He aha nā cyclones

ʻinoʻino

ʻO nā phenomena meteorological āpau e kū nei ma kā mākou honua, aia kekahi e ʻumeʻume i ka nānā kūikawā: pōʻai uila. Nui a hewahewa nā ʻano, kēlā me kēia me kona ʻano ponoʻī e hana ai i kahi hanana e mahalo ai.

Akā pehea lākou e hana ai? Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike i nā mea āpau e pili ana iā lākou, mai haʻalele i kēia mea kūikawā.

 He aha ka makani ʻino?

I ka meteorology, hiki i ka cyclone ke manaʻo he ʻelua mau mea:

  • Pā ikaika ka makani i nā wahi kahi haʻahaʻa ka lewa o ka lewa. Hele lākou i mua i nā pōʻai nui e hoʻopuni iā ​​lākou iho, a me nā kumu mai ke kahakai.
  • ʻĀpana haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa kahi e nui ai ka ua a me ka makani ikaika. ʻIke ʻia ia ma ke ʻano he ʻino, a ma nā palapala ʻāina e ʻike ʻoe e hōʻike ʻia ana me kahi "B".
    ʻO ka anticyclone ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻo ia hoʻi, kahi o ke kaomi kiʻekiʻe e lawe mai iā mākou i ke anilā maikaʻi.

He aha nā ʻano ma laila?

ʻElima mau ʻano o nā cyclones, ʻo ia:

 ʻ .paapa kik Tropical

makani pāhili

He wikiwiki e hoʻohuli i ka whirlpool i loaʻa kahi kikowaena haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa (a i ʻole ka maka). Hoʻopuka ia i ka makani ikaika a me ka ua nui, e huki ana i kona ikehu mai ka hoʻopili ʻana o ka ea ʻūlū.

Hoʻolālā ia, i ka hapa nui o ka manawa, i nā wahi intertropical o ka honua, ma nā wai mehana e hoʻopaʻa inoa i kahi mahana ma kahi o 22ºC, a ke ʻano kūpaʻa ʻole ke ʻano, e hoʻoulu ana i kahi ʻōnaehana haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa.

Ma ka hemisphere ʻākau e huli poepoe iā ia; Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, i ka hemisphere hema e huli i hope. I nā hihia ʻelua, hana ʻia poino nui i nā wahi kai ma muli o ka ua nui a ʻo ia hoʻi ka mea e piʻi ai ka ʻino a me nā hāʻule ʻana o ka ʻāina.

Kaukaʻi ʻia i kona ikaika, kapa ʻia ia he depress tropical depression, ʻino tropical tropical, a i ʻole makani pāhū (a i ʻole typhoons ma ʻAsia). E nānā i kāna hiʻohiʻona nui:

  • Kaumaha kaumaha: ʻo ka wikiwiki o ka makani kahi kiʻekiʻe o 62km / h, a hiki ke hōʻeha a hōʻino nui.
  • ʻPiki ʻino: ka wikiwiki o ka makani ma waena o 63 a me 117km / h, a me kona ua nui hiki ke hana i kahi kahe nui. Hiki i nā makani ikaika ke hoʻohua i nā puahiohio.
  • Hurricane: Kapa hou ʻia ka inoa ʻo ka makani ʻino ke ʻoi aku ka ikaika ma mua o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka ʻino tropical. ʻO ka wikiwiki o ka makani he liʻiliʻi loa o 119km / h, a hiki ke hōʻeha i nā kahakai.

Nā ʻĀpana Hurricane

ʻO nā makani pāhili nā cyclones i hiki ke lilo i mea weliweli loa, no laila he mea nui e ʻike iā lākou i mea e lawe ai i nā ana e pono ai a pēlā e hōʻalo ai i ka nalo ʻana o ke ola o ke kanaka.

Hoʻomaopopo ka Scale Hurricane Saffir-Simpson i ʻelima mau ʻano o nā ʻino:

