ʻO ka Nobel Prize Prize 2021

nobel aniau 2021

ʻO ke aʻo ʻana i ke aniau e pili ana i ka paʻakikī a me ke kuleana nui. No laila, ke ʻO ka makana Nobel 2021 i ʻekolu mau ʻepekema nona ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka physics a me ke aniau i haki nā pakuhi. ʻO nā mea lanakila Nobel Prize ʻo Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, a me Giorgio Parisi. Ua hiki i kēia mau ʻepekema ʻekolu ke wehewehe i kekahi o nā phenomena paʻakikī loa e hoʻomaopopo ai i ka ʻepekema.

I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i ka 2021 Nobel Prize for Climate a me kona koʻikoʻi.

ʻO ka Nobel Prize no ke aniau 2021

ʻepekema ʻepekema

Pilikia loa ka hanana i kapa ʻia he ʻōnaehana kino paʻakikī. Hōʻike ka inoa ponoʻī i ka paʻakikī o kona ʻike. Hiki ke hopena i nā hopena mai nā atomic a i nā unahi planetary a hoʻopili i nā ʻano o nā electrons i maʻa mau i ke aniau o ka honua holoʻokoʻa. No laila kona mea nui.

Ma ka Pōʻalua, ua hāʻawi ka Sweden Academy iā ia no kāna kōkua i ka noiʻi a me kāna hopena i ka hoʻomehana honua, a hāʻawi iā ia i ka Nobel Prize ma Physics kaulana. ʻEkolu mau ʻepekema, ʻo Syukuro Manabe, ʻo Klaus Hasselmann lāua ʻo Giorgio Parisi, nā paionia no ka noiʻi ʻōnaehana paʻakikī a me nā loea ʻē aʻe i ka hopena o ke aniau, i hoʻolaha ʻia ma ke ʻano he poʻe lanakila o ka paʻi 2021.

Ua haki ke kākau ʻōlelo o ka Academy of Science o Suède ʻo Göran Hansson i ka nūhou, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka makana i hāʻawi ʻia i kēia mau mea noiʻi no kā lākou kōkua hou i ko mākou ʻike i nā ʻōnaehana kino paʻakikī. ʻO ka makana, a me nā makana, nā kemika a me nā makana moʻokalaleo i hoʻolaha ʻia i kēia pule, e hōʻike ʻia ma kahi hanana makana ma Stockholm ma ka lā 8 o Kekemapa.

Wahi a ka Academy Sweden, ua lanakila ka Italia Giorgio Parisi he 73 makahiki i kahi makana kūikawā no ka ʻike ʻana i "nā hiʻohiʻona hūnā ʻia i nā mea huikau a paʻakikī hoʻi." ʻO kāna mea i ʻike ai kekahi o nā makana nui i ke kumumanaʻo o nā ʻōnaehana paʻakikī.

Ua lanakila ʻo Syukuro Manabe mai Iāpana a me Klaus Hasselmann mai Kelemania i nā makana no kā lākou "kōkua nui" i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ke aniau. Hōʻike ʻo Manabe, 90, i ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka ʻike o carbon dioxide i ka lewa i kumu e piʻi ai ka mahana o ka honua. Ua hoʻokumu kēia hana i nā kumu no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā hiʻohiʻona ʻānō o kēia wā. Ma ke ala like, ʻO Klauss Hasselmann, 89, i paionia i ka hana ʻana i kahi kkohu e hoʻopili ana i ka meteorology a me ke aniau.

ʻŌnaehana paʻakikī

2021 ʻepekema waiwai nobel

Hiki i nā ʻōnaehana paʻakikī ma nā unahi atomic a me ka planetary ke kaʻana like i kekahi mau ʻano, e like me ka chaos a me ka maʻi, a me ka lawena e ʻike ʻia e kaʻi wale ʻia.

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Parisi i kāna makana mua i kāna noiʻi ma ka physics ma ke kālailai ʻana i kahi mea hao i kapa ʻia ka aniani.a i ʻole ke kaʻapuni ʻana, a ma loko o nā ʻātoma hao e hui huikau ʻia i loko o ka lattice o nā ʻātoma keleawe. ʻOiai he mau ʻoma hao wale nō, hoʻololi lākou i nā ʻume mākenēki o nā mea i nā ala pīhoihoi a pīhoihoi hoʻi.

