ʻO Great Bear

ʻO Great Bear

Ke kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā hōkū i ka lani ka inoa mau ʻO ka bea nui. ʻO ia ka hōkū nui loa ma ka lani ʻākau a ʻo ke kolu ka nui loa i ka nui. ʻO kēia ʻāpana ʻo Arctic kona hōʻailona, ​​ʻoiai aia ma luna o ia. He mea maʻa mau ke ʻike i ka Big Dipper ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka Aurora borealis. Hoʻokumu pū lākou i kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona nani loa o ka lani.

I kēia ʻatikala e inoa ana mākou i nā ʻano āpau o kēia puʻupuʻu a hāʻawi i ka ʻike nui e pili ana iā ia. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou e pili ana i kēia hōkū koʻikoʻi? E hoʻomau i ka heluhelu ʻana a e aʻo ʻoe 🙂

Mōʻaukala o ka Dipper Nui

ʻO Ursa Major i ke kauwela

He hōkūhele ia i ʻāpana o kekahi o nā hōkū he kanahākumamāwalu i ʻike ʻia e ka mea ʻike kilokilo ʻo Ptolemy. Hele mākou i ka kenekulia XNUMX AD kahi o kēia kilo hōkū kapa ʻia ʻo Arktos Megale. Ma ka ʻōlelo Latina ka huaʻōlelo "ursus" ʻo ia hoʻi ka bear ma ka ʻōlelo Helene ʻo "arktos". No laila ka inoa ʻo Arctic.

Mahalo i ka Big Dipper, ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ka Honua kahi i kū ai ka Arctic i wehewehe loa ʻia. ʻO nā poʻe āpau e hui pū ana ma nā latitude o + 90 ° a me -30 ° hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike iā ia. ʻO Ursa Major ka hōkū a mākou e ʻike ai e hoʻopuni ana i ka hōkū pou ma ke ʻano he hopena o ke kaʻapuni ʻana o ka honua i ka pō me ka hū ʻole ʻia e ka ʻaoʻao. No laila, ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ʻo circumpolar. Mahalo i kēia, hiki ke nānā ʻia i loko o ka makahiki ma ka hemisphere ʻākau.

Āhea e nānā ai

ʻO Ursa Major a me Ursa Minor

ʻAʻole nā ​​hōkū a pau i ko lākou manawa kūpono e ʻike ai iā lākou. I kēia hihia, ʻo ka manawa ʻoi loa i ka wā puna. ʻO nā hōkū e hana i kēia hōkū ma waena o 60 a me 110 miliona mau makahiki māmā. ʻO nā hōkū ʻehā nāna i haku iā ia ʻo Merak, Dubhe, Fekda a me Megrez.

Hana ʻia ka huelo o ka hōkū o ʻekolu mau hōkū mai Alioth a Alcor a me Mizar. Loaʻa i nā mea hope loa ka peculiarity ʻaʻole pālua. ʻO kēlā me kēia o lākou he ʻekolu mau makahiki māmā mai kēlā me kēia. ʻO ka mea hope loa e hana i ka lālani ʻike ʻia ʻo Alcaid.

ʻO nā hōkū ʻoi loa o ka hōkū

Nā hōkū i ka lani

He mau hōkū ʻoi loa ko ka hōkū ʻo Ursa Major, a no laila ke kū nui nei lākou. Aia i waena o lākou:

