ʻ .kene Eocene

ʻ .kene Eocene

La ʻEocene wā ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea i hoʻokumu i ka wā Paleogene o ka Ke au Cenozoic. I loko o kēia manawa ua nui nā hoʻololi mai ke kuanaona a me ke kuanaʻike o ke kuanaʻike, ʻoiai ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā pae mauna nui ma muli o nā kuʻina Continental. Na kēia neʻe ʻana o nā ʻāina i hoʻokumu i ka ʻ .kene Eocene hiki ke hoʻomohala ʻia a ʻokoʻa i nā laulā.

I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā ʻano āpau a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka holoholona Eocene.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

ʻO ka wā Eocene ua lōʻihi ma kahi o 23 miliona mau makahiki. Ua mahele ʻia i nā makahiki 4 i kahakaha ʻia e kekahi mau loli, kālaihonua a me ka faunal. Manaʻo ʻia he manawa o nā loli kahi o ka Honua i hana ai i kekahi mau loli i kahi pae honua mai ka wā i haki ai ka ʻāina nui ʻo Pangea. Pēlā i hoʻokumu ʻia ai nā ʻāina e like me kā mākou i ʻike ai i kēia lā.

Nui a hewahewa nā hoʻololi hou o ka mea nui no ka mea aia kekahi mau hanana kūʻē i ka Paleogene. ʻO kahi laʻana, loaʻa iā mākou ka hanana Azolla i kumu e hoʻonui i ka mahana o ka nohona o ka honua āpau i kahi ala i hana ai i nā kūlana ʻē aʻe e pono ai nā mea ola e hoʻopili. Aia kekahi hoʻololi hou i nā fluctuations o ka mahana i hoʻomaka i ka emi ʻana o ia. ʻO nā hanana kaiāulu ʻelua i lawe mai i nā hopena no nā mea ola i noho i ka honua i kēia manawa.

ʻO nā manu kekahi o nā hui i ʻike i ka ʻokoʻa nui loa i kēia manawa. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i noho i ka honua he weliweli a me nā mea nui nui. ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻāina nui ʻo Pangea ka mea i hana a i ʻole ka ʻokoʻa o nā ʻano holoholona a me nā mea kanu.

E kālailai ana mākou i ka ulu ʻana o ka flora a me nā holoholona o ka Eocene.

Flora

I loko o kēia manawa ua ʻae nā kūlana o ka honua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā ʻano mea kanu a me nā holoholona. He manawa ia e hoʻonui ai ka meaola i ke aloha i ke aniau mehana.

Ke kālailai ʻana i nā flora i loaʻa iā mākou he loli hou loa ia. I ka mahana a mehana ka mahana o ka mahana i ka hoʻomaka o ka Eocene, nui ka honua i nā ululāʻau a me nā ululāʻau. Aia kekahi mau hōʻike e ʻōlelo ana he mauhele nō kā nā kia i kēia manawa. ʻO ka mea hui i mālama i ka liʻiliʻi o nā mea kanu, ʻo ia nā kaiaolaola wao nahele ma loko o nā ʻāina.

ʻO nā mea kanu ulu nui i kēia manawa ka metasequoia a me ka ʻohana cupresaceae. ʻO ka poʻe hope i pili i ka hui o nā gymnosperms, he conifers maʻamau. ʻO kahi hui kūpono o nā mea kanu i hiki ke liʻiliʻi a nui hoʻi. Ua like kona lau me nā unahi a ua hoʻonohonoho kokoke loa kekahi i kekahi. Hoʻokuʻu kekahi o lākou i kahi mea ʻoluʻolu hou aʻe.

ʻ .kene Eocene

Manu Eocene Fauna

Ma aneʻi mākou e nānā ai i ka holoholona o ka Eocene. Hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo i ka nui o ka ʻōpili i kēia manawa. ʻO nā hui o nā māmela a me nā manu ka mea i kū nui i waho. E kālailai ana mākou i nā hui āpau.

