Nā ʻano o ka quartz

ʻano o ka quartz

ʻO ka quartz ka mineral nui loa i ka pahu honua, ʻike ʻia ia e kona ʻano, ʻano a me nā kala, nā mea e nani a waiwai loa hoʻi. Ma muli o kona ākea a me nā ʻano, he laulā kona ʻano o nā noi. Aia he ʻokoʻa ʻano o ka quartz a he ʻano ʻokoʻa ko lākou hoʻohana ʻana i ka waihoʻoluʻu a me ka haku mele i loaʻa iā lākou.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe i nā ʻano ʻano quartz i kū i ka honua a he aha ko lākou ʻano nui.

He aha kaʻoihana?

hana aniani

Aia ka Quartz i hoʻokahi ʻāpana silica gel a ʻelua mau ʻāpana oxygen. Ma muli o kā lākou haku mele ʻana, kūpaʻa loa lākou a loaʻa iā lākou nā waiwai e hoʻolilo i kēia mineral i mea kūpono no nā hāmeʻa e like me nā uaki a i ʻole nā ​​mīkini lawe uila pinepine. Manaʻo ʻia nō hoʻi kēia mau pōhaku i ka hoʻōla, ka pale ʻana, a me ka hiki ke hoʻomalu ikehu. ʻO nā kamaʻāina kahiko e like me ko ʻAigupita, ua hoʻohana ka Aztecs a me ko Roma iā ia i nā mea hoʻonani a me nā amulets no ka mea ua manaʻoʻiʻo lākou he mana ka e hoʻōla i ke kino a me ka noʻonoʻo a pale i ka ikehu maikaʻi ʻole.

ʻIke ʻia ʻo Quartz ma kahi o ka honua a hele mai i nā kala like ʻole. Kūleʻa lākou mai ka aniani a hiki i ka opaque āpau, a ua manaʻo ʻia kēlā me kēia he ʻano ʻokoʻa.

Wahi a kāna ʻano, aia kekahi mau ʻano quartz, ʻoiai ʻo ka amethyst, citrine a me ka quartz milky, ka mea i manaʻo nui ʻia i ka gemology. He aha hou aʻe, Aia kekahi mau ʻano o ka quartz i manaʻo ʻia he pōhaku makamae me ka hoʻemi haʻahaʻa. ʻO ka maʻamau, hoʻolaha ʻia kēia mau mea e like me kā lākou ʻano o nā crystallites, ʻo ia hoʻi, ko lākou kala. ʻO kekahi o nā mea maʻamau ʻo:

  • ʻO ka quartz keʻokeʻo Milky, translucent a aneane opaque paha.
  • Aniani uahi, aniani moakaka a me nā kani hina.
  • ʻO ka quartz Citrine, melemele i ka ʻalani māmā.
  • Amethyst, poni ʻoi aku a i ʻole hohonu.
  • ʻO ka quartz Rose, ma muli o ke kū o ka aluminika.

Nā ʻano o nā ʻano o ka quartz

ʻano o ka quartz e nā kala

Ma waena o nā ʻano maʻamau i waena o nā ʻano quartz āpau i loaʻa iā mākou i kēia mau mea:

  • No ka papa o nā silicates ke aniani quartz, ʻoi loa i nā tectosilicates.
  • Kūlike kona ʻano kemika maʻemaʻe me ka silikone dioxide (SiO2), kahi ʻāpana silikone a ʻelua mau ʻāpana oxygen.
  • Hoʻohālikelike ʻia e kona kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe Mohs o 7.
  • ʻO kona mānoanoa a kikoʻī kikoʻī paha e like loa me ka awelika waiwai o ka honua, e oscillating ana ma waena o 2,6 a me 2,7 gram i kēlā me kēia kenimika.
  • He ʻōnaehana aniani nui kāna e kūlike i ka ʻōnaehana aniani hexagonal.
  • ʻO kona ʻālohilohi e like loa me nā aniani aniani.
  • ʻO ka diaphanous a i ʻole ka transparency translucent a aniani moakaka, i hiki ai i ka māmā ke hele ma waena o ke kīʻaha.
  • ʻO ka hope, ʻaʻohe waihoʻoluʻu a ʻole ʻole ke kala onionio.

Nā ʻano o ka quartz

nā aniani kūlohelohe

Hoʻohālikelike nā ʻano o ka quartz i nā ʻano quartz āpau, ʻo ka mea ʻokoʻa wale nō ka ʻokoʻa o nā impurities o ke kinikona o ka aniani, akā koe nō ke ʻano kemika maoli o ka quartz (SiO2). Hāʻawi ka ʻokoʻa o kēia ʻano kemika i ka quartz i nā kala like ʻole.

