ʻO ke ʻano o ka Honua

Papa honua

Noho mākou i kahi honua paʻakikī a piha hoʻi i hiki ʻole ke helu i nā ʻaoʻao e waiho i ke kaulike a ʻae i ke ola. ʻO ke ʻano o ka Honua Māhele ʻia i ʻelua ʻāpana kumu. ʻO ka mua ua kālailai ʻia ka loko o kā mākou Honua. He mea nui e ʻike i ka mea i loko o ka Honua e hoʻomaopopo ai i nā ʻano kūwaho he nui. Ma hope, pono e kālailai i nā ʻaoʻao waho āpau i ke kauoha, ma ke ʻano he nui, e ʻike i ka Honua a mākou e noho nei.

I kēia pou e nānā mākou a ʻike hohonu i ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa o ka Honua. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou e pili ana i ia?

Kūkulu kūloko o ka Honua

Kūkulu kūloko o ka Honua

Hōʻike ka Honua i kahi hanana i kūkulu ʻia e nā papa concentric kahi e kuapo ai nā mea a pau i haku iā ia. ʻO ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e nā papa hiki iā mākou ke ʻike mahalo i ka neʻe ʻana o nā nalu seismic ke kū mai kahi ʻōlaʻi. Inā mākou e kālailai i ka Honua mai loko a i waho, hiki iā mākou ke nānā i nā papa aʻe.

ʻĀina

ʻ corelapa kūloko

ʻO ke kumu ke kolamu hohonu o ka Honua kahi nui nā hao a me nā nikala i loaʻa. He hoʻoheheʻe hapa ʻia ia a ʻo ia ke kumu o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka Honua Mākēki i kahi ʻume mākenēki. Kāhea ʻia ia ʻo ka hopena.

Ua hoʻoheheʻe ʻia nā mea ma muli o ke kiʻekiʻe o ke ana wela i loaʻa ai ke kumu. Hōʻike ʻia kekahi o nā kaʻina hana kūloko o ka honua. Hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā ōlaʻi, ka luaipele a i ʻole ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana o nā ʻāina nui (plate tectonics).

Pālule

Pālolo terrestrial

Aia ka ʻahu o ka Honua ma luna o ke kumu a hana ʻia he silicates. He mānoanoa ʻoi aku ia ma mua o ka loko o ka honua a ʻoi aku ka lahilahi ke hele aku i ka ʻili. Kapa ʻia ʻo ia ʻo ka mesosfir.

Ma kēia ākea ākea e hana nā phenomena hoʻoili waiwai lehulehu. ʻO kēia neʻe nā mea e neʻe ai nā ʻāina. Piʻi nā mea wela mai ke kumu nui a kū i ke anuanu, hoʻi lākou i loko. ʻO kēia mau kahe kūkawā i ke kapa komo ke kuleana no ka ka neʻe ʻana o nā pā tectonic.

Cortex

Nā hiʻohiʻona o ka hana o ka Honua

ʻO ia ka papa i waho loa o ka waena o ka Honua. Kāhea ʻia nō hoʻi ia lithosfer. Hoʻokomo ʻia ia me nā silicates māmā, carbonates a me nā oxides. ʻO ka mānoanoa kahi o nā pae ʻāina a lahilahi kahi e hui ai nā moana. No laila, māhele ʻia ia i ka pae kai a me ka pae honua. Loaʻa i kēlā me kēia palaʻa kona iho iho a haku ʻia i kekahi mau mea.

ʻO ia kahi ʻāpana geologically kahi e hōʻike ʻia ai nā hana o loko. Loaʻa kēia i nā mahana i loko o ka Honua. Aia kekahi hana o waho e like me ka hoʻoneʻe, lawe a me ke kau ʻana. Pili kēia mau hana i ka ikehu lā a me ka ikaika o ka umekaumaha.

Kūkulu kūwaho o ka Honua

Hana ʻia ka ʻaoʻao i waho o ka Honua i kekahi mau papa e hoʻohuihui ana i nā mea terrestrial āpau.

ʻO ka hydrosfer

Kahua Kai

ʻO ia ka set o nā wahi o ka wai i kū i ka pā honua. Hiki ke loaʻa nā kai a me nā moana āpau, nā loko a me nā kahawai, ka wai o ka honua a me nā aniani. ʻO ka wai i loko o ka hydrosfer i loko o ka pānaʻi mau. ʻAʻole ia e noho i kahi paʻa. Loaʻa kēia ma muli o ka pōʻai wai.

ʻO ke kai a me ka moana wale nō ka i noho i ʻekolu hapahā o ka ʻili o ka honua holoʻokoʻa, no laila nui kā lākou mea nui ma ka pae honua. Mahalo ia i ka hydrosphere ke loaʻa i ka Honua i kona kala polū.

Loaʻa nā nui o nā mea i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i loko o nā kino o ka wai a hoʻokau ʻia i nā ikaika nui. ʻO nā ikaika e hana ana ma luna o lākou e pili ana i ka pōʻaiapuni o ka Honua, ka hoʻokalakiko mahina a me nā makani. Ma muli o lākou, neʻe ai ka nui o ka wai e like me ke kai, nā nalu a me ke kai e kū. He hopena koʻikoʻi kēia mau neʻe ʻana i ka pae honua, no ka mea pili lākou i nā mea ola. Hoʻopilikia ʻia ke aniau e nā kai o ke kai me nā hopena e like me El Niño a i ʻole La Niña.

