CAMPI FLEGREI: Ke ala nei ka Supervolcano nui nui ma ʻEulopa

Ma ka Northwest o Napela, ʻike mākou i ka mana loa ʻo Campi Flegrei. I ka pau ʻana o ka makahiki 2016 kahi hui kime o nā kālaihonua i paʻi i kahi noi weliweli. ʻOiai he hana ʻole ia no 500 mau makahiki, ʻo ka manawa hope loa ma 1538, Ke hōʻike nei ʻo Campi Flegrei i nā hōʻailona ke ala nei ʻo ia. No ka poʻe ʻike ʻole i ke ʻano o ka lua pele, he lua pele nui ia ma mua o ka maʻamau, akā nui kona hiki no ka luku. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, i ʻEulopa, ʻo Mount Flegrei ka lua pele me nā ʻāpana nui loa.

Ua hana ʻia ka caldera o ka lua pele 39.000 mau makahiki i hala aku nei, a ʻo ia ka pele nui loa i 200.000 mau makahiki.. Hoʻopili kekahi, ʻoiai ʻaʻole maopopo ia a aia he nui nā manaʻo ʻē aʻe i kaʻawale. kahi pilina ma waena o ka pele o ka Campi de Flegrei a me ka luku ʻia o ka Neanderthal homo. ʻO kahi lua pele e like me Campi de Flegrei ʻaʻole ia he mea ʻē aʻe, nā luaipele nui loa a hiki iā lākou ke hāneʻe iā lākou iho, e hana ana i nā wahi nui o nā lua pele, nā geysers, nā hana hydrothermal a me ka waikawa sulfuric. ʻO ka lua pele Yellowstone maʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa kahi hiʻohiʻona maikaʻi.

He aha ia a ʻo wai i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i kāna aʻo ʻana?

pele pele

ʻO Campi Flegrei he 24 mau lua pele, a me kahi moʻo o nā hale lua pele (ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e komo i loko o ke Kai Kai). Nā makahiki 200.000, lōʻihi ma mua o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kēia caldera, hū ka lua pele. Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia kahi noiʻi ma 2010 e nā poʻe loea mai ke Kulanui o Chicago e hōʻoia ana ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia hanana i kahi hoʻoilo nukelea. Me ka lehu e keʻakeʻa ana i ka lā no nā makahiki e hiki mai ana, ua koho ʻia i ka wā o ka pele, ua piʻi aʻe ma luna o 3,7 trillion liters o nā pōhaku hoʻoheheʻe i luna. Ke hoʻouka nei i kahi nui o ka sulfuric acid i ka lewa.

E like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia i kēlā manawa, ʻo Giuseppe de Natale, mai ka ʻItalia National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, ʻo kēia mau hanana wale nō ka mea i kūlike i nā hopena i hiki i ka hāʻule ʻana o kahi meteorite nui ke loaʻa.

volcano campi flegrei naples

ʻO Redondel Rojo, kahi ma kahi o 12km i ke anawaena. ʻO Vesuvius ka pōʻai melemele

ʻO ka ʻili kahi e noho ai ʻaʻole ka lua pele, ʻoiai ʻo ia ʻo Vesuvius, kahi kokoke loa i ka Campi Flegrei. Akā hoʻopuehu ʻia ia, me nā lua pele he nui, e like me kā mākou e ʻike ai i ke kiʻi. Pākuʻi i kēlā ʻO Vesuvius, ke hōʻike nei i nā hōʻailona o ka hana nui a me ke kaomi. Hiki iā mākou ke nānā i loko o ka pōʻaiapuni, ka ʻāina a me kahi e noho ai ma loko o ke Kai Kai.

Ma mua o kekahi mau mahina i hala aku nei, ʻo ka hui o nā volcanologists mai ka National Institute of Geophysics, alakaʻi ʻia e Giovanni Chiodini, i ʻōlelo i loko o kā lākou aʻo ʻana ke piʻi nei ke kaomi o ka lua pele i kona kiko kiki. Maliʻa paha ʻaʻohe mea i hana ʻia. ʻAʻohe o ko kēia mau lua pele i ana i kahi cone kikowaena i ana ʻia a me ka magma lalo honua e noho ai i kahi nui aʻe. Akā hōʻike ʻia kēia e nā ʻōuli o nā paila ʻokoʻa. E like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia, hiki i nā hopena ke hoʻololi i ka poʻe 500.000 e noho ana ma ia wahi.

Ke hala nei nā makahiki, hoʻonui ka hana a me ke kaomi

lua pele campi flegrei

I loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Campi Flegrei i kahi hanana o nā hanana. Hōʻike i kēlā ke piʻi nei nā ʻenekini i ka papa i ka piʻi piʻi mau. Nā luna Italia ua hāpai i ka pae makaʻala ma 2012 mai ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo a i ka melemele. ʻO ka manaʻo ia mai kahi mālie, nānā ʻia ka hana. Pono e heʻe i ko lākou poʻe kamaʻāina? ʻAʻole. Wahi a Chiodini, e kali mākou e ʻike pehea e ulu ai nā mea āpau a me ke ʻano o ka paila. Akā wikiwiki ia e manao e puka ana ka manawa, inā hoʻoholo ʻoe e hana pēlā. No kēia manawa ʻae, aia nā hōʻike maopopo o ka hana i hoʻopaʻa ʻole ʻia. ʻO nā hopena e pili ana i ka pele e nānā pono i nā hanana.

E hoʻomau mākou i ke kiaʻi no nā hanana e hiki mai ana. Lana ka manaʻo ʻaʻole hele ka nū ma mua o ka ʻōlelo ʻana i nā makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hana ma mua o ka maʻamau. Inā ʻaʻole, ke kiʻekiʻe o ka catastrophism i hiki iā ia ke kiʻi, hiki iā mākou ke noʻonoʻo wale ma o nā ʻōlelo a ka poʻe loea i aʻo i kāna hopena i ka wā i hala.

ʻO Offgridweb


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.