ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka maikaʻi o ka wai ma ʻEulopa ma mua o ka mea i manaʻo ʻia

Ka hoʻohaumia i ka Rhine.

Ka hoʻohaumia i ka Rhine

Ua noi ka Papa Kuhikuhi Wai i nā lālā lālā o ka ʻO ka Europa ʻimi no ka hoʻomaikaʻi nui ʻana i ka maikaʻi o ka wai hou e 2015. ʻO kahi noi hou i lawe ʻia e Landau Institute of Environmental Science, ka Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research (UFZ) a me kekahi mau ʻepekema Palani (University of Lorraine and EDF) a me Suizos (Swiss Federal Institute of Water Science and Technology - EAWAG), e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole mamao loa kēia pahuhopu i ka hoʻokō ʻia, ʻoiai ka kū kiʻekiʻe nā mea ʻona i nā kino wai.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi, no ka manawa mua ma ka pālākiō pan-European, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā pōʻino o ke kaiaola e pili ana i nā kemikona ʻawahia ma mua o ka mea i manaʻo ʻia. ʻO kekahi o nā kumu nui i nā ana o kēia manawa no ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka maikaʻi o ka wai ʻaʻole e noʻonoʻo ʻia nā hopena o kekahi mau mea.

ʻO nā kahawai e like me ka Danube a i ʻole ka Rhine he mau kaiaola hoihoi i hāʻawi i nā lawelawe e like me ka leʻaleʻa, ka lawaiʻa ʻana a me ka wai inu no nā miliona o ka poʻe. Minamina e hōʻike ʻia kēia mau kaiaolaola i ke komo ʻana o nā kemika mai nā kūlanakauhale kū kokoke mai, mai ka ka mahiʻai a ʻoihana. Hoʻopili maikaʻi kēia cocktail o nā kemika i nā limu a me nā holoholona wai hou a a pilikia pilikia i ke kanaka.

Kūlike ʻole i ka mea i manaʻo ʻia a hiki i kēia lā (ʻo ke aloha e nā toxins kemika kahi kūloko a hoʻokaʻawale ʻia), ke aʻo a mākou e kuhikuhi ai e hōʻike ana i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i ka ʻike nui, ka hopena o ke kaiaola mai nā kemika ʻino e hoʻopili i nā tausani o nā ʻōnaehana wai o ʻEulopa. Hoʻohālikelike ka lāʻau hoʻoweliweli kemika i ka hoʻoweliweli kaiaola i ka hapa o nā kino wai ma ʻEulopa, a ma kahi o 15% o nā hihia i hiki ke hōʻike ʻia ka biota i nā ʻōnaehana wai i ka make kiʻekiʻe.

Ua nānā ka hui o nā kānaka noiʻi i ke aʻo ʻana i ka nui o nā palena pōpilikia no nā kīʻaha o ka muliwai ʻo Rhine a me Danube, e ana ana iā lākou no nā hui maʻamau ʻekolu o nā meaola i loko o kēia wai, iʻa, invertebrates a me nā limu. ʻIke ʻia ka ʻikepili, i loaʻa ʻia mai ka nānā luna ʻana i nā makahiki i hala aku nei, i ka ʻokoʻa o ka laʻana o nā laʻana i ka ʻokoʻa loa o ka spatial a me ka manawa pelekikena, i mea hoʻohālikelike loa i waena o nā ʻāina ʻē.

ʻO kahi laʻana, hōʻike ʻia ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka maikaʻi o ka wai ma Palani, aneane ʻoiaʻiʻo no ka mea he mana nui kā nā luna o kēia ʻāina a kālailai i ka nui o nā mea, e pili ana i nā ʻāpana pili pono i ka ecotoxicologically. , i nā hāpana wai like ʻole. I nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe, ʻike ʻole ʻia ka hapa nui o kēia mau pilikia ma muli o ka haʻahaʻa o ka ʻike i nā hoʻokolohua a i ʻole no ka piha ʻole o ka papa inoa o nā mea i kāohi ʻia. ʻO kēia, ma nā ʻōlelo laulā, hana i nā pōpilikia i unuhi ʻia mai ke kālailai e hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ma mua o ka overestimated.

ʻO nā mea hoʻohaumia nui i nā kaiaolaola aquatic hele mai nā hana mahiʻai, nā wahi kaiāulu, a me nā mea kanu hoʻomaʻemaʻe wai kaona. ʻO nā pesticides ka mea i ʻike pinepine ʻia i nā pollutants i nā ʻōnaehana wai hou, ʻoiai ʻo nā pūhui organo-tin, nā pūhui organo-brominated a me nā mea i loaʻa mai ka puhi ʻia ʻana o nā hydrocarbons i ʻike ʻia ma nā pae noʻonoʻo koʻikoʻi. Hoʻohui ʻia, ʻaʻole helu ʻia ka nui o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia i kēia lā i ke kālailai ʻana i ka maikaʻi o ka wai a no kekahi mau mea, kiʻekiʻe paha nā pae noʻonoʻo kūpono i ʻae ʻia.

Ke hōʻike nei nā ʻepekema e komo nei i kēia noi ʻana ʻo ka hopena hoʻokele waiwai wale nō i hiki ke uhi i ka laulā piha o nā mea e pili ana i ka ecotoxicologically e hoʻolauna i nā ʻano kaiaola a me kā lākou hui akamai me nā hana i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka kānana kemikal. Ma kēia ʻano hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā mea weliweli ma mua o ka hoʻokomo ʻia ʻana i ka papa inoa ʻawahia. ʻO kahi mea e ʻike ʻia ai ka pono o ka hana nui i nā pae āpau inā e mālama pono ʻia nā kaiaolaola iʻa.

ʻAe nā lālā āpau o ka hui noiʻi inā ʻaʻohe hoʻololi nui i ke ʻano o ka hele ʻana i kēia manawa, hiki ʻole i nā pae i manaʻo ʻia e ka Water Framework Directive ʻaʻole hiki. Nā ʻanuʻu e ukali ai inā makemake ʻoe e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka hoʻokomo a hoʻopau i nā mea ʻona mai nā ʻōnaehana wai, e hoʻemi ana i ke komo ʻana o ke kemika i ka mahiʻai a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka ʻenehana wai neʻe me ka lāʻau. Inā ʻaʻole i hoʻokau ʻia nā ana, i ka wā lōʻihi, hiki iā lākou ke hoʻokau i nā pōʻino i ka laha kanaka, e loli ana i ke kaiaolaola a hoʻonāwaliwali hoʻi i nā mana hoʻomaʻemaʻe ponoʻī o nā aquifers.

More 'ikepili: E hoʻolaha aku ʻo ʻEulopa i nā noi e kāohi i ka huliauIkehu Geothermal. Greenhouse a me kā lākou noi i ka mahiʻai

Nā kumuhana: ʻO Helmholtz Center no ka ʻĀina Kūʻai Kūʻai (UFZ), PNAS


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.