Dutsen Carpathian

Dutsen Carpathian

A wasu labaran da muke magana akan su Dutsen Appalachian, las Duwatsu masu duwatsu kuma daga da himalayas. Anan zamu maida hankali tsaunukan Carpathian. Ita ce babbar tsauni mafi girma a cikin Turai. Tana da fadin kasa kilomita murabba'i 162.000 kuma tana cike da ciyayi masu kyau da dabbobi. A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da wannan tsauni na irin wannan ɗaukaka.

Shin kuna son ƙarin koyo game da tsaunukan Carpathian? Ci gaba da karatu.

Babban fasali

Yin yawo a cikin tsaunukan Carpathian

Wannan tsaunin yana farawa daga tsauni a Austriya kuma ya faɗaɗa don Slovakia, arewacin Hungary, kudu maso yammacin Ukraine, kudu maso gabashin Czech Republic da Western Serbia. Kasancewa tsakanin ƙasashe da yawa, gudanar da sararin samaniya, na flora da fauna da fa'idodi daban-daban, dole ne a raba tsakanin waɗannan ƙasashen.

Carpathians suna da halaye masu gauraya. Ana la'akari da ita azaman tsawan tsawan tsaunukan Alps. Sun yarda a cikin lagoons masu halayyar tare da waɗannan tsaunukan kuma ana nuna su ta yanayin asalin da tsarin. Hakanan yana da kamanceceniya saboda yanayin can da akwai. Nau'in yanayi Yana da alhakin wanzuwar wasu fure da fauna da haɓaka ƙasa tare da halaye na musamman.

A ƙarshen, tsaunukan Carpathian suna da alaƙa da tsaunukan tsaunuka da ake kira Balkans. A gefen tsaunuka muna iya ganin shimfidar wuri mai yawan bishiyun pine a manyan ƙasashe da tuddai da tudu da yawa. Wannan yana nufin cewa shekarun waɗannan tsaunuka ba su daɗe da zuwa ba, in ba haka ba kololuwa za su kasance gaba ɗaya.

A cikin Carpathians akwai wasu kwari masu dusar ƙanƙara waɗanda ke da wakiltar raƙuman ruwan sanyi da tsari kamar moraines da sauran zurfin zurfin ruwa. Lalata da launin fata yana da alhakin gyara yankin da kuma ci gaba da aiwatar da masu binciken ilimin kasa.

Rabin yankin na Carpathians yana a tsayi kasa da mita 1.000, don haka ba za a iya ɗaukarsa tsauni mai tsayi ba. A zahiri, mafi girman kololuwa suna a tsayin da bai wuce mita 2.700 ba. Wannan shine ɗayan dalilan da yasa yawancin flora da fauna suke da yawa.

Bambancin halittu da yanayi

Kyakkyawan wuri mai faɗi na tsaunukan Carpathian

Dangane da dukkanin filin, yawanci an rufe shi da ciyayi da dabbobi. Yanayin shimfidar sa yana hade ne da farar ƙasa da yankuna masu ƙarfi waɗanda suke da nauyi, ɓarna da yankewa.

Bambance-bambancen halittu ya dogara ne da raguwar ruwan sama da ake samu tsawon shekaru da canjin yanayi a yanayin zafi. Tare da tarihi, akwai yanayi daban-daban da suka haifar da ciyayi na musamman. Akwai ayyukan tattalin arziki da yawa waɗanda ke da alaƙa da kasancewar ciyayi da dabbobi na musamman. A saboda wannan dalili, an kuma gudanar da nazarin tasirin mahalli da yawa a kan waɗannan tsarukan halittu saboda ayyukan tattalin arziki.

Ana samun yawancin yawancin halittu daban-daban a cikin ƙananan sassan tunda shine inda danshi da yawan ciyawar suka fi yawa. Yayinda muke hawa a tsayi, yawan isashshen oxygen yana da ƙasa haka ma matsin yanayi. Wannan yasa bishiyoyin basa iya fadada ko kuma haifar da dazuzzuka.

