka haʻi ʻana iā ʻoe i ka hana ʻana o ka ʻala o ka lepo lepo, kekahi o kona mau hiʻohiʻona a me kona mōʻaukala.

Ke kumu o ka huaʻōlelo petrichor

pehea ka hana ʻana o ka ʻala o ka honua pulu

Ua hoʻokumu ka poʻe kālaihonua o Australia i ka huaʻōlelo "petrichor" i ka makahiki 1964. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka huaʻōlelo "preticor" a i ʻole "pretichor" e nā mea kālaihonua Australia ʻelua, ʻo Isabel Joy Bear lāua ʻo RG Thomas i ka makahiki 1964. Ua hoʻokomo ʻia kēia huaʻōlelo ma kahi ʻatikala i paʻi ʻia ma Nature (993/ 2 ) kahi a lākou i wehewehe ai ʻo "ka ʻala i hana ʻia e kahi ʻaila i huna ʻia e kekahi mau mea kanu i ka wā maloʻo." ʻO kēia ʻaila Hoʻopili ʻia ia e ka ʻili o nā pōhaku, ʻo ia hoʻi nā pōhaku sedimentary e like me ka pālolo, a hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka lewa ke pili me ka ua.. Hoʻopili pinepine ʻia me kahi pūhui ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia he geosmin. ʻO ka hui pū ʻana o kēia mau pūhui ka hopena i ka ʻala ʻokoʻa a mākou e ʻike ai, a i ke alo o ka ʻino, aia pū kekahi ozone.

Pehea ka hana ʻana o ka ʻala o ka lepo pulu

petricchor

Ma hope o ka noiʻi hou ʻana, ua hōʻike ʻo Bear lāua ʻo Thomas (1965) e hiki i nā aila ʻala ke keʻakeʻa i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā hua a me ka ulu ʻana o nā mea kanu. Hōʻike kēia e hūnā nā mea kanu i kēia mau ʻaila ma ke ʻano he mea pale e pale ai i ka germination i ka wā maloʻo. ʻO ka ʻala o kēia mau ʻaila ikaika loa a aia ma nā wahi wao nahele, i ka wā ua e hahai ana i na manawa maloo loihi. Eia kekahi, pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia ʻaʻole i hana ʻia ka petrichor, ka mea i haku ʻia me nā mea like ʻole he kanalima, ʻaʻole i hana ʻia ma muli o kona ʻano paʻakikī.

ʻO Geosmin, he huaʻōlelo Helene ʻo ia ka "ʻala o ka honua," he mea kemika i hana ʻia e ka bacteria Streptomyces coelicolor a me kekahi cyanobacteria. ʻO kēia mau huakino gram-positive non-pathogenic ua laha a pono i ke kaiapuni ma muli o kona komo ʻana i nā kaʻina hana he nui e kōkua i ka mālama ʻana i ke kaulike o nā kaiaola. Hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Geosmin ma o ka hana a kēia mau bacteria. Manaʻo kekahi poʻe ʻepekema ʻo ko mākou makemake i ke ʻala o ka petrichor, a i ʻole ka "ʻala o ka lepo lepo," he hoʻoilina mai ko mākou mau kūpuna, nāna i pili ka ua me ke ola a me ke ola.

Manaʻo ka poʻe anthropologists ua pili maikaʻi ko mākou mau kūpuna me kēia ʻala, no ka mea, ʻo ia ka hopena o ka wā pōʻino o ka maloʻo a me ka hiki ʻana mai o ka ua i makemake nui ʻia. Ua hōʻike pū kekahi mau haʻawina i kēlā ua alakaʻi ka ʻala o geosmin i kekahi mau holoholona, e like me nā kāmelo, e huli i ka wai a ua kōkua i kekahi mau mea kanu e hoʻonui i ka pollination, e like me ka Amazon.

E hoʻohana i ka ʻala o ka lepo lepo i mea ʻala

I ka makahiki 2008, ua hana ʻo Jean-Claude Ellena, ka mea nāna i hana i ka mea ʻala Hermès, i kahi ʻala hoʻohiwahiwa a hōʻoluʻolu e hoʻomanaʻo ana i kahi ʻāina piha i ka wai. Ua wehewehe ʻo ka mea ʻala ponoʻī iā ia ma ke ʻano he "hōʻike mālie o ke ʻano i hānau hou ʻia ma hope o ka ua." ʻAʻole mea hou ka hana ʻenehana o ka hopu ʻana i ka ʻala o ka lepo lepo i loko o ka ʻōmole. Millennia i hala aku nei, ua hana mua ka poe ho'ōla, ascetics, kauka a me na moneka ma Inia, Oman, a me kekahi mau wahi o Asia a me ka Hikina Waena, i ka mitti attar, a i "ka mea ala o ka honua." he mea hoʻoheheʻe ʻia o ka ʻaila ʻiliahi a me ka lepo maloʻo e hoʻopili ai i ke ʻano o ka manawa e hāʻule ai ka ua o ka ua ma ka ʻāina maloʻo.. Hōʻike kēia ʻala i ke ʻano o ka honua ʻū i ka wā e hoʻi ai ka wai i laila, e pani ana i ka mea i lawe ʻia e ka lā.

