he aha ka pali

he aha ke ano o ka pali

ʻO ka pali kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻāina e like me ke ʻano o kahi pali pali. Ma kēia ʻano, hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kahakai, mauna a i ʻole nā ​​kahawai. ʻO ke kapakai pali he kapakai e ʻoki kū pololei ana, a ʻo ka pali kai he kahakai e hana ʻia ana nā ʻanuʻu a i ʻole nā ​​pali. ʻAʻole ʻike ka poʻe he nui he aha ka pali.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i ke ʻano o ka pali, kona mau hiʻohiʻona a me ke koʻikoʻi geological.

he aha ka pali

nā pali maikaʻi loa

Hoʻokumu pinepine ʻia nā pali i nā pōhaku kūpaʻa i ka ʻāʻili a me ka ʻino, e like me ka limonite, ke one, ka dolomite a me ka limestone. ʻO nā pali a i ʻole nā ​​pali he mau pali pōhaku e ʻoki koke ana i ka lepo. He ʻano pali kūikawā ia i hana ʻia e ka neʻe ʻana o ka hili ʻāina a i ʻole nā ​​hewa tectonic.

Aia nā pali, nā wailele a me nā ana ma hope. ʻO nā mea ʻē aʻe, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, pau i ka hopena o ka lihi. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ua kapa ʻia nā pali kahakai ʻano pāpaʻi nui he bluffs. Pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia ka pali no nā haʻuki koʻikoʻi. ʻO ka poʻe ʻauʻau kai, lele lākou mai laila aku e luʻu. ʻO nā pali o nā mauna e ʻae i ka lele parachute a i ʻole ka paragliding.

Akā ʻaʻole ʻo lākou wale nō ka haʻuki hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i loko o lākou. He mea maʻamau nō hoʻi i nā poʻe he nui i makemake nui i nā hana waho a me nā hana hoʻokalakupua e huli i ka poʻe hana hoʻomaʻamaʻa, e like me ka piʻi pōhaku. ʻO ke kikoʻī, aia kekahi mau ʻano o kēia aʻo, e kū nei i waena o nā hoʻopaʻi āpau i kapa ʻia ʻo picobloc.

He ʻano maʻamau kēia ala o nā pali a aia nā poʻe i komo, pono ʻoe e akamai loa i kēia, e hana me ka hoʻohana ʻole ʻana i ke kaula a i ʻole ka ʻinikua. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ma kēia ʻano wahi ʻaʻole hiki i ka poʻe piʻi ke hāʻule a hāʻule paha i nā ʻanuʻu o nā pōhaku ke hāʻule, akā e hana pololei lākou i loko o ke kai.

Nā pali ma Tenerife

pali o pilikua

Aia kekahi wahi ma Tenerife kahi e hoʻomaʻamaʻa ai nā kamaʻāina a me nā mākaʻikaʻi i nā ʻano haʻuki āpau. Kūleʻa mākou i ka mea kaulana Nā pali o Los Gigantes, aia ma waena o nā kūlanakauhale ʻo Santiago del Teide a me Buenavista del Norte. ʻO ka poʻe Berber kahiko o ka mokupuni, ʻo Guanches, ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ʻo ka Walls of Hell, a ua ʻike ʻia e ko lākou ʻano lua pele me nā paia ākea nui. Loaʻa iā lākou ma waena o 300 a 600 mau mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai.

ʻAʻole ʻoliʻoli wale ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi e hele mai i kēia kihi kūlohelohe i ka nānā ʻana i kēia mau pali, akā hiki ke hana i nā hana like ʻole ma kona wahi, e like me ka luʻu ʻana, ʻoiai he wahi kai kupanaha ko ia wahi.

Aia ka pali nui loa o ka honua ma nā mauna ʻo Karakoram o Pakistan. ʻO ia ka pā hikina o ka Torres del Trago a he 1.340 mika kona kiʻekiʻe. Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, aia nā pali kahakai nui loa ma Kaolapapa, Hawaii. ʻO 1.010 mika kona kiʻekiʻe.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

he aha ka pali

ʻO kāna ʻano nui kēia:

  • Hoʻokumu nui ʻia lākou i ka limestone, dolomite a me ke one, he mea paʻakikī ke hoʻopau ʻia.
  • He piʻi kiʻekiʻe ko lākou a me kahi piʻi kiʻekiʻe a kokoke e pau i ka haki ʻana i ka pali haʻahaʻa.
  • ʻO ia ka hopena o nā hewa a i ʻole nā ​​loli o ka lithology.
  • I kēia pōʻino ʻāina, ʻaʻole lawa nā kūlana no ka ulu ʻana o nā mea kanu, akā ua hoʻololi ʻia kekahi i ia wahi.
  • Hoʻokumu ʻia lākou ma o nā kaʻina erosion a me ke aniau.
  • Ua lilo ka lepo o ka pali i wahi o ke kai, a laila holoi ʻia e ka nalu.
  • Ma ke kumu o nā pali, ua hōʻiliʻili nā pōhaku i ka manawa, e hana ana i nā mea i kapa ʻia ʻo nā pali ʻiliʻili.

