He aha nā makani kālepa

haze

ʻO kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona o ka lewa lewa ka makani kalepa. He mea nui lākou, keu hoʻi mai ke kenekulia XNUMX mahalo i ka mea i loaʻa ka mana nui i ka hoʻokele o nā moku holo. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole nui ka poʻe ʻike He aha nā makani kālepa. I kēia manawa, nui ka poʻe e paipai ʻia e hoʻokele mahalo i nā makani kalepa ʻoiai lākou ia mau mea ma waena o ʻEkuador a me nā tropika. Puhi lākou mai ka hemisphere ʻākau a mai ka hemisphere hema a aia lākou i kahi i ʻike ʻia ʻo Intertropical convergence zone.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i ke ʻano o nā makani kalepa, he aha nā ʻano a me ke koʻikoʻi.

He aha nā makani kālepa

canary

ʻO nā makani kalepa nā kahawai e puhi nei i ka manawa mau i ke kauwela ma ka Hemoleka ʻAkau a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau i ka hoʻoilo. Kū ka hopena ma waena o ka equator a me nā tropics, a hiki ka latitu ʻākau-hema ma kahi o 30º. He makani ikaika ikaika lākou, me ka wikiwiki o ka makani ma kahi o 20 km / h.

Ma muli o ko lākou mana ʻole luku a me ko lākou kūpaʻa i ka wā o ke kauwela, he waiwai ko lākou i ka mōʻaukala no ka mea ʻae lākou i ka noho ʻana o nā ala kalepa moana nui. Eia hou, kuleana nō lākou no ka hiki ke hele i kēlā ʻaoʻao o ʻAkelanika ma o ka holo ʻana i ʻAmelike Hui Pū ʻIa. ʻO ka mea i hana mua i kahi palapala ʻāina kikoʻī o nā makani kalepa a me nā wahi nui ʻo Edmund Halley, nāna i paʻi ka palapala ʻāina i ka makahiki 1686 i kahi noiʻi i hoʻohana i ka ʻikepili mai nā luina kalepa Pelekane.

ʻO ka makani kālepa pupuhi mai NE (ʻĀkau hikina) ma ka hemisphere ʻĀkau a i SW (komohana hema) ma ka piko o ka honua, a puhi mai SE (hikina hema) a i NW (komohana komohana) ma ka lalo o ka honua, ʻo ia hoʻi, ma ka hemisphere hema. ʻO kāna ʻaoʻao o ka hilahila ma muli o ka hopena Coriolis, ka mea e hoʻohuli i ka huli ʻana o ka honua i nā mea neʻe a hoʻololi i kā lākou neʻe ʻokoʻa ma muli o ka hemisphere kahi o lākou.

ʻO ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ka makani kalepa

he aha nā makani kālepa a me ko lākou mea nui

Aia ke kumu o ka makani kalepa i ka hoʻomehana ʻana o nā kukuna o ka lā i nā ʻāpana like ʻole o ka honua ma nā ʻano like ʻole. Ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ke kaʻina hana makani ʻoihana i lalo:

  1. Ma muli o ka hopena o ka hopena o nā kukuna o ka lā i ka hopena o ka hopena, ʻo ia hoʻi, ke kiʻekiʻe, loaʻa ka wela o ka equator o ka Honua, ma mua o ke kumu o ka hoʻomehana honua. E pili ana i nā makani kalepa, ke hāʻule ka wela o ka lā ma ka ʻāina a me ka wai o ka ʻāina equatorial, e hoʻi ka wela i ka ea o luna i nā nui he nui, a laila wela ka wela. Hoʻonui a nalowale kēia ea i ka wela, lilo i māmā, a piʻi i luna.
  2. Ke piʻi aʻe ka ea wela, ʻo ke ea anuanu mai nā ʻāina tropika mai e hoʻopiha i ka hakahaka.
  3. Hoʻohālikelike, neʻe ka ea wela kokoke i ka equator i kahi latitude o 30º, me ka nānā ʻole i ka hemisphere kahi e waiho ai.
  4. I ka hiki ʻana i kēia kiko, ua anuanu ka hapa nui o ka lewa e hāʻule i luna o ka pae, e hana ana i kahi puka i pani ʻia i kapa ʻia ʻo ka pakuhi Hadley.
  5. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole e anuanu hou ka ea. Hoʻomehana hou kahi ʻāpana a kahe i ka pākahiko Ferrer aia ma waena o 30º a me 60º o ka latitude, a hoʻomau i ka holomua i nā pou.
  6. ʻO ka hopena Coriolis ke kumu o ka pā ʻole ʻana o kēia mau makani i ka pae akā obliquely, a ke kumu e hoʻohuli hapa ʻia ai kāu ʻike ma nā hemispheres ʻelua.

