COP28 ka piko o ke aniau 2023

COP28 ka piko o ke aniau 2023

Hoʻolālā ʻia e hana ʻia mai Nowemapa 30 a hiki i Dekemaba 12, 2023, ka Climate Summit, i kapa ʻia ʻo COP28, e mālama ʻia ma ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Dubai, aia ma United Arab Emirates. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ke koho ʻana i kēia wahi ke kumu o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma muli o ke kūlana o ka ʻāina ma ke ʻano he mea hana aila a me ke kinoea. ʻO ka COP28 ka piko o ke aniau 2023 E alakaʻi ʻia ʻo ia e Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, Kuhina o ka ʻOihana a me ka ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe o nā Emirates a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o ka Hui ʻAi ʻAi ʻĀina ʻo Abu Dhabi.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i ka COP28 climate summit 2023 a me kāna mau hopena.

COP28 ka piko o ke aniau 2023

piko aniau

ʻO Ivana Cvijanovic, ke kaukaʻi noiʻi noiʻi ma ka ISGlobal's Climate and Health program a me kahi mea nānā pūnaewele o ka piko, e hōʻike ana i kāna mau kānalua: "ʻO wau iho, kānalua wau." Hōʻike ʻo ia i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka hui pū ʻana o nā mea hoʻokipa a me nā mea hoʻonohonoho me ka ʻoihana wahie fossil. Eia kekahi, hōʻike i ka nui o nā ʻelele o kēia ʻoihana e hiki mai ana, he paʻakikī ke hoʻohālikelike.

Wahi a Fernando Valladares, ka mea noiʻi a me ka loea o CSIC i nā hopena o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau ma nā kaiaola, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o nā manaʻolana no ka ʻaha kūkā o nā ʻaoʻao (COP), a ʻaʻole kēia he ʻokoʻa. He ʻoiaʻiʻo kēia no ka mea ʻo ia ka manawa hope loa e pale aku ai i nā paepae hoʻomehana weliweli no ke kanaka. ʻOiai ʻo kēia, ʻike ʻo Valladares i ka poʻe i hele i nā COP he nui ka paʻakikī, aneane hiki ʻole ke loaʻa a ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia ka hapa nui o kēia mau manaʻo.

Mai ka manawa hea i hoʻomanaʻo ʻia ai ka COP a he aha ke ʻano o nā hua mua?

luna makai

ʻO ka acronym COP ʻo ia ka United Nations Climate Conference of the Party. ʻO ka United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (CNMUCC) ʻo ia ke kuleana no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i kēia ʻaha kūkā ma ke ʻano he hui alakaʻi nui. Ua ʻae ʻia kēia ʻaha kūkā ma New York, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, i ka makahiki 1992, a ua hoʻomaka ʻia ʻelua makahiki ma hope, i ka makahiki 1994. A hiki i kēia manawa, ua ʻae ʻia e nā ʻaoʻao 198, me nā mokuʻāina 197 a me ka Hui ʻEulopa.

ʻO ka ʻaha kūkā 28 o nā ʻaoʻao, i hoʻopau ʻia ʻo COP, ʻo ia ka iwakāluakūmāwalu o ka hālāwai o kēia ʻaha kūkā. Ua mālama ʻia ka hālāwai hoʻomaka ma Berlin i ka makahiki 1995. Mālama ʻia kēia mau ʻaha kūkā i kēlā me kēia makahiki, koe wale nō 2020, ma muli o ka maʻi maʻi. ʻO ka pahuhopu nui o kēia mau hālāwai, ʻo ia ka hui pū ʻana o nā ʻāina a hana i nā hana e hoʻokō ai i nā pahuhopu aniau i hōʻike ʻia ma ka ʻaelike Paris. Ua loaʻa ka ʻaelike i ka wā COP21 ma Paris i ka makahiki 2015 a ua hoʻokō ʻia e ka United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, i ʻike ʻia ʻo UNFCCC.

Nā Pahuhopu o ka COP28 Climat Summit 2023

COP28 ka piko o ke aniau 2023

ʻO kekahi o nā pahuhopu nui o ka ʻaelike Paris ʻo ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka loiloi honua mua, ʻike ʻia hoʻi ʻo "Global Stocktake", e loiloi ana i ka holomua i hana ʻia i ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā pahuhopu aniau. Aia i loko o kēia waihona he pōʻai loiloi e koi ana i ka loiloi o ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka ʻaelike, e wehewehe ana i ka holomua i hana ʻia i kāna mau pahuhopu lōʻihi ʻekolu. ʻO kēia mau pahuhopu Loaʻa iā lākou kahi loiloi piha o ke kūlana o ka ʻaelike i kēlā me kēia ʻelima makahiki, e hoʻomaka ana ma 2023.