  • Māhele 1: ka wikiwiki o ka makani ma waena o 119 a me 153km / h. ʻO ia ke kumu o ka kahe ʻana ma kahakai, a me kekahi mau hōʻino ʻana i nā awa.
  • Māhele 2: aia ka wikiwiki o ka makani ma waena o 154 a me 177km / h. Poino nā hale, nā puka, a me nā puka aniani, a me nā wahi kai.
  • Māhele 3: aia ka wikiwiki o ka makani ma waena o 178 a me 209km / h. ʻO ia ke kumu o ka hōʻino ʻana o ka hale i nā hale liʻiliʻi, keu hoʻi i nā wahi kai, a hoʻopau i nā hale kaʻa.
  • Māhele 4: aia ka wikiwiki o ka makani ma waena o 210 a me 249km / h. Mālama ia i ka hōʻino ākea i nā hale pale, hāʻule nā ​​hale o nā hale liʻiliʻi, a heʻe nā kahakai a me nā pae.
  • Māhele 5: ʻoi aku ka wikiwiki o ka makani ma mua o 250km / h. Hoʻopau ia i nā kaupaku o nā hale, ua nui ka ua i ka wai a hiki i nā papa lalo o nā hale i nā wahi kai, a pono paha ka heʻe ʻana i nā wahi noho.

 Nā pōmaikaʻi o nā cyclones tropical

ʻOiai hiki iā lākou ke hoʻopōʻino nui, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo lākou kekahi maikaʻi loa no nā kaiaolaola, e like me kēia:

  • Hiki iā lākou ke hoʻopau i nā kau o ka maloʻo.
  • Hiki i nā makani i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka makani ʻino ke hoʻoulu hou i ka uhi mea kanu, hoʻopau i nā lāʻau kahiko, nā maʻi a nāwaliwali paha.
  • Hiki iā ia ke lawe i ka wai hou i nā estuaries.

 ʻ .paapa kik Extratropical

Kaumaha kaumaha

ʻO nā cyclones Stratropical, i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he cyclones waena-latitude, Aia ma ka latitu waena o ka Honua, ma waena o 30º a 60º mai ka equator. ʻO lākou nā phenomena maʻamau, me nā anticyclones, neʻe i ka manawa ma luna o ka honua, e hua ana i ka liʻiliʻi o ke ao.

Pili lākou me a ʻōnaehana haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa e kū ana ma waena o nā tropika a me nā kia, a kaukaʻi ʻia i ka hoʻohālikelike o ka mahana ma waena o ka lehulehu mehana a me nā anu. Pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia inā aia kahi ʻike a me ka hōʻemi wikiwiki ʻana o ke kaomi honua, ua kāhea ʻia lākou cyclogenesis pahū.

Hiki iā lākou ke hana ke komo ka cyclone tropical i loko o nā wai anuanu, kahi e hoʻopōʻino nui ai, e like me nā hālana o hoʻohiehie ʻāina.

ʻ .pae makani Subtropical

ʻinoʻino pāholo

He cyclone kēlā he mau ʻano o nā tropika a extratropical. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ka cyclone subtropical ʻo Arani, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Malaki 14, 2011 kokoke iā Brazil a hala ʻehā mau lā, he makani ikaika o 110km / h, no laila ua manaʻo ʻia he ʻino tropical, akā hana ʻia i loko o kahi mahele o ka Moana ʻAkelanika kahi e hana ʻole ai nā cyclones tropical.

ʻ .holo Polar

Hurricane

ʻIʻike ʻia he cyclone arctic, he ʻōnaehana puʻuwai haʻahaʻa me ke anawaena ma waena 1000 a me 2000 km. He pōkole kona ola ma mua o ko nā tropical cyclones, ʻoiai he 24 wale nō ka lōʻihi o ke ola.

Hoʻonui makani ikaika, akā 'aʻole ia he kumu no ka hōʻino ma hope o ka hanaʻiaʻana ma nā wahi liʻiliʻi.

 Mesocyclone

supercell

He makani ʻūlapa, ma waena o 2 a me 10km ke anawaena, i hana ʻia i loko o kahi ʻino kūpikipiki, ʻo ia hoʻi, piʻi aʻe ka ea a kaʻapuni i kahi axis kū i luna. Hoʻohui pinepine ʻia ia me kahi wahi kūloko o ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i loko o ka hekili, kahi e hiki ai ke hoʻoulu i ka makani a me ka huahekili

Inā loaʻa nā kūlana kūpono kū a me nā hoʻolaha ma supercells, ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe o nā ʻino ʻōwili nui loa, kahi e kū ai kahi puahiohio. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia hanana kupaianaha i nā ʻano kūlana paʻa ʻole, a ke nui nā makani ma nā wahi kiʻekiʻe. I mea e ʻike ai iā lākou, koi ʻia e hele i nā Kula Nui ʻo ʻAmelike Hui Pū ʻIa a me nā Pāpū ʻo Pampean o ʻAtenitina.

A me kēia mau mea pau mākou. He aha kou manaʻo no kēia kūikawā?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.