Sandstone

Sandstone

A yau mun zo ne da labarin binciken ƙasa wanda kuke buƙatar sani tunda zamuyi magana akan a nau'in dutse sedimentary yadu amfani da m ko'ina cikin duniya. Labari ne game da sandstone Dutse ne wanda ya ƙunshi gutsutsuren ma'adini, feldspars da mica, a tsakanin sauran duwatsu da ma'adanai masu girman yashi. Daga nan ne sunan ya fito. Ana amfani da wannan dutsen sosai wajen yin siminti kuma yana da yawa a cikin ƙasa iri daban-daban.

Zamu nuna muku menene halaye na sandstone da manyan abubuwan amfani.

Babban fasali

Tsarin sandstone

Ana kiran daskararrun ma'adanai wadanda suka taru a cikin wannan dutsen yayin aiwatar da samuwar sa clasts. Don wannan dutsen da ke cikin ƙasa don samarwa, waɗannan matattun suna haɗuwa kuma suna tarawa ta tasirin iska ko matsin lamba na ruwa. Da zarar sun yi tuntube, Suna ƙara zama masu ƙarancin ƙarfi saboda tasirin matsin lamba da aka sanya akan waɗannan ma'adanai.

Wasu abubuwa kamar silica, alli, carbonate ko yumbu suna da hannu cikin haɓaka wannan dutsen. Zamu iya samun wasu wurare mara amfani yayin da muka ɗauki dutsen yashi wanda ciminti baya shiga ciki. Wadannan wurare suna ba sandstone sandar sarauta. Kofofin pores suna ba da izinin kwararar ruwa da sauran ruwa a cikin ta.

Wannan dutsen yana da launi wanda ya bambanta da abin da ya yi aiki a matsayin ciminti.. Zamu iya samun duwatsu masu yashi tare da launi ja, ja mai ja, da dai sauransu. Waɗannan sune waɗanda ke tara baƙin ƙarfe a cikin samuwar su. A gefe guda, za mu iya samun farin, rawaya ko launin toka wanda ya hadu da silica ko carbonate.

Kasancewa ɗaya daga cikin sanannun duwatsu a duniya, abu ne na al'ada ya kamata mu sani game da shi. Ya zama kashi 20% na dukkan duwatsun da ke wanzu a duniya.

Rarraba sandstone

Sanadin sandstone

Sandstone wani nau'in dutse ne mai girman gaske wanda yake da girman hatsi. Mun same ta tare da hatsi mai kyau (0,2mm), matsakaiciyar hatsi (0,63 cm) da kuma hatsi mai kauri (2 mm). An san shi da sandstone saboda yana da yawancin halayensa da yashi.

Zamu iya ganin rabe-raben dutsen yashi gwargwadon adadin dutsen da ma'adanai waɗanda suka tsara shi. Mafi yawa, ana sanya su cikin waɗannan manyan rukuni biyar:

  • Quartzsandites. An ƙirƙira su ta ma'adini a matsayin babban ɓangaren dutsen. Daga ma'adini, an haɗa sauran ma'adanai da duwatsu.
  • Calcarenites. Calcium carbonate ya fi yawa a cikinsu. Shine babban sashi.
  • Arcoses. Feldspar shine mafi yawan abubuwa a wannan yanayin.
  • Litoarenitas. Ita ce wacce, a mafi yawan ɓangaren, ta ƙunshi gutsuttsuren duwatsu. Daga lithoarenites zamu iya ganin wasu sunaye dangane da asalin dutsen da yake samu da kuma adadin da aka same shi. Sedarenites (dusar kankara), Volcarenites (volcanic) da Filarenites (metamorphic).
  • Grauvacas. An sanya wannan rabe-raben don yawan girma a cikin matrix. Yana yawanci tsakanin 5% da 15%.

Adadin sandstone

Sandstone da amfani

Wataƙila kuna mamakin inda za a sami babban tarin sandstone. Wadannan kudaden ba su da wahalar samu. Dutse yana ɗaya daga cikin duwatsu masu laushi tare da kasancewa a cikin duniya, zamu iya samun sa a wurare marasa adadi. Zasu iya haɓaka a cikin tsaunukan samari na samari a matsayin samfurin ƙazantawa da sauri har ma a cikin ƙasa da ke ɗaukar shekaru kafin samarwa.

A cikin tasirin wannan dutsen mun sami hakan yana da yuwuwar tashi zuwa ƙasa kuma ya bazu cikin rairayi. Daga baya, ya ajiye a gadaje kuma ya sake zama dutsen ƙura. Wannan sakewar halittar tana maimaita kanta tsawon miliyoyin shekaru.

Abu ne gama gari a ga dutsen yashi mai yawa a saman tekuna, tabkuna da koguna. Tare da jan abin daskarewa da barbashi daban daban, gami da matsin lamba da ruwa yayi, ana iya samar da wannan dutsen. Kodayake a cikin sandstone ba a haɗa shi kai tsaye da mai da iskar gas, akwai mutanen da ke haɗa shi. Wannan ya faru ne saboda, kodayake ba a samar da wadannan sinadarin hydrocarbons a cikinsu ba, amma suna iya yin sintiri ta hanyar wadataccen hatsin ruwa don yin iyo. Saboda haka, kamfanonin mai suna amfani da dutsen yashi azaman dutsen mai raɗaɗi wanda yana zama tarko ne ga mai da iskar gas don yin ƙaura zuwa saman ruwa.

Sandstone ya fi yawa a Amurka. Ana iya kasancewa a babban rabo a Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Illinois, Virginia da Wisconsin. Hakanan ya yawaita cikin jerin kauri mai girma a cikin Spain, a cikin tsarin Iberian da cikin yankuna kusa da granite ko gneissic massifs na Madrid, Salamanca, Badajoz, Zamora da Ávila.

Babban amfani

Sandstone Yana Amfani

Tunda wannan dutsen da ke kwance yana da amfani da yawa, za mu mai da hankali kan manyan. Ana amfani dashi a filin gini azaman kashi don gine da ado. Ana amfani da shi don ƙarfafa ƙasa da shimfidawa a sararin sama, don ginin dikes, raƙuman ruwa da kayan tallafi daban-daban.

Ganin launuka iri-iri da suke da su dangane da ma'adinai ko dutsen da yake da shi galibi, yana da kyakkyawan amfani wajen gina ganuwar. Bugu da kari, babbar juriya da kayan kwalliya suna da amfani. Yana da juriya ga ƙasa, saboda haka yana da amfani wajen gina murhu da kuma gasa a farfaji da lambuna.

Sauran kaddarorin da ake dangantawa da sandstone shine yin aiki akan chakras na Sacral, Spleen da Solar Plexus. An ɗauka cewa idan kun ɗauka tare da ku, zaka iya karfafa ruhaniya. An fahimci cewa dutse ne mai canza so, yana haifar muku da ƙirƙirar motsa jiki kuma ya ba ku ƙarfi idan kuna kan hanyar gudanar da kasuwancinku. Tabbas, duk waɗannan kaddarorin sun fi sihiri.

A cikin masana'antar ƙarfe, ana amfani da dutsen yashi don yin ƙirar cikin abin da ake zuba baƙin ƙarfe. Wannan shi ne saboda ƙarancin sa da haɗin haɗin sa ya sa aiki ya zama da sauƙi. Yana iya ɗaukar dubunnan shekaru don ƙirƙirar duka a cikin ruwa da ƙasa. Ana sayar da shi har yanzu yana warwatse.

Ina fatan wannan bayanin zai taimaka muku sanin ƙarin dutsen yashi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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