Hoʻoponopono

arcturus

I ka pūnāwai a me nā pō mua o ke kauwela, e ʻike ana kekahi mea nānā ma ka ʻĀkau ʻĀkau o ka Honua i kahi hōkū ʻālohilohi i ka lewa, kiʻekiʻe: he ʻalani kaulana, kuhi pinepine ʻia ʻo Mars. ʻO Hoʻoponopono, ka hoku olinolino o ka hoku Bootes. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ka hōkū ʻālohilohi loa ma ka ʻākau lani āpau.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana iā Arcturus, kona mau hiʻohiʻona a me kāna mau ʻike.

ʻO Arcturus, ka hōkū ʻālohilohi loa ma ka ʻākau lani āpau

star arcturus

Manaʻo lākou he hōkū nui ʻo Arcturus e hōʻike ana i nā mea e hiki mai ana i ka lā ma kahi o 5 biliona makahiki. ʻO ka nui nui o ka Arcturus ka hopena o ka pōʻai o loko o ka hōkū, ʻo ia ka hopena o kona mau makahiki ʻelemakule. ʻO 90% o nā hōkū a mākou e ʻike ai ma ka lewa e hopohopo wale no ka hana ʻana i hoʻokahi mea: hoohuli i ka hydrogen i helium. Ke hana nā hōkū i kēia, ʻōlelo ka poʻe astronomers aia lākou i loko o ka "zona sequence nui." Hana ka lā i kēlā. ʻOiai ka mahana o ka ili o ka lā emi iho malalo o 6.000 degere Celsius (a i ʻole 5.770 Kelvin ka pololei), ʻo kona wela kumu a hiki i 40 miliona degere, ʻo ia ke kumu o ka hopena nuklea fusion. Ulu liʻiliʻi ka nucleus, e hōʻiliʻili i ka helium i loko.

Inā mākou e kali i 5 biliona makahiki, e ulu nui ana ka ʻāina i loko o ka lā, ka ʻāina wela loa e hoʻonui i ka papa waho e like me ka baluna ea wela. ʻOi aku ka nui o ka ea wela a i ʻole ke kinoea a lilo ka lā i hōkū nui ʻulaʻula. Ke noʻonoʻo nei i kona nui, noho ʻo Arcturus i kahi leo nui. ʻOi aku ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o 0,0005 ka mānoanoa o ka lā.

ʻO ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka waihoʻoluʻu o kahi hōkū e hoʻonui ana ma muli o ka hoʻoikaika ʻia ʻana o ka nucleus i kēia manawa e wela i kahi ʻāpana ili nui, e like me ka comet e hoʻāʻo ana e wela i hoʻokahi haneli manawa me ka mea puhi hoʻokahi. No laila, emi ka mahana o ka ʻili a ʻulaʻula nā hōkū. ʻO ke kukui ʻulaʻula e like me ka emi ʻana o ka mahana o ka ʻili ma kahi o 4000 Kelvin a emi mai paha. ʻOi aku ka pololei, ʻo ka mahana wela o Arcturus he 4.290 degere Kelvin. He ʻokoʻa ka spectrum o Arcturus mai ka Lā, akā like loa me ka spectrum o kahi lā. ʻO nā ʻāpana lā he mau ʻāpana "anu" o ka Lā, no laila ua hōʻoia kēia he hōkū ʻoluʻolu ʻo Arcturus.

Nā hiʻohiʻona Arcturus

nā hōkū hōkū

Ke ulu wikiwiki nei ka hoku, e hāʻawi liʻiliʻi ke kaomi o ka ʻomi ʻana i ke kumu, a laila e "pani" ke kikowaena o ka hōkū. Eia naʻe, ʻoi aku ka mālamalama o ka mālamalama mai Arcturus ma mua o ka mea i manaʻo ʻia. Pili kekahi poʻe, ʻo ia hoʻi, "hoʻāla hou ʻia" ka nucleus i kēia manawa ma ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka helium i loko o ke kalapona. ʻAe, me kēia precedent, ua ʻike mua mākou i ke kumu o ka puʻupuʻu o Arcturus: hoʻonui ka wela. Aneane 30 ka nui o Arcturus i ko ka la, a he mea kupanaha, ua aneane like kona nui me Astro Rey. Manaʻo kekahi poʻe ua piʻi wale ko lākou maikaʻi e 50%.

Ma ke kumumanaʻo, ʻaʻole e hōʻike ka hōkū e hana i ke kalapona mai ka helium i loko o kahi hopena hoʻohui nuklea e like me ka lā, akā e hoʻopuka ʻo Arcturus i nā kukui X palupalu. e hōʻike ana he lei aliʻi maʻalahi kona i alakaʻi ʻia e ka magnetism.

