Phenology

Nā hoʻololi Phenological

Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma ka meteorology a me ka biology kālaimeaola o nā meaola. ʻAʻole kēia he mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka nānā ʻana i ka evolution o nā meaola i ko lākou ola ola. ʻO ia, ka loli o kona mau ʻano a me ke ola pōkole ma muli o nā ʻano kaiapuni e kū nei i kēlā manawa. Pili ka aniau a me ka lepo a me nā ʻano biotic me ka phenology o nā meaola. Ke hoʻololi nei ka loli i ka phenology o nā mea ola he nui, e hoʻoliʻiliʻi maikaʻi ai i ke ola ʻana.

I kēia ʻatikala e kālailai ana mākou i nā ʻano o ka phenology o nā mea ola a pehea e hoʻololi ai ke aniau i kā lākou ola pōʻaiapuni. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike pehea e ola ai nā holoholona a me nā mea kanu? E hoʻomau wale ʻoe i ka heluhelu 🙂

Pahuhopu o ka phenology

Phenology mea kanu

Phenology hoʻopaʻa i nā lā e hoʻomaka ai nā pae ʻokoʻa o ka hoʻomohala mea kanu. I kēia ala, hoʻopaʻa ʻia lākou i ke kaʻina o ka manawa a hana ʻia nā mea e nānā ai i ka launa pū ʻana me nā mea ola ʻē aʻe. ʻO kahi laʻana, i ka hihia o nā larfly butterfly, ʻo ka manawa a lākou e lilo ai i larva kokoke loa i ka manawa e pono ai nā moa o kekahi ʻano manu ke ulu i kā lākou meaʻai. ʻĀ, he mea nui kēlā manawa i ka manawa like e ulu ai nā moa. Inā hoʻololi ʻia ka phenology o ka larvae, ʻaʻohe meaʻai a nā keiki hānai.

Hana ʻia nā nānā ʻana i loko o ka makahiki a hoʻopaʻa ʻia e hoʻomanaʻo paʻa i ke ola pōʻaiapili o nā meaola i hoʻopaʻa ʻia. Aʻo pū ʻia ka ʻike nui e pili ana i ka hoʻomohala mea kanu. Kuhi kēia i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka nui i ʻike ʻia e ka mea kanu i nīnau ʻia, kona kaupaona, ka nui, ka hana ʻana i ka photosynthesis a me ka hoʻohui kemika.

Ke loaʻa nā ʻike āpau, hiki iā ʻoe ʻike i ka hana a nā meaola he nui kaukaʻi ʻia i ka manawa o ka makahiki i loko o mākou.

Nā pilikia o nā manu

Phenology i nā manu

He mea nui ia e ʻike i ka phenology i mea e kūkulu ai, no ka laʻana, nā wahi e hiki ai i nā manu ke pūnana a hōʻoia i kā lākou kūleʻa hānau. Nui a hewahewa nā ʻano manu i ka makaʻu o ka make ma muli o ka hoʻonui ʻia o ke kūlanakauhale o nā kānaka.

Manu lele pilikia nui i kā lākou huakaʻi kau i nā wahi ʻē aʻe me nā mahana wela hou aku. Loaʻa kēia i ka hopena o nā hopena o ke kanaka e hana ʻole ai nā manu i nā wahi palekana e hoʻomaha ai ma hope o kā lākou huakaʻi lōʻihi a me ka pūnana. Pono ka ʻōpio i ka mālama kūpono a me ka meaʻai e pono ai nā mākua e hoʻolako. Eia nō naʻe, aia kahi kaulike kaiaola i hōʻino ʻia e nā kānaka.

Kanu a me ko lākou neʻe ʻana

Ma ka hoʻopili ʻana i kekahi laha kikoʻī, hoʻopili ʻia nā ʻano a pau a lākou i hilinaʻi ai i kekahi ala. Inā make kahi mea kanu a kahi lāpaki e ʻai ai i kahi wahi, e hāʻule ana nā lāpaki, a no laila nā mea ʻai manu e ʻai i nā lāpaki. ʻIke ʻia kēia ma ke ʻano he kaulahao meaʻai.