Ua ʻike ʻo Parisi he 73 ona makahiki i ka loli ʻana o nā lula huna i ka hana keu a nā mea paʻa a ua loaʻa kahi ala e wehewehe ai i ka makemakika. ʻAʻole pili kāna hana i ka physics wale nō, akā i nā ʻano ʻokoʻa like ʻole e like me ka makemakika, ka biology, ke neurosains, a me ka aʻo ʻana i ka mīkini (ʻike naʻaupō).

Ua ʻōlelo ke kōmike i nā mea i loaʻa i ka ʻepekema "E hiki i ka poʻe ke hoʻomaopopo a wehewehe i nā ʻano mea like ʻole āpau a me nā phenomena". ʻIke aku nei ke Kuekene Kuekene i ke kīʻaha hulina e like me ke ʻano nui o ka lawaiʻa paʻakikī o ka Honua a me ka noiʻi i alakaʻi ʻia e Manab a me Hasselmann i nā makahiki ma hope. A paʻakikī e wānana i ka hana wā lōʻihi o nā ʻōnaehana kino paʻakikī, e like me ke aniau o ko kāua honua.

ʻO Manabe, ka mea i hana ma ke Kulanui ʻo Princeton i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, i alakaʻi i ka hoʻomohala ʻia ʻana o nā ana hoʻohālikelike kino i nā makahiki 1960, e alakaʻi ana i ka hopena e hoʻomehana ʻia ana ka honua i nā ea kūpona. Ma muli o kāna kumu kolohe, ke ʻano o ke aniau o ko mākou honua he ʻōnaehana kino paʻakikī. I ke ʻano like, ua hoʻohana ʻo Hasselman i kāna noiʻi e pane i ka nīnau no ke aha e hilinaʻi ai nā hiʻohiʻona o ke aniau, ʻoiai ke loli a me ka chaotic ke aniau.

ʻO kēia mau hiʻohiʻona kamepiula i hiki ke wānana pehea e pane ai ka Honua i nā kinoea hoʻomehana honua e pono ai i ko mākou ʻike o ka hoʻomehana honua.

E like me ka wehewehe ʻana a ke Kumu Kula ʻo Yale John Wettlaufer, ke kūkulu nei ka physicist ʻItalia mai ka maʻi a me ka loli ʻana o nā ʻōnaehana paʻakikī ma ka pae micro, a ʻo nā hana a Syukuro Manabe e kuhikuhi nei i 'loaʻa nā mea o ka hana hoʻokahi. A hui pū iā lākou e wānana i ke ʻano o ka ʻōnaehana kino paʻakikī. "" ʻOiai hāʻawi lākou i nā makana ma waena o ka ʻāpana o ke aniau a me ka ʻāpana o ka maʻi, pili maoli nō lākou, "wehewehe ʻo ia.

Ka mea nui o ka Makana Nobel 2021 no ke aniau

ʻO kekahi o nā hopena i waiho ʻia e ka hoʻoholo, keu hoʻi i nā koho balota ʻo Manabe a me Hasselman, e huki i ka manaʻo o ka poʻe i nā pilikia o ke aniau.

Wahi a Wettlaufer, ma o ka makana, ua hāʻawi ke Kōmike Nobel "i ka lua ma waena o ke aʻo ʻana i ke aniau o ka honua (mai ka millimeter a i ka nui o ka honua) a me ka hana a Giorgio Parisi." ʻO Kauka Martin Juckes, ke poʻo o ka noiʻi i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻO ke kanaka a me ka hope alakaʻi o ka British Center for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA) i ʻōlelo ʻo ka ʻike ʻana i nā ʻepekema e lanakila i ka Nobel Prize in Physics no kā lākou hana ma ke aniau he "nūhou maikaʻi".

"ʻO ka paʻakikī o ka ʻōnaehana ke aniau, i hui pū ʻia me ka hoʻoweliweli o ke aniau o ke aniau, ke hoʻomau nei e hoʻopiʻi i nā ʻepekema o ke aniau i kēia lā," ua'ōleloʻo ia.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, ke kūpilikiʻi o ke aniau a mākou e kū nei i kēia kenekulia i hoʻokumu ʻia ai ka poʻe ʻepekema i kahi mokuʻāina ākea a i ʻole hiki ke loaʻa nā hāʻina kūpono. Hoʻoweliweli ka hoʻololi o ke aniau e hoʻololi i ka honua a mākou e ʻike nei a ʻo ka hapa nui o kā mākou ʻōnaehana waiwai e pono ai ke kūpaʻa i loaʻa iā mākou i ke aniau i kēia lā.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka waiwai o ka Nobel Prize for Climate 2021 a me nā ʻano o ia ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.