Eia kekahi, ʻo ka wahi hālāwai o nā makani kalepa o nā hemispheres ʻelua, a i ʻole ka wahi liʻiliʻi ma waena o lākou, ua kapa ʻia ʻo ITCZ, ka ʻāpana hui o ka tropical. He mea nui kēia wahi no ka poʻe holo waʻa no ka mea he haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa kona a me nā mea hou. Maʻa pinepine ka ua nui a kū mau i ko lākou wahi kikoʻī me ka ulu ʻana o ka nui o ka ea.

Aia lākou i hea

He aha nā makani kālepa

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, hana ʻia nā makani kalepa ma loko o ka panalāʻau, me kahi ma waena o ka equator a me 30 degere ʻākau latitu. Ua pili kēia i nā ʻāina he nui. He makani kalepa ko nā Mokupuni Canary, ma muli o ke aniau o kēia mau moku Sepania. I ka hoʻoilo, ʻaʻole pilikia iki lākou e nā hopena paʻa o ka anticyclone ma Azores. ʻO kona wahi kokoke i ka Tropic of Cancer a me kāna mau ʻano ʻāina e hāʻawi iā ia i kahi anuanu subtropical maloʻo i ke kauwelaʻOiai mamao aku, ʻano like ia me ke Kai Kai.

He mau koʻikoʻi koʻikoʻi kā lākou i nā ʻāina e like me Venezuela, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador a i ʻole Costa Rica, nā mea a pau i hele mai nā wahi tropical a he mau ʻano paʻakikī e hoʻopuka ai i nā makani kalepa. Hoʻololi nui kēia mau mea e like me nā wahi ʻāina a me nā kau kikoʻī.

E hoʻomanaʻo ʻoiai ʻo nā makani kalepa a me nā monetona pili pili, mamao loa lākou mai ka mea like a ʻaʻole e huikau. He ʻoluʻolu nā makani kalepa a me nā makani ikaika mau, ʻoiai nā makani polū me nā ʻino ʻino ikaika e hoʻopuka ana i ka nui o ka ua.

ʻO Antoresclone Azores

Hāʻawi ʻia ka inoa anticyclone ma ka Azores i kēlā inoa no ke kumu. ʻO kēia no ka mea he mea nui ia ma ka ʻāina ʻAkelanika kahi i noho ai kēia pae ʻāina ʻē aʻe, ʻo ia hoʻi nā Azores. Kaukaʻi ʻia i ka neʻe anticyclone, ʻoi aku ka nui a i ʻole ka liʻiliʻi o ka hopena kū ʻole o ka makani kalepa ma nā Mokupuni ʻo Canary.

I ka hoʻoilo, pili loa kēia anticyclone i nā mokupuni ʻo Canary. Alakaʻi kēia i ke kūpaʻa ʻoi aku ka nui a me ka liʻiliʻi o nā makani kalepa. No laila, ʻaʻohe hopena o ke anuanu i nā mokupuni. ʻO kēia kekahi o nā kumu kumu e mālama ai i ke aniau ʻoluʻolu a mehana i ke kau anuanu.

I ke kau wela, neʻe ka anticyclone ma luna o ka Azores. ʻO ka mamao loa aku mai nā mokupuni ʻo Canary, ka nui o ka hopena o ka makani kalepa. No laila, puhi hou nā makani kālepa kauwela, no laila ʻaʻole e piʻi ka wela.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā makani kālepa a hoʻohaʻahaʻa i ko lākou ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.