Nicolas Steno ne adam wata

Nicolas Steno

Geology yana da masana kimiyya da yawa waɗanda suka gudanar da bincike mai ban mamaki waɗanda suka canza yadda muke ganin duniyarmu. Daya daga cikin wadannan masana kimiyya ya kasance Nicolas Steno. Tabbas idan kayi karatun wani ilimin geology a makarantar sakandare zaka ji labarin wannan mutumin. Wannan mutumin Renaissance ne na gaske wanda ya sami damar gano mahimman abubuwa masu yawa game da lalatattun abubuwa da ƙirar ƙasa ta duniyar mu.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku tarihin Nicolás Steno wanda ke nuna abubuwan da ya fi muhimmanci da kuma bayanin ilimin da ya ba da gudummawa ga ilimin ƙasa.

Its farkon

Nazarin ilimin kasa

Wannan mutumin koyaushe yana zaune kusa da mutanen da suka damu da horo fiye da ɗaya. A yadda aka saba, idan mutum ya yi karatu, kai tsaye ya kware a reshe don zama gwani da kuma kara ilimi game da shi. A wannan yanayin, duka Steno da mutanen da yake tare dasu a kullun suna jan hankalinsa zuwa fannoni daban daban.

Steno yayi bincike ba kawai a cikin ilimin ƙasa ba, har ma a cikin likitanci, likitan hakori, nazarin tsoffin dabbobi, sharks, da sauransu. Ya kamata a ambata cewa a zamanin da yana da sauƙin nazarin rassa daban-daban tunda babu ilimi sosai a kowane ɗayansu. A yau ba za ku iya zama ƙwararren masani ko a cikin reshe ɗaya ba, kuna buƙatar rayuka da yawa don ku sami damar yin nazarin duk abin da ke game da fannoni da yawa a lokaci guda.

Koyaya, kodayake a yau ba za ku iya yin karatun fannoni da yawa a lokaci guda a cikin zurfin ba, za a iya jagorantarku da son sani don ƙarin koyo game da sauran abubuwan da ba keɓaɓɓunku ba ne kuma ku sami damar kare kanku a kowane fanni. Son sani ne yasa na gano abubuwa da dama a ilimin kasa.

Labarin Nicolás Steno ya fara a Florence. A nan ya kasance likita kuma ya zauna a cikin aikin bayan shekaru da yawa na karatun likita a cikin Yammacin Turai. Ya kasance yana binciken sifofin tsokoki kuma ya gano wata cuta wacce har zuwa lokacin ba a san ta ba. Wannan gland a cikin kan dabbobi masu shayarwa ana kiranta "ductus stenonianus" bayan sunanta.

Weather a cikin Florence

Ka'idar superposition na strata

A wancan lokacin, Steno ya koma Florence a 1665 don ya sami damar shiga tare da Babban Duke na Tuscany kuma don haka ya tara abin da ake kira "Majalisar zartarwa na son sani." Ya kasance game da cika daki ne da abubuwa daban-daban na halitta kamar tarin abubuwa da sauran abubuwa. Yayi kama da shi karamin wasan kwaikwayo na Carnival da na al'ada ko dakin tara kayan jami'a.

Steno ya ci gaba da yin lakabi da gano yawancin dabbobi, tsirrai da ma'adanai na kowane nau'i. Tuni tare da ma'adinai ya fara samun ɗan sani game da ilimin ƙasa, tun da fahimtarsa ​​tana ci gaba.

A shekarar 1666, wasu masunta sun yi kokarin, bayan kokarin da yawa, don kama wata katuwar farin kifin kifin kifin kifi. Bayan rarraba shi don ya sami damar jigilar shi da kyau, Nicolás Steno ya riƙe kan don yin nazari mai zurfi. Ta hanyar karatunsa da bincike kan kan kifin shark, Steno ya fahimci hakan akwai wasu abubuwa masu duwatsu da ake kira glossopetrae da aka samo akan wasu duwatsu.

