Nā aniau o ka honua

nā aniau a me nā meteorology

Ma kā mākou honua he nui nā ʻano o nā aniau like ʻole e kaukaʻi ʻia i kahi a mākou e ʻike ai i ko lākou ʻano. ʻO ka aniau honua Hiki iā lākou ke hoʻokaʻawale e like me kā lākou mahana, nā mea kanu a me nā hanana meteorological e kū nei. Aia kekahi mau mea e noʻonoʻo ai i kēia hoʻohālikelike ʻana, no laila pono e aʻo hohonu ʻia kēlā me kēia o lākou.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe i nā ʻano nui o ka honua a he aha ko lākou ʻano.

Nā aniau o ka honua

aniau honua

Hiki ke ho'ākāka ʻia ke aniau ma ke ʻano he set of variable states i kū mau i ka manawa. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole ʻoe e ʻike i kekahi mea me kēia ʻōlelo. E wehewehe maikaʻi mākou i ka hohonu. ʻO nā loli meteorological ka mahana, ka ua (ʻo ka ua a me ka hau paha), nā ʻino, ka makani, kaomi o ka lewa, etc. ʻĀ, he waiwai nā pūʻulu o kēia mau loli āpau i ka makahiki kalena.

Hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā waiwai āpau o nā loli meteorological a hiki ke kālailai no ka mea pili mau lākou i ka paepae like. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma Andalusia ʻaʻohe wela i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma lalo -30 kekelē. ʻO kēia no ka mea ʻaʻole kūlike kēia mau helu wela i ke aniau Mediterranean. Ke hōʻiliʻili ʻia i nā ʻikepili āpau, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ke aniau i nā ʻāpana e pili ana i kēia mau waiwai. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka pou kūkulu ʻākau e nā anuanu anu, nā makani ikaika, ka ua i ke ʻano o ka hau, etc. Ua kapa ʻia kēia mau hiʻohiʻona he aniau polar.

Ka hoʻākāka ʻana o nā anilā o ka honua

mahele hoʻokaʻawale kino koppen

ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ke aniau o ka Honua e like me nā loli meteorological i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna, akā pili pū kekahi mau kumu ʻē aʻe, e like me ke kiʻekiʻe a me ka latitu a i ʻole ka mamao o kahi e pili ana i ka moana. I ka hoʻohālikelike e hiki mai ana, e hoʻomaopopo ākea mākou i nā ʻano o ke anilā e kū nei a me nā ʻano o kēlā me kēia aniau. Eia kekahi, i kēlā me kēia ʻano macroclimate, aia kekahi mau subtypes kikoʻī kikoʻī e lawelawe i nā wahi liʻiliʻi.

Nā wahi mehana

Kuhi ʻia kēia mau anilā e nā mahana wela. ʻO ka mahana maʻamau o ka makahiki ma kahi o 20 kekelē a aia wale nō nā ʻokoʻa nui ma waena o nā kau. ʻO lākou nā wahi o nā nāhelehele a me nā ululāʻau, me ka wela kiʻekiʻe a i nā manawa he nui, ua nui. Aia nā ʻano subtypes ʻokoʻa o nā anilā wela. E kālailai ana mākou i nā ʻano o lākou:

  • Ke aniau Equatorial. E like me ka ʻōlelo a kona inoa, he aniau e puni ana i ka equator. Nui ka ua i loko o ka makahiki, kiʻekiʻe ka mahana, a wela mau ke ea. Hoʻolahalaha ʻia lākou ma ka moku ʻo Amazon, Central Africa, Indonesia, Madagascar a me ka Yucatan Peninsula.
  • Ke aniau pākea. Ua like ia me ke aniau i hala, koe wale no a hiki i nā wahi kai o Cancer a me Capricorn. ʻO ka ʻokoʻa wale nō ka lawa o ka ua ma aneʻi i ke kauwela wale nō. Hiki ke loaʻa ma ka Caribbean, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, kekahi mau ʻāpana o ʻAmelika Hema, Hikina Hema ʻo ʻAsia, ʻāpana o Australia, Polinesia, a me Bolivia.
  • Ke aniau subtropical mānoanoa. ʻO kēia aniau kahi ākea o nā mahana a me nā ua i loli i loko o ka makahiki. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ke komohana hema o ʻAmelika Hema, komohana hema o ʻApelika, nā ʻāpana o ʻAmelika Hema, ke kikowaena o Australia, a me ka Hikina Waena.
  • Waonahele a me ka wao akua. Kuhi ʻia kēia aniau e nā kiʻekiʻe wela ma loko o ka makahiki, a ʻike maopopo ʻia ka ʻokoʻa o ka mahana ma waena o ke ao a me ka pō. ʻAʻohe hiki i kahi wai ʻūlū, nāhelehele nā ​​mea kanu a me nā holoholona e like me ka ua. Hoʻolahalaha ʻia lākou ma Central Asia, Mongolia, Midwest o ʻAmelika Hema a me ʻApelika Waena.

