Pele lua ʻo Popocatepetl

Pele lua ʻo Popocatepetl

Ma muli o kona kumu Nahuatl, ʻo kona inoa ʻo "mauna puhi", no kona kiʻekiʻe ʻo ia ka piko kiʻekiʻe loa ma Mekiko ma hope o Pico de Orizaba, a ma muli o kona kokoke ʻana i kekahi mau kūlanakauhale, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo Mekikoka kekahi o nā lua pele weliweli loa ma ka. honua. . Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ʻo "Don Goyo" a i ʻole "Popo". ʻO ka Popocatepetl lua pele he lua pele stratovolcano a i ʻole ka lua pele hui. Ua wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he lua pele ikaika, ʻo ia ka lua pele ʻoi loa ma Mekiko. Aia ia ma nā mokuʻāina ʻo Puebla, Morelos a me Mekiko, ma ka hema o Mexico City, ma kahi panalāʻau ʻāina i kapa ʻia ʻo New Volcanic Axis a i ʻole Transversal Volcanic Axis, kahi kaulahao o nā lua pele e pili ana me Ixtacihuatl, Paricutín a me Nevada de Toluca, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i ka lua pele Popocatépetl, kona kumu, nā pele a me ka pōʻino.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

Pele lua pele

ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona he aneane symmetrical, e uhi ana i kahi ʻāpana o 283192.53 ʻeka a me kahi kiʻekiʻe o 5426 mika. He lua lua kona ano oval me na paia pali, 150 mika ka hohonu mai ka lehelehe lalo, he anawaena. ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o 900 mika a me ka laulā āpau o 400 x 600 mika.

Aia ka ʻāina o ka ʻāina a puni ʻo Popocatepetl i nā ʻano kaiaola like ʻole me ka nui o nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona. Aia nā ululāʻau hui o nā pine, nā ʻoka a me nā ʻoka holm, kahi a hiki i 1.000 mau ʻano mea kanu e noho pū ana. I loko o ka cone, ma kahi kokoke i ka waha, aia nā glaciers i emi iho i nā makahiki i hala.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka lua pele Popocatepetl

He lua pele ʻōpiopio ʻo Popocatépetl. Ua manaʻo ʻia aia ma kahi o 730.000 mau makahiki a ʻo ia ke koena o ka hāʻule ʻana o ka lua pele kahiko. Hoʻomaka kona mōʻaukala me ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka lua pele ʻo Nexpayantla ma o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o nā kahe pele o andesite a me dacite. Ma hope o nā makahiki he nui, ua hāʻule ka lua pele, i hana ʻia he caldera, kahi ākea hohonu hohonu me kahi keʻena pelemaka ma lalo.

A laila hiki mai ka cone o kahi lua pele hou, ʻo Ventorillo, akā hāʻule ia ma kahi o 23.000 mau makahiki aku nei. Ma hope mai, ua hoʻomaka ka lua pele ʻo El Fraile e ʻike ʻia, akā ma hope o kekahi manawa ua hāʻule pū ʻo ia ma muli o kahi pele ikaika, a ma hope iho ua luku ʻia ka ʻaoʻao hema o ka cone.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Popocatépetl o kēia manawa ma ka Late Pleistocene-Holocene, mahope iho o ka hiolo ana o El Fraile. Ua ulu mālie ka cone Don Goyo i ka nui nui, akā ua hoʻopuka i kahi pele ikaika i hāʻule i kekahi ʻaoʻao o ka cone a hoʻopuka i ka nui o ka sediment e uhi ana i ka ʻili. Ma ka liʻiliʻi he 4 mau avalanches i hāʻawi i ka cone hou.

Ka pele o Popocatepetl

lua pele popocatepetl

He lua pele andesite-dacite ia. Mai ka waena o Holocene, 3 mau pele pele Plinian nui; ʻO ka mea hope loa i hana ʻia i ka makahiki 800 AD C. Ua manaʻo ʻia ua ʻoi aku ma mua o ka hapalua miliona mau makahiki, a ʻo kona mōʻaukala pele.

Ua hoʻopaʻa ka poʻe Aztec i nā hanana he nui i kā lākou code, e like me ka mea i hana ʻia i ka makahiki 1509 AD, i hoʻokomo ʻia ma Telleriano-Remensis a me ka Vatican Codex. Ua hoʻomaka ka lua pele i ka makahiki 1519 a ua piʻi ka piko i ka makahiki 1530. Ma waena o 1539 a me 1549, aia nā pele pahū haʻahaʻa i hoʻokuʻu i ka pumice mai loko mai o ka Honua.

