Ke awāwa ʻo Rift

Ke kiʻi ʻia nei nā loko o ke awāwa ʻo Rift

Kiʻi mai NASA kahi āu e ʻike ai mai ka hema a me ka ʻākau o Lake Upembe, ʻo Tanganyika (ʻo ka nui loa) a me ka Rukwa.

El awāwa awāwa He bila geological nui loa ia i hoʻomaka e hana ma kahi o 30 miliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei a noho i kahi o 4830 kilomita i kahi ʻākau a hema hema.

I kēia lā ua manaʻo ʻia kēia wahi o ke kanaka ma muli o ka nui o nā fossil hominid i loaʻa ma laila. Eia hou, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Unesco i nā loko i kahua hoʻoilina honua ma 2011. Akā, He aha hou aʻe mea kūikawā e pili ana i kēia wahi?

Nohea mai 'oe?

Kiʻi palapala ʻāina ʻo Rift Valley

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai i ka hoʻomaka, ua hoʻomaka ke awāwa ʻo Rift ma kahi o 30 miliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei ma muli o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā papa tectonic (Somali, India, Arabian and Eurasian) I ka hala ʻana o ka manawa a hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka pōpō o ka honua e ka magma i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia e piʻi i luna, ua hana ʻia kahi ʻauwaha lōʻihi me nā pali kūpikipiki..

ʻO nā ʻāpana pōhaku waena e hana mau i nā ʻāpana, e hana ana i nā hemahema kahi o nā pōhaku e hoʻokau i kahi pāheʻe kū. I nā wahi he nui ua poho kēia mau palaka e hana i kahi graben, kahi kaumaha lōʻihi i hoʻopili ʻia ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua e nā hewa maʻamau like.

Pehea kou ʻano ʻāina?

ʻO Rift Valley Escarpment

Kiʻi - Flickr / Charles Roffey

ʻO ke awāwa ʻo Rift, aia ma ka hikina o ka ʻāina ʻApelika, a he 4830 kilomika ka lōʻihi. Ma kona ʻaoʻao hikina loaʻa iā mākou nā savannas ʻApelika maʻamau, kahi o ka buffalo ʻApelika, ka wildebeest, ka giraffe a me ka liona e noho ai; Y ma ke komohana hoʻokipa ia i nā ululāʻau, ʻo ia kahi o nā chimpanzees a me nā gorilla, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

Ma laila ʻoe e ʻike ai i ka luaipele ʻo Kilimanjaro, he mauna ia ma ke komohana ʻākau o Tanzania i hana ʻia e ʻekolu mau lua pele hana ʻole (Shira aia ma ke komohana a he 3962 kiʻekiʻe kona kiʻekiʻe, ʻo Maswenzi ma ka hikina a ana iā 5149 mau mika. o ke kiʻekiʻena. a me ka Uhuru ma waenakonu o nā mea ʻelua i loaʻa ke kiʻekiʻena o 5891,8 mau mika), me ka hoʻohui ʻana i kekahi o nā loko wai wai nui nui ma ka ʻāina nui, e like me Turkana, Tanganyika a i ʻole Malawi.

Ma muli o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana e ka awawa Rift, ma ka hikina o ka ʻāina ʻoi aku ka maloo o ke aniau ma mua o ke komohana, ʻo ia ke kumu ma kēia ʻāpana o ʻApelika i hōʻike mua ʻia ai ka savannah, a laila nā kolo kūloko a hiki i kēlā manawa e noho ana i nā kumulāʻau. I kekahi manawa ma hope ua lilo lākou i terestrial, ke aʻo ʻana e hele ma ko lākou mau wāwae hope ʻelua a mākou i ʻike ai i kēia mau lā he mau wāwae.

He wahi nani kēia e aʻo hou ai e pili ana i ka wā mamao loa o ke kanaka, mai ia manawa ua hōʻike ka haki nui i nā haneli mau mika o ka pae honuaNo laila ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā mōʻalihaku kanaka ʻaʻole wale ia he hana paʻakikī, he mea hoihoi nō hoʻi ia.

He aha nā loko o ke awāwa ʻo Rift Nui?

Lake Tanganyika a me ka nahele

Kiʻi - Flickr / fabulousfabs

ʻO nā loko i loko o kēia awāwa kekahi o nā waiwai nui loa o nā meaolaola honua. A hiki i kēia manawa 800 mau ʻano iʻa cichlid i ʻike ʻia (iʻa iwi), a he nui hou aku nā mea e kali nei ke ʻike ʻia.

Akā nō naʻe, ʻoiai ʻaʻole kōkua nui nā loko i ke omo ʻana i nā kinoea hoʻomehana honua i hoʻoili ʻia e nā wahie fossil, aerosols a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, pono e hōʻemi i ka nāhelehele o nā wahi a puni a hoʻihoʻi i kēlā mau wahi i holoi ʻia. Hoʻopomo nā wao nahele, ma ʻApelika a me nā wahi āpau o ka honua, i nā kinoea e like me carbon dioxide, a pēlā e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ai i nā hopena o ke aniau.

ʻO ko lākou mau inoa:

ʻO Etiopia

  • Lake Abaya: o 1162km2
  • Lake Chamo: o 551km2
  • Lake Ziway: o 485km2
  • Lake Shala: o 329km2
  • Lake Koka: o 250km2
  • Ke kai Lake: o 230km2
  • Lake Abijatta: o 205km2
  • Awasa Lake: o 129km2

Kenia

  • ʻO Lake Lake: o 6405km2
  • Lake Logipi: he kai pāpaʻu ia ma ke awāwa ʻo Suguta
  • Ke kai ʻo Baringo: o 130km2
  • Lake bogoria: o 34km2
  • Lake nakuru: o 40km2
  • Lake Elmenteita: kai pāpaʻu.
  • Lake Naivasha: o 160km2
  • Lake Magadi: ke kai pāpaʻu e kokoke ana i ka palena me Tanzania.

Tanazania

  • Lake natron: ka loko papakū i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e ka World Wildlife Fund ma ke ʻano he halophytic ecoregion o East Africa.
  • Lake Manyara: o 231km2
  • Lake Lake: kai kau pāpaʻu
  • Lake Makati

Loko komohana

  • Lake Albert: o 5300km2
  • Lake Eduardo: o 2325km2
  • Ke kai ʻo Kivu: o 2220km2
  • Lake Tanganyika: o 32000km2

Nā loko loko hema

  • Rukwa Lake: ma kahi o 560km2
  • Lake Malawi: o 30000km2
  • Lake Malombe: o 450km2
  • Lake Chilwa: o 1750km2

Nā loko ʻē aʻe

  • Lake Moero: o 4350km2
  • Mweru Wantipa Lake: o 1500km2
ʻIke o ka Lake Rukwa

Kiʻi - Wikimedia / Lichinga

He wahi kupaianaha ke awāwa ʻo Rift, piha i ke ola. ʻO kekahi o kēlā mau mea āu e hele ai e ʻike i hoʻokahi manawa. Lana ko mākou manaʻo ua hauʻoli ʻoe i kēia ʻatikala i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka moʻo o ke kanaka.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.