ʻElima Antartika

koʻikoʻi o ke ea o Antarctica

ʻO Antarctica ka ʻāina ʻehā nui loa o ka honua a ʻo ka ʻāina hema loa (hema loa). ʻOiaʻiʻo, aia kona kikowaena territorial ma ka Pole Hema o ka Honua. Kokoke piha kona wahi (98%) i ka hau a hiki i ka 1,9 km mānoanoa. ʻO ka ʻO ke anā Antarctica Ua aʻo nui ʻia i mea e maopopo ai nā mea a pau i loaʻa ma kēia kaiaola.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i ke aniau o Antarctica, kona ulu ʻana a me kona koʻikoʻi i ka honua.

ʻāina hau

anu ma Antarctica

No ka mea, ke kamaʻilio nei mākou e pili ana i ke anuanu, maloʻo a ʻoi loa ka makani ma ka Honua, aneane hiki ʻole ke ola maʻamau ma Antarctica, no laila ʻaʻohe kanaka maoli. Noho wale ia e nā mikiona ʻike ʻepekema ʻē aʻe (ma kahi o 1.000 a 5.000 mau kānaka i loko o ka makahiki) me nā kumu i loko o kona mau palena, ma ke ʻano ma ka Antarctic Plateau.

Eia kekahi, ʻo ia ka ʻāina i ʻike hou ʻia. Ua ʻike mua ʻia ia e ka mea hoʻokele Spanish ʻo Gabriel de Castilla (c. 1577-c. 1620) i ke kauwela hema o 1603. A hiki i ka hopena o ke kenekulia 1895, i ka wā i pae ai nā ʻauwaʻa Norewai mua ma kahakai i XNUMX.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ua loaʻa mai kona inoa mai ka wā kahiko: ua hoʻohana mua ʻia e ke kanaka ʻepekema Helene ʻo Aristotle (384-322 BC) ma kahi o 350 BC. Ma kāna Meteorology, ua kapa ʻo ia i kēia mau ʻāina "e kū ana i ka ʻākau" (no laila kona inoa mai ka Helene antarktikós, "e alo i ka Pole ʻĀkau").

Nā hiʻohiʻona o Antarctica

hooponopono ea honua

ʻO Antarctica nā hiʻohiʻona penei:

  • ʻOi aku ka ʻili o ka ʻāina ma mua o Oceania a i ʻole ʻEulopa, a ʻo ia ka ʻehā o ka ʻāina nui loa ma ka honua, me ka huina o 14 miliona mau kilomika square, a ʻo 280.000 square kilomika wale nō ka manuahi i ke kauwela a me 17.968 km2 ma kahakai.
  • ʻO kahi hui nui o nā mokupuni he ʻāpana o kona ʻāina, ʻo Alexander I (49.070 km²), ʻo Berkner Island (43.873 km²), ʻo Thurston Island (15.700 km²) a me Cany Island (8.500 km²). ʻAʻohe kanaka ʻōiwi o Antarctica, ʻaʻohe mokuʻāina, ʻaʻohe māhele ʻāina, ʻoiai ua koi ʻia e nā lāhui ʻokoʻa ʻehiku: New Zealand, Australia, France, Norway, Great Britain, Argentina, a me Chile.
  • Hoʻomalu ʻia ka ʻāina Antarctic e ke Kuikahi Antarctic, ma ka ikaika mai ka makahiki 1961, ka mea e pāpā ana i kekahi ʻano o ka pūʻali koa, ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana o ka mineral, ka pōkā atomika a me ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i nā mea radioactive, a me nā kākoʻo ʻē aʻe no ka noiʻi ʻepekema a me ka pale o ka ecoregion.
  • He nui nā waihona wai maʻemaʻe subglacial e like me Onyx (32 km lōʻihi) a i ʻole Lake Vostok (14.000 km2 o ka ʻili). Eia kekahi, aia i loko o ka ʻāina he 90% o ka hau o ka Honua, aia ka 70% o ka wai hou o ka honua.
  • ʻO Antarctica ka ʻāina hema loa o ka Honua, i loko o ka Pole Hema a me ka Poai Antarctica, ma lalo o ka ʻAna Hoʻohui Antarctic, ʻo ia hoʻi, ma lalo o nā latitu 55° a me 58° Hema. Ua hoʻopuni ʻia ʻo ia e ka moana Antarctic a me India e pili ana i ka Moana Pākīpika a me ka moana ʻAkelanika Hema, a aia wale nō he 1.000 mau kilomita mai ka piko hema o ʻAmelika Hema (Ushuaia, Argentina).