Invertebrates

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa mau ia i ke kaapuni kai. Aia ka nui o nā mollusks i waena o nā gastropod, bivalves, echinod germ a me nā cnidarians e kū nei. Ua loli pū kekahi ʻo Arthropods i kēia manawa, me nā naonao ke ʻano nui.

ave

ʻO nā manu kēlā mau lāhui i hoʻomohala i ka mahalo nui loa i nā kūlana kaiapuni maikaʻi. ʻO kekahi mau ʻano hihiu hihi, hāʻawi i ʻelua mau pūʻulu o nā mea ola a makaʻu loa i kēlā manawa. Ma waena o nā ʻano manu i hoʻomohala i ka hapanui a nui loa ʻo: ʻO Phorusrhacidae, ʻo Gastornis a me nā penguins. E wehewehe ana mākou i nā ʻano o kēlā me kēia o lākou:

  • ʻO Phorusrhacidae: He hui manu ia nona ke ʻano nui ko lākou nui nui. Ua piʻi aku kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona i 3 mika ke kiʻekiʻe. Hiki ke hōʻoia ʻia mahalo ʻia i nā moʻolelo mōʻalihaku lehulehu e kū nei mai kēia manawa. I kēia mau lā, ua hiki ke loaʻa kekahi mau iwi poʻo o kēia mau holoholona i mea e ʻike pono ai iā lākou. ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona o ka ʻēheu ka hiki ke lele. Eia naʻe, ua hana ʻo ia me ka wikiwiki loa. Manaʻo ʻia ua hōʻea lākou i nā wikiwiki a hiki i 50 mau mile i kēlā me kēia hola. He poʻe ʻaʻa manu lele lākou o nā holoholona liʻiliʻi, me kekahi mau māmela.
  • ʻO Gastornis: ʻIke ʻia ʻo ia ka manu o ka weliweli. ʻO kēia no ka mea ua makaʻu loa lākou. Ma waena o kāna mau hiʻohiʻona kaulana loa ʻike mākou i kona nui nui, kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona a hiki i 2 mika a ʻoi aku ma mua o 100 kilo i ke kaupaona. ʻO ko lākou poʻo nui a pōkole hoʻi, kino ikaika i hoʻoweliweli iā lākou. Ua like ka nuku me nā ʻoka hoʻokahi i kēia lā. Kupaianaha ka ikaika o ka nani a lawelawe ʻia e hopu i kā lākou mea pio. ʻOiai ʻaʻole ia i lele, he wikiwiki loa kona.
  • Penguins: He pūʻulu ia o ka bas bass lele ʻole. Ua ola kēia hui a hiki i kēia lā a aia ma Antarctica ma ka lāʻau hema. I kēia manawa ua manaʻo ʻia ua noho lākou i ka ʻāina ʻAmelika Hema. ʻIke ʻia kēia mahalo i kekahi mau mōʻalihaku i loaʻa hou mai kēlā pūnaewele. Aia kekahi mau laʻana i ana ʻia i 1.5 a me nā mea liʻiliʻi ʻē aʻe.

Eocene Fauna: Nā mea kolo a me nā Mamala

Ua ola a hoʻomohala nā mea kolo. ʻO nā mea i koe ka hapanui he mau nāhesa nui, a ʻoi aku i 10 mau mika ka lōʻihi i kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona.

No nā māmala, ua nui a lehulehu hou aʻe kēia hui, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ungulate, cetaceans a me kekahi mau carnivores nunui. E nānā mākou i kēlā me kēia o lākou:

  • Ungulate: ʻO kāna ʻano nui ka hiki iā ia ke neʻe i kākoʻo ʻia i ka hopena o kona mau manamana lima. Eia kā mākou puaʻa a kāmelo, bipi, hipa a me nā kao.
  • ʻO Cetaceans: ua ulu lākou i loko o ke kai a aia kekahi mau ʻano e like me archaeocetos. ʻO kēia ka mea mua e hoʻomohala i nā ʻano i ʻae iā lākou e hoʻololi i ke ola wai.
  • Nā Ambulositosis: ʻo lākou nā koholā mua e kū nei ma ka honua. Loaʻa iā lākou ka lōʻihi ma mua o 3 mau mika a me ko lākou kaumaha ma kahi o 120 kg. He ʻano like kona me nā crocodiles ʻoiai me nā lālā lōʻihi. Ua lawelawe ʻia kēia mau lālā e like me nā lola e neʻe a puni. ʻO kā lākou papaʻai he carnivorous.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā holoholona o ka Eocene.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.