No nā wai hou a mau ʻole paha, hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo he mea nui ia no ka hana ʻana o ka honua. ʻO kēia no ka mea ʻo ia nā mea hana erosive ʻoi loa ma ka ʻili o ka honua.

lewa

Nā papa o ka lewa

Ka lewa ʻO ia ka papa o nā kinoea e hoʻopuni ana i ka Honua holoʻokoʻa a he mea nui ia no ke ola e hoʻomohala. ʻO Oxygen ka mīkini hoʻōla no ke ola e like me kā mākou e ʻike ai. Hoʻohui ʻia, kōkua nā kinoea he nui i ka kānana ʻana o ka lā i hiki ke make i nā mea ola a me nā kaiaola.

Mahele ʻia ke ʻano o ka lewa i nā papa like ʻole, kēlā me kēia me ka lōʻihi ʻokoʻa, ka hana a me ka haku mele.

Hoʻomaka e ka pāhiʻalā, kekahi mea e kū pololei ana i ka ʻili paʻa o ka Honua. He mea nui loa ia no ka mea ma laila mākou e noho ai a me ka mea e hāpai i nā hanana meteorological e like me ka ua.

ʻO ka stratosfer ʻo ia ka papa aʻe e hoʻonui ana ma luna ma kahi o 10 km o ka troposaur. I kēia papa ka pale o nā kukuna UV. ʻO ia ka ozone layer.

ʻO ka mesosfir ukali ia i luna a loaʻa pū kekahi ozone.

Mahana wela ua kapa ʻia kēia ala ma muli o ka hopena o ka pā ʻana o ka lā, hiki i nā mahana ke ʻoi aku ma mua o 1500 ° C. I loko o laila aia kahi wahi i kapa ʻia ʻo ka ionosphere, kahi e nui ai nā ʻoma i lilo ai ka uila a ma ke ʻano o nā iona, e hoʻokuʻu ana i ka ikehu e lilo i ka Northern Lights.

Biosepela

Biosepela

ʻO ke akeola ʻaʻole ia he papa o ka Honua ponoʻī, akā ʻo ia ka set o nā kaiaolaola āpau e ola nei. ʻO nā mea ola āpau e noho ana i kā mākou honua e hana i ka biosfer. No laila, he ʻāpana ka meaola honua o ka palaoa o ka honua, akā ʻo ka hydrosfera a me ka lewa.

ʻO nā ʻano o ka biosphere ʻo ka meaola i kapa ʻia ʻo biodiversity. E pili ana i ka laulā o nā mea ola a me nā ʻano ola i loaʻa ma ka honua. Hoʻohui ʻia, aia kahi pilina o ke kaulike ma waena o nā ʻāpana āpau o ka biosfera ke kuleana no nā mea āpau e hana pono.

ʻO ka hanana o ka honua homogeneous a heterogeneous paha?

hanana o ka honua

Mahalo i nā ʻano noiʻi like ʻole, ʻike ʻia heterogeneous ka loko o kā mākou honua. Kūkulu ʻia ia i nā zona concentric i loaʻa nā ʻano ʻokoʻa. Penei nā ʻano aʻo:

  • Nā hana pololei: ʻO lākou kēlā mau mea e nānā nei i ke aʻo ʻana i nā waiwai a me nā kūkulu o nā pōhaku e hana ana i ka honua. Hiki ke hoʻopā pololei i nā pōhaku āpau mai ka papa i hiki ke ʻike i kā lākou waiwai āpau. Mahalo i kēia, i loko o nā keʻena hoʻokolohua, ua manaʻo ʻia nā ʻano āpau o nā pōhaku e hana ana i ka pā o ka honua. ʻO ka pilikia e hiki ke lawe wale ʻia kēia mau noiʻi pololei a hiki i kahi o 15 mau kilomita ka hohonu.
  • Nā hana kīnā ʻole: ʻo ia nā mea lawelawe no ka wehewehe ʻana i ka ʻikepili e unuhi i ke ʻano o ka loko o ka Honua. ʻOiai ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke kiʻi pololei iā lākou, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i ka mahalo o loko i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana a me ka hoʻopili ʻana o kekahi mau waiwai e like me ka density, magnetism, gravity and seismic nalu. ʻOiai me ke kālailai ʻana o nā meteorite hiki ke hoʻopau ʻia ka haku ʻāina terrestrial.

Ma waena o nā ʻano hana nui ʻole e kū nei e hana i nā hanana kūloko o ka honua he mau nalu seismic. ʻO ke aʻo ʻana i ka wikiwiki o nā nalu a me kā lākou ala hele e ʻae iā mākou e ʻike i ka ʻaoʻao o ka Honua ma ke kino a me ke ʻano. A ʻo ia nō hoʻololi ke ʻano o kēia mau nalu e pili ana i nā waiwai a me ke ʻano o nā pōhaku hele lākou ma waena. Ke loaʻa kahi wahi o ka loli ma waena o nā mea, kāhea ʻia ka hoʻopau.

Mai kēia ʻike a pau, pili ia i heterogeneous o loko o ka Honua a kūkulu ʻia i nā cona concentric i loaʻa nā ʻano ʻokoʻa.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ke ʻano o ka Honua a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   He aha ia mea ia

    maikaʻi loa ka ʻaoʻao

  2.   ʻO Marcelo Daniel Salcedo Guerra ia

    Maikaʻi loa i ka ʻaoʻao ua aʻo wau i nā mea he nui e pili ana i kēia kumuhana

  3.   ʻO Jose Reyes ia

    Pai hoʻopuka, piha loa.