Tsibirin Scandinavia

dusar kankara

da tsaunin sikaninavia Mafi mahimmancin suna cikin tsibirin Scandinavia kuma suna cikin arewa maso gabashin Turai. Duk wannan yanki ya ƙunshi Norway, Sweden da wani ɓangare na Finland. An san tsaunukan Scandinavia sosai cikin tarihi duk lokacin da aka yi tsokaci game da kasashen Nordic. Kimanin kashi 25% na duk yankin teku yana cikin yankin Arctic. Yankin tsaunuka ne wanda ke gudana a yankin Tekun Scandinavia daga arewa maso gabas zuwa kudu maso yamma na kilomita 1700.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk halaye, asali da kuma yanayin ƙasa na tsaunukan Scandinavia.

Babban fasali

vikings a cikin tsaunuka

Yankin tsaunuka ne wanda ke gudana a cikin yankin Tekun Scandinavia kuma yana da tsawon tsawon kilomita 1700. Ya kasu kashi uku dangane da abin da kuka raba. A gefe guda, Kiolen suna da alhakin raba Sweden da Norway, tsaunukan Dofrines sun raba Norway kuma Tulians suna cikin yankin kudu. Duk wannan bangare ne na zangon tsaunin Scandinavia wanda ya wanzu shekaru miliyan 400 da suka gabata. Yankin tsauni na yanzu wanda ya samar da tsaunukan Scandinavia ya samu asali ne saboda karo tsakanin faifai na Arewacin Amurka da Baltic. Duk wannan ya faru kusan shekaru miliyan 70 da suka gabata.

Alps na Scandinavia bai tsaya a tsaye don tsayinsu ba, sai don kyawunsu da kuma wadataccen halittu. Manyan tsaunuka sune tsaunukan Glittertind, masu tsayin mita 2452, da Galdhøpiggen, masu tsayin mitoci 2469, duka a yankin ƙasar Norway. Sunan sashin teku ya fito ne daga Scania wanda tsohuwar kalma ce da Romawa ke amfani da ita a cikin wasiƙun tafiyarsu. Wannan lokacin yana nufin kasashen Nordic. Tare da yanki mai fadin kilomita 1850 daga arewa zuwa kudu, mita 1320 daga gabas zuwa yamma da yanki sama da murabba'in kilomita 750000, Wannan ita ce mafi girman yankin teku a nahiyar Turai.

Tsibirin Scandinavia da yankin teku

tsaunin sikaninavia

Dukan tsibirin yana kewaye da ruwa daban-daban. A gefe guda, muna da Tekun Barents a arewacin, Tekun Arewa a yankin kudu maso yamma an hada mashigar Kattegat da Skagerra. Kattegat ya zama sananne sosai saboda sanannen jerin Vikings. Daga gabas akwai Tekun Baltic wanda ya hada da Gulf of Bothnia kuma zuwa yamma Tekun Norway ne.

Dukkanin yankin suna kewaye da tsibirin Gotland wanda ya mamaye tsibirai masu ikon mallakar Alland. Abinci shine wanda aka samo tsakanin Sweden da Finland. Duk wannan yankin yana da arzikin ƙarfe, titanium da jan ƙarfe, shi ya sa yake da matukar arziki tun zamanin da. A gabar Norway Hakanan an sami ma'adanan mai da iskar gas. Kasancewar waɗannan abubuwan ajiyar yana da alaƙa da tsoffin tsarin faranti da magma wanda ya sami damar ratsawa tsakanin faranti.

Alps na Scandinavia da duk yankin teku suna da yanki mai tsaunuka daidai gwargwado. Rabin yankin an rufe shi da tuddai wanda yake na tsohuwar Garkuwan Baltic. Garkuwan Baltic ba komai bane face samar da dutse da ya samo asali kimanin shekaru miliyan 400 da suka gabata kuma wannan yafi yawa kafa ta crystalline metamorphic rocks. Waɗannan duwatsu masu ƙirar ƙarfe sun samo asali ne sakamakon ƙarin saurin sanyaya da aka yi sakamakon magma da aka fitar daga faranti. Mafi yawa daga cikin Scandinavia Andes suna cikin Norway, yayin da a Sweden duk wuraren tsaunuka suna maida hankali ne a yammacin ƙasar. A gefe guda, kololuwar Finnish sune waɗanda ke da ƙananan tsayi.

Kamar yadda ake son sani, wannan sashin ƙasa yana da nau'ikan tsarin ƙasa da yawa wanda ya haɗa da bakin teku, kankara, tafkuna da kuma fjords. Fjords suna da siffa ta V tunda an halitta ta ta hanyar lalata yanayi kuma shagaltar da siffofin teku. Fjords na Norway sune mafi kyawun alama kuma waɗanda za'a iya gani a cikin jerin Viking. Idan muka je arewa maso yamma na yankin, za mu iya ganin tsaunukan Scandinavia waɗanda kuma ake kira tsaunuka sama da mita 2000. Ba wai kawai an san su da tsayi ba ne, har ma da alamun ƙasa waɗanda ke nuna arewacin iyakar tsakanin Norway, Sweden da Finland.

Akwai duwatsu sama da 130 wadanda suka wuce tsayin mita dubu biyu. An rarraba su a yankuna 7 da aka sani da: Jotunheimen, Breheimen, Reinheimen, Dovrefjell, Rondane, Sarek da Kebnekaise. Yawancin tsaunuka sun fi karkata ne a Jotunheimen, a Kudancin Norway.

Babban scandinavian alps

bambancin halittu masu tarin yawa na alps na abin kunya

Bari mu ga waɗanne ne manyan tsaunukan Scandinavia bisa ga yankin.

Norway

Manyan kololuwa a duk yankin Tekun Scandinavia suna cikin Norway. A zahiri, tsaunuka goma mafiya tsayi kuma an rarraba su tsakanin ƙananan hukumomin Oppland da Song og Fjordane. Dutsen Galdhøpiggen, a m 2469 m, shi ne mafi tsayi a ƙasar Norway da Yankin Scandinavia. Matsayi na biyu shine Mount Glittertind tare da 2465 m a mafi girman wurin. Kafin a yi la'akari da mafi girman matsayi, amma saboda ma'aunai da aka ƙididdige sun zama ƙanƙara wanda ke saman saman halitta. A cikin shekarun da dusar kankara ke narkewa kuma tuni ya yiwu ya kafa ma'aunai da oda da kyau.

Suecia

A Sweden akwai kololuwa 12 da suka wuce mita 2000 a tsayi. Mafi yawansu ana samun su ne a dajin Sarek da kuma arewacin yankin Kebnekaise yana nuna ƙwanƙolin Kebnekaise tare da mita 2103. Shine mafi girman ƙimar la'akari da duk kankarar da ke rufe ta. Idan ba a sa waɗannan kankara a wurin ba, mafi girman tsini zai kasance Kebnekaise Nordtoppen

Finlandia

Idan muka je kololuwar Finland, kusan dukkansu suna ƙasa da tsayin mita 1500 kuma mafi shahararrun suna cikin Lapland na Finnish. Anan ya fito waje Mount Halti yana da tsayin mita 1324 kuma shine mafi girma. Tana cikin ƙasar Norway kuma ta ba da damar hawan dutse, Finland.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da tsaunukan Scandinavia da halayensa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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