Robert hooke

Robert hooke

Robert hooke He ʻepekema nui ʻo ia i hāʻawi i nā manaʻo he nui a me nā holomua i ka ʻepekema. He kanaka akeakamai maoli kekahi. He loea ʻo ia no ka geometry a he ana ma ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Ladana, ʻEnelani. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia no kāna mau kōkua nui i ka physics, microscopy, biology a me ka hoʻolālā hale. Ua haku ʻo ia i nā mea kani e like me ka thermometer ʻona, hygrometer, anemometer a me nā mea kani ʻē aʻe, kahi waiwai nui i ka ʻepekema a me ke kanaka.

Ma kēia kūlana e huakaʻi mākou i ka wā i hala e aʻo e pili ana i ka biography a me nā hana a Robert Hooke i hana ai i loko o kona ola. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o kēia ʻepekema no ka honua o ka ʻepekema? Eia mākou e wehewehe ai i nā mea āpau iā ʻoe ma ke kikoʻī 🙂

Ke ola a me ka make ʻana o Robert Hooke

Westminster

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo ia ma Iulai 18, 1635. ʻO ia ka hope o nā kaikaina ʻehā, ʻelua keikikāne a ʻelua mau kaikamahine. ʻLelo ʻia he wā mehameha a kaumaha loa kona wā kamaliʻi, ua ʻeha ʻo ia i ka ʻeha mau o ke poʻo a me nā ʻeha o ka ʻōpū, i pale iā ia mai ka pāʻani maʻamau me nā keiki o kona mau makahiki. ʻO kēlā mehameha e like me ke kamaliʻi e hoʻokani iā ​​ia me ka inventiveness a me ka noʻonoʻo nui. Ua hana ʻo ia i nā sundial, nā mīkini wili wai, nā moku hiki ke kī ʻia nā pōkā, ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo ia i kahi uaki keleawe a kūkulu hou iā ia i ka wahie, e hana kūpono ana.

I kona wā ʻōpio ʻo Hooke kekahi o nā Papa himeni o ka hale pule o ka Hale Pule Nui o ka Diocese o Oxford (Ke Kulanui Ekalesiaʻo Christ). ʻO kēia au ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu iā Hooke i kona makemake i ka ʻepekema. Ua hoihoi ʻo ia i nā hana mālama like ʻole i hana ʻia, ʻoiai ua manaʻo ʻo ia ua hoʻoweliweli ʻia lākou e ka mea pale.

ʻO nā hālāwai o nā ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, akeakamai, a me ka ʻike nui i mālama ʻia ma ke Kula ʻo Westminster, no laila ua hele ʻo Robert i ka hapa nui o lākou. ʻOiai e hana ana nā hoa papa i nā hana pāʻani, ua kia ʻo Hooke i ka hana i kahi ola. Ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana ma ke ʻano he kōkua kōkua anatomy kemika. Ma hope he mea kōkua limahana ia. I kēlā manawa, 1658, ua hoʻokō ʻia ke kūkulu ʻana o kahi pauma ea a i ʻole "machina boyleana", ma muli o Ralph Greatorex, ka mea a Hooke i manaʻo ai he "Nui loa no nā hana nui".

He mākaukau loa ʻo ia no ka makemakika. Ma hope o kāna mau hana he nui ua ʻike ʻia kona pono a ua koi ʻia ʻo ia no ke kūlana mua o ka luna o ka Royal Society o Ladana. Koi ʻia kēia kūlana i ke ʻano he ʻepekema hoʻokolohua nui loa. Ua hāʻawi ʻo Robert Hooke i ka manawa piha i kāna mau papahana.

Hope loa i hala ma Malaki 3, 1703 ma ke kūlanakauhale o Ladana. Ua hāʻawi ka Royal Society of London iā ia i kahi hoʻokupu nui no nā hana āpau a mākou e ʻike ai ma lalo.

Nā mea i ʻike

ʻO nā mea āpau e pili ana iā Robert Hooke

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Hooke i kahi ʻāpana o kāna manawa e hana pū ana me Boyle lāua ʻo Boyle i kahi misionari iā ia e hoʻolālā a kūkulu i kahi pauma i hiki ke kaomi i ka ea e hana i kahi hawewe. Ua hoʻolilo lākou i mau makahiki i ke aʻo ʻana i ka ʻepekema o nā kinoea a hiki i ka loaʻa ʻana iā lākou. ʻO kāna ʻike mua ka paipu ea.

