Kahawai Thames

haumia o ka muliwai e kaʻawale ana iā Lādana

No ka mea ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā ʻEnelani kahi hōʻoluʻolu kūkala nui loa ʻaʻole nui nā muliwai. ʻO ka muliwai wale nō i loaʻa kahi lōʻihi o kēia Kahawai Thames. ʻO ia kekahi o nā mea kaulana loa o ka honua a kuleana no ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana iā Ladana i ʻelua ʻāpana. Hoʻohui, ʻo ia ke kumu nui o ka lako wai i ka ʻāina.

I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i nā ʻano āpau, ke kumu, ka honua a me nā mea nui o ka muliwai Thames.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

nā keʻa e nā thamesis

ʻO ia ka muliwai nui loa a mana loa hoʻi ma ʻEnelani e kahe ana i loko o ke Kai ʻĀkau a hoʻohui i ke kapikala o ka mokupuni ʻo London, a me ke Kai ʻĀkau. ʻOiai he mokupuni ia, ʻaʻole like ka lōʻihi o ka lā me nā kahawai ʻĀinapuniʻole ʻē aʻe, akā like ka lōʻihi me nā kahawai ʻē aʻe ma ʻEulopa. ʻO kahi laʻana, loaʻa kahi hoʻolōʻihi e like me ka muliwai Segura ma Sepania. Hele mai ke kumu mai ka confluence o 4 mau kahawai: ʻo ka muliwai Churn, ʻo ka muliwai Coln, ʻo ka muliwai ʻo Isis (ʻo ka muliwai ʻo Windrush), a ʻo ka muliwai Leach.

ʻO ke kumu o ka muliwai Thames mai ka wā Pleistocene, ʻo ia ke kumu i manaʻo ʻia he muliwai ʻōpio. I kēlā manawa ua kahe ia i kona hoʻomaka ʻana mai Wales a i Clacton-on-sea. Ma kona ala hele a kēlā i kēlā ʻaoʻao i ka moana ʻĀkau āpau e lilo i kahawai o ka muliwai Rhine. I kēia lā, he mea nui kēia muliwai no ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka wai hou. I kēlā manawa ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea nui o ka kamaʻilio ʻana a lawe ma waena o Westminster a me Lākana i ka XNUMX a me ka XNUMX mau kenekulia.

ʻO kekahi o nā curiosities o kēia kahawai ʻo ia ka hau i hoʻokahi manawa i ka makahiki 1677 a mai ia manawa ʻaʻole ia i hana hou. ʻO ke kumu o kēia no ka hoʻoponopono hou ʻia ʻana o ka Bridge Bridge āpau a ua hoʻemi ʻia ka helu a me ke alapine o nā pier i hiki ai i ke kahe ke kahe maʻalahi. I kēia ala, me ka paipai ʻole i ka muliwai e hele wikiwiki aku, ʻo ka wai ma ka hopena e paʻa ana.

Kumu o ka muliwai Thames

Kahawai Thames

E ʻike kāua i ke kumu, nā kahawai a me ka hohonu o ka muliwai Thames. ʻO ke ala holoʻokoʻa o ka muliwai e waiho i kahi manaʻo o ke kumu. Nui a hewahewa nā kauhale e koi ana ʻo ia kahi kahi i loaʻa ai ke kahawai. No ka muliwai ʻo Thames a me nā pūnāwai ʻehiku ka muliwai o Thames. I nā manawa anuanu o ka makahiki e like me ka momona, ʻo ia ka manawa kūpono loa e kipa ai i kēia wahi. ʻO ia kekahi o nā wahi nani loa e ʻike i ke kahe o ka muliwai e pili ana i ka monument.

Kahua wai Thames

ʻAʻole ʻike ʻia kēia muliwai no ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana iā ʻEnelani i ʻelua ʻāpana akā ʻike ʻia nō ia no kāna holoholona. I nā makahiki he XNUMX i hala iho nei, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka helu o nā māmela i haki i kahi moʻolelo. ʻO ke kaiāulu i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka mālama a me ka mālama ʻana o nā holoholona i hoʻopaʻa inoa i kekahi ʻoi aku i ka 2000 mau maka holoholona i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX i hala. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā holoholona i ʻike ʻia no ka hui o nā māmela o nā holoholona o ka muliwai Thames he mau sila. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua loaʻa nā ʻāpā a kokoke i 50 mau koholā.

