Nā ʻano o nā minelala

Nā ʻano o nā minelala

Hiki paha i kekahi manawa ua hoʻopaʻa ʻoe i nā minelala a me ko lākou ʻano. Nui a lehulehu ʻano o nā minelala a huki ʻia kēlā me kēia i kahi ala a ʻano ʻokoʻa. Hoʻohana ke kanaka i nā minela no nā hoʻohana like ʻole. ʻO ka mineral ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o kahi paʻa inorganic i loaʻa nā mea kūlohelohe a me kahi ʻano kemika kikoʻī.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e nānā ana mākou i nā ʻano ʻenewa like ʻole o ka honua a me nā mea a lākou e hana ai. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou e pili ana i ia? ʻO kēia kāu pou 🙂

Nā hiʻohiʻona e wehewehe i ka mineral

ʻOʻoleʻa o kahi mineral

ʻO ka mea mua a mākou e nānā ai i kahi mineral he inert ia, inorganic element, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻaʻohe ona ola. No ka mineral he mineral, pono e hoʻokō ʻia nā ʻano he nui. ʻO ka mea mua ʻaʻole hiki ke hele mai ia mai nā mea ola a i ʻole nā ​​koina meaola. ʻO kēia nā mea kūlohelohe i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka Honua. Ma ke ʻano kūlohelohe, pono e huki ʻia mai ke kūlohelohe a hana ʻole ʻia me ka hana ʻole.

Me ka hoʻopuka o nā minela he nui ka ʻoihana. Aia kekahi poʻe i nā minela hoʻopunipuni no nā synthetics ʻē aʻe i hana ʻia e lākou iho e kūʻai aku iā lākou ma ka lilo o ka poʻe e manaʻoʻiʻo i ka mana mystical o nā minelala. ʻO kahi laʻana maopopo he labradorite, quartz, etc.

Pono e hoʻoponopono i ke ʻano kemika o kahi mineral. Hana ʻia ia i nā mole a me nā ʻoma i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i kahi ala paʻa a ʻaʻole pono e loli. Hiki ke hoʻohui ʻia ʻelua mau minelala o nā ʻātoma a me nā molaki like akā aia nā ʻāpana like ʻole. ʻO kahi laʻana o kēia ʻo cinnabar. Loaʻa i kēia mineral ke ʻano kemika HgS. ʻO kēia ke ʻano o ka hui ʻana o nā mole o ka mercury a me ka luaipele. No ka cinnabar e lilo i mineral maoli, pono e unuhi ʻia mai ke kūlohelohe a me ka inorganic.

Pehea e hoʻokaʻawale ai i kekahi mineral mai kahi ʻē aʻe

Nā ʻano o nā minelala

Ke kānalua, aia kekahi mau ʻano i hiki ke kōkua iā mākou e hoʻokaʻawale i waena o kekahi mau ʻano minerals a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Hoʻomanaʻo mākou i kēlā me kēia mineral he waiwai e kū hoʻokahi a ʻokoʻa i ke koena. E ʻike ana mākou i nā ʻano e kōkua iā mākou e hoʻokaʻawale i waena o nā minela ʻokoʻa.

  • ʻO ka mea mua e ʻike inā ʻaʻole a mākou e kamaʻilio ana He aniani. Aia kekahi mau minela he aniani lākou iho a no ke kumu maoli. ʻIke loa, ʻaʻole ia he aniani e like me ka mea e maʻa ai iā mākou e ʻike nei, akā he ʻano poliester ko lākou, nā helehelena, nā piko a me nā kihi. Pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ka hapa nui o nā minela he mau aniani nā muli o kā lākou hanana.
  • ʻO ka maʻa ke ʻano i loaʻa mau iā lākou. Aia i ka mahana a me ke kaomi a lākou e hana ai, he ʻano ʻokoʻa ko nā minelala. ʻO ia ke ʻano i loaʻa iā lākou.
  • ʻO ke kala he hiʻohiʻona maʻalahi ia e hoʻokaʻawale. He kala ʻokoʻa ko kēlā me kēia mea miner e hiki ke kōkua iā mākou e ʻike i ka mea hea. Aia kekahi kala ʻole a kala ʻole kekahi.
  • ʻO ka ʻōlinolino ʻO kekahi ʻano e hiki ke kōkua iā mākou e ʻike i nā ʻano o nā minelala. He kukui ʻokoʻa ko kēlā me kēia. Aia lākou me ke aniani metallic, vitreous, matte a i ʻole adamantine luster.
  • Ka mānoanoa hiki ke ʻike maʻalahi ʻia. Kaukaʻi ʻia i ka nui a me ka nui o kēlā me kēia mineral, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike maʻalahi i ka mānoanoa. Liʻiliʻi a kaumaha hoʻi nā minela momona.

