Menene tasirin makiyin?

Tasirin foehn yana da sakamako na cikin gida, amma an san shi a duk duniya

Akwai abubuwan da ba za a iya lissafa su ba a cikin yanayi wanda ya bayyana da yawa daga cikin abubuwan da har yanzu ba mu sani ba a yau. Ofaya daga cikin waɗancan abubuwan da bamu san yadda yake aiki ba shine waɗancan yanayin da iska take da zafi fiye da yadda take idan akwai iska ta yamma.

Wannan saboda tasirin makiyi ne. Al amari ne wanda yake faruwa yayin da aka tilasta iska mai zafi da ɗumi zuwa hawa dutse. Lokacin da iska ya sauko daga gare shi, yana yin hakan da ƙarancin ƙanshi da kuma ƙarin zafin jiki. Shin kana son sanin komai game da tasirin makiya?

Ta yaya tasirin makiyi ke faruwa?

yanayin iska mai zafi yana tashi kuma yana rasa danshi

A cikin Spain, lokacin da iska ta yamma ta busa daga Tekun Atlantika, yawan iska ya ratsa tsaunuka da yawa. Lokacin da iska ta haɗu da dutse, yana da niyyar hawawa ya wuce wannan matsalar. Yayinda iska ke ƙaruwa a cikin tsawa, yakan rasa zafin jiki, tunda dan tudu mai dumi yana haifar da cewa yayin da tsayin yake ƙaruwa, yawan zafin yana raguwa. Da zarar ya kai kololuwar dutsen, sai ya fara sauka. Yayinda yawan iska ke gangarowa ta dutsen, sai ya rasa danshi kuma ya kara masa zafin jiki, ta yadda idan ya isa saman, zafin nata ya fi na wanda ya fara hawa dutsen da shi.

Wannan ana kiran sa sakamako ne kuma yana faruwa anan cikin Spain lokacin da iska ta yamma ta busa, kodayake halayyar kusan dukkanin yankunan tsaunuka ne. Yayinda yawan iska mai zafi yake hawa dutsen, sai ya fadada, tunda matsin yana raguwa da tsawo. Wannan yana haifar da sanyaya kuma saboda haka ci gaba da tattarawar tururin ruwa, wanda ke haifar da sakin zafin rana. Sakamakon shine iska mai tasowa yana haifar da samuwar gajimare da hazo. Kasancewar gizagizai masu dindindin (a saman) abin misali ne.

Kullum tasirin foehn yana da alaƙa da motsi na cyclonic kuma yana faruwa ne kawai lokacin da yanayin iska ya kasance da ƙarfi wanda zai iya tilasta iska ta wuce gaba ɗaya ta cikin dutsen a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci.

Tasirin makiya a duk duniya

tasirin makiya yana haifar da gizagizai tarawa a cikin tsaunuka

Kamar yadda aka ambata a baya, mummunan sakamako yana faruwa kusan a duk yankunan tsaunuka na duniya, kodayake tasirinsa yana cikin gida. Hakanan tasirin foehn yana faruwa a cikin kwari. Sakamakon wannan tasirin a cikin kwari shi ne cewa ya gurɓata jin daɗin yanayin zafi kwata-kwata. Yanayin zafin jiki a ƙasan kwarin yawanci yana da tsananin damuwa. Wasu lokuta waɗannan sun dogara da yanayin, zurfin, ilimin halittar jiki (ko kwarin asalin asalinsa ne ko na asalin ƙyalƙyali), da dai sauransu. Baya ga waɗannan abubuwan kwantar da hankalin, yanayin yanayin yanayi mai karko kuma yana tasiri, tunda suna iya haifar da jujjuyawar zafin jiki wanda ke karya al'adun ɗabi'ar yanayi na yanayi.

Don haka muna iya cewa tasirin maƙiyi yana iya canzawa cikin fewan awanni kaɗan yawan danshi da kwari suke da su. Zamu ci gaba da ganin irin illar da tasirin makiya yake samu a sassa daban-daban na duniya.

Tasirin Foehn a arewacin tsaunin Alps

Tasirin foehn yana ɗaga yanayin zafi yayin da iska ke faɗuwa

Ka'idar tasirin makiyi tana gaya mana cewa idan iska mai dumi da dumi ta busa kuma ta hadu da tsaunin dutse, don wucewa ta, dole a tursasa ta hawa. Lokacin da wannan ya faru, tururin ruwan da iska ke ɗaukawa yana sanyaya kuma ya tattara, yana samar da ruwan sama sama da tsaunin dutse. Wannan yana rage dukkan danshi a cikin iska, sai saukar iska, idan iska ta sauka, ya zama dumi mai dumi mai danshi kadan.

