Yanayi mara dadi

yanayi mara kyau

El yanayi mara kyau na Arewacin Hemisphere ya tashi daga Arctic Circle zuwa Tropic of Cancer. A cikin Kudancin Kudancin, yanayin yanayin zafi ya tashi daga Antarctic Circle zuwa Tropic of Cancer. Waɗannan yankuna suna da yanayi huɗu na shekara, dangane da latitude. Yanayin zafi yakan bambanta da yawa, kuma ya danganta da latitude ɗinku, kuma ruwan sama kuma yana ƙayyadadden lokacin lokacin shekara.

Za mu keɓe wannan labarin don gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da yanayin yanayin zafi, halaye da mahimmancinsa.

Babban fasali

subhumid yanayi

Yanayin yanayin yanayi nau'in yanayi ne mai matsakaicin matsakaicin matsakaicin kowane wata, yanayin zafi a ciki watan mafi zafi yana sama da 10 ℃ kuma zazzabi a cikin watan mafi sanyi yana sama -3 ℃. Matsakaicin ruwan sama na shekara-shekara yana tsakanin 600 mm zuwa 2000 mm.

Yankin yanayi mai zafi yawanci yana tsakanin yanayin yanayi mai zafi da yanayin polar, wato, yankin tsakanin 45º da 60º arewa da latitude kudu. Su ne wuraren da yanayi hudu na shekara ke faruwa.

A cikin yanayin yanayi akwai nau'ikan dabbobi da tsirrai iri-iri, kuma shi ne mafi kyawun yanayi don haɓaka ayyukan ɗan adam kamar noma, masana'antu da rayuwar zama.

Yanayin zafin jiki yana da:

  • Matsakaicin zafin jiki na kowane wata yana da matsakaici.
  • Gabatar da yanayi guda huɗu daban-daban na shekara.
  • Ana samun ruwan sama na kan lokaci, musamman a lokacin sanyi.
  • Yana ba da damar haɓaka nau'ikan ciyayi iri-iri, irin su savannah da gandun daji.
  • An yarda da ci gaban dabbobi daban-daban.
  • Samar da isassun yanayi don ci gaban wayewa.
  • Ya tashi daga Arctic Circle zuwa Tropic of Cancer a Arewacin Hemisphere da kuma daga Antarctic Circle zuwa Capricorn a Kudancin Hemisphere.

Nau'in yanayin yanayin zafi

yanayin yanayi kanada

Yanayin zafi yana ba da yanayi iri-iri a cikin nau'ikan su, kuma an gano manyan nau'ikan guda huɗu:

  • yanayin yanayi na tsakiyar teku. Ana siffanta shi da dogon lokacin rani, bushewa, lokacin rani da gajere, sanyi mai laushi tare da yawan ruwan sama.
  • yankin yanayi na nahiyar. Yana da bambancin yanayin zafi tsakanin lokacin sanyi da bazara, zafi da damina a lokacin rani da sanyi da bushewa a cikin hunturu.
  • Dumi da jika. Ana siffanta shi da dogon lokacin zafi mai zafi tare da yawan ruwan sama. Winters gajere ne kuma matsakaici.
  • Yanayin Teku. An siffanta shi ta hanyar fadada cikin teku. Yanayin zafi yawanci sanyi ne kuma ruwan sama na hunturu yana da yawa.

Flora da fauna na yanayin yanayi

yanayi mara kyau

Yanayin yanayin zafi yana ba da wadataccen yanayi don ci gaban flora da fauna. Babban fasali sun haɗa da:

  • Flora: yana gabatar da nau'ikan ciyayi da bishiyoyi da yawa kamar itacen oak, conifers da larchs. Yana ba da damar samar da gandun daji, dazuzzuka masu yawa da ciyayi. Bugu da kari, yana da fa'ida ga bunkasar amfanin gona iri-iri da mutane za su iya sarrafa su, kamar masara, quinoa, alkama, kayan lambu, 'ya'yan itatuwa da sauransu.
  • Dabbobin daji. Yana nuna nau'ikan nau'ikan dabbobin da suka dace don yin ƙaura don guje wa lokutan sanyi, tare da wasu suna da ikon yin barci don jure lokacin hunturu, kamar bear, squirrels, da opossums. Wasu dabbobin da ke da yanayin yanayi mai zafi sune: elk, lynx, pampas deer, jemagu, voles, pumas, foxes, cardinals da gaggafa.

