Pink halite

ruwan hoda

Halit shine nau'in gishiri na halitta. Ma'adanai ne na kowa kuma sananne sosai tunda an yi nazari mai zurfi. Daya daga cikin ire -iren sa shine ruwan hoda. Ana samun ɗumbin daskararru da narkar da mafita a cikin tekuna da tafkunan gishiri. Yana da babban mahimmanci don amfanin kasuwanci kuma ya fi nema don son sani.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da halite ruwan hoda, menene halayen sa da amfanin sa.

Pink halite

ruwan hoda halite lu'ulu'u

Akwai tafkunan da ke cike da gishiri a yankunan da ba su da ruwa kuma suna iya zama ƙasa da matakin teku ba tare da wuraren fita ba. Waɗannan tafkuna suna ƙafewa a lokacin bazara, wanda ke haifar da raguwar matakan ruwa da karuwar gishiri. Lokacin da wannan ya faru, gishiri zai fito a bakin tafkin da ke ƙafe. Hakanan yana iya faruwa lokacin da aka karkatar da raguna daga tafkin gishiri don amfanin ɗan adam da aikin gona, wanda ya haifar da tafkin ya bushe kuma ya samar da ƙarin gishiri akan tekun da ya bushe. Yawancin tafkuna na cikin gida sun bushe, sun bar manyan mahakar gishirin da za a iya amfani da su ta kasuwanci.

Pink halite Hakanan yana wanzu a cikin wuraren da ba su da bushewa kuma yana iya kaiwa adibas na ƙarƙashin ƙasa. Ana cire ajiyar gishirin dutsen da ke ƙarƙashin ƙasa ta hanyar haƙa ramuka a cikin gishirin gishiri da gabatar da ruwan zafi, wanda ke narkar da gishirin cikin sauri. Garin ya cika da gishiri mai narkewa sannan a fitar da shi. Haɗa brine, crystallize da tattara sauran gishiri. Yawancin gishirin dutsen da ake samu na kasuwanci ana yin sa ne daga ƙaƙƙarfan haushi, maimakon lu'ulu'u na zahiri. Hakanan ana samun gishirin dutsen ta hanyar ƙaura daga maɓuɓɓugar gishiri. Ruwan gishiri a maɓuɓɓugar gishirin yana gudana daga ƙarƙashin ƙasa zuwa cikin tafkin gishiri kuma ya shiga cikin abubuwa masu zagaye.

Babban fasali

ruwan hoda mai ruwan hoda

A wasu ma'adanai na gishirin ƙasa kamar Texas da Louisiana, Sojojin karkashin kasa suna tura gishiri ta cikin kasa mai taushi, yin wani arched tsarin da ake kira gishiri dome. Waɗannan adibas ɗin kuma sune mahimman hanyoyin ayyukan hakar ma'adinai kuma sune tsararren tsarin ƙasa.

Kodayake gamut ɗin launi na gishirin dutsen zai iya haifar da ƙazanta, duhu shuɗi da violet a zahiri suna haifar da lahani a cikin bututun lu'ulu'u. Ruwan ruwan hoda da ruwan hoda da yawa na samfuran gishirin dutsen dutsen ana haifar da su ta wasu ƙwayoyin algae.

Ta hanyar barin cikakken ruwan gishiri ya ƙafe, gishirin dutsen wucin gadi na iya jujjuyawa cikin sauƙi. Yayin da brine ke ƙafewa kuma lu'ulu'u suna girma, za a iya samar da kube mai siffar rami. Wasu samfuran gishirin dutsen a kasuwa ainihin lu'ulu'u ne da aka girma ta wannan hanyar.

