Lake Titicaca

loko ma peru

El Ke kai Lake Titicaca He kino wai nui kona e uhi ana i ka mokuna o Peru a me Bolivia, ua helu pū ʻia ʻo ia ʻo ka loko kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka honua, aia nā wai hoʻokele, kūpono i ka lawaiʻa, a ua kūkulu ʻia kekahi mau mokupuni lana ma luna o kona ʻili. he kaiaulu piha. Ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ʻo Sea of ​​the Andes.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i ka Lake Titicaca, kona kumu a me kona ʻano.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

Lake Titicaca

ʻO Lake Titicaca kekahi o nā loko hoihoi loa o ka honua a aia ma kahi kiʻekiʻe o 3.812 mika. Ma muli o ka ʻokoʻa o kona wahi ʻāina, loaʻa iā ia ka ʻokoʻa i kaʻana like ʻia e nā ʻāina ʻelua ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, nona ia ʻO 56% o ka lāhui Peruvian a me 44% o ka lāhui Bolivian.

Akā ʻaʻole pau kona mau ʻano i laila, no ka mea ke hoʻohālikelike mākou i kona hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o 8.560 square kilometers me nā loko ʻē aʻe ma ka ʻāina ʻAmelika Latin, ʻo Lake Titicaca ka lua o ka loko nui loa ma kēia ʻāina ākea. Ua uhi ʻia kona mau ana i 204 mau kilomita mai kekahi ʻaoʻao a i kekahi ʻaoʻao, a ʻo kahi ʻāpana o 1.125 mau kilomita o ke kahakai e pili ana i kona ʻili, a ʻo ia hoʻi ka loko kiʻekiʻe loa a hiki ke hoʻokele ʻia ma ka honua.

Eia kekahi, ʻoi aku ka nui o kēia loko nani ma mua o 42 mau mokupuni i loko, ʻo ka mea kaulana loa ʻo ia ʻo Isla del Sol, ʻoi aku ka pili ma mua o nā mea ʻē aʻe no ka mea i hoʻokumu ʻia ka Inca Empire ma laila, no laila e hōʻike ana i kahi ʻano o nā relics he ʻāpana lākou o kēia. ka moʻomeheu kahiko e hōʻike ana i ke ola. I kēia mau lā, 'Oiwi ka nui o kona heluna kanaka, a 'oiai he mana ko lakou o na loina hou, hoʻopaʻa i ka hapa nui o kā lākou mau moʻomeheu o ka ʻohana Inca.

Ke kumu o Lake Titicaca

wahi o ka loko titicaca

Hoʻokumu ʻia nā mana Tectonic e ka pelemaka o ka Honua, a ua hoʻololi ʻia kēia ikehu geothermal i ikehu mechanical e hoʻoneʻe ai i ka neʻe convective o nā papa lalo o ko kākou mau ʻāina. ʻO ke kumu o Lake Titicaca ma muli o kēia mau pūʻali tectonic e piʻi aʻe ai nā pae mauna hikina a me ke komohana o ka Central American Andes. ʻO ka ikaika o kēia neʻeʻana e hoʻokumu i nā pāpū, he mau mea hoʻomaha kiʻekiʻe. ʻIke ʻia kēia pāpū ma ka inoa ʻo Meseta de Collao.

ʻO ka Collao Plateau, aia ma kahi o 3.000 mika o ke kiʻekiʻe, mālama i ka wai i ka hau i ka wā hau, no laila ʻaʻole i hana ʻia nā kaʻina deposition. Mālama kēia i kona ʻano a me kona hohonu, no laila, i ka wā i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ai ka hau, ua hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka hau a lilo i Lake Titicaca, i kapa ʻia i kēia manawa ʻo Lake Titicaca.

ʻO ke anuanu a me ka maloʻo o nā kīʻaha intra-caudal o Peru a me Bolivia hoʻi e pili ana i kā lākou liʻiliʻi a me ka lohi o ka wai, e kōkua ana i ka hoʻomau ʻana o kēia kino wai nui.

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā haʻawina nui o ka ʻōnaehana loko pāpū ʻo Lake Titicaca ka hopena o ka hoʻomohala ʻana o kahi ʻōnaehana kahiko loa i hoʻomaka i ka wā Early Pleistocene, 25,58 a 781,000 mau makahiki aku nei, a ua hoʻololi i ka hopena o ka Pliocene. .