Dangane da yanayi, yankin yamma yana da ɗan tasiri sosai daga Tekun Atlantika, tare da yawan ruwan sama na shekara-shekara, yankin gabashin yana da tasirin nahiyar sosai. Bangaren gabas yana da karancin ruwan sama da zafi kamar yadda yake a cikin gida. Jeren yanayin zafin jiki shima yafi tsananin tsauri kuma canje-canje kwatsam a yanayin zafin jiki anfi sanya alama tsakanin yanayi na shekara.

Ofayan bambance-bambance da aka lura da shi a cikin waɗannan tsaunuka dangane da ruwan sama shi ne tsaunukan Tatra suna da mafi yawan ruwan sama a kowace shekara (tsakanin 1700 mm) da ɓangaren Romania mafi ƙarancin (tare da ƙimomin 1200 mm). Saboda wannan dalili, ana iya ganin yadda hazo ke raguwa tare da ɗan tudu wanda ke tafiya daga arewa maso yamma zuwa kudu maso gabas. Bangaren da yake samun karancin ruwan sama shi ne tsaunukan Bucegi.

Ayyukan ɗan adam a cikin tsaunukan Carpathian

Hanyar Milky akan tsaunukan Carpathian

Yanayin canjin yanayi da aka gani a sama shine ya sanya ciyayi keɓantuwa da sauran tsarin tsaunuka. A cikin masu kula da lafiyar jiki babu bel na dindindin na dusar ƙanƙara ko kankara saboda ƙarancin tuddai na kololuwa da manyan tsaunuka. Ba kamar yadda yake a cikin tsaunukan Alps ba inda akwai waɗannan ƙanƙarar.

Ayyukan ɗan adam suna da tasiri iri-iri a kan sauyin yanayi kamar yadda hayaƙin haya mai gurɓataccen yanayi ya haifar da ɗumamar yanayi a waɗannan yankuna. Dukkanin yankuna masu tsayi a halin yanzu sun rarrabasu, don haka yanayin rauni yafi girma. Duk wani tasirin muhalli yafi lalacewa fiye da yadda idan ba'a raba su ba.

Dan Adam tare da ayyukansa na tattalin arziki yana haifar da wani nau'i na karamin canjin yanayi wanda tuni yake karatunsa da kuma tattara bayanansa. Kodayake babu bayanai da yawa kan canje-canje a cikin rarraba shuke-shuke da fauna a wurare daban-daban, an riga an lura dasu.

Mun sami fiye da ƙungiyoyin shuka guda 82 tare da ƙungiyoyi fiye da 17 waɗanda ayyukan mutum suka lalace.

yawon shakatawa mai dorewa

Yankin Carpathian

Demandarin buƙatar ayyukan ɗan adam a cikin waɗannan yanayin ya sa buƙatar aiwatar da yawon shakatawa mai ɗorewa. Ta wannan hanyar zamu rage tasirin da aka kirkira a cikin Carpathians. Ana daukar dorewar yawon bude ido a matsayin wata hanya ta bunkasa ayyukan yawon bude ido daban-daban tare da mutunta muhalli da adana albarkatu, al'adu da zamantakewar su na dogon lokaci.

Wannan kenan hanyar samun damar cin gajiyar duk waɗannan albarkatun ta hanyar daidaito da daidaito. Haka nan ba za mu iya ba da damar samun duwatsu masu irin wannan girman ba kuma tare da wadata ta musamman kuma ba za mu iya jin daɗin su ta hanyar da ta dace ba.

Kamar yadda yake a cikin dukkan fannoni na wannan duniyar, dole ne mu koyi gabatar da ƙa'idodin kiyayewa a cikin al'umma domin mu ci gaba da jin daɗin yanayin yanayi mai tamani kamar tsawan Carpathian.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da wannan yanayin yanayin.

 


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