ʻO ka prehistory o ka hoʻololi i ke aniau. Ke hoʻoponopono ʻo methane i ke aniau

methane lewa uila

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia pēlā hoʻololi i ke aniau ʻoi aku kēia manawa, hoʻokumu ʻia e ka nui o nā kinoea hoʻomehana honua i ka lewa, e like me metana a me CO2, e nā kānaka mai ka neʻe ʻana o ka ʻoihana. Eia nō naʻe, he aha kou manaʻo inā haʻi wau iā ʻoe i loko o nā piliona mau makahiki mai ka hoʻokumu ʻana o ka Honua ua hoʻololi ʻia ke aniau ʻē aʻe?

ʻAʻole like ka lewa o ka Honua me ko kēia lā. Ua hele ʻia ma o nā ʻano haku mele. He aha ka prehistory o ke aniau hoʻololi?

Ke hoʻoponopono ʻo methane i ke aniau

Ma kahi o 2.300 biliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei, ua hanu nā microorganism ʻano ʻē i ke ola hou i ka honua "ʻōpio" o ka honua. Pili ia i ka cyanobacteria. Ua hoʻopiha lākou i ka honua i ka ea. Eia nō naʻe, manaʻo ʻia aia ma mua o kēia manawa, ua noho kekahi hui ʻē aʻe o nā meaola unicellular i ka honua a hiki ke hoʻolilo iā ia i mea maʻamau. Kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i nā methanogens.

ʻO nā methanogens nā meaola hoʻokahi-cell i hiki ke ola ma lalo o nā kūlana kahi ʻaʻohe oxygen a synthesize lākou i ka methane i ka manawa o kā lākou metabolism e like me kahi huahana neoneo. I kēia lā hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa nā methanogens wale nō i nā wahi e like me nā ʻōpū o nā ruminants, ka lalo o nā sediment a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe o ka honua kahi i loaʻa ʻole ka oxygen.

methane

Molekino mika

E like me kā mākou e ʻike ai, he kinoea hoʻomehana honua ka methane mālama i 23 mau manawa hou aku ka wela ma mua o carbon dioxide, no laila aia ke kuhiakau no nā makahiki he ʻelua biliona o ka honua Honua, ua noho aliʻi ʻo methanogens. ʻO ka methane synthesized e kēia mau meaola i hopena i ka hopena o ka hale kōmahana me nā hopena nui i ke aniau o ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

I kēia lā, hoʻomau ka methane i ka lewa no 10 mau makahiki, no ka loaʻa o ka oxygen. Eia nō naʻe, inā nele ka lewa o ka Honua i nā mole o oxygen, hiki ke hoʻomau i ka methane ma kahi o 10.000 mau makahiki. I kēlā manawa, ʻaʻole ikaika ka lā e like me ia i kēia manawa, no laila, ʻo ka nui o ka pā ʻana e hōʻea ana i ka ʻili o ka Honua a, no laila, e emi ana ka hoʻomehana ʻana i ka honua. ʻO ia ke kumu, e hoʻonui i ka mahana o ka honua a hana i kahi nohona, pono ka methane e hei i ka wela.

ʻO ka hopena hoʻomehana hoʻomehana o kahi lewa kahiko

I ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka Honua ma kahi o 4.600 biliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei, ua hāʻawi ka Lā i kahi luminosity e like me 70% o kāna hana i kēia lā. ʻO ia ke kumu, ma mua o ka makahiki hau mua (ma kahi o 2.300 biliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei) pili ka lewa i ka hopena o ka hale kōmahana.

Ua noʻonoʻo ka poʻe loea o ka huliau i ka amonia e like me ke kinoea hoʻomehana i mālama i ka wela i ka lewa maʻamau, ʻoiai he kinoea hoʻomehana hoʻomehana honua kēia. Eia nō naʻe, i ka loaʻa ʻole o ka oxygen lewa, hoʻopau koke ka radiation ultraviolet mai ka Lā i ka amonia, e hoʻolilo ana i ka methane i ke kinoea nui i kēlā manawa.

