Tsarin Duniyar Mars

fasalin duniyar Mars

Wayewar faɗakarwa bayan fasalin ƙasa

Kalmar "terraforming" ita ce ma'anar da ke bayyana ayyukan canza duniya don sanya ta zama mazauni. Tsarin duniya na Mars daidai yake, tsarin aikin injiniya na duniya wanda zai taimaka canza canjin yanayin duniya. Wannan tsari shine nufin kara zafin jiki na duniyar sanyi da daskarewa. Hakanan don ƙirƙirar yanayi mai yawa, wanda zai ba ku ra'ayi, ya zama 1% na abin da muke da shi a nan, ma'ana, muna iya cewa da ƙyar ta samu. Kuma tabbas, ƙirƙirar koguna, waɗanda ke da iskar oxygen, cewa akwai tsirrai, bishiyoyi, fauna ... duka, wannan shine mafi kusa da Duniya.

Masana kimiyya da yawa (da wasu masu hangen nesa) sun ba da shawarwari kan yadda za a cimma wannan aikin. Yana iya zama da sauƙi, amma idan ka ba da dalilin daidai, ba sauki. Sakamakon sabbin abubuwan da aka gano, yadda manyan tubalan kankara da kuma yiwuwar ruwa a karkashin su, sun matukar firgita ruhohin don yiwa duniya fasali. Daga NASA, da ƙarin kamfanoni, sun riga sun ba da shawarwari game da martabar mutanen da za su je wurin don fara wannan aikin mai girma. Hanya guda ɗaya, amma ba dawowar dawowa ba, wanda zamu iya fara gani, a cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa. Koyaya, sake fasalin wata duniya ba abu bane mai sauki, kuma shine lokacin da ake kokarin canza shi, an gano abubuwa inda da yawa masana a cikin shawarwarinsu basu fara la'akari da hakan ba.

Irƙiri yanayi da yanayi a duniyar Mars

Mars daga sararin samaniya

Hoton Mars daga sararin samaniya

Ruwa ba zai iya kasancewa a cikin yanayin ruwa ba. A halin yanzu Mars duniyar tamu ce mai matsakaicin matsi na yanayi, a cikin tsari na 0,005, ɗaukar asasa a matsayin tunani, 1. Hakanan dole ne mu ƙidaya yawan zafin jiki, a Duniya game da 15ºC, a duniyar Mars, kodayake babu wasu rubutattun bayanai masu yawa don ƙayyade daidaito daidai, zamu iya cewa yana tsakanin -40 / -70ºC. Akwai rikodin rikodin mai saurin canzawa, kamar bambanci tsakanin matsakaici da ƙaramin abin da binciken Viking ya gano, mafi kyawun yanayi -13ºC da sanyi -89ºC. Dukkanin rijistar za a iya wuce su da bambanci sosai dangane da ma'anar duniyar da ake auna ta.

Don samun ruwa, ba zai isa kawai don ƙara yawan zafin jiki baTunda yana da irin wannan ƙaramin matsin lamba, yana iya wanzuwa a cikin iska mai ƙarfi ko kuma mai ƙarfi. A gare shi, dole ne mu kara matsa lamba sama da 0,006. Tare da isasshen matsin yanayi da yanayin zafin jiki mafi girma a duniyar, da an warware ɗaya daga cikin ginshiƙan Terraforming. Amma ... Yaya ake samun matsa lamba da zafin jiki don ƙaruwa?

Tsarin samun ruwa

Hanyoyin ruwa sau Uku

Tsarin lokaci na ruwa

Sabemos que muna buƙatar ƙara matsa lamba, ƙara yawan zafin jiki, kuma duk wannan don cimma ruwa. Ayan mafi kyawun hanyoyi don cikar da komai shine ta hanyar jefa bama-bamai. Ta hanyar jefa su cikin bam, kankara na iya ƙara digiri, wani ɓangare na CO2 zai iya sarauta. Limananan yanayi yana nufin zuwa daga ƙarfi zuwa gas. Wannan zai haifar da ƙaruwa a cikin CO2 a cikin sararin samaniya, wanda zai iya ƙara matsa lamba na yanayi zuwa 0,3. Kamar yadda kake gani a zane, Mars a aya take A. Abinda ake kira sau uku, B, shine yankin da zamu fara samun ruwa. Point C zai zama wurin da ya kamata mu isa.

Daya daga cikin hanyoyin samar da bama-bamai shima ya fito ne daga bakin Ellon Musk, wanda aka san shi da mallakin kamfanoni da yawa, gami da sanannen Tesla ko Space-X. Ellon miski samarwa wani lokaci da ya wuce, don yin bam tare da bam na nukiliya. Tunani mai ma'ana ne, amma wanda ke bin mai zuwa. Hanyar sarkar da ake bi bayan fitowar CO2 zuwa nau'in gas shine matsin lamba yana ƙaruwa, yana ƙara yawan zafin jiki, yana ƙara ƙarin sakin CO2, wanda ke haifar da matsin lamba ya sake ƙaruwa, da sauransu. Daga wannan hanya, zamu sami tsari mai kyau.

Tsarin samun oxygen

phytoplankton

phytoplankton

Da zarar an canza kankara zuwa ruwa, zamu sami yanayin da yafi yawan carbon dioxide da tururin ruwa, amma har yanzu tare da rashin oxygen. Manufar a nan za a yi safarar phytoplankton daga Duniya. Phytoplankton yana samarwa da duniyarmu sama da kashi 50% na iskar oxygen da muke shaka. Ta wannan hanyar zamu iya ƙirƙirar iskar oxygen, kuma mu sami mafi kyawun numfashi.

Duk wannan aikin na farko zai ɗauki shekaru da yawa. Kamar yadda muka sami damar tantancewa, zamu iya zuwa Terraform Mars. Mutane na farko da NASA ke shirin aikawa ana tsammanin su kasance daga shekara ta 2030. Dole ne a ce wasu kamfanoni suna da burin ya kasance cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa. Wasu daga cikinsu, kamar su SPACE-X, suna fara gabatar da samfuran yadda ake yin waɗannan tafiye-tafiye da tattalin arziki da inganci.

Hotuna | i.ytimg.com, nasa.gov, stefaniabertoldo.com, pulpenfantasi.blogspot.com.es


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