Ānuenue pālua

ānuenue pālua i ka lani

ʻO ke ānuenue kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona nani loa i ka wā e pau ai ka ua. ʻO ke ānuenue kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻike ʻike ʻia i ka wā e hele ai ka lā ma waena o nā kulu wai i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka lewa. Eia naʻe, i kekahi mau manawa a ānuenue pālua.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i ke kumu i hana ʻia ai ke ānuenue pālua, he aha kona mau hiʻohiʻona a me nā ʻano kumu.

Hoʻokumu anuenue

ānuenue pālua

ʻO ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ke ānuenue e pili ana i kekahi mau pae:

  • Hoʻololi: ʻO ka mālamalama keʻokeʻo mai ka lā, i hana maoli ʻia me ka hui ʻana o nā kala, komo i kahi kulu wai. I ke komo ʻana i ka hāʻule, piʻo a hoʻopaʻa paha ke kukui ma muli o ka ʻokoʻa o ka māmā o ka māmā i ka ea a me ka wai.
  • Noʻonoʻo i loko: I loko o ka kulu wai, ʻike ʻia ka mālamalama mai nā paia o loko o ka kulu. ʻO kēia noʻonoʻo e hoʻokaʻawale ka mālamalama i kona mau kala ma muli o ka hoʻopuehu ʻana, e hoʻokaʻawale ana i nā kala o ka spectrum i ʻike ʻia, e like me kahi prisma.
  • Hoihoi hou: Ma hope o ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i loko, haʻalele ka mālamalama i ka kulu wai a hoʻopaʻa hou ʻia i kona hele ʻana mai ka wai a i ka ea. Puka mai ka malamalama ma nā kihi kiko'ī, ma muli o kona lōʻihi nalu. Hoʻokaʻawale kēia i nā kala like ʻole.
  • Hana ʻana i ke ānuenue: Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā kukuna o ka mālamalama i nā waihoʻoluʻu ma ke ʻano pōʻai, e hana ana i ka mea a mākou i ʻike ai he ānuenue. ʻIke ʻia ke ānuenue ma ke ʻano he hapalua pōʻai i ka lewa ma muli o ke ʻano o nā kulu wai e hana ana ma ke ʻano he prisma maoli.

Pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ua ʻike maoli ʻia ka mālamalama a hoʻohuli ʻia i loko o nā kulu wai he nui i ka lewa, e hāʻawi ana kēlā me kēia i ke kūkulu ʻana i ke ānuenue a mākou e ʻike nei. ʻO ke ānuenue kahi hiʻohiʻona o nā waihoʻoluʻu ma muli o ka haki ʻana o ke kukui keʻokeʻo i loko o kona mau ʻāpana: ʻulaʻula, ʻalani, melemele, ʻōmaʻomaʻo, uliuli, indigo a me violet.

ʻO ke ānuenue ka mea ʻike maoli ʻia. Hoʻokumu lākou i ka wā e hele ai ka lā i nā kulu wai i ka wā ua. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ke kukui i hoʻopuehu ʻia i loko o kahi kikoʻī o nā kala, e like me kahi prisma. No ka nānā ʻana i ke ānuenue, pono e hoʻokō ʻia nā ʻano kikoʻī: ka hiki ʻana mai o ka ua a me ka lā, a pono e kū ka mea nānā ma waena o lāua me ka lā ma hope a me ka ua ma mua. Eia hou, pono e olino ka malamalama ma kahi kihi 42º ma luna o nā kulu, no laila ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia lākou i ke awakea a ʻike pinepine ʻia i ke kakahiaka ua a me ke ahiahi.