Amfani da ruwan hoda halite

gishirin himalayan

Gishirin dutse shine tushen gishirin tebur. Ana amfani da adadi mai yawa na gishirin dutse don fitar da gishiri. Gishirin yana da amfani da yawa kuma dole ne a fitar da shi da yawa don biyan buƙata. Wasu daga cikin abubuwan da aka fi amfani da su shine ƙanshin abinci, amincin hanya don narkar da dusar ƙanƙara da kankara, kamar gishiri ga dabbobin (wanda ke ba da gishiri ga dabbobin, wanda ke da mahimmanci ga lafiyarsu), da kuma dalilai na magani. Gishirin dutse shima shine mafi mahimmancin ma'adinai, sodium da chlorine.

A ina yake?

Gishirin dutse yana fitowa daga wurare da yawa kuma akwai manyan ma'adanai na gishiri a duk faɗin duniya. Koyaya, idan aka yi la’akari da yawan mahakar gishirin, samfura masu kyau a bayyane ba na kowa bane. Cikakken cube akan matrix sau ɗaya ya fito daga Salzburg, Austria, yayin da kyawawan kristal, musamman lu'ulu'u masu launin shuɗi, sun fito ne daga mahakar gishiri a Stasford, Hessen, Jamus. Akwai ma'adanan gishiri da yawa a Poland, wasu daga cikinsu sun wanzu tun ɗaruruwan shekaru kuma sun samar da samfura. Waɗannan sun haɗa da Inowroclaw, Lubin, Wieliczka, da Klodawa. Sauran tsoffin yankuna na Turai sun haɗa da La Carmuto a Agrigento, Sicily, Italiya; da Mulhouse a Alsace, Faransa, inda ya bayyana a cikin jijiyoyin fibrous.

Matattun tekuna a Isra’ila da Urdun suna taɓarɓarewa sannu a hankali kuma gabar tekun su na ci gaba da ja baya. Wannan take kaiwa zuwa wani girma na gishirin dutsen mai ban sha'awa wanda tuni ya fara yin lu'ulu'u kusa da ruwa. A cikin Amurka, akwai adibas na karkashin kasa a New York, Michigan, Ohio, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, da Louisiana, kuma ana yin hakar gishirin kasuwanci a cikin waɗannan jihohin. Dukansu Detroit, Michigan da Cleveland, Ohio suna samar da ma'adinan gishirin dutse kai tsaye a ƙasa da birni.

Pink halite adibas an kafa ta ruwan sama na yawan gishiri ya narke cikin ruwa. A wannan yanayin, ana buƙatar matsakaici mai ƙarancin ƙarfi tare da ƙima mai ƙima da ƙimar sake cika ruwa a cikin ɗan gajeren lokacin ilimin ƙasa.

Horo

A asalin gishirin Himalayan da ake kira ruwan hoda, an samar da gurɓataccen iska a cikin Mesozoic Era kimanin shekaru miliyan 255 da suka gabata, musamman a Triassic. Kimanin shekaru miliyan 75 da suka gabata, a lokacin Cretaceous, karo na faranti na Asiya da Indiya sun samar da bel ɗin orogenic, wanda a yau ake kira Himalayas. A lokacin wannan tsari, wasu adibas, gami da adon ruwan gishiri na asalin evaporite, sun mai da hankali a cikin ƙananan yankuna, wanda ke haifar da adibas tare da babban adadin ma'adanai na gishiri.

Ana iya narkar da shi cikin ruwa kuma ana amfani dashi azaman shirye-shiryen ruwan ma'adinai na kansa, kuma ana iya amfani dashi azaman "gishiri tebur" a cikin dafa abinci tare da injin niƙa na musamman. Ma'aikatar Lafiya ta Jamus ta sami damar gano nau'ikan abubuwa daban -daban guda 10 a cikin wannan gishiri, tare da abun ciki na sodium chloride na 98% (wanda ke sanya shi gishiri mara ƙima). Babban abun ciki bayan NaCl shine magnesium (0,7%). Wani lokaci ana amfani dashi azaman gishiri kosher. Lokacin amfani da bukukuwa ko don ado kawai, ana iya samun sa a cikin yin fitilun gishiri. Ana amfani da shi don wasu aikace -aikacen magunguna, amma bai bambanta da kowane gishiri ba.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da halite ruwan hoda da halayensa.


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