Ke aniau Polar

ʻO ke Antarctica

Ua noʻonoʻo paha ʻoe pehea ke aniau polar? ʻIke mākou he anuanu loa ia, uhi ʻia ka ʻāina i ka hau no ka hapanui o ka makahiki, akā ... no ke aha mai kēia? He aha nā aniani kaulike a me nā palena nui i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i nā wahi kahi i loaʻa ai kēia ʻano aniau?

I kēia kūikawā e haʻi aku wau iā ʻoe nā mea āpau e pili ana i ka wā polar, ke anuanu ma laila ma ka Honua.

Nā ʻano o ke aniau polar

ʻO ke aniau Polar i ka arctic

Hoʻohālikelike ke ʻano o ka polar e ka loaʻa mau ʻana nā mahana ma lalo o 0ºC, hiki ke hōʻea a hiki i ka -93ºC (i ka Pole ʻĀkau), ʻoiai hiki mai nā kukuna o ka lā i hoʻohuli loa ʻia e pili ana i ka pae honua. Heʻuʻuku loa ka ua, haʻahaʻa ka haʻahaʻa o ka ua a pili ka makani me ka ikaika nui a hiki i 97km / h, no laila ke aneane hiki ʻole ke noho ma aneʻi (ʻoiai, e ʻike ai mākou ma lalo, aia kekahi mau holoholona a me nā mea kanu i hiki ke hoʻololi i kēia ʻano ʻenemi).

Mālamalama ka lā ma nā pou i nā malama ʻeono (puna a me ke kauwela). ʻIke ʻia kēia mau mahina e ka inoa o »Lā Polar». Akā i ka ʻeono ʻē aʻe (kau a me ka hoʻoilo) ua hūnā ia, ʻo ia ke kumu i ʻike ʻia ai ʻo »Po Polar".

Laʻana o ka pakuhi aniani polar

ʻO Climograph o Svalbard, pae ʻāina e kū ana i ka Arctic Glacial Ocean

ʻO Climograph o Svalbard, pae ʻāina e kū ana i ka Arctic Glacial Ocean

I mea e ʻike maopopo ai i ke ʻano o ke aniau polar i kēia mau ʻāpana o ka honua, e lawe i ka climograph o Svalbard ma ke ʻano he laʻana, kahi pae ʻāina ia ma ka Arctic Glacial Ocean. ʻO ʻAukake ka mahina haʻahaʻa, e hāʻule ana ma kahi o 25mm, a ʻo Mei ka maloʻo loa, e hāʻule ana ma kahi o 15mm; ʻo ka wela ʻo Iune, me ka mahana o 6-7ºC, a ʻo Ianuali i anuanu loa, me -16ºC.

Aia ma hea ia?

Nā ʻĀpana Pohō Polar

Ma ka Honua Honua he ʻelua mau wahi anuanu nui, ma waena o 65º a me 90º latitu ʻākau a me ka hema, ʻo ia nā Pole ʻĀkau a me ka Pole Hema. I ka mua, loaʻa iā mākou ka Arctic Circle, a i ka lua, ʻo ka Antarctic Circle. Akā i nā wahi mauna kiʻekiʻe ʻē aʻe, e like me ka piko o ka Himalayas, nā Andes a i ʻole nā ​​kuahiwi o Alaska, aia ke aniau i like loa me ka polar, ʻo ia ke kumu i hoʻokomo pinepine ʻia ai lākou i nā hōʻike ʻāina o ke aniau polar.

Nā ʻano o ke aniau polar

ʻOiai paha mākou e noʻonoʻo aia hoʻokahi wale nō ʻano o ke aniau polar, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua māhele ʻia i ʻelua:

  • Tundra: ʻo ia kahi e ulu nui ʻole ai nā mea kanu; ʻo ka hapa nui he mauʻu pōkole. Ke hoʻokokoke aku nei mākou i nā pōʻai polar, ʻike mākou i kahi ākea me ka ʻole o nā flora. Noho nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona like ʻole ma aneʻi, e like me ka polar bear.
  • Ice a i ʻole glacial: pili i ke kiʻekiʻe ma mua o 4.700m. Haʻahaʻa loa ka mahana: ma lalo mau 0 kekelē.

