Advection

Kohu noe Advection

I ka meteorology he mea nui e aʻo i nā hoʻololi o ke kino i ka lewa i ka manawa maoli e wānana i nā mea e hiki mai ana. Ka lewa he ala waena ia e maʻalahi ai ka neʻe ʻana o ka lehulehu. Ma kēia ala e ʻae ʻia ai ka hoʻololi wela e nā neʻe a me nā neʻe. ʻO ka lawe ākea o ka wela o nā mea kino ʻē aʻe e ka makani i kapa ʻia ʻo advection. Advection ʻo ka pahuhopu o kēia ʻatikala.

E kālailai mākou i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻike i ka advection e kū nei i ka lewa e ʻike i ka meteorology a me nā hoʻololi i ke anilā. Makemake ʻoe e aʻo hou e pili ana i ia? E hoʻomau wale ʻoe i ka heluhelu 🙂

He aha ka advection

Nā hana Advection

I ka meteorology he mea maʻa mau ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huaʻōlelo convection e koho ai i nā neʻe kū i luna. ʻAʻole i ʻoi aku ka nui o ka wikiwiki o kēia mau neʻe i hoʻokahi haneli o ka neʻe neʻe. No laila, hiki ke ʻike ʻia ua hana lohi nā ao kūleʻa a hiki ke lawe i kahi lā piha.

Kū ka neʻe ʻana o ka ea i ka nui ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa. ʻO ia ka mea nāna e lawe i ka ikehu wela mai nā wahi tropical i nā wahi polar. Hiki iā lākou ke hoʻolilo i ka ikehu mai kekahi ʻaoʻao o ka honua i kahi ʻē aʻe, e hele ana he mau mile he mau mile ka mamao. ʻO kēia halihali papamoe ʻo ia ka advection a ʻoi aku ka nui a me ka hoʻomau ʻana ma mua o nā kahe o ka lewa.

I ka meteorology a me ka moʻolelo kai, ʻike pinepine ʻia ka advection i ka lawe ʻana i kekahi mau waiwai o ka lewa a i ʻole ke kai, e like me ka wela, ka wai a me ka paʻakai. Hahai ka Meteorological a i ʻole ka palapala kaiographic i nā ʻili isobaric a no laila ke kaulike ka hapa nui. Hoʻohālike ʻia ia me ka lawe ʻana i kahi lewa e ka makani.

Nā ʻano Advection

ʻO ke kūlana Cyclonic me ka advection

I mea e ʻike pono ai i kēia manaʻo e hāʻawi ana mākou i kekahi mau laʻana o ka advection mehana a me ke anuanu. ʻO ka advection mehana ka mea i lawe ʻia e ka makani i kekahi wahi ʻē aʻe. Ma ka ʻokoʻa, ʻo ka advection anuanu ka lawe ʻana o ke anuanu i nā wahi ʻē aʻe. Eia nō naʻe, lawe nā ikehu ʻelua mai ka wā, ʻoiai aia ka ea ma kahi mahana haʻahaʻa, aia nō ka ikehu.

I ka wānana anilā, pili ka huaʻōlelo advection i ka lawe ʻana i kahi nui i hāʻawi ʻia e ka mea ākea o ka makani. Inā loaʻa iā mākou kahi advection anuanu, hele ia i nā wahi mehana. Ke loaʻa ka advection mehana, aia ma luna o nā lepo anuanu a me nā kai a hoʻoliʻiliʻi mai lalo.

Nā kumu o ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi

Nā ao e ka advection a me ka orography

Nui a hewahewa nā ʻano wai o ka wai wai wai wai. ʻO ka mua ma ka radiation a ʻo ka lua ma advection. Hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia ka mahu wai e ka hoʻohuihui ʻana i nā ea o ka ea a me ke anuanu e ka hoʻonui adiabatic. ʻO ka hope ke kumu o ka hoʻokumu nui ʻana o ke ao.