Filayen ciyayi na Pampas ko ciyayi masu zafi sun mamaye ƙasan rafin Plata. Baya ga yanayin yanayinsa, yana kama da savanna kuma ya ƙunshi nau'ikan ciyawa masu wuya, taushi, da tsami (stipa) wanda ke goyan bayan shahararrun wuraren ciyawa na Pampas. Wani lokaci ƙananan rukunin bishiyoyi na iya zama ragowar gandun daji mafi girma. Ko ta yaya, an maye gurbin filayen ciyayi da kayan amfanin gona na wucin gadi da wuraren kiwo kuma dabbobi sun lalace sosai.

Tsire-tsire yana da yanayin ciyayi masu dumi da matsananciyar ciyayi tare da ciyayi da ƙaya na dabi'ar Robinia. Valdivia tana da rinjaye da farin ciki dazuzzuka masu zafi da na wurare masu zafi, tare da itatuwan oak iri-iri iri-iri, larch da ƙari. Dajin Valdivia wani muhimmin tanadin katako ne na nau'ikan halitta a cikin ƙasarmu kuma ana amfani dashi tun ƙarni na ƙarshe: (coigües, mañíos, olivillos, harshe, canelos, da sauransu). A cikin wannan yanki, amma a cikin Andes, kyawawan gandun daji na coniferous na jinsin araucaria sun ci gaba, yayin da kudancin kudancin gandun daji na larch ya kusan bace saboda hakar ma'adinai (Chiloé).

Curiosities

Akwai jerin sunayen toponyms, wato toponyms, waɗanda ke ba da shaida ga yanayin yanayi na Spain. Saboda haka, ana amfani da sunan Islas de la Suerte don tsibirin Canary tun zamanin da. saboda kyawun yanayi. Saboda yawan hasken rana a cikin shekara, yankin Costa de la Malaga kuma ana kiransa da Costa del Sol. Irin wannan yanayi ya kasance a kan Costa de Huelva, wanda ake kira Costa de la Luz saboda kamanceceniya da halin da ake ciki. Costa del Sol.

A wasu lokuta, sunan wurin ba yana nuni da yanayi mai kyau na musamman ba, a'a maimakon madaidaicin yanayin yanayi. Wannan shine abin da ke faruwa a Saliyo ko Nevada, ko a cikin busassun yankuna da aka sani da hamada, kamar Tabenas a Almería ko Los Monegros a cikin Zaragoza.

Yanayin a wasu lokuta yakan zama abin da 'yan siyasa ke mayar da hankali, kuma a lokuta da yawa, shawarar da suka yanke kan batutuwan da suka shafi yanayi yana da matukar mamaki. Muhawarar ta yau ta mayar da hankali ne kan abin da ake kira sauyin yanayi, amma a baya an sami wasu dalilai da suka sa masu mulki suka ba da shawarar "masu warware" kan yanayin yanayi na musamman a Spain.

A cikin 1973, Ministan Francoist Julio Rodríguez ya gabatar da wani tsari mai ban mamaki da ake kira "Kalandar Julian" a cikin sunansa. Ƙoƙarin canza kalandar makaranta, ƙoƙarin sa shekarar makaranta ta fara a watan Janairu kuma a ƙare a watan Disamba. An gabatar da dalilai da dama, amma musamman wadanda suka yi magana kan daidaita jadawalin makaranta zuwa lokacin da ya fi dacewa a shekara, baya ga rage yawan amfani da makamashi don dumama a cibiyoyin da aka aiwatar da shawarar.

An yi watsi da shawarar jim kadan bayan ta fara aiki. Amma yin amfani da lokacin rani a matsayin uzuri don karɓa ko ba da darasi a yawancin ƙasarmu yana da wahala sosai, yana sa mu bambanta da yawancin ƙasashen Turai da yanayin zafi. lokacin rani ya fi sauƙi kuma za su iya yanke hutun su gajarta saboda zafi yana iya jurewa. A cikin Spain, ɗalibai da malamai suna jin daɗin watanni biyu a jere na hutu (har zuwa yanzu), wannan yanayi na musamman ya tabbata ne kawai ta gaskiyar cewa yawancin ƙasar suna fuskantar yanayin zafi a cikin watannin Yuli da Agusta (mahimmanci ta hanya) .

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da yanayin yanayin zafi da halayensa.


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