  • Alioth. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia e ka hōkū dwarf polū a keʻokeʻo. Aia ia ma kahi o 81 mau makahiki māmā me ka nui ma waena o 1,75 a me 4 manawa i ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o ka Lā. ʻO 127 mau manawa ka mālamalama. Wale, ma kahi mamao loa ʻike mākou i ka liʻiliʻi.
  • ʻO Phecda ʻO ia ke kula kiʻekiʻe keʻokeʻo 84 mau makahiki ka lōʻihi. Mālamalama ia me ka nui o 2,43 a ʻoi aku ka 71 mau manawa mālamalama ma mua o ka Lā.
  • Megrez He hōkū uliuli a keʻokeʻo hoʻi ia ma kahi o 58,4 mau makahiki māmā a ʻoi aku ka nui o 63% ma mua o ka Lā a me 14 mau manawa hou aʻe.
  • ʻAkaʻala Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai nā hōkū ʻē aʻe e ke ʻano nui o ke keʻokeʻo a me ka uliuli. Aia ia i 100 mau makahiki māmā mai kā mākou ʻōnaehana lā me ka nui ʻeono manawa o ka Lā a me 700 mau manawa hou e aniani.
  • Mizara a hiki ke ʻike ʻia ʻo Alcor he mau hōkū ʻelua. Aia lākou i waena o nā mea i ʻike nui ʻia i ka lani lani. ʻIke ʻia lākou ʻo ka Lio a me ka Rider a keʻokeʻo ko lākou kala. Aia lākou ma kahi mamao o 80 mau makahiki māmā a loaʻa iā Mizar e hoʻomālamalama nei me ka nui o 2,23 a me Alcor me 4,01.
  • dubhe he hōkū nunui ma kahi o 120 mau makahiki māmā. Eia nō naʻe, he hōkū 400 mau manawa ʻoi aku ka mālamalama ma mua o ka Lā. He ʻōnaehana binary o nā hōkū e hoʻopuni ana kekahi i kekahi i hoʻokahi manawa i kēlā me kēia kanahā mau makahiki.
  • Meraka ʻIke ʻia he hōkū keʻokeʻo a 79 mau makahiki ka mamao. Loaʻa iā ia kahi radius 3 manawa o ka Lā a me kona nui. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia e 70 mau manawa mālamalama.

Nā mele pili i ka hōkū ʻo Ursa Major

Nā Myths o ka Dipper Nui

Ua hala kēia hōkū ma loko o ka mōʻaukala e nā inoa a me nā helu he nui e pili ana i kahi i ʻike ʻia ai a me nā manaʻoʻiʻo o kēlā me kēia ʻāina. O kahi laʻana, ʻakaʻaka ka poʻe Roma e ʻike i kāna mau bipi kauō. ʻIke ka poʻe ʻAlapia i kahi kaʻa kaʻa ma ka pae. Hiki i nā kaiāulu ʻē aʻe ke ʻike i nā hōkū ʻekolu e hana ma ke ʻano o ka huelo a me ka hiki paha he mau pēpē kēia e ukali i ko lākou makuahine. Hiki iā lākou ke lilo i poʻe alualu alualu i ka bea.

Ua unuhi nā Indro Iroquois o Kanada a me nā Micmacs o Nova Scotia i ka bea i alualu ʻia e nā koa ʻehiku. Wahi a nā manaʻoʻiʻo, hoʻomaka kēia hoʻomaʻau i kēlā me kēia makahiki i ka puna. Hoʻomaka ia ke haʻalele ka bear i ka lua i ka Corona Borealis. I ka hōʻea ʻana o ke kauwela, hopu ʻia ka bea e ka poʻe hahai holoholona a ʻo ka hopena, make. Noho ka iwi iwi i ka lani a kū ka bear hou mai kāna ana i ka puna aʻe.

Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ua hoʻohana ka poʻe Kina i nā hōkū o ka Big Dipper ma ke ʻano he ʻike i ka wā e hāʻawi ai lākou i ka meaʻai i ko lākou lāhui. Ua hōʻike iā lākou i ka manawa i nele ka ʻai. ʻ tellslelo kēia kaʻao o ka hōkū ʻo Callisto, kahi nymph nāna i hoʻolaʻa iā ia iho i ke kino a me ka ʻuhane i ke akua wahine ʻo Artemis, ua kau ka manaʻo o Zeus. Ua hoʻopunipuni ʻo ia iā ia a, ma hope o ka hānau ʻana o kāna keiki kāne i kapa ʻia ʻo Arcas, ke mōʻī wahine o nā akua, huhū ʻo Hera a hoʻolilo iā Callisto i bea.

I kekahi mau makahiki ma hope mai, i ka wā i hele ai ʻo Arcas i ka hopu holoholona, ​​ua kokoke ʻo ia e pepehi i ka bea me ka noʻonoʻo ʻole i ka wā i komo ai ʻo Zeus a hoʻonoho iā Callisto a me Arcas i lilo i bea. i ka lani me Ursa Major a me Ursa Minor, pakahi. ʻO kēia ke kumu o ka lele ʻana o kēia mau hōkūhele a ʻaʻole e kūpenu i lalo o ka pae ke nānā ʻia mai nā latitu ʻākau.

Me kēia ʻike hou hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka hōkū ʻo Ursa Major ke ʻike ʻoe i ka lani. He mea nui e ʻike i ka mea i ko mākou lani e ʻike hou aʻe ai e pili ana i ke ao holoʻokoʻa a mākou e noho nei. ʻAʻole hiki ke nānā iki ʻia kekahi mea maʻamau e like me kēia ʻano hōkū


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.