Ānuenue pālua

huikau o nā kala

Ke komo ka kukuna kukui keʻokeʻo i loko o kahi kulu, hoʻopuehu ʻia kona mau kala like ʻole ma nā kihi like ʻole. Ma muli o kēia hiʻohiʻona, ua hoʻohuli ʻia ke kukui keʻokeʻo a hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kēlā me kēia kala i hana ʻia. ʻO ka leo ʻulaʻula ka mea e ʻoki liʻiliʻi loa, a ʻo nā kala ʻē aʻe e ʻoi aku ka nui a hiki i ka violet. No laila, ua hoʻololi ʻia ka kukuna o ke kukui keʻokeʻo i hōʻiliʻili o nā kukuna, e hōʻike ana kēlā me kēia i kahi kala ʻokoʻa e ʻokoʻa ana i kona hele ʻana i loko o ka hāʻule. E kū ana kēia mau kukuna i ka ʻili o loko o ka kulu a ʻike ʻia kekahi hapa i hope, me he aniani lā ka ʻili o ka kulu. Hoʻopili hou nā kukuna i ka ʻili o ka hāʻule ma mua o ka puka ʻana, a he ʻokoʻa ke kihi a me ke kala o kēlā me kēia. ʻO kēia kaʻina hana, Hoʻopuka hou ʻia i nā kulu he nui ʻole, ʻo ia ka mea e hoʻopuka ai i nā ʻāpana kala like ʻole e hui pū ʻia a lilo i anuenue.

Ke hoʻohuli ʻia ka mālamalama a ʻike i nā kulu wai, hiki mai kahi mea nani i kapa ʻia ʻo ke ānuenue pālua. Hōʻike ʻia kēia hanana e nā ʻāʻī ʻelua o nā waihoʻoluʻu like ʻole, ʻoi aku ka ʻoi aku o ke aniani o loko ma mua o ka puka waho. ʻO nā waihoʻoluʻu o ke ānuenue pālua, he ʻulaʻula, ʻalani, melemele, ʻōmaʻomaʻo, uliuli, indigo a me violet. He mea kakaikahi ke anuenue pālua, akā, i ka laʻa o ka ʻike ʻana, he hiʻohiʻona kupaianaha maoli nō ia.

I kekahi manawa ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia hoʻokahi wale nō ʻelua ānuenue, me nā waihoʻoluʻu i nā hoʻonohonoho like ʻole a ʻo kekahi ma luna o kekahi. Hoʻokumu ʻia ka lua o ke ānuenue i ka wā e komo ai ka lā i lalo o kahi kulu ua a laila lele ʻelua i loko ma mua o ka hiki ʻana i ko mākou mau maka. Ma muli o nā pōlele ʻelua, ʻaʻa nā nalu māmā a waiho i ka hāʻule ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ke ānuenue mua. ʻAʻole ʻoi aku ka ikaika o kēia ānuenue lua no ka mea ua hoʻopau ʻia kekahi o ka ikehu me kēlā me kēia pā.

Ke paʻi ʻelua mau kukuna māmā i nā kulu ua, uhi lākou i kahi mamao ʻoi aku ka nui, e hopena i kahi kihi puka ʻoi aku ka nui. ʻO ia ke kumu i manaʻo ʻia ai ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ke ānuenue lua ma mua o ka mua. Eia hou, e ʻike ʻia nā kala o ke ānuenue ʻelua ma ka ʻaoʻao hope: ʻulaʻula ma lalo a me ka poni ma luna.

Alexander Bana

ʻōuli ānuenue

Ke kuhikuhi pono nei mākou i ka ʻāpana o ka lani i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā anuenue, ma mua o kahi hui mele. ʻO kēia wahi, i kapa ʻia ʻo Alexander Bands, Ua ʻoi aku ka pōʻeleʻele ma mua o ke koena o ka lani a aia ma waena o ke ānuenue mua a me ka lua.

ʻO ke ānuenue mua a i ʻole ka lewa i loko o ia mea, ua hana ʻia me nā kukuna o ka mālamalama e hoʻoheheʻe ʻia mai nā kulu ua. I kēia manawa, hoʻokumu ʻia ke arc lua a i ʻole ka lani i waho e nā kukuna i ʻike ʻia ʻelua a hoʻohuli ʻia. ʻAʻole hiki i nā ʻāpana o ka lewa ke loaʻa nā kulu ua ma nā laina ʻike ma waena o nā arc ʻelua ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i ka mālamalama āpau i ka maka o ka mea nānā. ʻO ka hopena, ʻike ʻia kēia mau wahi ʻeleʻele. I ka makahiki 200 AD, ʻo Alexander o Aphrodisias ka mea mua i wehewehe i ke ʻano o kona inoa i kēia manawa.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ke ānuenue pālua a me kona hoʻokumu ʻana.


E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.