ʻO ka pahuhopu e hoʻōki i ka piʻi ʻana o ka wela awelika o ka honua i ʻoi aku ma mua o 2 ºC i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā pae mua o ka ʻoihana. ʻO ka pahuhopu pū kekahi e hakakā i ka pale ʻana i ka hoʻomehana honua ma mua o 1,5 ºC.

ʻO ka pahuhopu e hoʻonui i ka hiki ke hoʻololi i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau a, i ka manawa like, kākoʻo no ka holomua ʻana o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana. loaʻa ka hopena liʻiliʻi i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o ke kinoea greenhouse i ka lewa.

No ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka paʻa ʻana o nā hana kālā, pono ia e hoʻohana i kahi kumu hoʻomohala e kūpaʻa i ke aniau a me nā hoʻokuʻu haʻahaʻa. No ka hōʻike ʻana i kā lākou hoʻolālā hana ea, a i ʻole Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), pono nā ʻāina e hoʻohana i ka Global Balance Sheet. Pono kēia kaʻina hana i kēlā me kēia ʻelima makahiki a koi i nā ʻāina e nānā i kā lākou NDC ma kahi ala i luna.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻia kahi pōʻai loiloi, i kapa ʻia ʻo Global Stocktake, i loko o ka ʻaelike Paris. Pono kēia pōʻaiapuni loiloi e hoʻokō ʻia kahi loiloi o ke kūlana o ka hoʻokō ʻana o ka ʻaelike i kēlā me kēia ʻelima makahiki, e hoʻomaka ana ma 2023.

Eia kekahi, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo COP28 i nā pahuhopu o ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi papahana i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻēmi i nā hopena o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau, me ka pahuhopu hope loa o ka mālama ʻana i ka piʻi ʻana o nā mahana honua i loko o ka palena o 1,5ºC. E komo pū ana kēia papahana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke ea honua a me ka pahuhopu kālā kālā, kahi e hoʻopili ai i nā ʻaelike kālā no ka poho a me ka pōʻino i hōʻoia ʻia ma COP27 i mālama ʻia ma Sharm El Sheik, Egypt. ʻO ka pahuhopu nui o kēia waihona kālā ʻo ia ka hāʻawi ʻana i ke kōkua i ka poʻe e kū nei i ka hopena o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau i hiki ʻole iā lākou ke loaʻa.

Manaʻo ʻo Sultan Al Jaber e hoʻokō i nā pahuhopu o ka ʻaelike Paris, nā lāhui e ulu ana a e kū mai ana Pono lākou e hoʻopaʻa ʻoi aku ma mua o $2,4 trillion i nā hoʻopukapuka makahiki no nā hana pili i ke aniau e 2030.

Aia mākou i ka manawa?

Hiki paha ke hoʻokō i ka pahuhopu e kaupalena i ka piʻi ʻana o ka mahana ma lalo o 1,5ºC? Ua maopopo i ka ʻike i loaʻa a me nā wānana ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kahi hopena maikaʻi. Ua hoʻopuka ka United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) i kāna Emissions Gap Report hou loa, e hōʻike maopopo ana ʻaʻole lawa nā ʻaelike o kēia manawa ma lalo o ka ʻaelike Paris. Hōʻike ka hōʻike e hele ana kā mākou honua ka piʻi ʻana o ka wela ma waena o 2,5 a me 2,9°C ma luna o nā pae mua o ka ʻoihana i kēia kenekulia.

No ka hahai ʻana i ke ala 2ºC, pono e hoʻemi ʻia ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o ke kinoea ʻōmaʻomaʻo e 28% i ka makahiki 2030, ʻehiku mau makahiki wale nō. ʻO kahi ʻē aʻe, no ka No ka hahai ʻana i ke ala o 1,5ºC, ʻoi aku ka nui o kēia hōʻemi, a hiki i ka 42%.

Wahi a ke Kakauolelo Nui o nā Aupuni Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻo António Guterres, hiki ke hoʻokō i ka pahuhopu e kaupalena ʻia ka hoʻomehana honua i 1,5ºC. Eia naʻe, pono kēia pahuhopu i ka hoʻopau ʻana i ke kumu kumu o ka pilikia aniau: nā wahie fossil. Eia kekahi, pono ka hoʻololi kūpono a me ka ʻokoʻa i nā kumu ikehu hou.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka COP28 climate summit 2023 a me kāna mau ʻano.


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  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.