Koyaya, wannan ka'idar bata da wani amfani yayin da muke kokarin bayyana tasirin ƙiyayya a cikin tsaunukan Alps. Lokacin da yake faruwa a cikin jerin tsaunuka, akwai ƙaruwar zafin jiki, amma baya tare da hazo kudu da shi. Ta yaya wannan zai iya faruwa? Bayanin wannan lamarin ya ta'allaka ne da cewa iska mai dumi wacce ta isa kwarin da ke arewacin tsaunin Alps ba da gaske ya fito daga gangaren kudu ba, amma daga tsawan da ke sama. A waɗannan yanayin, yayin hawansa, yanayin iska mai sanyi yana isa ga yanayin kwanciyar hankali wanda zai hana shi kai ƙarshen cikas. Ta hanyar zurfin kwazazzabo ne kawai wasu daga cikin wannan iska mai sanyi take toshewa zuwa arewa ta hanyar mummunan sakamako.

Saboda ƙarancin zafi a arewacin tsaunukan Alps, wannan tasirin ya haifar da sammai masu ban mamaki, tare da hanzarta aikin narkewa da yanayin zafi mai yawa. Tasirin foehn yana iya ɗaukar nauyin bambance-bambancen zafin jiki har zuwa digiri 25 a ranar hunturu.

Tasirin makiya na Arewacin Amurka

Lokacin da iska mai zafi ta tashi, takan haifar da girgije da hazo a tsayi

Lokacin da mummunan sakamako ya faru a yammacin Arewacin Amurka ana kiran sa Chinook. Wannan tasirin yana faruwa ne a farkon filayen gabas na tsaunukan Rocky a Amurka da Kanada. Lokacin da ya faru a ƙarshen, iska yawanci tana busawa ta hanyar yamma ta yamma duk da cewa za'a iya canza shi ta yanayin yanayi. Sau da yawa Chinook yakan fara busawa a saman lokacin da gaban Arctic ya koma gabas, kuma karfin ruwan da aka gyara ya shigo daga Pacific, yana samar da karuwar yanayin zafi mai ban mamaki. Kamar kowane maƙiyi, iskar Chinook suna da dumi da bushe, galibi suna da ƙarfi da gusty.

Tasirin Chinook shine ya sauƙaƙa lokacin sanyi, amma mafi ƙarfi shine narke santimita 30 na dusar kankara cikin yan awanni.

Sakamakon Foehn a cikin Andes

A cikin Andes (Ajantina) zuwa iska sakamakon sakamakon maƙiyi ana kiranta Zonda Wind. Wannan Iska ta Zonda kuma bushewa ce kuma tana da ƙura. Tazo ne daga Pole ta Kudu kuma bayan ta wuce Tekun Fasifik, tana dumama bayan ta hau tsaunukan tsauni sama da 6km sama da matakin teku. Lokacin wucewa ta waɗannan yankuna, iskar Zonda tana iya wuce gudu zuwa kilomita 80 / h.

Iskar Zonda ta samo asali ne daga motsawar arewa maso gabas na Polar Fronts, sannan kuma ta dumama ta hanyar yanayin ƙasa zuwa kwarin. Hanyar iri ɗaya ce don saukar dusar ƙanƙara a wuri mai tsayi, wanda ake kira farin iska, mai saurin zuwa 200 km / h. Wannan iska tana da mahimmanci ga wannan yanki mai bushewa, kuma yana da nasaba da taruwar dusar kankara akan kankara. Sakamakon yana ƙarewa lokacin da iska mai iska mai sanyi ta shiga arewa maso yamma kuma kawai tana faruwa ne tsakanin Mayu da Nuwamba.

Tasirin Foehn a cikin Spain

A Spain an san wasu manyan iska. Abrego, alal misali, iska ce da ke zuwa daga kudu maso yamma. Iska ce mai sauƙin yanayi kuma mai ɗan iska. Sanannen abu ne a Filato da Andalusiya, tunda ita ce mai kawo ruwan sama, ciwon kai, sanyi da jihohin damuwa. Iska ce ta damina ta bazara da ta bazara wadanda sune ginshikin noman damina, tunda sune tushen albarkatun ruwa. Ya fito ne daga Tekun Atlantika, daga yankin tsakanin Canary Islands da Azores.