Hoʻokumu a me nā ʻano

Ke ʻike kākou i ke ʻano o ka pali a me kona ʻano, e ʻike kākou i kona kūkulu ʻana a me kona ʻano. Hoʻokumu pinepine ʻia nā pali ma o nā kaʻina hana ʻino a me nā kaʻina hana. Hana ʻia ka hana hope i ka wā e haki ai nā pōhaku i nā mea kūlohelohe e like me ka makani a me ka ua. Aia ma kahakai nā makani ikaika a me nā nalu ikaika e ho'oka'awale ana i nā pōhaku palupalu a nui a'e mai nā pōhaku pa'a.

ʻO nā ʻāpana pōhaku liʻiliʻi i haʻihaʻi ʻia e ka wā i kapa ʻia ʻo sediments a i ʻole alluvium pali kai ʻo kēia mau waihona he ʻāpana o ka lalo a kauo ʻia e nā nalu, oiai ma na pali o loko e kauo ia ana e na muliwai a me ka makani. Ua kapa ʻia nā pōhaku nui loa i nā taludes a ua ahu ʻia ma lalo o nā pali. Hiki ke hana ia lakou e ka hana erosive o na ale kai e luku ana i na kumu a pau o ka aina a puni, a me ke kumu kumu e hoala mai ai i ke ana e hoopau ana i ka aoao o luna o ka pali a emi iho.

Aia nā ʻano pali.

  • pali ikaika: Aia kēia ʻano pali ma nā wai hohonu a paʻa ko lākou kumu i ka nalu. ʻAʻole hoʻokomo ʻia ka mea i hoʻoneʻe ʻia i loko, akā lawe ʻia e nā au kai.
  • Nā pali hana ʻole: I kēia hihia, ua hana ʻia nā pali ma luna o nā paepae one, ʻaʻole hiki i nā nalu, no laila ua mamao loa lākou mai ke kahakai.

ʻO ka hoihoi o ka pali

Aia ma lalo iho nei kekahi mau ʻano ʻano o nā pali.

  • Ua hana ʻia ka nui o nā pali i kēia manawa e nā glaciers Ua uhi lākou i ka hapa nui o ka honua i ka wā hau.
  • Ua ʻike nui ʻia lākou no ka mea ua hana lākou i nā hiʻohiʻona koʻikoʻi e like me nā wailele.
  • Aia ma lalo o ka wai kekahi o nā pali nui loa ma ka Honua. Eia kekahi laʻana, aia kahi pali ma kahi kualapa i loko o Kermadec Trench a hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa he kulu o 8000 m i ka hoonui ana o 4250 m.
  • Wahi a nā moʻolelo honua, ʻo Kalaupapa ka pali kai kiʻekiʻe loa o ka honua ma Hawaiʻi ma 1010 mika ke kiʻekiʻe.

Ma waena o nā pali nui ma ʻEulopa, loaʻa iā mākou kēia:

  • Aia nā pali o Moher ma ʻIlelani.
  • Nā pali o Dover ma UK.
  • Preikestolen ma Norewai.
  • ʻO Los Gigantes ma Tenerife, Canary Islands, Sepania.
  • kjerag ma Norewai
  • Nā pali o Herbeira ma Coruña, Galicia.
  • Aia ʻo Yesnaby Cliffs ma Scotland.
  • ʻO Cabo de Peñas ma Asturias, Sepania.

Loaʻa iā mākou kekahi o nā pali kaulana loa o ka honua.

ʻO kekahi mau laʻana o nā pali:

  • Ka pali o Kalaupapa ma Hawaii.
  • Nā pali o Los Gigantes ma Sepania.
  • pali Fira ma Helene.
  • Etretat ma Farani.
  • ʻO Cape Enniberg ma ka mokupuni ʻo Faroe.
  • ʻO ka pali Sorvagsvatn ma Faroe Islands.

Manaʻolana wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ke ʻano o ka pali a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.