He aha ka pakuhi aniani a pehea e wehewehe ai

ʻO Climograph

Inā ʻike pinepine ʻoe i ka wānana ua lohe paha ʻoe i ka huaʻōlelo climagram. He mea hana ia e hoʻohana ākea ʻia i ka meteorology e hōʻike i nā loli ʻelua i hoʻohana nui ʻia: ka ua a me ka mahana. ʻAʻole kahi climogram ma mua o kahi pakuhi kahi i hōʻike ʻia ai kēia mau loli ʻelua a hoʻokumu ʻia ko lākou waiwai.

Makemake ʻoe e ʻike pehea e holo ai nā pakuhi aniau a aʻo pehea e wehewehe ai iā lākou? Ma kēia kūlana wehewehe mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau

Nā hiʻohiʻona o ka pakuhi aniau

Papa o ka aridity

I ka terminology ʻepekema ʻoi aku ka pololei o ke kāhea ʻana i kēia ʻano pakuhi e like me ke kiʻikuhi ombrothermal. ʻO kēia no ka mea ʻo "ombro" ke ʻano o ka ua a me ka mahana wela. Eia nō naʻe, no ke kaiāulu i ka laulā ua kapa ʻia ia he climogram. ʻO nā loli nui e wehewehe i kahi aniau ka ua a me nā mahana. No laila, lilo kēia mau kiʻiona i mea nui i ka meteorology.

Hōʻiliʻili ʻia nā ʻikepili i hōʻike ʻia i ke kiʻikuhi ma ke kahua anilā. Hōʻike ʻia nā kumukūʻai maʻamau i kēlā me kēia mahina e ʻike i ke ʻano a he mea nui ka ʻikepili. E hoʻopaʻa i nā loina a me nā ʻano o ke aniau, ka ʻikepili pono e hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia no 15 mau makahiki. Inā ʻaʻole ia ʻaʻole ia he ʻikepili o ke aniau, akā, nā ikepili meteorological.

Hōʻike nā pali i ka nui o nā ua i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i nā mahina i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e ka helu o nā makahiki. I kēia ala hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ka awelika o ka ua i kēlā me kēia makahiki o kahi. No ka mea ʻaʻole mau ka ua i ke ala like a i ʻole nā ​​kau like, hana ʻia ka awelika. Aia kekahi ʻikepili ʻaʻole lawelawe e hoʻokumu i kahi laulā. Pili kēia i nā makahiki maloʻo a i ʻole, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, ua nui loa. Pono e aʻo ʻokoʻa i kēia mau makahiki ʻokoʻa.

Inā ke ʻano o nā makahiki ua nui a me nā makahiki maloʻo ʻē aʻe kekahi mea pinepine a pōʻaiapuni paha, ua hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ke aniau o kahi. Hoʻololi iki ka hōʻike ʻana i nā mahana me ka nānā ʻana i nā pele. Inā hoʻokahi wale nō hālau, mālama ʻia nā mahana mahana no kēlā me kēia mahina. Hoʻohui ʻia kēia a mahele ʻia e ka helu o nā makahiki. Inā he ʻekolu piʻo, ʻo ka mea kiʻekiʻe ke kumu o nā mahana wela, ʻo ka waena o ka mean a ʻo ka mea haʻahaʻa o ka haʻahaʻa.

Nā mea hana i hoʻohana ʻia

ʻIkepili Climogram

Hoʻohana ka hapanui o nā kaha kiʻi ka papa kuhikuhi aridity Gaussen. Manaʻo kēia papa kuhikuhi aia kekahi pae o ka aridity ke ʻoi aku ka nui o ka mahana ma mua o ʻelua manawa o ka awelika.

I kēia ala, loaʻa i ka climogram kēia ʻano:

ʻO ka mea, kahi axis abscissa kahi i hoʻonohonoho ʻia ai nā mahina o ka makahiki. A laila iā ia kahi axis axis ma ka ʻākau kahi i kau ai ka pālākiō o ka mahana. ʻO ka hopena, kahi axis axis ʻē aʻe i ka hema, kahi e hoʻokau ʻia ai ka pālākiō a me ʻelua manawa o ka mahana.