I ka hāʻawi ʻana o ka wela i ka lewa a me ka hopena o ka hale kōmahana hoʻohui pū mākou iā CO2. I kēlā manawa, ua haʻahaʻa loa kona manaʻo, ʻo ia ke kumu ʻaʻole hiki ke kumu o ka hopena o ka hale kōmahana. Hoʻokomo wale ʻia ʻo CO2 i ka lewa i loko o ka lewa, ma o nā lua pele.

lua pele

Hāʻawi nā lua pele iā CO2 a me ka hydrogen

Ke kuleana o ka methane a me ka noe i hōʻalili i ka honua

ʻO ka hana a Methane i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ke aniau i hoʻomaka ma kahi o 3.500 biliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei, i ka manawa i synthesize ai nā methanogens i ka methane gas i nā kai ma ke ʻano he huahana neoneo. Hoʻopili kēia kinoea i ka wela mai ka Lā ma luna o kahi ākea ākea o ka uila electromagnetic. Ua ʻae pū ʻia ka hele ʻana o radiation radiation ultraviolet, no laila i waena o kēia mau mea i hoʻohui ʻia me ka CO2 e kū nei, mālama lākou i ka Honua i kahi mahana maʻamau.

Ua ola ʻo Methanogens i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma nā mahana wela kiʻekiʻe. E like me ka hoʻomehana ʻana o ka mahana, ua hoʻonui ka pōʻai wai a me ka hoʻoneʻe pōhaku. Kēia kaʻina hana o ka ʻaʻai ʻana o nā pōhaku, huki iā CO2 mai ka lewa. Keu ua like ka paʻa o ka methane a me ka CO2 i ka lewa.

moana kuapapa

ʻO ke kemika o ka lewa ke kumu o nā mole moleka i polymerize (hana i nā kaulahao o nā mole mole i hoʻopili ʻia) a hana i nā hydrocarbons paʻakikī. Hoʻopili ʻia kēia mau hydrocarbons i loko o nā huna huna i, ma kahi kiʻekiʻe, hana lākou i ka ʻalani ʻalani.  Ua uku ʻia kēia ʻōpua o ka lepo ʻie no ka hopena o ka hale kōmahana e ka omo ʻana i ke kukui i ʻike ʻia mai ka hanana ʻana a ka lā a me ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana iā ia i ka lewa. I kēia ala, hoʻemi ʻia ka nui o ka wela i ka papa o ka honua a hāʻawi i ka hōʻoluʻolu i ke aniau a hoʻolohi i ka hana ʻana o ka methane.

Nā methanogens Thermophilic

ʻO nā methanogens thermophilic ka mea e ola i nā pae wela kiʻekiʻe. No kēia kumu, i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka noe hydrocarbon, ke anuanu a me ka emi ʻana o nā mahana o ka honua, ʻaʻole hiki i nā thermophilic methanogens ke ola i kēlā ʻano. Me ke anuanu anuanu a me kahi heluna methanogen thermophilic detrimental, ua loli nā kūlana ma ka honua.

Hiki i ka lewa ke mālama i nā konsentration methane kiʻekiʻe loa inā methane inā ua hoʻokumu ʻia i nā wikiwiki e like me kēia. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole i hana nā methanogens i ka methane e like me nā kānaka i kā mākou ʻoihana hana.

methanogens

Nā methanogens Thermophilic

ʻAi nui nā methanogens i ka hydrogen a me ka CO2, e hana ana i ka methane ma ke ʻano he huahana neoneo. Pau kekahi i ka acetate a me nā hui like ʻole ʻē aʻe mai ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa anaerobic o nā meaola. ʻO ia ke kumu, i kēia lā, methanogens Kūleʻa wale lākou i loko o ka ʻōpū o nā ruminants, ka silt e hūnā ana i nā māla laiki i hoʻopiha ʻia a me nā wahi anxic ʻē aʻe. Akā ma muli o ka nele o ka lewa i ka oxygen, ua mālama ʻia nā hydrogen āpau e nā luaipele i loko o nā moana a ua hoʻohana ʻia e nā methanogens, ʻoiai ʻaʻohe ona oxygen e loaʻa ai ka wai.

Fog o ka hopena "anti greenhouse"

Ma muli o kēia pōʻaiapili manaʻo maikaʻi (ʻoi aku ka mahana, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā methanogens, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka methane, ʻoi aku ka wela, ʻoi aku ka wela ...) ua lilo ka honua i hale hoʻomehana wela i hoʻomohala wale nā ​​thermophilic microorganism i kēia wahi hou. Eia nō naʻe, e like me kaʻu i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, ua hana ʻia kahi ʻehu mai nā hydrocarbons i lawe aku i ka hanana ultraviolet radiation hana anuanu. I kēia ala, ua hoʻokū ʻia ka hana methane a hoʻomaka ka paʻa o nā mahana a me nā ʻano lewa.