He hoku malihini

hoku a me ke kometa

Aia ʻo Arcturus i ka halo o ka Milky Way. ʻAʻole neʻe nā hōkū o ka halo i ka mokulele o ka Milky Way e like me ka lā, akā aia ko lākou mau ʻōpuni ma kahi mokulele hili nui me nā ala huʻihuʻi. E wehewehe paha kēia i kona neʻe wikiwiki ʻana i ka lewa. Hahai ka lā i ka huli ʻana o ka Milky Way, ʻaʻole ʻo Arcturus. Ua kuhikuhi kekahi ua hele mai paha ʻo Arcturus mai kahi galaxy ʻē aʻe a hui pū me ka Milky Way ma mua o 5 biliona makahiki i hala. Aia ma kahi o 52 mau hōkū ʻē aʻe ma nā ʻōpuni like me Arcturus. Ua kapa ʻia lākou ʻo "Arcturus group."

I kēlā me kēia lā, ke hoʻokokoke nei ʻo Arcturus i kā mākou ʻōnaehana solar, akā ʻaʻole kokoke mai. Ke hoʻokokoke nei ia ma kahi o 5 mau kilomika i kekona. ʻO ka hapalua miliona makahiki i hala aku nei, ʻo ia ke ono o ka nui o ka hōkū i ʻike ʻole ʻia, i kēia manawa ke neʻe nei ia i Virgo ma ka wikiwiki o 120 mau kilomika i kekona.

ʻO Bootes, ʻo El Boyero, he hui hōkū ʻākau maʻalahi, alakaʻi ʻia e ka hōkū ʻālohilohi loa o ka hōkū ʻo Ursa Major. Hiki i ka hapanui ke hoʻomaopopo i ke ʻano skillet i huki ʻia ma waena o ka iwi kuamoʻo a me ka huelo o ka Big Dipper. ʻO ka lima o kēia pā e kuhikuhi ana i ke kuhikuhi o Arcturus. ʻO ia ka hōkū ʻālohilohi loa ma ia ʻaoʻao. Ke manaʻoʻiʻo nei kekahi poʻe "makahiki hou" aia nā Arcturians, kahi lāhui malihini ʻenehana. Eia nō naʻe, inā he ʻōnaehana honua e hoʻopuni ana i kēia hōkū, inā ua ʻike ʻia i ka wā ma mua.

ʻO kekahi moʻolelo

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻo Arcturus i ka honua e like me ka lapalapa o ke kukui ma kahi mamao o 8 mau kilomita. Akā, mai poina iā mākou he 40 mau makahiki māmā mai iā mākou. Inā hoʻololi mākou i ka lā me Arcturus, e ʻike ko mākou mau maka iā ia he 113 manawa ʻoi aku ka māmā a e wela koke ko mākou ʻili. Inā hana ʻia me ka ʻulaʻula infrared ʻike mākou he 215 mau manawa ʻoi aku ka mālamalama ma mua o ka lā. I ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i kona ʻālohilohi holoʻokoʻa me kona ʻālohilohi (ka nui), ua manaʻo ʻia he 37 mau makahiki māmā mai ka Honua. Inā pili ka mahana o ka ʻili i ka nui o ka pāhawewe honua āna e hoʻopuka ai, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ke anawaena he 36 miliona mau kilomita, ʻo ia hoʻi he 26 mau manawa ka nui ma mua o ka Lā.

ʻO Arcturus ka hōkū mua i loaʻa i ka lā me ke kōkua o kahi telescope. ʻO Jean-Baptiste Morin ka mea kilo hōkū lanakila, ka mea nāna i hoʻohana i kahi telescope liʻiliʻi refracting i ka makahiki 1635. Hiki iā mākou ke hana hou i ka hoʻokolohua me ka akahele loa, me ka pale ʻana i nā koina āpau e kuhikuhi i ke telescope kokoke i ka lā. ʻO ʻOkakopa ka lā i ʻōlelo ʻia e hoʻāʻo ai i kēia hana.

I ka hiki ʻana mai i nā hōkū hope, kupaianaha ka neʻe ʻana o Arcturus - he arc o 2,29 iniha i kēlā me kēia makahiki. Ma waena o nā hōkū ʻālohilohi ʻO Alpha Centauri wale nō ka neʻe wikiwiki. ʻO ka mea mua i ʻike i ka neʻe ʻana o Arcturus ʻo Edmond Halley i ka makahiki 1718. ʻElua mau mea e hōʻike ai ka hōkū i ka neʻe ponoʻī koʻikoʻi: ʻo kona wikiwiki kiʻekiʻe maoli e pili ana i kona puni a me kona kokoke i kā mākou ʻōnaehana solar. Kūlike ʻo Arcturus i kēia mau kūlana ʻelua.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana iā Arcturus a me kāna mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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