He aha ka hohonu o ke kai

He aha ka hohonu hohonu o ke kai i ʻike ʻia?

E like me ke aʻo ʻia ʻana o nā mauna kiʻekiʻe loa o ka honua a me ke ʻano o ko lākou mau piko, ua hoʻāʻo pū nā kānaka e aʻo i ka hohonu loa o nā kai a me nā moana. He ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka helu ʻana mai ka ʻike he aha ka hohonu o ke kai Pono ka ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe loa. ʻAʻole hiki i ke kanaka ke iho me ka wāwae a i ʻole ma ka ʻauʻau ʻana i ka hohonu o ke kai e like me kāna hana ʻana i nā kuahiwi.

No kēia kumu, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana i ka hohonu o ke kai, kona mau ʻano a me nā noiʻi e pili ana iā ia.

Nānā

iʻa i ke kai

Ma hope o nā mahina o ka noiʻi ʻana, ʻōlelo kekahi hui ʻepekema ua loaʻa iā mākou ka ʻike "pololei loa" e pili ana i ka ʻaoʻao hohonu loa o kā mākou honua. ʻO ia ka hopena o kahi huakaʻi ʻelima hohonu i hoʻohana i ka ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe loa a hiki i kēia lā no ka palapala ʻana i nā pōʻino nui loa ma ke kai o ka Moana Pākīpika, ʻAkelanika, India, Arctic a me Antarctic.

ʻO kekahi o kēia mau pūnaewele e like me ka 10.924 mika hohonu Mariana Trench ma ke komohana o ka Moana Pākīpika, ua nānā ʻia i nā manawa he nui. Akā ua wehe pū ka papahana ʻelima i kekahi mau mea i koe.

No nā makahiki, ua hoʻokūkū ʻelua mau wahi no ka lae hohonu loa o ka moana ʻĀina: ʻāpana o ka Java Trench ma waho o ke kapakai o Indonesia a me kahi wahi hewa ma ke komohana hema o Australia. Ua hōʻoia ka ʻenehana ana ikaika i hoʻohana ʻia e ka hui ʻelima Deeps ʻo Java ka lanakila.

Akā ʻo ke kaumaha Ma ka hohonu o 7.187 mika, ʻo 387 mau mika ka haʻahaʻa ma mua o ka ʻikepili i manaʻo ʻia. Pela no hoi ma ka moana Hema, he wahi hou keia e noonoo ai kakou i kahi hohonu loa. He poho ia i kapa ʻia ʻo Factorian Abyss, ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o ka South Sandwich Trench, ma kahi hohonu o 7.432 mika.

Ma ka ʻauwaha hoʻokahi, aia kekahi ʻauwaha hohonu aʻe ma ka ʻākau (Meteor Deep, 8.265 mika), akā ma ke ʻano ʻenehana aia ma ka Moana ʻAkelanika, ʻoiai e hoʻomaka ana ka laina māhele me ka Pole Hema ma 60º ka latitu hema. ʻO ka lae hohonu loa o ka Moana ʻAkelanika ka ʻauwaha ʻo Puerto Rico ma 8.378 mika ma kahi i kapa ʻia ʻo Brownson Deep.

Ua ʻike pū ka huakaʻi iā Challenger Deep ma 10.924 mika ma ka ʻAuwaha ʻo Mariana ʻo ia ka lae hohonu loa ma ka Moana Pākīpika, ma mua o Horizon Deep (10.816 mau mika) ma ka ʻAuwaha o Tonga.

He aha ka hohonu o ke kai

ʻimi moana

Ua paʻi ʻia ka ʻikepili hohonu hou ma kahi ʻatikala ma ka puke pai Geoscience Data. ʻO kāna mea kākau nui ʻO Cassie Bongiovanni o Caladan Oceanic LLC, ʻo ka hui i kōkua i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Five Deeps. Ua alakaʻi ʻia ka huakaʻi e Victor Vescovo, he mea hoʻopukapuka kālā a he mea hoʻokalakupua mai Texas.

Ua makemake ka US Navy reservist e lilo i kanaka mua i ka mōʻaukala e luʻu i kahi hohonu loa o nā moana ʻelima, a ua hoʻokō ʻo ia i kēlā pahuhopu i kona hiki ʻana i kahi ma ka ʻĀkau ʻĀkau i kapa ʻia ʻo Molloy Deep (5.551 mika) ma ʻAukake 24, 2019 . Akā, ʻoiai ʻo Vescovo e hoʻopaʻa ana i nā moʻolelo i loko o kāna moku moana, ua hana kāna hui ʻepekema i nā ana like ʻole o ka wai a me ka paʻakai ma nā pae āpau a hiki i ke kai.