No laila, hoʻopaʻa pono ʻia ka phenology o nā manu. ʻO ia ka mea, kā lākou pōʻaiapuni o ka hana hou ʻana, pūnana ʻana, ka noho aloha ʻana, ka neʻe ʻana, a pēlā aku.. E like me kā mākou e ʻike ai ma hope, ke hoʻololi nui nei ke aniau i ke kaulike o kēia mau ʻano a me ka kūleʻa o ko lākou ola.

Crology phenology a me nā nānā phenological

Kaha phenology

I ka mahi ʻana, ua kālailai ʻia ka phenology. Mālama ia i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka hua, e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka manawa kūpono loa e hoʻomomona, hoʻoinu wai i ʻoi aku a i ʻole liʻiliʻi, a i ʻole prune i hiki iā ia ke ulu a ulu pono. Hoʻohui, pono e pale i nā pests a me nā maʻi. Aia kekahi mau manawa o ka makahiki ke hana nui nā mea ʻino ʻino a hānai wikiwiki. ʻIke i kēia, hiki ke hoʻomaka i nā ʻenehana pale ke hiki mai ka manawa o ka hapanui o nā hana ʻenekope.

Pēlā nō ia me nā maʻi. I ka hoʻoilo, hāʻawi ʻia i nā kūlana maikaʻi pinepine pinepine a me nā ua, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka mahana. ʻO ka nui o ka wai e alakaʻi i nā maʻi i nā mea kanu.

I mea e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i nā hua o ka hua, pono ka ʻike kumu o ka meteorology. E ʻike e pili ana nā mahana, makani ikaika, ʻano ʻōpua, etc. Hiki ke kōkua nui i ka mālama ʻana i nā mea kanu.

ʻAʻole wale i ka mahiʻai, akā kāna ʻoihana huahana nui ka ʻike fenological hilinaʻi. ʻO kahi laʻana, pono ʻoe e ʻike i ka lā awelika o ka nui o nā mea kanu i kanu i pua, hua, a oʻo. Pono kēia mau ʻike no ka hoʻolālā mahiʻai a me ka ʻoihana pono.

Inā ʻike ʻia ka mana o nā kūlana o ke kaiapuni i kēlā me kēia pae o ka hoʻomohala ʻana, hiki nō ke wānana i ka mua a i ʻole lohi i kā lākou hōʻike.

ʻO nā ʻike phenological i mālama ʻia no ka manawa lōʻihi, ʻae e huki i nā hopena i ke kahua o ka noiʻi ʻepekema. Eia kekahi, pono loa ia i ka mahiʻai a me ka ʻoihana. Makemake nui ʻia i ka ʻike o nā lā kūpono o nā ʻāpana like ʻole o ka hoʻomohala ʻana, ka lōʻihi o nā ʻāpana ʻokoʻa, nā lā palena palena a me ke alapine o ka hanana ʻana o nā hanana olaola.

Phenology kumulāʻau

Nā mokuʻāina ʻo Vineyard

E kapa ana mākou i nā ʻano o ka phenology grapevine e hāʻawi i kahi laʻana o kona pono.

  • Pihi hoʻoilo
  • Kumuwaina uē
  • ʻOlhū ʻōhū
  • ʻ .lelo aʻoaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo
  • ʻIke ʻia nā lau mua (incipient lau)
  • Hoʻolālā lau
  • ʻAʻupu mua
  • Hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Racemes (he mau inflorescence lākou)
  • Nā pua pua (hoʻomohala piha ʻia)
  • Haule o nā stamens maloʻo (kapa ʻia ka curdling)
  • ʻO ka pani cluster (hoʻonui i ka nui o nā hua)
  • Hoʻomaka o veraison (lilo o ka chlorophyll)
  • Maturation
  • Hāʻule lau

I kēlā me kēia pae o ke kumu waina hiki iā ʻoe ʻike i ka hana a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o kāna mau ʻāpana. He mea nui e ʻike iā lākou i mea e hōʻalo ai i kekahi mau mea ʻino a me nā maʻi a hoʻonui i kā lākou momona a me ka wai. I kēlā me kēia manawa o ka makahiki koi ia i ka mālama ʻokoʻa a no laila, pono ʻoe e mālama pono iā lākou.

Me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka phenology o nā meaola.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.