I loko o ke kenekulia 1947, ua loaʻa kekahi mau pelekane haʻahaʻa a ikaika loa, ʻo ka hope ka mea poina loa i ka makahiki 1994. I ka makahiki XNUMX, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ke kinoea a me ka lehu i koi aku i nā kamaʻāina kokoke e haʻalele i ko lākou mau home no ka palekana. He wahi koʻikoʻi kēia no ka ʻoi aku o 25 miliona mau kānaka e noho ana i loko o kahi radius o 100 mau kilomita mai ka lua pele, ʻoi loa no ka poʻe kokoke i 325 i noho i loko o kahi radius o 5 mau kilomita.

I ka makahiki 2000, ua pele nui ka pele i 1200 makahiki. Ma ka la 18 a me ka la 19 o Kekemapa o ia makahiki, ua luai nui ia i na mea incandescent i ekolu manawa, a ma ka la 24 o Dekemaba, ua luai ia i ka opala ma kahi o 2,5 mau kilomita ka loa a ua hua mai ka lehu ma kahi o 5 mau kilomita ke kiekie. ʻO Don Goyo ka hana e like me ka wā ma mua, me nā exhalations i kekahi manawa a me nā puʻupuʻu haʻahaʻa.

Nā huakaʻi

lua pele o Mekiko

ʻO kahi o nā wahi maikaʻi loa e nānā ai i ka lua pele ʻo ia ʻo Paso de Cortés, kahi ala ma 3600 mika kiʻekiʻe e hoʻonui ana ma waena o nā wāwae o ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Iztaccíhuatl a me Popocatépetl ma ke kaona ʻo Amecameca. Ua kapa ʻia kēia wahi ma muli o ka conquistador Hernán Cortés, e like me ka moolelo i hele aku ma laila i kona hiki ana i Tenochtitlán.

Hiki ke kūʻai ʻia nā tiketi no ke komo ʻana i ka Izta-Popo National Park, a i nā lā maopopo hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike iā La Malinche a me Pico de Orizaba ma kahi mamao. ʻO Paso de Cortés ka wahi hoʻomaka a hiki i La Joya (3950 masl), mai kahi e haʻalele ai ka poʻe piʻi no ka lua pele ʻo Iztaccíhuatl. ʻO ka puka komo i ka Izta-Popo National Park he 30.50 MXN.

Kaao o ka lua pele Popocatépetl

ʻO kēia ka ʻāina e hoʻonani ai i kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale nui loa o ka honua: Mexico City, home no ʻelua o nā lua pele kiʻekiʻe loa o ka ʻāina: Iztaccíhuatl a me Popocatepetl.

ʻO ka mea kākau a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo Mexican ʻo Carlos Villa Roiz i haʻi i kāna puke Popocatépetl i ka wā kamaliʻi, i ka wā i hōʻea ai nā Aztecs i nā awāwa o Mexico, ua hānau ʻia ka Tenochtitlan nui, a ʻo ke kaikamahine aliʻi maikaʻi ʻo Mixtli ke kaikamahine a Tizoc. Mekiko). He wahine nani ʻo Mixtli i ʻimi ʻia e nā kāne he nui, ʻo ia hoʻi ʻo Axooxco, ka mea hoʻokahe koko ʻino nāna i hoʻolaha i ka lima o ke Kamāliʻiwahine. Akā, aia ka puʻuwai o ke kaikamahine i kekahi o nā koa maikaʻi loa o ke kauhale, he koa i kapa ʻia ʻo Popoka. Ua hōʻike lāua i ke aloha palena ʻole.

I ka hana ʻana i kuʻikahi me ka makua kāne o ke aliʻi wahine, ua hakakā ʻo Popoca no ka lanakila ʻana i ka inoa ʻo Eagle Knight, no laila hāʻawi i ka lima o Mistry iā Aksoko. E mālama pono i ka ʻōlelo hoʻohiki a Mistry a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. I ka wā i komo ai ʻo Popoca, ua ʻike ʻo Mistry i kāna poʻe hakakā e pio ana a make i ke kaua.

Hoʻopilikia ʻia e ke kaumaha no ka make ʻana o kāna mea aloha. Ua lawe ʻo Mixtli i kona ola ponoʻī me ka ʻike ʻole e hoʻi lanakila ana ʻo Popoca. mamua o ka hiki ole o kona aloha. Ua hakakā ʻo Popoca me nā haneli haneli no nā makahiki. Ma hope mai, ua hoʻi lanakila ʻo Popoka a ʻike i kāna mea aloha i make. ʻO ke koa lanakila i kēia manawa he lanakila, ka waiwai, a me ka mana, akā ʻaʻohe aloha.

Lalau aku la ka samurai i ke kupapau o ke Alii wahine, a kauoha aku la e kukulu ia i halekupapau nui maluna o ka puu nui e ku pono ana i ka la, a ua hoahuia na puu he umi kahi e waiho ai ke kupapau e waiho ana iloko o ka halekupapau.

Manaʻolana wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka lua pele Popocatépetl a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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