Pono kēia ʻike no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā heluhelu hohonu (i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka hāʻule ʻana o ke kaomi) mai nā mea kani leo ma nā moku kākoʻo o lalo. No laila, hōʻike ʻia nā hohonu me ka pololei loa, ʻoiai inā loaʻa iā lākou kahi hapa o ka hapa o ka hoʻohui a i ʻole he 15 mika.

ʻO ka naʻaupō e pili ana i ka hohonu o ke kai

Kakaʻikahi ka ʻike e pili ana i ke kai. Ma kahi o 80% o ke kai o ka honua e nānā ʻia me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā kūlana ʻenehana hou i hoʻohana ʻia e Five Deeps. "Ma kahi o 10 mau mahina, i ko mākou kipa ʻana i kēia mau pūnaewele ʻelima, ua kahakaha mākou i kahi ʻāpana e like me ka nui o ka ʻāina nui o Farani," wehewehe ʻo Heather Stewart, he lālā o ka hui mai ka British Geological Survey. "Akā i loko o ia wahi, aia kekahi wahi hou loa e like me ka nui o Finland, kahi i ʻike ʻole ʻia ai ke kai ma mua," wahi āna. Wahi a ka poʻe akamai, "hōʻike wale kēia i nā mea hiki ke hana a me nā mea e hana ai."

E hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻike āpau i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i ka papahana Nippon Foundation-GEBCO Seabed 2030, kahi e manaʻo ai e hana i nā palapala ʻāina hohonu moana mai nā kumu ʻikepili like ʻole ma ka hopena o kēia ʻumi makahiki.

palapala ʻāina moana

He mea nui ka hoʻokō ʻana i kēia ʻano palapala ʻāina ma nā ʻano he nui. Pono lākou no ka hoʻokele a me ka hoʻomoe ʻana i nā kaula submarine a me nā paipu. Hoʻohana ʻia no ka mālama ʻana a me ka mālama ʻana i ka lawaiʻa, ʻoiai ʻākoakoa nā holoholona hihiu a puni nā kuahiwi.

Aia kēlā me kēia mauna kai i ka puʻuwai o nā mea olaola. Eia kekahi, pili ka ʻili kai i ke ʻano o ke au o ka moana a me ka hui ʻana o ka wai. He ʻike pono kēia no ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i nā kumu hoʻohālike e wānana i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka wā e hiki mai ana, ʻoiai he mea nui ka moana i ka nee ana i ka wela a puni ka honua.

Pono nā palapala ʻāina maikaʻi o ka papakū inā e hoʻomaopopo pono kākou i ka piʻi ʻana o ka ʻilikai ma nā wahi like ʻole o ka honua.

ʻO ka mea i ʻike ʻia e pili ana i ke kai

he aha ka hohonu o ke kai

He 14.000 kapuai ka hohonu o ka moana. (2,65 mile). Aia ka lae hohonu loa o ka moana, i kapa ʻia ʻo Challenger Deep, ma lalo o ke komohana komohana o ka Moana Pākīpika ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o ka Mariana Trench, he mau haneli mau mile ma ke komohana hema o ka ʻāina ʻo ʻAmelika ʻo Guam. Aia ʻo Challenger Deep ma kahi o 10,994 mika (36,070 kapuaʻi) hohonu. Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia no ka mea ʻo HMS Challenger ka moku mua i hana i nā ana hohonu hohonu i ka makahiki 1875.

Ua ʻoi aku kēia hohonu ma mua o ka mauna kiʻekiʻe loa o ka honua, ʻo Mount Everest (8.846 mika = 29.022 kapuaʻi). Inā aia ʻo Everest i loko o ka ʻAuwaha ʻo Mariana, e uhi ʻia ke kai, e waiho ana ma kahi o 1,5 kilomita (ma kahi o 1 mile ka hohonu). Ma kona wahi hohonu loa, piʻi ka piʻi ma mua o 15 paona no ka ʻīniha kuea. No ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, ʻo ke kiʻekiʻe o ke kaomi ʻana i kēlā me kēia lā ma ka ʻilikai he 15 paona i ka ʻīniha square.

Aia ka ʻaoʻao hohonu o ka Moana ʻAkelanika ma ka Trench ma ka ʻākau o Puerto Rico. ʻO ka ʻauwaha he 8.380 mika (27.493 kapuaʻi) hohonu, 1.750 kilomita (1.090 mau mile) ka lōʻihi a 100 mau mile (60 mau mile) ākea. ʻO ka lae hohonu loa ʻo Milwaukee Abyss ma ke komohana ʻākau o Puerto Rico.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka hohonu hohonu o ke kai.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.