Nā aniau mahana

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia lākou e ka awelika mahana ma kahi o 15 kekelē. I kēia mau anilā, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike he ʻano nui nā kau o ka makahiki. ʻIke mākou ua māhele ʻia ia ma waena o nā latitu waena 30 a 70 degere mai ka latitu. Loaʻa iā mākou nā subtypes e hiki mai ana.

  • ʻO ke aniau Mediterranean. Ma waena o kāna ʻano nui, ʻike mākou he maloʻo a hoʻomālamalama ke kauwela, ʻoiai ua ka hoʻoilo. Hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa iā ia ma ke Kaiwaenahonua, Kaleponi, ka hema o ʻApelika Hema a me ke komohana hema o Australia.
  • ʻĀina Pākē. He cyclones tropical kēia aniau a anuanu loa.
  • Ke ani ani moana. He ʻano ia i loaʻa ma nā kahakai āpau. Ma lalo o nā kūlana maʻamau, nui mau nā ao a me ka ua, ʻoiai ʻaʻohe o lākou mau mahana wela i ka hoʻoilo a i ʻole ke kauwela. Aia ia ma kahakai Pākīpika, Nūhōlani, a me nā ʻāpana o Chile a me ʻAtenitina.
  • Ke aniau Continental. ʻO kēia ke aniau i loko. Kū lākou i nā wahi i kahakai ʻole. No kēia kumu, e wela lākou a e anuanu hoʻi ma mua no ka mea ʻaʻohe kai ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻoponopono wela. Hoʻolahalaha nui ʻia kēia aniau ma Central Europe a me Kina, ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻo Alaska a me Kanada.

Nā anuanu anuanu

I kēia mau kūlana anilā, ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ka nui o ka mahana ma mua o 10 kekelē Celsius, a e nui ka ua ma ke ʻano o ka hau a me ka hau.

  • Ke aniau Polar. ʻO ke aniau maʻamau kēia ma nā koʻi o ka Honua. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia e nā mahana haʻahaʻa loa i loko o ka makahiki, a no ka paʻahau mau o ka honua, ʻaʻohe mea kanu.
  • Ke aniau Alpine. Aia ia ma nā wahi kuahiwi kiʻekiʻe āpau, a ʻike ʻia e ka ua nui a hoʻemi ke ana wela me ke kiʻekiʻe.

ʻO ka mea nui o ka waiū

aniau wela

He mea nui ka Humidity i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hiki o ke kaiaolaola e hoʻokipa i nā ʻano like ʻole e like me ke aniau. I ke aniau maloʻo emi ka ua i ka makahiki ma mua o ka evapotranspiration hiki makahiki. ʻO lākou ke aniau o nā lau nahele a me nā wao akua.

E hoʻoholo inā maloʻo ke aniau, loaʻa iā mākou kahi paepae pae i mm. E hoʻomaulia i ka paepae, hoʻonui mākou i ka mahana o ka mahana ma 20, a laila hoʻohui inā 70% a ʻoi paha o ka ua i hāʻule i ke kau kahi 280 ka lā. ʻO ke kiʻekiʻe (ʻApelila a Kepakemapa i ka hemisphere ʻākau, ʻOkakopa a Malaki i ka hemisphere hema), a i ʻole 140 mau manawa (inā ʻo ka ua i kēlā manawa ma waena o 30% a me 70% o ka heluna heleleʻi), a i ʻole 0 mau manawa (inā aia ka manawa ma waena o 30% a me 70%) ʻOi aku ka uahi ma mua o 30% o ka nui o ka ua.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, nui nā ʻano o ka honua i ke ola. Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā aniani ʻokoʻa o ka honua, he aha ko lākou ʻano a me ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.