I kēia ala, hiki ke nānā pololei inā loaʻa kahi aridity ke aia ka pulu ua ma lalo o nā mahana. Nā waiwai Climogram pono lākou e ʻike i ka waiwai o ke ana. ʻO ia, pono ʻoe e hāʻawi i nā ʻikepili ʻē aʻe e like me ke kahua kau, ka nui o nā ua i ana ʻia a me ka awelika o ka mahanahana o ka makahiki.

He aha ke ʻano o nā kaha anilā i ka hopena ma muli o nā waiwai. ʻO ka maʻamau ka mea e hōʻike ai i ka ua ma o nā kī a me nā mahana e kahi laina ʻulaʻula. ʻO kēia ka mea maʻalahi. Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi mau mea ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī. ʻO ia e pili ana i ka ua a me nā mahana me nā laina polū a me nā ʻulaʻula. Hoʻohui ʻia nā kikoʻī e like me ka shading a me nā kala. He melemele ia no nā manawa maloʻo loa. Kau ʻia nā kahakaha uliuli a ʻeleʻele i nā kau ua ma lalo o 1000mm. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, i ka polū ikaika i nā mahina i kala ʻia ai ka ua ma mua o 1000mm.

Hoʻohui ʻike

ʻIkepili Precipitation a me ka mahana

Hiki ke hoʻohui ʻia i ka ʻike hou aku i nā pakuhi aniau inā makemake mākou. ʻO kahi laʻana, hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka ʻike hou aʻe iā mākou e ʻike i nā kūlana anilaki a nā mea kanu e hoʻomanawanui ai. Lilo kēia i mea pono ke hāʻawi aku i ka mahiʻai.

Kāhea ʻia ka climogram piha loa Kiʻi Walter-Lieth. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia e ka loaʻa ʻana o nā mahana a me nā ua i kahi laina. Loaʻa iā ia kahi pā ma lalo o nā mahina e hōʻike ana i ka manawa e puka ai nā hau.

ʻO ka ʻike keu i loaʻa ʻole i kēia kiʻikuhi i loaʻa ʻole i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe:

  • nT = helu o nā makahiki e nānā nei i nā mahana.
  • nP = helu o nā makahiki e nānā ana i ka ua.
  • Ta = ke ana wela kiʻekiʻe loa.
  • T '= ke ʻano o nā mahana nui loa o ka makahiki.
  • Tc = ke kumu o ke ana wela o kēlā me kēia lā o ka mahina mahanahana.
  • T = ke kumu o ke ana wela.
  • Osc = oscillation pumehana. (Osc = Tc - tf)
  • t = ke kumu o nā mahana wela haʻahaʻa.
  • tf = ke ano o ka mahana palena haʻahaʻa o kēlā me kēia lā o ka mahina anuanu.
  • t '= ke kumu o nā mahana palena palena palena palena pau loa.
  • ta = wela palena iki.
  • tm = manaʻo wela. (tm = T + t / 2 or tm = T '+ t' / 2)
  • P = ka ua i kēlā me kēia makahiki.
  • h = ke ʻano o nā hola makahiki o ka lā.
  • Hs = nā hau hau palekana.
  • Hp = nā hau hau paha.
  • d = nā lā hau ʻole.
  • ʻO ka ʻāpana ʻeleʻele aia ka nui o ka wai.
  • ʻO ke kiko kiko kahi aia kahi deficit wai.

I ka pakuhi Thornthwaite e hōʻike ʻia nā ʻano o ke aniau ma ke ʻano he hana o ke kaulike mahu wai.

ʻ Commentlelo a ka climogram

ʻIppilipili

Ke ʻike mākou i ka pakuhi aniau o kahi, e maʻalahi ka ʻōlelo ʻana e pili ana iā ia a me ka unuhi ʻana. ʻO ka mea mua a mākou e nānā ai, ʻo ke ānuenue. Ma laila mākou e hōʻike ai i ka heleleʻi ʻana o ka ua a me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i loko o ka makahiki a me ka mahina. Hoʻohui ʻia, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike he aha nā pae kiʻekiʻe a me nā palena iki.

I kēia manawa huli mākou i ka nānā ʻana i ke ana wela. ʻO ia ka mea e haʻi iā mākou ke ana wela, ka oscillation wela makahiki a me ka mahele i loko o ka makahiki. Hiki iā mākou ke kālailai i nā mahina wela a me nā anuanu a hoʻohālikelike i nā mahana me nā makahiki ʻē aʻe. Ma ka nānā ʻana i ke ʻano hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i ke aniau o kahi.