I ka hōʻoluʻolu advective, lawe ʻia kahi nui mehana a me ka mahana o ka ea i kahi ākea, e hoʻonui ana ma luna o kahi anuanu a i ʻole ka nui o ka ea.. Ma muli o ka pilina ma waena o ka palaoa mehana a me ke anuanu, hāʻule ka mahana o ka ea o ka palaoa mahana e like me ke anuanu. I kēia ala e hoʻomaka ai ke ao ʻana, ʻoiai ke emi nei ka mahana o ka mahana mahana i ka lae hau a lilo i ka wai.

Hoʻomaha ʻia ka uila i ka wela o ka honua e ka lā. Hoʻomaka ka papa kokoke i ka papa i ka wela ma ke ʻano he hopena. No kēia kumu, kū mai nā huʻa ea wela a, ma muli o ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa, piʻi aʻe ia a hiki i kona hālāwai ʻana me nā papa kiʻekiʻe a anuanu hoʻi. Ke hōʻea lākou i nā papa kiʻekiʻe, hoʻomaka ka mahana e hāʻule a lilo lākou i māʻona, hoʻopili a hana i ke ao.

Hōʻoluʻolu Adiabatic

Hoʻolaha moku kai

Loaʻa ia ma muli o ka loli o ka mahana ma muli o ka emi o ke kaomi lewa e piʻi i luna i kahi kiʻekiʻe. Hiki i nā kahe kū i luna ke hoʻololi i kēia anuanu, i ʻike ʻia hoʻi me ka gradient thermal environment.

Ke piʻi ka ea, hoʻemi ka lewa lewa. No kēia kumu, hoʻemi pū ka neʻe ʻana a me nā haʻalulu o nā mole, i hoʻomaʻalili ʻia ka ea. O ka maʻamau, iho pinepine ia ma kahi o 6,5 kekele no kēlā me kēia kilomita o ke kiʻekiʻe.

Inā maloʻo ka lewa, ʻoi aku ke kiʻekiʻe o ka hāʻule o ka mahana (ma kahi o 10 kekelē no kēlā me kēia kilomita ke kiʻekiʻe). Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, inā māʻona ka ea, e iho kāna iho 5 kekelē wale nō no kēlā me kēia kilomita.

Hana ʻia nā ao i kahi o nā mea wai liʻiliʻi a maikaʻi loa, ka hau a i ʻole ka huikau o nā mea ʻelua. Hoʻokumu ʻia lākou e ka condensation o ka wai wai i ka lewa. Lawe kēia i ka advection e lawe i ke anuanu mai nā ao i ke koena o ka lewa a hoʻolaha.

Hoʻololi i ka mahana ma muli o ka advection

Advection he anakahi o ka mahana i māhele ʻia e nā anakahi o ka manawa. Hōʻike i ka hoʻololi wela i loaʻa i kahi kiko ma muli o ka hōʻea ʻana o ka makani e hāpai i ka ea i nā mahana like ʻole.

Inā laʻana, ma ke kiko a mākou e ana ana i ka ea i hōʻea mai i kahi anuanu anuanu, ʻike mākou i kahi anuanu a me ka advection mahana he helu maikaʻi ʻole ia e hōʻike pololei ana i ka nui o nā kekelē o kēlā me kēia anakahi o ka manawa e hāʻule ana ka mahana.

Hiki i ke anuanu o ke ea no nā kumu like ʻole:

  • Ma muli o ka hoʻomehana ʻana o ka ʻili o ka honua hoʻohua ʻia ka hoʻolilo manuahi e nā kukuna o ka lā.
  • Na ka haʻiʻōlelo a ka ʻāina, Ma muli o ka piʻi ʻana o nā papa lewa e hele i ke kuahiwi, hiki i ka convection ikaika.
  • Ua koi ʻia ka ea e ala aʻe ma kahi o nā alo wela a anuanu hoʻi, hoʻopuka i kahi neʻe ākea o kahi anu anu, hana ʻia e ka neʻe ākea i kahi ea mehana e piʻi aʻe.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, he mea nui ka advection e noʻonoʻo ai i ka meteorology. Hoʻonohonoho pono ia ke hiki mai i nā wānana meteorological a ʻike i ka ikaika a me ke kūpaʻa o ka lewa.


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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.