Kūlike kēia mau helu āpau me nā 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei i ka wā i kūkala ʻia ai ka paka ma kahi make o ka meaola. ʻOiai ʻo ka manaʻo o ka poʻe ke huakaʻi lākou i Ladana a ʻike i ka muliwai Thames, mālama maoli lākou i ka nui o nā holoholona lōhiu. ʻO kahi laʻana, aia kahi hanana helu helu swans i kēlā me kēia makahiki kahi e helu pū ʻia ai kēia mau manu nani me kā lākou ʻōpio a nānā maikaʻi ʻia e nā hui olakino o nā veterinarians a me nā ʻepekema no nā maʻi.

Pāpā ʻia ka ʻimi ʻana a me ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā hua moa a ka manu mai ka pono o kēia mau manu no nā hana āpau i hoʻokō ʻia e ka lei aliʻi i ka kenekulia XNUMX. Mālama ʻia ka helu o kēia mau manu no nā makahiki e hiki mai ana ma ke ʻano he kuʻuna a me kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka mālama ʻana o kēia laha. Hoʻohui ʻia, hāʻawi lākou i kahi nani i hiki ʻole ke helu i kēia ʻāina i hana ia i mea kūlohelohe. ʻO ka hoʻemi ʻana o nā laha he mea ʻoiaʻiʻo mai 200 mau makahiki i hala aku nei hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike pālua i ka nui o nā swans i kēia lā. Ua hōʻemi nā mea ʻimi holoholona, ​​ʻīlio, a me ka haumia o ka muliwai ponoʻī i ka nui o nā noho lio.

Ka hoʻohaumia a me nā hopena

muliwai tamesis a me ke kumu

Pono e hoʻomanaʻo ʻia he kahawai ia e hele ma waena o nā kūlanakauhale nui a hoʻopili ʻia e ka haumia. Aia ia i kahi kūlana kiʻekiʻe loa o ka haumia i loko o kāna kikoo no 70 mau mile mai ka ʻāina ʻo Gravesend a hiki i ka laka ʻo Teddington mai ia manawa ua lawe ʻia kahi laʻana i 1957 hoʻoholo ʻole ʻia kahi iʻa i hiki ke noho i kēia wai.

I ka wā ʻaʻohe ona pae o ka haumia, ʻo ka muliwai ʻo Thames kahi wahi kūpono loa no ka salmon e hānau ai a me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe pū kekahi, a hana ʻia ka lawaiʻa ma ke ʻano he kuʻuna. I ka ulu ʻana o ke kūlanakauhale a ulu ka nui o ka lehulehu, ua piʻi pū ka nui o nā ʻōpala i ʻōlelo ʻia i ka muliwai. Ua hoʻolei ʻia ia no nā makahiki he nui, akā ma hope o ka makahiki 1800 ua maoli ia i ka wā i lilo ai ka haumia i pilikia nui.

Hoʻomaka haumia nā wai āpau a mālama ʻole ʻia. Hoʻopili kēia mau mea āpau i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o nā bacteria i hoʻopau i ka oxygen ma loko o ka wai He mea nui ia no ka lā iʻa a me ka ulu ʻana o nā mea kanu wai. I mea e hōʻemi ai i kēia mau pilikia, ua hoʻolālā ʻia nā hana e hoʻihoʻi i ka muliwai, ke ʻike nei i ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻoihana kemika i hoʻonui ʻia ka haumia. ʻO ka ʻenehana kemika a Ua hoʻolei ka hui kinoea i nā ʻōpala i loko o ka muliwai a i ʻole hoʻomāhuahua hou aku i ka haumia.

I kēia lā ua haumia nō ia akā ʻo kēia kekahi o nā muliwai maʻemaʻe e kahe ana ma waena o ke kūlanakauhale. He paʻakikī ka hana hoʻōla akā ke loaʻa nei nā hopena.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka muliwai Thames a me kona ʻano.

ʻAʻohe o kāu kahua aniani i kēia manawa?
Inā makemake nui ʻoe i ka honua o ka meteorology, e kiʻi i kekahi o nā kikowaena manawa a mākou e paipai ai a hoʻohana i nā makana i loaʻa.
Nā keʻena Meteorological

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.