ʻehu kēpau

Inā mākou e hoʻohālikelike i nā noe me kēlā o ʻO Titan, ka ukali nui o Saturn, ʻike mākou he ʻano like kona ʻano ʻalani alani e kūlike ana i ka papa mānoanoa o nā hunaʻi hydrocarbon, i hana ʻia ke hana ka methane me ka lā. Eia nō naʻe, hana ʻia kēlā papa o nā hydrocarbons i ka ʻili o Titan ma -179 kekelē Celsius. ʻOi aku ke anuanu o kēia lewa ma mua o ka honua Honua i kona mōʻaukala holoʻokoʻa.

Inā ua hiki ke ao ʻōkika o ka Honua i ka mānoanoa o ko Titan, e ʻākoʻakeʻa ʻia ka lawa ʻana o ka lā e pale aku ai i ka hopena hale kōmahana ikaika o ka methane. ʻO ka papa honua holoʻokoʻa e paʻa i ka hau, no laila e luku ana i nā methanogens āpau. ʻO ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o Titan a me ka Honua ʻo kēia mahina o Saturn ʻaʻohe CO2 a me ka wai, no laila e māʻū wale ka methane.

Titan

ʻO Titan, ka ukali nui o Saturn

ʻO ka hopena o ke au methane

ʻO ka noe i hana mai ka methane ʻaʻole i mau loa. ʻEkolu mau glaciations mai ka manawa o ka Proterozoic a me ka methane e hiki ai ke wehewehe i ke kumu o ka hanana ʻana.

ʻO ka glaciation mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Huronian glaciation a ma lalo o nā pōhaku kahiko loa i loaʻa ma lalo o kāna waihona glacial aia kahi detritus o ka uraninite a me ka pyrite, ʻelua mau minelala e hōʻike ana i kahi pae haʻahaʻa loa o ka oxygen lewa. Eia nō naʻe, ma luna o nā papa aniani, ʻike ʻia kahi pōhaku ʻulaʻula e loaʻa ana ka hematite, kahi mineral i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā wahi waiwai waiwai oxygen. Kuhi kēia mau mea āpau i ka hakahaka o ka hani Huronian i ka manawa i hoʻomaka ai ka lani lani e piʻi i luna.

I loko o kēia wahi hou i waiwai nui i ka oxygen, methanogens a me nā meaola anaerobic ʻē aʻe i noho aliʻi ma luna o ka honua, nalo mālie a ʻike ʻia paha e hoʻopaʻa ʻia i nā wahi i kaupalena ʻia. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e noho like ka nui o ka methane a ʻoi paha ma mua o kēia lā, inā i haʻahaʻa ka pae o ka oxygen.

glaciation

Hōʻike kēia i ke kumu ma ka Honua, i ka wā Proterozoic, ʻaʻole he glaciations ma kahi o 1.500 biliona mau makahiki, ʻoiai ua nāwaliwali loa ka lā. Ua kuhi ʻia ka hiki i ka lua o ka piʻi ʻana o ka oxygen lewa, a i ʻole ka sulfate i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia, e hoʻomaka i nā ʻāpana glaciation, e ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi ʻana i ka hopena pale o ka methane.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, ʻaʻole like ka lewa o ka Honua e like me ia i kēia lā. ʻAʻohe o oxygen (kahi mole e pono ai mākou i kēia lā e noho ai) a kahi i hoʻoponopono ai ka methane i ke aniau a hoʻomalu i ka honua. Eia hou, ma hope o ka makahiki o ka hau, ua hoʻonui ka nui o ka oxygen a hiki i kona kūpaʻa a kūlike me ka mea o kēia manawa, ʻoiai ua hoʻemi ʻia ka methane i nā wahi i kaupalena ʻia. I kēia manawa, ke piʻi nei ka nui o ka methane ma muli o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia mai nā hana a ke kanaka a hāʻawi i ka hopena o ka hale kōmahana a me ka hoʻololi o ke aniau i kēia manawa.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.