Wasu malamai sun yi zaton cewa waɗannan duwatsu sun faɗo daga sama ko ma daga wata. Wasu kuma sun yi tunanin burbushin halittu sun girma ne ta hanyar halitta cikin duwatsu kuma sun sami ci gaba tsawon lokaci. Koyaya, waɗannan ra'ayoyin basu da ma'ana ga masanin mu. Yayi tunanin glossopetrae yayi kama da haƙoran shark saboda da gaske sun kasance kuma haka yake.An ajiye su akan duwatsu lokacin da teku ya riga ya rufe su.

Nicolás Steno a matsayin mahaifin Geology

Nazarin burbushin halittu

A can baya, wannan Steno ɗin da aka gabatar ya kasance ra'ayin ƙetare. Ta yaya dutsen zai kasance kafin teku? Idan burbushin ya taɓa kasancewa ƙasusuwa, ta yaya za a kiyaye su a hanya guda cikin dutse? Ba za a iya haɗa shi da ƙarfi kamar haƙori na shark da sauƙin haɗuwa da dutsen da yake wani ƙarfi ba.

Wadannan karatun sun dauke shi shekaru uku kuma ya kammala da cewa duk nau'in dutse dole ne a samar da su ta tsarin tabbatar da abubuwa kuma ya faru a kusa ko saman burbushin. Wato, sabon dutsen ya mamaye tsohuwar dutse, saboda haka dole ne ya zama akwai shimfidu a kwance ko ƙasa a ƙasa.

Wannan shine yadda wannan ra'ayin na Nicolás Steno ya ba da gudummawa ga mafi mahimmancin bayani game da ilimin ƙasa. Taungiyoyin da ba a taɓa gani ba sun fi na zamani nesa ba kusa ba. Gwargwadon yadda kake zurfafawa da zurfin zurfinka, shekarun dutsen sun tsufa. Wannan ya faru ne saboda gaskiyar cewa sauran yadudduka sun cinye tare da wucewar lokaci tare da adana sabbin sifofi da karfafarsu ta gaba.

Godiya ga wannan zato, ana iya bambanta lokuta daban-daban a cikin zamanin Duniya. Wannan hanyar zata iya bawa masana kimiyya damar yanke hukunci game da abubuwan da suka gabata dangane da yadda tsofaffin duwatsu suka dogara da zurfin yadda suke. Ci gaban da Nicolás Steno ya bayar game da shimfidawa yana da matukar mahimmanci wajen nazarin al'ummomin mutanan da, dinosaur, har ma da canjin yanayi wadanda suka wanzu a lokuta daban-daban na tarihin Duniya.

Ka'idodin Steno

Ka'idodin Steno

A ƙarshen rayuwarsa, Steno ya ba da cikakkiyar rayuwa da aka keɓe ga kimiyya don shiga addini. An nada shi bishop a cikin 1677 da mashawarcin manzo a arewacin Jamus da Scandinavia.

Koyaya, ya bar mana ka'idojin ilimin ƙasa wanda zaku iya sanin abubuwa da yawa game da Duniya.

  • Asalin sararin samaniya. An kafa strata a kwance. Duk wasu karkacewar da zasu biyo baya saboda rikicewar abubuwa masu zuwa a cikin dutsen.
  • Ka'idar daidaituwar matakai. Yana nuna cewa hanyoyin tafiyar kasa da suka gudana a da suna da irin wannan saurin kuma sun faru kamar yadda yake a yau.
  • Tsarin ci gaba na kai tsaye. Yankin ya fadada a dukkan hanyoyi har zuwa wuraren adanawa.

Ina fatan wannan bayanin zai taimaka muku don ƙarin sani game da Nicolás Steno, mahaifin Geology.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Silvia Santos ta m

    Kyakkyawan labarin Jamusanci, na gode.
    Ina so in san kwanan wata da kuka buga shi. Murna