Me kēia pauma ka lahilahi o ka lewa a me nā hopena a lākou i ʻike ai i nā manawa he nui. Mahalo i kēia pauma, ke kumumanaʻo o ke Kānāwai Kinoea. I loko o kēia kānāwai hiki ke hōʻoia pehea ka likelika o ka nui o ke kinoea i ka kaomi i loaʻa iā ia.

Capillarity

Na Robert Hooke i hana

ʻO kekahi o kāna mea i ʻike ai he capillarity. Hana ʻo ia me ka liu o ka wai a me nā wai ʻē aʻe ma o nā paipu aniani lahilahi. I kēia mau hoʻokolohua ua ʻike ʻia ka pili o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka wai i ka anawaena o ka paipu. ʻIke ʻia kēia i kēia lā ʻo capillarity.

Ua paʻi ʻia kēia mea i ʻike nui ʻia i kāna hana "Micrography." Mahalo i kēia mau hana i hiki iā ia ke loaʻa ke kūlana o Curator ma ka Royal Society of London.

Nā kelekema a me ke kumumanaʻo paʻa

Mahalo i ka microscope, ua ʻike ʻo Hooke he ʻāpana liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi ka polyork cork e like me ka meli. Ua kapa ʻia kēlā me kēia lua he cell. ʻO ka mea āna i ʻike ʻole ai ka mea nui e loaʻa i kēia mau hunaola i ke kumukānāwai o nā mea ola.

A ʻo ia ʻo Robert e kiaʻi nei nā hunaola mea kanu make i kahi ʻano polygonal. Ma hope o kekahi mau makahiki, e ʻike ʻia ke kinona o nā mea ola ma muli o ka nānā ʻana ma lalo o ka microscope.

ʻO kekahi mea i ʻike ʻia he mahalo i ka ʻike i loaʻa iā ia e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā keena. I ke kenekulia XNUMX, me ka ʻike i hāʻawi ʻia e Robert Hooke, hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia nā postulate o ke kumumanaʻo pūnaewele:

  • Hana ʻia nā mea ola āpau i nā pūnaewele a me kā lākou huahana.
  • ʻO nā pūnaewele nā ​​anakahi o ka hanana a me ka hana.
  • Hele mai nā pūnaewele āpau mai nā pūnaewele i loaʻa mua. Ua hoʻohui ʻia kēia ma 1858 e Virchow.

I ka hopena o kēia kenekulia, ua hōʻike ʻia nā noiʻi aʻe e hiki i nā hunaola ke hāʻawi iā mākou i ke kumu a me ke kumu o nā maʻi he nui. ʻO ka manaʻo kēia inā maʻi ka mea no ka mea he maʻi ko loko kahi maʻi.

Honua honua

Uranus

Eia kekahi ʻo ia ke kuleana no ka ʻike ʻana i ka honua Uranus. E hana i kēia, ke nānā nei ʻo ia i nā kometa a hoʻolaʻa iā ia iho i ka hana ʻana i nā manaʻo e pili ana i ka umekaumaha. Pono nā mea hana e ana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka lā a me nā hōkū i hana ʻia e ia. Hāʻawi kēia mau mea āpau i kahi holomua nui i ka ʻepekema a me ka nānā ʻana i waho.

Kumumanaʻo neʻe planet

Buke a Hooke

ʻAʻole wale ʻo ia i ʻike i ka honua Uranus akā ua hana ʻo ia i ka Theory of Planetary Motion. Ua hiki iā ia ke hoʻokumu iā ia mai kahi pilikia mekanika. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia i nā loina o ka hoʻokipa ākea, ma waena o nā postulate ikaika ka mea e heluhelu ana: neʻe nā kino āpau i kahi laina pololei, ke ʻole lākou e hoʻopili ʻia e kekahi ikaika, e neʻe kēia iā lākou, ma ke ʻano o kahi pōʻai, ellipse a olelonane.

Ua hōʻoia ua loaʻa i nā kino āpau ka ikaika o ka umekaumaha ma kā lākou axis a i ʻole kikowaena e pili ai lākou i ka nui o nā kino lani kokoke. ʻO ke kokoke loa o mākou i nā kino lani ʻē aʻe, ʻo ka nui o kēia ikaika o ka hoʻohihi e hoʻopili iā mākou. Eia kekahi, ua hoʻāʻo e nānā i kēlā ke neʻe nei ka Honua i kahi ellipse a puni ka Lā.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, ua hana ʻo Robert Hooke i kahi mau holomua i ka ʻepekema a ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻopoina ʻia kona inoa.


E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.