ʻO ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻāina i kēia mau manawa, mai ka piʻi wela a hiki i ke anuanu a me ka piʻi ʻana, pili pono i ka noho ʻana a me ka nui o Lake Titicaca a me nā loko pāpū ʻē aʻe. Ma ka mea like, ua haki nā kapuaʻi o ka Cordillera e nā pūʻali tectonic akau-hema. ʻO ka hope loa, i ka Lower Pleistocene 2,9 miliona makahiki aku nei, ma hope o ke kumu o Lake Cabana a ma mua o ka noho ʻana o Lake Baliwan, ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi ʻauwaha tectonic e noho ʻia e ka Lake Titicaca nani.

Klima o Lake Titicaca

yampupata haiki

ʻO ke aniau o Lake Titicaca e pili ana i kona kiʻekiʻe, ʻo ia ka loko i ʻoi aku ma mua o 3.000 mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai, me ka ʻokoʻa nui o ka mahana ma waena o ke ao a me ka pō. Hiki ke piʻi ka mahana i 25°C i ke ao a me 0°C i ka pō.

Ua hoʻoholo ʻia ka mahana wela makahiki o ka loko i 13°C. No kona ʻāpana, ʻokoʻa ka mahana o ka wai ma waena o 11 a me 25 degere Celsius i ʻAukake a ma waena o 14 a 35 degere Celsius i Malaki.

He mea ʻē aʻe paha ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o ia kiʻekiʻe ka mahana o ka lā, a no ka mea hiki i ka Lake Titicaca ke hoʻoponopono i ka mahana no ka mea e hoʻomoʻa i ka ikehu o ka lā i ka lā, aia ma kahi o ka loko. I ka pō e hoʻomālamalama ʻia kēia ikehu, no laila ʻaʻole like ke anuanu e like me kā mākou i manaʻo ai.

Hydrology

ʻO ka hapa nui o ka wai ma Lake Titicaca e nalowale ana i ka evaporation, kahi mea i ʻoi aku ka koʻikoʻi ma kekahi mau wahi i hana ʻia ai nā paʻakai paʻakai, no ka mea, ua hoʻohui ʻia nā minerala i loko o ka loko i nā kahawai a waiho ʻia.

Ua manaʻo ʻia he 5% wale nō o ka wai o ka loko i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i loko o ka muliwai ʻO Desaguadero i ka wā wai kiʻekiʻe, e kahe ana i loko o Lake Poopó, ʻoi aku ka paʻakai ma mua o Lake Titicaca. ʻO ka wai e kahe ana mai Lake Titicaca e hoʻopau maoli i ka Salar de Coipasa, kahi e hoʻoheheʻe koke ai ka wai liʻiliʻi.

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona o kāna hydrology he pōkole loa nā muliwai e hana ana i kāna kīʻaha hydrological, me nā kahawai ʻo Ramis, Asangaro a me Calabaya i ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ka mea nui a lōʻihi loa, ʻo ka Ramis ka lōʻihi loa ma 283 km.

He haʻahaʻa a ʻaʻole maʻamau ka kahe ʻana o nā kahawai a ʻo kā lākou hāʻawi ʻana e hoʻoholo ʻia e ka ua kau, aia ma waena o nā mahina o Dekemaba a me Malaki, ʻoiai ʻo ka maloʻo a i ʻole ka ua ʻole ma waena o nā mahina o Iune a me Nowemapa.

Hōʻike ʻia nā tributaries o Lake Titicaca e kahi liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi, ʻo ia ke kumu o ka hele ʻana o kā lākou ʻano, ʻo ia hoʻi, sinuous, ʻo ia hoʻi ʻaʻohe turbulences, pili kēia i ka transparency, ke ʻano o ka fauna a me nā pua e pili ana i ka ʻōnaehana. .

Hōʻike ʻia ka wai o Lake Titicaca ma ke ʻano he wai paʻakai a ʻaʻohe kaʻina hana e hoʻoholo ai, mālama a nānā i ka maikaʻi o ka wai. ʻOiaʻiʻo, he kikoʻī ka laʻana i hana ʻia, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻAʻole i aʻo ʻia ka nui o ka ʻili o ka loko ma kēia ʻano. Eia naʻe, ʻike ʻia nā wai e pili ana i ke kai kūʻono o Puno i kēia manawa he haumia ʻoiai ua hoʻolei ʻia ka wai ʻino o ke kūlanakauhale i loko o lākou me ka ʻole o ka mālama ʻana.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka Lake Titicaca a me kāna mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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