I loko o kona mōʻaukala, ua lawelawe kēia ʻala ʻala i nā kumu like ʻole, me ka hoʻohana ʻana ma ke ʻano he lāʻau lapaʻau, he mōhai i nā hana hoʻomana, a me ʻO ka maʻemaʻe koʻikoʻi no nā papa elite ma ko lākou mau home a me nā hale aliʻi. ʻO kēia ʻala ʻala he waiwai ikaika a ʻona a hiki ke lilo i narcotic. Me he mea lā ua hoʻopau ka ʻala i ka wela o ka ʻāina maloʻo a maloʻo, a ua hōʻoluʻolu koke ʻia e ka ua hou o ka ua.

Moolelo o ka petrichor

ke ala o ka lepo pulu

Ma ka Hikina Waena, ʻaʻole i ʻike nā kāhuna a me nā kauka o ka wā i hala i ke ʻano o Jean-Claude Ellena i ʻike mua ai. ʻO ka ʻala nani o ka lepo pulu ma hope o ka ua ma muli o ka pilina paʻakikī ma waena o ka wai, ka lepo a me nā microorganism like ʻole e noho ana ma laila. Ua hoʻopio kēia ʻala i ka manaʻo o nā kānaka ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻala, a hiki i ka manawa mai ka makahiki 1964 ua hāʻawi ʻia ka inoa petrichor iā ia. ʻO ka huaʻōlelo - mai nā huaʻōlelo Helene petros (ʻo ia hoʻi ka pōhaku) a me ka ichor (ʻo ia hoʻi ka wai e kahe ana ma nā aʻa o nā akua e like me nā moʻolelo mele Helene) - ua haku ʻia e Isabel Joy Bear lāua ʻo Richard Thomas ma kahi ʻatikala i paʻi ʻia ma Nature magazine.

"Ka petricchor He mea ʻala ʻoluʻolu e pili ana i ka ua. He hui ia o kekahi mau mea, e like me ke kinoea o ka lewa, nā molekala i hua ʻia e ka bacteria i loko o nā wahi haʻahaʻa a me nā mea ʻala ʻala i waiho ʻia ma ka ʻili o nā pōhaku, pālolo a me nā mea kanu.

Ma mua o ka ua, ua komo ka ʻala ʻokoʻa i ka lewa. ʻO kēia mea ʻala ka hopena o ka hui ʻana ma waena o ka honua a me ka lani. I ka piha ʻana o ka ea i ka makū, pili ia me nā ʻili maloʻo like ʻole, e like me ka asphalt, nā pōhaku, a me ka lepo. Hoʻokomo ka wai liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi i kēia mau ʻili, e hoʻokuʻu ana i nā molekala ʻala. ʻOi aku ka ʻala o ka ua, kaʻina hana i ʻike nui ʻia i nā mahina kauwela a me nā manawa maloʻo. ʻO ka maloʻo o ka lepo, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā ʻaila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka wā ua.

ʻO ka ikaika o ka mea ʻala e pili ana i ka nui o nā mea hoʻohuihui e waiho nei ma ka ʻili kahi e hāʻule ai ka ua. Hōʻuluʻulu kēia mau pūhui i ka wā maloʻo, kahi e wehewehe ai i ke kumu i piha ai nā nuances ʻala i ka wā ua. Ua wehewehe kikoʻī ka mea akamai ʻo Barcenilla i kēia kaʻina hana. ʻO ka ʻala o ka petrichor kahi ʻano o ka ʻāina, akā pono ka wai e hōʻike. No ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā aila a me nā molekala ʻala, pono ka petrichor i nā wā maloʻo. No laila I ka wā ua a i ʻole nā ​​wahi haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa, ʻaʻole ikaika loa kona ʻala.

ʻO ka ʻala o ka petrichor he lepo a haʻahaʻa, akā naʻe, ma muli o ke kaiapuni (ke alo o nā minerala, nā pōhaku, nā microbes, nā holoholona a me nā pua i ka manawa a me kahi o ka ua) hiki ke loaʻa i nā ʻano maʻalahi. Hiki i kēia mau subtleties ke ʻōmaʻomaʻo, spicy, paʻakai, lāʻau, me nā memo o ka mold, mineral, ozone, ea hou a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea ʻala a asphalt.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ke ʻano o ka ʻala o ka lepo lepo a me kona ʻano.


E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.