Ka aniau ma Antarctica

Nā Icebergs

Loa, haʻahaʻa loa haʻahaʻa waiwai i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma Antarctica. Aia ke aniau tundra ma nā wahi kai a ma ka penikala Antarctic, a ʻo ka awelika o ka mahana ma ke kauwela he 0 kekelē, a i ka hoʻoilo hiki ke emi i ka -83ºC, a ʻoi aku. ʻO ka mahana maʻamau o kēlā me kēia makahiki ʻo -17ºC.

ʻAʻole loaʻa ia i ka nui o ka pāhawewe lā, a, a i 90% o ia e hōʻike ʻia e ka hau, pēlā e pale ai i ka ʻili mai ka hoʻomehana ʻana. No kēia kumu, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Antarctica "ka Pahu Hau o ka Honua."

Ka aniau i ka Arctic

ʻĀina ʻo Arctic

ʻO ke aniau i ka Arctic ka mea nui loa, akā ʻaʻole like keu me ka Antarctic. Anuanu loa ʻo Winters, me nā mahana e hiki ke hāʻule i -45ºC, a i -68ºC. I ke kauwela, he ʻeono a he ʻumi paha pule ka lōʻihi, ʻoi aku ka ʻoluʻolu o ka mahana ma 10ºC.

Haahaa loa ka haʻahaʻa, koe wale nō i ke kauwela ma nā kahakai. ʻO ke anuanu ke koena o ka makahiki he anuanu loa, a aneane pau ʻole ka wai. Pēlā nō, ua nui ka ua, ʻoiai ma ka hoʻoilo.

Polar flora

Moss i ka ʻāina polar

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka flora polar e ka liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi. Pā ka makani me ka ikaika nui, no laila he mea nui e noho kokoke i ka honua i hiki. Akā ʻaʻole maʻalahi ia, ʻoiai ke anuanu ia i ka hana a puni ka makahiki. No laila, ʻaʻole hiki i nā lāʻau ke ola, no laila ua kolone ʻia ka ʻāina liʻiliʻi e hiki ai i nā mea kanu ke noho limu, lichens y ʻōpala.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā mea kanu i ka tundra, ʻoiai i nā wao keʻokeʻo o nā wahi glacial ʻaʻole kūpono nā kūlana no ke ola.

ʻ .kapa Polar

ʻAlopex lagopus

Hōʻike ʻia ka polar fauna e kahi makemake nui e pale iā ia iho mai ke anuanu nui. No ka hoʻokō ʻana i kēia, ua lawe lākou i nā ʻano like ʻole, e laʻa me: aia kekahi e loaʻa ana i kahi kapa komo lahilahi a hōʻiliʻili hoʻi i ka momona subcutaneile; aia kekahi poʻe e kūkulu i nā tunnels a i ʻole nā ​​ala honua, a aia kekahi e makemake e neʻe.

Ma waena o nā moʻo nui i koho ʻia i loaʻa iā mākou kūleʻa polar, ʻo ia ka holoholona nui māmela ma ka Arctic, ka lobo'O bipi musk, a i ole kao hau. Aia kekahi mau holoholona wai, e like me kikoʻi, ʻOlflio ʻīlio kai, a i ʻole nā ​​manō, e like me ka ʻO Somniosus microcephalus hānai i nā bea kau.

A me kēia e pau mākou. He aha kou manaʻo no ka ʻike o ke aniau polar?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   wendy ana gonzalez ia

    ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa mahalo

  2.   Sara ia

    He mea kupaianaha kēia i hiki iaʻu ke kiʻi i nā mea āpau e pono ai

  3.   M ia

    ʻOluʻolu akā ʻaʻole ia ka mea aʻu e ʻimi nei.