ʻElima Antartika

ʻO ke anā Antarctica

ʻO Antarctica ke anuanu loa o nā ʻāina āpau. ʻO kona wela haʻahaʻa loa o nā manawa a pau ʻo ia ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa (-89,2 ° C), a ʻoi aku ke anuanu o kona hikina ma mua o nā ʻāpana komohana no ka mea ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe. ʻO ka liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi o ka makahiki i ka hoʻoilo a me ka loko o ka ʻāina ma kahi o -80°C, ʻoiai ʻo ke kiʻekiʻe o ka wela makahiki ma ke kauwela a me nā wahi kahakai ma kahi o 0°C.

Eia kekahi, ʻo ia ka wahi maloʻo loa ma ka Honua a he liʻiliʻi ka wai wai. He kakaikahi ka makani o loko a maloʻo e like me ka wao nahele hau, a ʻo kona mau kahakai he makani nui a ikaika, e makemake ana i ka hāʻule hau.

Ua hoʻomaka ka mōʻaukala honua o Antarctica ma kahi o 25 miliona mau makahiki i hala aku nei me ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa mālie ʻana o ka supercontinent Gondwana. No kekahi mau wā o kona ola mua ʻana, ua ʻike ʻo ia i kahi ʻāpana ʻākau loa a me kahi ea a i ʻole ka mahana wela ma mua o ka uhi ʻana o ka wā hau o Pleistocene i ka ʻāina a holoi i kāna mau mea kanu a me nā holoholona.

ʻO ka ʻaoʻao komohana o ka ʻāina ua like ia me nā mauna ʻo Andes, akā hiki ke ola ma nā wahi haʻahaʻa kahakai. ʻO ka ʻokoʻa, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka ʻāina hikina a he pāpū polar kona ma kona ʻāpana waena, i kapa ʻia ʻo Antarctic Plateau a i ʻole Geographic South Pole.

keia kiekiena ʻoi aku ma mua o 1.000 mau kilomita i ka hikina, me ka awelika kiʻekiʻe o 3.000 mika. ʻO Dome A kona lae kiʻekiʻe, 4093 mau mika ma luna o ka ʻilikai.

Nā holoholona hihiu Antarctic

ʻAʻole liʻiliʻi ka fauna o Antarctica, ʻoi aku hoʻi i nā vertebrates terrestrial, makemake lākou i nā mokupuni subantarctic me ka liʻiliʻi o ka piʻi. Invertebrates like me nā tardigrades, lice, nematodes, krill a me nā microorganisms like ʻole.

Loaʻa nā kumu nui o ke ola ma ia wahi ma nā wahi haʻahaʻa a me nā kahakai, e like me ke ola wai: nā kohola polū, nā kohola pepehi kanaka, nā hee a i ʻole nā ​​pinnipeds (e like me nā sila a i ʻole liona kai). Aia kekahi mau ʻano penguins, ma waena o ia ka emperor penguin, ka penguin mōʻī a me ka penguin rockhopper.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā mea hōʻailona i ke Kuʻikahi Antarctic he kumu noiʻi ʻepekema ma ka ʻāina. ʻO kekahi mau mea paʻa, me nā koʻokoʻo kaʻawili, a ʻo nā mea ʻē aʻe he kau a i ʻole ke kauwela, ke emi ka ʻino o ka mahana a me ke aniau. Hiki ke ʻokoʻa ka helu o nā waihona mai hoʻokahi makahiki a i kekahi, hiki ke hōʻea i nā kumu 40 mai 20 mau ʻāina like ʻole. (2014).

No Germany, Australia, Brazil, Chile, Kina, South Korea, United States, France, India, Japan, Norway, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Russia, Polani, South Africa, Ukraine, Uruguay, Bulgaria, Sepania, ka hapa nui o nā kumu kauwela. ʻEkuador, Finland, Suedena, Pakistan, Peru. Noho mau nā kahua hoʻoilo o Kelemānia, ʻAmelika a me Chile ma Antarctica i ka wā hoʻoilo paʻakikī.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ke aniau o Antarctica a me kona mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   oki ai ia

    E hoʻonui i kēia kumuhana e like me nā mea a pau āu e hāʻawi mai ai iā mākou e hoʻonui i ka ʻike