ʻO ka quartz crystalline

ʻO ka quartz crystalline nā ʻano like a pau o ka quartz, ʻike ʻia lākou me nā aniani i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia a me nā ʻāpana i ʻike ʻia, ʻo ia hoʻi, ma aneʻi hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike maopopo i ke ʻano o ka quartz a me kāna mau ʻano āpau.

ʻO nā laʻana maʻamau o kēia pūʻulu he aniani nā pōaka (nā pōhaku pōhaku), nā huna huna kini i loaʻa i ka granite a me ka pōhaku one, a me ka quartz i loaʻa i nā uaua.

Cryptocrystalline a i ʻole microcrystalline

Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia hui e nā minelala quartz, i haku ʻia me nā crystals quartz microscopic, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia kēia mau aniani i ka maka maka ʻole, akā hana pū lākou i kahi ʻano quartz microcrystalline. Kāhea ʻia kēia hui ʻo chalcedony.

Ke kumu a me ka hoʻokumu ʻana o nā pōhaku

ʻO ka quartz ka mineral nui loa i ka iwi honua, ʻo ia ke kumu e hoʻohana ākea ʻia ai i ka ʻōnaehana hoʻonohonoho o nā pōhaku igneous, nā pōhaku sedimentary a me nā pōhaku metamorphic. ʻO kona kumu, genesis a me kāna hoʻokumu ʻana i ka nui o ka nohona pili honua e pili ana iā ia. ʻIke ʻia ka quartz e hana ana i ka pōhaku e hui pū me ka nui o nā minelala i loko o nā ʻano pōhaku like ʻole, e lilo ana i ʻāpana o kā lākou haku mele a me nā ʻano pōhaku.

I nā pōhaku igneous, crystallize ka quartz hohonu i ka magma a lilo i ʻāpana o ka granite, diorite, granodiorite, etc. Hiki ke crystallized nā ʻano crystallite quartz mai ka hōʻoluʻolu koke ʻana o ka pele a me nā mea pyroclastic, no ka laʻana, ʻO ka quartz kahi ʻāpana o rhyolite, pumice a dacite paha. ʻO ka hope loa i las rocas sedimentarias los granos de cuarzo van e hele mai ka disgregación, meteorización, erosión i lawe ʻia ma laila desde otro tipo de rocas hasta e kūlike i ka nueva roca sedimentaria.

Quartz Hydrothermal

Quartz Hydrothermal he ʻano quartz crystallized mai ka silikone dioxide i nā wai hydrothermal, a pili nui ʻia i kekahi ʻano o nā waihona mineral a i ʻole nā ​​hydrothermal veins a i ʻole nā ​​waihona mineral i ke ʻano o nā veins. ʻO ka hapanui o kēia mau ʻāpana quartz hoihoi no ka ʻimi ʻāina hoʻoulu honua ʻana no ka mea hiki iā lākou ke komo i nā metala hoihoi e like me ke gula, ke kālā, a me ka zinc.

ʻO ka quartz Hydrothermal kahi hui pū ʻia o ka magma i loaʻa ka wai a me nā aniani e like me ka pele. Hoʻomaka kēia hana mai ke kiʻekiʻe wela a me ke kaomi ma lalo o ka honua, a hiki i ka wai ke hoʻoheheʻe i nā minela ʻokoʻa. Ke emi nei ka mahana o ka magma, ʻo ke koena o ka quartz a me ka wai, e kahe ana kēia hopena ma nā māwae i ka pōhaku e pili ana. kahi e anuanu ai a hoʻomaka e paʻa wikiwiki.

Hiki i kēia hana ke hana i nā crystals quartz nani, a me nā aniani o garnet, calcite, sphalerite, tourmaline, galena, pyrite, a me ke kālā a me ke gula. ʻO kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona maopopo loa o kēia ʻano amethyst, kahi quartz microcrystalline poni. Hiki ke ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ke kala, kaukaʻi ʻia i ka nui o ka hao (Fe + 3) i loaʻa i loko. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia i nā hono o kahi hopena i waiwai i ka hao hao. ma nā mahana ma lalo o 300 ° C, e hōʻike lākou i kahi waihoʻoluʻu poni.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā ʻano quartz a me ko lākou ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.