Nā waiwai o nā minelala

Nā waiwai o nā minelala

He mau waiwai ko nā Minelala e lawelawe ai e hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou a hana i kahi ʻano o lākou. ʻO kekahi o kāna mau waiwai nui a maʻa e hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ai ka paʻakikī. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia lākou mai ka paʻakikī a i ka palupalu ka pālākiō Mohs.

ʻO ka waiwai kekahi palupalu. ʻO ia, pehea ka maʻalahi a paʻakikī paha e haki i hoʻokahi hahau. ʻAʻole e huikau ka paʻakikī me ka brittleness. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ke daimana ka mineral paʻakikī ʻoi aku ka hiki ʻole ke wili ʻia ke ʻole ia me kahi daimana ʻē aʻe. Eia nō naʻe, maʻalahi ka haki ke pā ʻia, no ka mea nāwaliwali loa ia.

Ke wāwahi kahi mineral hiki iā ia ke haki me ka maʻamau a exfoliate paha i kahi manawa maʻamau. Ke kū ka lua, ʻo ia hoʻi he ʻāpana like ko lākou. E kālailai loa i kahi mineral pono e mālama ʻia kāna ʻano a me nā waiwai āpau.

ʻO ka pālākiō Mohs ka mea aʻe, mai ka ʻoʻoleʻa nui a i ka liʻiliʻi.

  • 10. Daimana
  • 9. ʻO Corundum
  • 8. ʻO Topaz
  • 7. Quartz
  • 6. Nā Orthoclases
  • 5. Apatite
  • 4. Fluorite
  • 3.Calcite
  • 2 puna
  • 1. Kaulana

I mea e hoʻomaʻamaʻa ai i ka ʻike, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ka paʻakikī ka i ka hiki ke wili ʻia. I kēia hihia, hiki i ka talc ke ʻānai ʻia e nā mea āpau, akā ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke wīwī i kekahi. Hiki i ka Quartz ke wili i ke koena o ka papa inoa mai 6 i lalo, akā hiki ke kahili ʻia e topaza, corundum, a me ke daimana. ʻO Diamond, ʻo ia ka mea ʻoi loa, ʻaʻole hiki ke wili ʻia e kekahi a hiki iā ia ke ʻānai i nā mea āpau.

Nā ʻano o nā minelala

Mineral hoʻokumu

Ke ala o nā minelala e kū i ke kūlohelohe e kōkua iā lākou e ʻike i nā hui nui ʻelua. Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, aia lākou nā minelala hana pōhaku a, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, nā minelala ʻino.

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka ʻano mua o ka mineral he granite. ʻO ka Granite kahi pōhaku i haku ʻia i ʻekolu mau ʻano minelala: quartz, feldspars, a me mica (see ʻAno pōhaku). ʻO ka lua o kā mākou ʻano. He hao no ka mea i loaʻa pololei mai ka hao. Loaʻa i ka hao hao kahi mea kiʻekiʻe o ka hao maoli a maʻemaʻe hoʻi, no laila hiki ke huki pololei ʻia. Pono e ʻōlelo ʻia aia nā impe i nā impurities.

Aia ma waena o nā minelala hana pōhaku:

  • ʻO kēia kahi hui o nā minelala e hana i nā pōhaku me ka nui nui aʻe. Loaʻa iā mākou ka biotite, olivine, quartz a me orthoose.
  • ʻAʻohe silicates. ʻAʻohe o kēia mau minelala i ka silicon a he gypsum, halite a me ka helu.

Nā minelala hana pōhaku

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, loaʻa iā mākou nā minelala aila kahi i lawe pololei ʻia ai ma o ka mea. ʻO ka hōʻiliʻili nui o kekahi ʻano o ka mineral mineral i kapa ʻia he waihona. No ka loaʻa ʻana o ka metala mai kahi aila, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā mea haumia e ka wāwahi ʻana a laila fuse hou i nā mahana wela. Pēlā e hoʻokumu ʻia ai nā ingote kaulana.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻomaopopo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā ʻano minerals.


E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.