Taurari biyu

taurari biyu

A duk duniya mun san cewa akwai biliyoyin taurari. Koyaya, akwai wasu da aka sani da taurari biyu. Benedetto Castelli ne ya gano na farko a cikin 1617. Ya kasance almajiri ne na Galileo kuma ya gano ire-iren wadannan taurarin ne saboda ya nuna tabon hangen nesa zuwa ga taurarin Babban Barka cewa a sama kamar suna kusa amma basu da haɗin kai. Taurarin da aka faɗi sune Alcor da Mizar.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu gaya muku duk halaye da mahimmancin taurari biyu.

Babban fasali

taurari biyu hoto

Idan muka lura da sama, zamu tafi zuwa ga kowane irin taurari. Muna da taurari, nebulae, galaxies, gungu, da taurari biyu. Benedetto Castelli ya yi mamakin lokacin da yake nazarin Mizar, sai ya ga yana da abokin tarayya. Zuwa ga wannan abokin ana ganin shine farkon tauraron binary da aka gano. Bayan ita, an gano adadi mai yawa na taurari biyu.

Don ƙarin fahimtar dukkanin sassan jiki na taurari biyu, bari mu ga menene ainihin halayen. Yana da sauƙin koya don rarrabe tsakanin ƙirar ido da na jiki. Abubuwan gani biyu sune taurarin da suke da alama suna tare amma kawai don tasirin hangen nesa. Wadannan taurari biyu basu da hadin kai da gaske. Sau biyu na zahiri sune, a maimakon haka, tsarin taurari biyu ko sama waɗanda suke da alaƙa ta zahiri da kuma kewayawa ta cibiyar da take kowa.

Ga mai kallo, iya rarrabewa tsakanin wanene taurari waɗanda suka haɗu da gaske kuma waɗanda suke da tasirin gani, aiki ne mai wahala. Koyaya, aiki ne mai mahimmanci ga masu ilimin taurari.

Starimar tauraruwa biyu

taurari tare

Bari mu ga menene ainihin halayen da ke sanya taurari biyu keɓancewa. Hanyar rabe su bisa tsarin da akayi amfani dasu wajen gano su. Bari mu ga abin da suke:

  • Ziyara: su ne waɗanda za a iya buɗe ido ta gani ko a hoto.
  • Astrometric: A cikin wannan nau'in tauraruwar tauraruwa biyu, tauraruwa ɗaya kaɗai ake iya gani, amma daga motsin kansa an gano cewa tana da aboki.
  • Tsinkaya: Zai yiwu kawai a gano waɗannan nau'ikan taurarin ta hanyar nazarin haskensu.
  • Eclipsing ko photometric: ana iya gano su idan za a iya nuna bambancin haske. Wadannan bambance-bambancen haske suna faruwa yayin da abun ya wuce a gaban abokin.

Rabuwa da bayyana girma na taurari biyu suna da mahimmanci ga kallo. Ana ba da rarrabuwa a kusurwa a cikin sakan baka kuma shine abin da ke nuna tazara tsakanin taurari biyu. A gefe guda, girman da yake bayyane yana gaya mana yadda kowane tauraruwa yake. Aramar lambar girma da aka bayar, tauraron yana haske sosai. Bugu da kari, kar a manta da cewa lura da wadannan taurarin yana da sharadin daidaituwar yanayi. Kazalika Ya dogara da ƙimar ƙungiyar masu lura da wurin da muke. Duk waɗannan masu canjin sune suke ayyana matsakaicin ƙuduri da na'urar hangen nesa zata iya samu. Lura da taurari biyu yana baka damar kwatanta telescopes kuma ta haka ne ka san ingancin kowannensu.

Wasu taurari biyu

Za mu yi karamin jerin abubuwa tare da wasu taurari masu taura biyu da aka fi sani da launi, haske ko tarihin su. Duk waɗannan waɗanda za mu ambata za a iya kallon su daga yan koyo. Ba kwa buƙatar ƙwarewa ko samun babban abu don iya iya lura da waɗannan taurari masu daraja.

Albireo

Yana ɗayan shahararrun taurari biyu tsakanin masu sha'awar taurari. Kuma shine cewa yana da banbancin launi mai ban sha'awa tunda ɗayan abubuwan haɗin shine lemu mai haske kuma ɗayan yana da haske. Abu ne mai sauƙin gano wuri, kasancewar tauraro na biyu mafi haske a cikin Swan. Wadannan halaye suna sanya Albireo daya daga cikin sanannu sanannu. Abin takaici, kwanan nan tauraron dan adam na Gaia ya nuna cewa ba tsarin binary bane, maimakon haka shi ne na gani biyu. Da alama dai sun haɗu ne da gani amma a zahiri basu bane.

Mizar

Tun da farko mun ambaci Mizar a matsayin ɗayan abubuwan da ke cikin Babban Dipper. Mai kallo da gani mai kyau zai iya rarrabe tauraruwa ta tsakiya daga wutsiyar wannan tauraron kuma zai ga cewa tsari ne mai biyu. Alcor da Mizar taurari biyu ne da ke tafiya tare a sararin samaniya. Ba a san shi da cikakken tabbaci ba idan tsarin binary ne ko kuma idan kawai na gani ne.

Rabuwa tsakanin waɗannan taurari biyu ya isa don a rarrabe ta da ido. Matakan nisa  tsakiya waɗannan taurari biyu suna tsakanin shekaru haske 3 daga juna. Wannan nisan ya yi yawa matuka da tunanin cewa wadannan taurarin suna hulda da su ta hanyar da kyau. Rashin tabbas a ma'aunin yana da fa'ida ta yadda zai iya zama kusa da yadda muke tsammani. A kowane hali, Mizar tsari ne mai sauƙin sau biyu don kiyayewa kuma ba lallai bane ku sami ilimi da yawa don yin hakan.

Wasu tsarin binary

Polaris

Babban tauraron dan adam shine tsarin sau uku. Polaris A da Polaris B sun kirkiro tsarin binary wanda yake da saukin bambancewa tare da kowane madubin hangen nesa. Hakanan akwai wani tauraro wanda yake ɓangare na wannan tsarin da ake kira Polaris AB. Wannan, duk da haka, bai isa ga magoya baya ba, tunda an gano shi a cikin 2006 ta hanyar madubin hangen nesa.

Beaver

Wata tauraruwa ce mai haske a cikin tauraron Gemini. Yana ɓoye tsarin taurari ninki shida wanda manyan taurari biyu suka fi birgewa kuma an san su da Castor A da Castor B.

Almach

Shine tauraro na uku mafi haske a cikin taurarin Andromeda. Babu shakka ɗayan kyawawan kyawawa da sauƙin samun taurari biyu a sama. Yakamata kayi amfani da madubin hangen nesa kuma zaka iya ganin tsarin biyu tare da babban banbanci a launuka. Kuma shine cewa babban ɓangaren yana da launi tsakanin rawaya da lemu kuma abokin yana nuna bambancin launin shuɗi. Ya yi daidai da Albireo amma sun fi kusa da juna.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da taurari biyu da halayensu.

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