Mesozoic wā: nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike

Mesozoic

I ʻike i nā mea āpau e pili ana iā ia Precambrian eon, neʻe mākou i mua i ka manawa e kipa ai ka Mesozoic. Mamuli o na kuhikuhi ana o manawa kālaihonua, ʻo ka Mesozoic kahi wā i ʻike ʻia e like me ke au o nā dinosaurs. Loaʻa iā ia ʻekolu mau manawa i kapa ʻia ʻo Triassic, Jurassic a me Cretaceous. I kēia au, ua hana ʻia nā hanana he nui ma ka honua Honua a mākou e ʻike kikoʻī ai i loko o kēia pou.

Makemake ʻoe e ʻike i nā mea āpau i hana ʻia ma Mesozoic? E hoʻomau wale ʻoe i ka heluhelu ʻana.

Hō'ike

ʻO Jurassic wā

Ua kū ka Mesozoic ma waena o kahi 245 miliona mau makahiki a hala a 65 miliona mau makahiki i hala. Ua hala kēia wā ma kahi o 180 miliona mau makahiki. I loko o kēia manawa ua hoʻomohala ʻia nā vertebrates, ʻokoʻa, a lanakila i nā wahi āpau o ka Honua.

Mahalo i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o nā manaʻo ʻelima, ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi hōʻike hou o ka evolution o ka mea. Me kēia e hoʻomaka ai ka ulu ʻana o nā mea ola ma ke ʻano he pae holomua nui. ʻO ka lolo ka lālā e hāʻawi i ka hoʻomohala nui loa i ka mōʻaukala.

Lilo ka nucleus o nā hunaola i ke kikowaena a me ke kikowaena hoʻokipa no nā ʻike āpau. Manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka lolo o nā hunaola, akā hoʻomaka kekahi e ʻōlelo no ka lolo i ka iʻa. I kēia manawa e ulu ana ka hopena o nā amphibians, nā mea kolo, nā manu a me nā mea hānai manu kahi e ulu nei ka lolo a hoʻomaʻamaʻa e mālama i ka nui o ka ʻike.

I kēia au e hoʻomaka nei nā ʻāinapuniʻole a me nā mokupuni i ʻākoakoa ma Pangea e hōʻike iki i ko lākou helehelena. ʻAʻole kū nā neʻe orogenic nui a kūpaʻa ke aniau, wela a wela. ʻO kēia ke kumu i hōʻea ai nā mea kolo i kahi hoʻomohala kupaianaha a hiki i ka lae o nā dinosaurs. ʻO ka nui o kēia mau holoholona he nunui a, no ka nui loa o lākou, ua ʻike ʻia ka Mesozoic ʻo ka Age of Reptiles.

Nā mea kolo a me nā dinosaurs

Hoʻolālā Dinosaur

Ua aʻo kekahi o nā mea kolo e lele. Pono e ʻōlelo ʻia, e like me nā au a me nā wā āpau, ua luku ʻia nā hui nui o nā holoholona e like me trilobites, graptolites a me nā iʻa koa.

I kekahi ʻaoʻao, ua hoʻohou ʻia ka flora a me nā holoholona. ʻO nā gymnosperms (nā mea kanu vascular i hana i nā ʻanoʻano akā nele nā ​​pua) i ʻike ʻia. Ua hoʻoneʻe kēia mau mea kanu i nā ferns. I ka hopena o ke Au, ua ʻike ʻia nā mea kanu i kapa ʻia angiosperms. ʻO lākou nā mea kanu vascular i ulu nui loa i loaʻa kahi ovary a me nā ʻanoʻano i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko. Eia kekahi, he pua a me nā hua ko lākou.

He hopena maikaʻi loa kēia lele lele nui i ka ola holoholona, ​​ʻoiai ʻo nā mea kanu ke kumu nui o ka meaʻai a me ke ola no ka hapanui o lākou. ʻO nā angiosperms kekahi mea mālama i nā kānaka, ʻoiai ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kanu a puni ka honua e hele mai nei.

ʻO nā mea nui ʻo nā mea kolo a i kapa ʻia hoʻi ʻo dinosaur ka mea i hoʻomalu i ka honua a me ka lewa no nā makahiki miliona. ʻO lākou nā holoholona ulu nui. Ua hele mai kona hopena me ka luku hope loa o ka Mesozoic. I kēia luku nui ʻia, ua nalowale nā ​​hui nui o nā invertebrates.