Wani mummunan tasirin da gajartarwar ke kawowa shine, saboda ƙarancin ɗanshi, yana yada wuta. Irin wannan iska ana yin kwaskwarima ta hanyar tasirin ku. A gabar tekun Cantabrian, Ábrego tana karbar sunaye kamar su Viento Sur, Castellano (daga Castilla, saboda haka daga kudu), Campurriano (daga yankin Cantabrian na Campoo) ko "Aire de Arriba" (daga La Montaña; ɓangare mafi girma daga lardin). Idan ya busa da zafi sosai, za su ambace shi da "matsuguni", yayin da "abrilada" zai kasance na kwanaki da yawa a ƙarƙashin wannan tsarin iska.

A yammacin Asturias, Ábrego ana kiransa da iska mai kirji, tunda idan ya busa da ƙarfi a lokacin kaka yakan sa waɗannan fruitsa fruitsan su fadi.

Tasirin makiya da noma

Tasirin makiya yana haifar da tasiri akan noma

Mun ga cewa mummunan tasirin yana iya haifar da bambancin zafin jiki har zuwa digiri 25 a lokacin sanyi. Kodayake wannan tasirin galibi na gida ne, amma yawan tasirinsa a cikin aikin noma na wani yanki yana da yawa. A wuraren da akwai tasirin tasirin ƙyama, saboda gaskiyar cewa iska yana raguwa cikin zafi kuma yanayin zafin jiki yana ƙaruwa, noma a wannan yankin ya tilasta wa yin ruwan sama, Tunda ban ruwa zai kara tsadar kayan masarufi da kuma karancin albarkatun ruwa.

Idan muka kalli aikin noma na Ajantina ta hanyar da ta fi ta gaba daya, za mu ga cewa wani bangare mai girma an bunkasa shi azaman aikin gona mai ruwan sama, inda ake haɓaka kayayyakin da ke da ƙarancin buƙatun ruwa. Shuka alkama, waken soya da dabbobin gida misalai ne na mafi halayyar noma ta Ajantina.

A cikin Chile, a nata ɓangaren, mun sami mafi girman yanayin zuwa aikin noma. Wannan ya faru ne saboda bambance-bambance a cikin tasirin tasirin makiya a yankuna daban-daban.

Kuna iya sanin wani yanayin al'amuran yanayi da aikinsa ta hanyar da ta fi dacewa tare da sakamakonsa. Al'amarin da, kodayake yana da tasirin cikin gida, sananne ne a duk duniya.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Jose Criado Garcia m

    Germán, kwana biyu:
    Sunana Pepe Criado kuma fiye da shekaru 15, Iberia ta fitar da ni zuwa Amurka a matsayin Shugaban Ayyuka na Yanki, na duk Amurka (Kudu, Tsakiya, Arewa da Caribbean).
    A can na sami damar yin kwas na shekaru uku a NOAA, wanda zai iya zama daidai da wani abu kamar "Mataimakin Likitan Yanayi da Aka Aika da Su a Jirgin Sama" (ƙari ko ƙasa).
    Yanzu, bayan wata nakasa da sankara ta haifar tun 2001 (Na riga na shekara 68), na koma Malaga, inda na fito, yanzu haka ina zaune a Torremolinos.
    Don rashin riba, ƙungiyar al'adun flamenco ta gida wacce ke wallafa mujallar kowace shekara. Ina rubuta labarin ne game da iska mai iska da iska a cikin Malaga, musamman ma na ƙasa kuma, tunda tasirin ƙiyayya yana cikin wannan iska ta Malaga, ban da haɗa hotunan da na ɗauka suna da mahimmanci, Ina so in san ko kuna iya buga hoton wadanda kuke da su, inda aka yaba da tasirin Foehn sosai kuma zan iya faɗi kusan ƙari.
    Babu shakka zan sanya marubucin da bayanin bayanin da kuka nuna kuma ya bayyana a sarari cewa, lokacin da na shirya shi kuma kafin in buga shi, zan aiko muku da cikakken labarin ta imel da kuma lokacin da aka shirya shi, wasu 'yan kofe ta wasiƙa.
    Ban sani ba idan zai dace.
    Godiya da runguma,
    PP ya tashi

  2.   María m

    Da safe,
    Hoton da ya saka "tasirin Foehn a cikin tsaunukan Alps" ba daga wannan yankin yake ba, mallakar tsibirin Canary ne na La Palma.