Taurarin taurari a sararin sama

taurari a sararin sama

Taurari a cikin sararin sama cikin dare an jera su ta hanya bazuwar. Wasu suna da girma wasu kuma suna da ƙanana saboda dalilai daban-daban. Daya girman girman tauraron kansa kuma dayan shine tazarar dake tsakanin wannan tauraruwar da duniyar tamu. Abin da ake tunani shi ne cewa akwai layin kirkirarrun abubuwa waɗanda suka haɗu da taurari da kuma wanda muke kira taurari. Taurarin taurari suna da ma'ana kuma sun kasance masu amfani a tarihi. Anan zamu kawo muku karin bayani game da taurari da kuma sanya wasu daga cikin mahimman abubuwa.

Shin kuna son haɓaka ilimin ku game da ilimin taurari da sani game da taurari? Anan zamu fada muku.

Taurarin taurari a cikin sararin dare

taurari a sararin sama

Taurarin taurari ba komai bane face ƙungiyar taurari waɗanda, gabaɗaya kirkirarren tsari, suna ɗaukar sifofi ne daga ƙungiyoyin ƙungiyoyi. Kamar dai mun haɗu da dige don tsara shi. Sunayen waɗannan taurari sun fito ne daga halittun almara, dabbobi, mutanen da suka yi babban aiki don ɗan adam ko ma mahimman abubuwa.

An ambaci sunayensu ta hanyar sunayen da suka dace na gargajiya daga Latin, Greek da Larabci. Wannan sunan yawanci yana da ƙaramin harafin Girka da farawa da harafi da sauran baƙaƙe cikin tsari. Ta wannan hanyar, kuna ba shi ɗan umarnin binciken kawai ta hanyar karanta sunan. Bayan harafin harafin Girka, mun sami raguwa da sunan taurari.

Idan muka gaji da haruffan Girkanci don ƙididdigar taurari, za mu yi amfani da harafin Latin. Wannan nau'in nomenclature an san shi da na Bayer. Ananan starsan taurari suna da suna wanda gajartawa mai suna Flamsteed ta biyo baya. Kamar yadda akwai nomenclatures da yawa, tauraruwa na iya samun sunaye daban-daban a duk duniya.

Ba wai kawai za mu iya samun taurari iri daya da sunaye daban-daban ba, har ila yau ana kiran kungiyoyin taurari wadanda suke hada taurari daban.

Amfani

samuwar taurari

A zamanin da, taurari sun kasance babban amfani don koyon kewayawa cikin dare. Ba tare da kewayawa na GPS ko radars na kowane nau'i ba, kewayawa a cikin teku yana ƙarƙashin wasu nau'ikan "fasahohi." A wannan yanayin, taurari sun yi aiki a matsayin abin nuni don nuna kwatancen da suke.

Hakanan sun yi aiki don iya yin lissafin abin da tashar ta sauka. Baya ga yanayin, tashoshin ba su da cikakkun bayanai. Saboda haka, tare da motsiwar taurari, ya yiwu a fahimci matsayin da Duniya take game da Rana a cikin Tsarin rana kuma ku san wane yanayi na shekara suka kasance.

A halin yanzu, kawai amfani da taurari shine don saurin haddace matsayin taurari. Dole ne mu tuna cewa za mu iya ganin miliyoyin taurari a sama kuma hakan, yayin da mintuna da awanni suka shude, suna motsawa saboda motsin juyawar Duniya.

Gabaɗaya mun sami rukunin taurari 88 a cikin sararin samaniya. Kowannensu yana ɗaukar hoto daban-daban da suna, walau na addini ko na almara. An tsara tsofaffin zane-zanen taurari kafin shekara ta 4.000 kafin haihuwar Yesu. A wancan lokacin, Sumerians sun ba da suna ga mahimman taurari kamar Aquarius, don girmama allahnsu.

Taurarin taurari a yau

Ganin taurari

Taurarin taurarin da ake “aiki” a yau a Arewacin areasashen duniya ba su da bambanci sosai da na tsoffin Masarawa. Wasu daga cikin mahimman taurarin sun kasance na Homer da Hesiod. Ptolemy masanin lissafi ne kuma masanin falaki kuma ya iya gano 48 daga cikin taurarin da muke dasu a yau. Daga cikin wadannan taurari 48 da ya gano, 47 daga cikinsu har yanzu sunaye iri daya.

Daga cikin mahimman bayanai kuma sanannun waɗanda suke cikin jirgin saman duniya. Su ne taurarin taurari. Suna da alaƙa da alamun zodiac na kowane mutum. Wannan yana da alaƙa da watan haihuwar kowane ɗayan a cikin shekara.

Akwai kuma wasu da aka fi sani da su kamar Babban Nitsuwa wanda za a iya gani daga arewacin duniya da Hydra. Latterarshen ɗayan ɗayan ɗayan manyan taurarin taurari ne da ke cikin sararin samaniya. Ungiya ce ta taurari 68 waɗanda ake iya gani da ido. Kusan akasin haka shine Cruz del Sur, wanda shine maƙarƙashiya tare da ƙaramar girman data kasance.

Wasu mahimman taurarin taurari

Taurarin taurari sun banbanta cikin mahimmancin dangane da yankin da muke. Misali, a arewacin duniya, Babban Dipper yana ɗaya daga cikin mahimman taurari. Koyaya, ba a cikin kudancin duniya ba. Wannan saboda ba'a iya gani a wurin, saboda haka bazai iya dacewa ba. Kada mu manta cewa ba dukkan taurari bane za'a iya kiyaye su daga wani takamaiman abu a Duniya, amma ya dogara sosai akan inda muke. Wani abu makamancin haka na faruwa da shi iyakacin duniya aurora.

Anan zamu nuna muku wasu shahararrun kuma masu sauƙin ganewa taurari.

Babban Barka Babban Barka

Yana daya daga cikin mahimman abubuwa kuma sananne. Yana hidimtawa alamar arewa. Tsoffin jiragen ruwan sun yi amfani da shi don yin alama a kan hanyar zuwa ƙasashen da ba a sani ba.

Bearamin ararami

Bearamin ararami

Wata tauraruwa ce wacce za'a iya lura da ita kawai a cikin arewacin arewacin duniya. Koyaya, yana da mahimmanci a zamanin da don masu binciken jirgi tunda yana yiwuwa a iya sanin lokacin shekara da lokacin ba tare da amfani da kowane irin kalanda ba.

Orion

Orion

Yana ɗayan shahararrun kuma ɗayan mafi kyau a sama. An kuma san shi da sunan mafarauci. Yana wakiltar wasu al'adu kuma yana da tsarki ga Masarawa su raka su yayin wucewar dare-

Cassiopeia

Cassiopeia

Yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi sauƙin ganewa a cikin sama ta siffar M ko W. Ana amfani dashi don gano wasu taurari lokacin koyo a wannan duniyar.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da taurari da mahimmancin su.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Jose m

    Tashar Jamus
    Godiya ga rabawa
    Taurarin ku.

  2.   Portillo ta Jamus m

    Na gode sosai da sharhinku Jose!

    Na gode!