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, ua māhele ʻia ka wā Mesozoic i ʻekolu mau manawa: Triassic, Jurassic, a me Cretaceous. E ʻike kikoʻī kākou i kēlā me kēia.

Manawa Triassic

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Pangea

Lawe ʻia i kahi 245 a 213 miliona mau makahiki. I loko o kēia wā ua hānau ʻia nā amonoid mua. Ke hōʻike ʻia nei nā dinosaurs a ʻano ʻokoʻa. Ma kahi o 230 miliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei, ua hiki i nā pūhaka kolo ke hoʻololi i ka heihei wikiwiki loa. Eia hou, ma kahi o 205 miliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei i puka mai ai nā pterosaurs mua (nā mea kolo lele).

Kaha ka Triassic i ka hiʻona o nā māmela ʻoiaʻiʻo a me nā manu mua. Ua kū aʻe nā manu mai karnivorous, light, bipedal dinosaurs. Ua hiki i nā dinosaur ke hoʻokuʻu i ka lewa a lanakila i ka lewa. No kēia mea, hoʻololi loli ʻia ka forelimbs i mau ʻēheu no ka lele a ʻoi aku ka lahilahi a me ka māmā o nā hindlimbs.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ua uhi ʻia kona kino me ka hulu pale a pale wai a hele a liʻiliʻi a māmā hoʻi. Ua hoʻololi kāna meaola holoʻokoʻa no nā lele lele ʻoi aku a ʻoi aku paha.

ʻO ka ʻāina, ʻo nā kumulāʻau nui loa nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo mau, ka hapanui o nā conifers a me nā ginkgos. E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, i ka Triassic, ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Pangea i ʻelua supercontinents i kapa ʻia ʻo Laurasia a me Gondwana.

ʻO Jurassic wā

Jurassic

Ua hana ka Jurassic wā ma kahi o ka manawa 213 a 144 miliona mau makahiki. E like me kāu e ʻike ai i nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, ʻo kēia ke au gula o nā dinosaur. ʻO kēia no ka wela a wela o ke aniau a makemake i kona ulu. Ua makemake ʻia ka ulu ʻana o nā lau nahele exuberant a me kāna hoʻolaha ʻana.

I ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o nā ʻāina, ulu a nui nā kai, ʻoiai e pālahalaha ana nā wahi kai a mehana o ka wai kai ma ʻEulopa a me nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe. I ka pau ʻana o ka Jurassic, ua hoʻomaka ka hoʻomaloʻo ʻana o kēia mau kai, me ka waiho ʻana i nā pōhaku limestone nunui mai nā ʻākoʻakoʻa a me nā kahakai kahakai.

Ua hoʻomalu ʻia ka ʻāpana ʻāina e nā dinosau, ʻoiai e ulu ana ka helu o nā dinosaur kai e like me nā ichthyosaurs a me plesiosaurs. E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, ua hiki i nā dinosaur ke hoʻolaha aku ma o nā mea hiki ʻekolu a pau. Ua noho liʻiliʻi nā māmala i kēia wā. ʻO nā ʻākoakoa i hana i nā pali i ulu i loko o ka wai pāpaʻu ma kahakai.

Wā Cretaceous

Luku ʻia Cretaceous

ʻO Cretaceous kahi i hana ʻia 145 i 65 miliona mau makahiki. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hōʻailona i ka hopena o ka Mesozoic a me ka hoʻomaka o ka ʻO Cenozoic. I loko o kēia wā he luku nui loa o nā mea ola kahi e nalo ai nā dinosaurs a 75% o nā invertebrates āpau. Hoʻomaka kahi hoʻomohala hou e pili ana i nā mea kanu pua, nā māmela a me nā manu.

Kuhi nā ʻepekema i nā kumu o ka make ʻana. ʻO ke kumumanaʻo ākea ākea ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau, ea a me ka umekaumaha e hana ʻia ana i kēia au ka hāʻule ʻana o kahi meteorite nui ma ka peninsula ʻo Yucatan. Ua loli nui kēia meteorite i ka nohona o ka Honua a hana i ka make ma muli o ka lawa ʻole o ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā kūlana hou. No kēia kumu, ua kia ka laina evolutionary o ka Honua i ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o nā manu a me nā mea hānai manu.

Me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike hou aʻe e pili ana i ka Mesozoic.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   Mauro neumann ia

    Nui, hoihoi loa i ka ʻike kikoʻī a kikoʻī o kēlā me kēia au a me ke au, mahalo, mahalo nui loa.