ʻO Climograph Mediterranean

ʻO ke aniau Mediterranean

He awelika ka nui o nā ua a me nā mahana o ka makahiki. Hōʻike ʻia kēia mau waiwai i ka pakuhi aniani e loaʻa ai kahi manaʻo o ka ʻike i kēlā me kēia makahiki. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ia i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā waiwai heleleʻi haʻahaʻa i ka nui ma loko o ka makahiki. Hiki ke nānā ʻia ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka ua i ka hoʻoilo a me nā mahina puna, me ʻelua maximum i Nowemapa a me Malaki.

A ʻo nā mahana, akahai. I ka hoʻoilo mai kulu ma lalo o 10 ° C a i ke kauwela aia lākou ma kahi o 30 ° C.

Pakuhi aniani Equatorial

Pakuhi aniani Equatorial

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, inā mākou e kālailai i ke aniau o kahi ewa equatorial, ʻike mākou i nā ʻikepili ʻokoʻa. Kiʻekiʻena nā kumukūʻai Precipitation i loko o ka makahiki, e like me ka mahana. Hiki iā ʻoe ke nānā i ka ua nui o ka ua ma mua o 300mm a mālama ʻia ka mahana kūpaʻa i loko o ka makahiki ma kahi o 25 ° C.

Ke aniau pākea

Ke aniau pākea

I kēia hihia ʻike mākou i kahi aniau o ka ua nui, me nā maximum i hiki i ka mahina o Iune a me Iulai. ʻO kēia mau piko ua ma muli o ka ua ʻano o kēia aniau: nā mōneka. Kū ʻo Monsoons i ke kauwela, a haʻalele i nā pae kiʻekiʻe o ka ua.

No ka mahana, hoʻomau paʻa ia i loko o ka makahiki ma kahi o 25 ° C.

ʻO Climograph Continental

ʻO Climograph Continental

Hiki iā mākou ke kālailai i kekahi hihia ʻokoʻa mai nā mea i hala. I kēia ʻano aniau, ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o nā mahana ma mua o nā mea i hala. I ka hoʻoilo aia lākou ma lalo o ka ʻole a i ke kauwela ʻaʻole lākou i hiki i 30 ° C. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, aia ka ua i kahi aupuni maʻamau.

Pakuhi ʻilikai moana

Pakuhi ʻilikai moana

Maʻaneʻi e ʻike mākou i nā kumukūʻai ua haahaa a me ka mahana wela. I ke kauwela ua mahana lākou. Eia nō naʻe, hāʻule nui lākou i nā mahina hoʻoilo. He ʻano maloʻo maʻamau ia.

ʻO Polar climagram

Ke aniau Polar

ʻOkoʻa loa kēia ʻano aniau mai ke koena. Aia kekahi mau pae o ka ua a ʻo ka hapa nui ma ke ʻano o ka hau a me ka hau. Haʻahaʻa loa nā mahana ma loko o ka makahiki, no laila noho lākou no kahi kau lōʻihi ma lalo o nā kekelē zero.

I kēia aniau, hāʻawi ka ua i kahi nui o ka ʻike e pili ana i ka "mōʻaukala" o ia wahi. Ke hāʻule ka hau, ʻohiʻohi ia, e hana ana i nā papa hau. Ma loko o nā makahiki he tausani o ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana, hiki ke loaʻa nā ʻāʻī hau e hōʻike iā mākou i ka mōʻaukala o ka wahi i kēia mau makahiki āpau. ʻO nā hōʻiliʻili nui o ka hau ma muli o nā mahana i ʻae ʻole e hoʻoheheʻe.

Pehea e hana ai i kahi pakuhi aniani

I loko o kēia wikiō hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo i kēlā me kēia ʻāpana pehea e hana ai i kāu pakuhi aniani ponoʻī o kahi:

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike āpau hiki iā ʻoe ke kālailai maikaʻi i nā aniau o nā wahi o ka honua. E kū wale ʻoe e hoʻohālikelike i nā pae o ka ua a me ka mahana e ʻike ai, ma ke ʻano maʻamau, ke aniau o kahi. I ka manawa e ʻike ai mākou i kēia mau waiwai, hiki iā mākou ke komo i loko o nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e like me ka makani a me ke kaomi o ka lewa.

A ʻo ʻoe, ua ʻike paha ʻoe i kahi pakuhi aniau?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.